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All Donated Blood in U.S. Should Be Tested for Zika, F.D.A. Says

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Donated blood at a bank in Indianapolis. The F.D.A. has recommended that all donated blood in the United States be screened for the Zika virus. CreditMichael Conroy/Associated Press

The Food and Drug Administration on Friday took steps to safeguard the nation’s blood supply from the Zika virus, calling for all blood banks to screen donations for the infection even in states where the virus is not circulating.

The recommendations are an acknowledgment that sexual transmission may facilitate the spread of Zika even in areas where mosquitoes carrying the virus are not present. Officials also want to prepare for the possibility that clusters of local infection will continue to pop up in parts of the United States for years to come.

“There could be multiple outbreaks of Zika happening outside the known current ones in South Florida, but because we are not actively looking they could be happening silently,” said Dr. Peter J. Hotez, the dean of the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, who applauded the F.D.A.’s move.

Without federal funds, it is generally not possible for local health departments to conduct active surveillance for Zika virus in the blood or urine of patients with fever or rash, he added.

“In some ways the inaction from Congress has forced the F.D.A. to adopt this position,” Dr. Hotez added. “They have no other choice.”

The agency urged blood centers to use one of two experimental tests intended to detect active infections, called nucleic acid tests, before releasing donated blood for use in transfusions. As an alternative, banks may decontaminate plasma and platelets with so-called pathogen reduction technology.

But the recommendations are likely to pose a significant challenge for some blood banks and for the third-party labs that perform much of the blood screening nationwide, some experts said.

Eleven states must put the new safeguards into place within four weeks. They include Alabama, Arizona, California, Georgia, Louisiana, New York and Texas, which have many residents who travel to Zika-affected countries or are near an area that already has locally acquired mosquito-borne cases.

Other states have 12 weeks to carry out the recommendations.

“This is a bombshell, because this is extremely rapid introduction of a new test nationwide that’s almost unprecedented,” said Dr. Jeffrey McCullough, emeritus professor of laboratory medicine and pathology at the University of Minnesota Medical School. “To try to implement this, in four weeks, is really, really difficult.”

Yet the new safeguards also are necessary, Dr. McCullough said. Under current guidelines, it is too difficult to identify infected donors by “trying to sort out risky donors by history of where they’ve been or what they’ve exposed to.”

Nationwide, nearly 14 million units of whole blood and red blood cells are collected each year from about seven million donors. Every day, as many as 36,000 units of red blood cells are given to patients, along with 7,000 platelet units and 10,000 units of plasma. Consistent screening of the blood supply is an enormous task.

There are more than 11,500 confirmed cases of Zika virus in states and territories, according to the C.D.C. Nearly 2,500 of them are people in the continental United States who traveled abroad where Zika-infected mosquitoes are circulating. More than 30 cases were acquired in Florida.

Puerto Rico has been screening all blood donations since March. TheCenters for Disease Control and Prevention in June found that asurprisingly high percentage of donors had signs of active infection with the Zika virus.

The F.D.A. provisionally approved two screening tests for Zika in blood donations on an investigational basis in March and June respectively. The first is made by Roche Molecular Systems, and the second by a collaboration between Hologic Inc. and Grifols.

Neither test is fully F.D.A approved yet, and the facilities using them are enrolled in a continuing study. As part of Roche’s investigation, four centralized testing labs that screen blood for multiple banks in the South have been “collecting and testing blood for weeks now,” said Tony Hardiman, who leads the blood screening operations at Roche.

For the 11 states that need to be ready in a month, he said, “we are pretty much locked and loaded.”

“Our focus now is what do we do for the rest of the country to bring them up in 12 weeks,” he added.

Officials at Blood Systems, which operates blood banks in 24 states, said they will be able to test blood donations in California and some Southern states like Mississippi in a month. The company will then work on getting sites in the Rocky Mountain States operational, said Dr. Ralph R. Vassallo Jr., the chief medical and scientific officer.

Creative Testing Solutions, a large blood donor testing lab, already is using both experimental Zika screening tests. In Tampa, the company has relied on Roche’s test since the Zika outbreaks began in Miami-Dade County.

In its Dallas and Phoenix outposts, C.T.S. has installed two so-called Panther machines to be able to screen tubes of blood with the Hologic-Grifols test, in case Zika-infected mosquitoes arrive along the Gulf Coast.

In light of Friday’s F.D.A. recommendations, officials said they will have to train more employees to use new tests and significantly scale up.

“We test 35 percent of the blood supply, so in order to be able to do that in all states in 12 weeks, we are going to need additional pieces of equipment,” said Marc Pearce, a spokesman for C.T.S. — 12 more Panthers and one more machine that runs the Roche test.

Asked on a conference call with reporters about funding the new safeguards, Dr. Peter Marks, the director of the F.D.A.’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, said, “I can’t speak to the cost of implementation at this time.”

Hospitals may wind up paying more for each unit of blood because of additional screening costs, some experts said.

“When hospitals hear this, they will be concerned that they could see a cost increase of up to $8 more per unit,” Dr. Vassallo said, which is roughly how much it costs to screen each unit for the Zika contamination.

This month, after the first cases of local transmission in Miami were discovered, some blood banks near Zika hot zones in Florida began screening blood donations. According to Dr. Marks, one donation contaminated with the virus had been found in recent weeks in the state.

The bag of contaminated blood was discarded. “The system worked correctly,” Dr. Marks said.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/27/science/all-donated-blood-in-us-will-be-tested-for-zika.html?_r=0

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Many of the children described conditions at US Customs and Border Protection facilities, where they were taken and processed during the first days after crossing the border. In the reports they were only identified by their first names. Timofei, 15, from Russia, who sought asylum on the border with his parents for his beliefs as Jehovah's Witnesses, said they were crowded night and day in the closed and crowded room, detained along with other boys. He said there was only one window that opened onto an empty hallway and that they did not have soap in the bathroom, and that only sometimes, they gave him a toothbrush for individual use. He also said that he was offered a shower when he arrived at the facilities in San Ysidro, California, but he did not and the second or third day there did not allow him to do so.
      https://www.clarin.com/mundo/trataron-chicos-separados-padres-frontera-relatan-dias-detenidos-unidos_0_SJh7dyam7.html
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Waverly, Ohio (CNN)On the eve of Memorial Day weekend, Jennifer Slone wants you to know that bug bites are more than just itchy. They can be deadly.
      And they're pretty easy to avoid.
      For two weeks last summer, Slone, a librarian from Waverly, Ohio, languished in the hospital as doctors struggled to get her fever down from over 104 degrees. She developed meningitis. Her liver was suffering. She became septic, an infection raging through her bloodstream. She needed three blood transfusions.
      Slone had ehrlichiosis, a bacterial infection from a tick bite.
      Read more: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/05/25/health/tick-disease-prevention-tips/index.html
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Polls conducted by ABC News and The Washington Post revealed 36 percent of U.S. respondents in 2017 term themselves as Protestant faith members. A sharp drop from 2003's 50 percent. The statistics include a drop of eight points in evangelical white Protestant numbers. The number of Christians all in all has mirrored the predicament of Protestants. From the 83 percent of 2003 to 72 percent in 2017, the declining numbers are in stark contrast to the section of the U.S. population responding with “no religion” which have almost doubled to 21 percent. Self-identification of Catholics at 22 percent remain constant during this time. The number of adults who identify with other strands of Christianity like Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses went up marginally, from 11 percent to 14 percent. Trends are more pronounced among the American youth; only 19 percent of all adults under 30 years of age in 2003 claimed to have no religion. In 2017, that percent went up to 35 percent. These figures can be compared with the 22 percent who term themselves to be affiliated with any kind of Protestantism. These figures are significant as they denote a perceptible shift in power.

      Read more at World Religion News: "Sharp Drop in White Evangelicals in U.S." https://www.worldreligionnews.com/?p=51977
      https://www.worldreligionnews.com/religion-news/sharp-drop-white-evangelicals-u-s
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Along with Bible teachings and online lessons on how to lead a good life and find peace and happiness, the Jehovah Witnesses website at JW.org also offers serious insight and words of caution to parents about sexual child abuse.
      And, that makes the recent Philadelphia Inquirer story alleging that Jehovah's Witness elders have repeatedly covered up sexual abuse of members' children, shunned members and victims who raised complaints of child abuse and have impeded police investigations into abuse allegations even more shocking.
      Among the victims of the Witnesses' shunning and stonewalling tactics interviewed by Inquirer reporter David Gambacorta were:
      The parents of a 4-year-old New Cumberland girl who was molested at the Jehovah Witness Kingdom Hall in Red Lion A Spring Grove woman who was molested when she was a teen by a Witness who was a family friend A York woman who was molested in her teens by a couple she knew through the Jehovah's Witnesses. Three defendants identified in the Inquirer investigative piece were prosecuted and sentenced in York County. A fourth is awaiting prosecution.
      https://www.ydr.com/story/news/2018/05/10/daily-news-investigates-coverup-child-abuse-jehovahs-witnesses/599366002/
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Anyone who regularly takes the el or subway has seen them.
      They stand quietly smiling with carts of religious publications, out on the sidewalk when it's nice out, and in the "unpaid" area of the station near the Ventra machines or turnstiles when the weather is inclement. The women are dressed modestly but sharply, and the men look natty as well, often wearing sport jackets and fedoras.
      They are volunteers from the Jehovah's Witnesses, a Christian denomination that claims 8.4 million members in 240 countries.
      Though I'm not interested in converting, I sometimes stop and say hello and pick up a copy of The Watchtower or Awake! out of courtesy, since I find their cheerful vibe oddly comforting. They're certainly more agreeable than the Old Navy Street Preacher, who hangs out at Randolph and State railing against fornicators and cigarette smokers.
      But not everyone appreciates the Jehovah's Witnesses' presence at transit stations. Kevin Havener, an Edgewater resident who often commutes via the Red Line, contacted me to share a message he sent to the transit authority, to which he says he never got a response. He claimed that the Witnesses' practice of offering literature inside el stations violated a guideline in the agency's Rules of Conduct warning against the distribution of written materials on CTA property.
      "I find this inexplicable permission deeply, personally offensive," Havener's message read. "Would the CTA allow other religious proselytizing [by groups] such as [Orthodox Jews], or Buddhists, or Hare Krishnas? OF COURSE NOT."
      Havener eventually revealed to me that he has a horse in this race. About a decade ago he and other members of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship, an activist group, wanted to hand out leaflets inside the Fullerton el stop in Lincoln Park. When they asked the CTA customer assistant for permission, they were told they needed to be out on the public sidewalk far away enough not to block any station doors. "That made perfect sense, and that's what we did," he said.
      Read more: https://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/is-it-legal-for-jehovahs-witnesses-to-proselytize-inside-cta-stations/Content?oid=47477482

    • By James Thomas Rook Jr.
      If a Brother or Sister in good standing in the Congregation goes into the hospital, and agrees to a whole blood transfusion, and dies anyway, can they be disfellowshipped post mortem, and what about the funeral arrangements?  ( I have heard of this being done, but never explained....)
      Can they have a funeral at the Kingdom Hall?
      Let's say a Brother or Sister in good standing in the Congregation  goes berserk, and commits some crime, and either dies by misadventure, or gets shot by police ....
      Can they have a funeral at the Kingdom Hall?
      Considering such questions is like a submarine on the surface, at night, in the fog .... firing torpedoes randomly into the darkness, to see what lights up.
      .... sometimes survival depends on having the right answer about "What is out there?".
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      (CNN)After a difficult, monthlong journey from Central America to the US-Mexico border, dozens of asylum-seeking migrants are vowing to remain outside an immigration processing center until "every last one" is admitted into the country, an organizer with the caravan said late Sunday.
      Earlier, the migrants marched from Friendship Park in Tijuana, Mexico to the San Ysidro port of entry. They stood on the Mexican side; on the other side lay San Diego, California. It was the final leg for some in the caravan of hundreds of migrants, which had reached Tijuana on Tuesday.
      Alex Mensing, an organizer with Pueblo Sin Fronteras, which assembled the caravan, said 50 migrants were admitted to the immigration processing center. He said the migrants' decision to not return to a nearby shelter overnight was made in solidarity with the asylum seekers who are inside the facility.
      But the migrants' fate is uncertain. Before the group arrived, US Customs and Border Patrol officials said the port had already reached full capacity, and migrants trying to get into the United States may need to wait in Mexico as officials process those already in the facility.
      https://edition.cnn.com/2018/04/29/americas/migrant-caravan-us-border-crossing/index.html
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      The parents of a 14-year-old boy with bone cancer won a legal challenge against a Mesa hospital that attempted to override their religious objections to blood transfusions.
      The Arizona Court of Appeals on Tuesday ruled that a lower court's emergency hotline used by hospitals to authorize medical treatment on behalf of patients is not allowed under state law.
      The parents of a 14-year-old boy with bone cancer challenged Banner Cardon Children's use of a Maricopa County Superior Court emergency hotline to authorize blood transfusions on behalf of the child. The parents and boy are Jehovah's Witnesses and objected to blood transfusions on religious grounds. 
      While Banner Cardon's medical-treatment plan initially consisted of alternative therapies to fit the parents' religious views, hospital staff later determined that blood transfusions were medically necessary. 
      Hospital staff called the Maricopa County Superior Court hotline multiple times from October through December last year to seek authorization for the blood transfusions. The court granted three of five requests, according to court documents.
      The parents filed a petition with the Arizona Court of Appeals seeking to halt the transfusions.    
      The parents, identified as Glenn and Sonia H., argued that the Superior Court hotline "lacked jurisdiction" for such emergency medical requests and also argued that hospital staffers did not justify the medical need for blood transfusions. 
      The lower court said that such emergency requests were "standard practice" nationwide and the hotline rotated among Superior Court judges who answered requests after hours. 
      In an opinion written by Judge Kenton D. Jones, the appellate court concluded that the question of whether the lower court had jurisdiction to OK emergency medical treatment was one "of significant statewide importance."
      Jones noted that Arizona law allows a Juvenile Court that has jurisdiction over a child to order a parent or guardian to get medical treatment for a child. However, the appellate court did not find any such jurisdiction for a Superior Court emergency hotline.
      "Our review of Arizona statutes and rules of procedure reveals no provision ... authorizing the superior court to maintain an emergency hotline for the purpose of ordering medical treatment for a non-consenting minor," Jones wrote. 
      Therefore, the lower court's order authorizing medical treatment on behalf of the boy is void, the appellate court said. 
      The parents filed the appellate-court action in November but did not request a stay of the lower court's order. The boy received blood transfusions on Dec. 1 and Dec. 5 before his parents relocated his care to a medical facility in Portland, Oregon. 
      Banner Health officials said the health-care provider has not yet decided whether to appeal the appellate court's decision.
      Representatives of Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, which filed a legal brief on behalf of the parents, did not immediately return a message seeking comment.
      A Jehovah's Witnesses website said the religion considers blood transfusions a "religious issue rather than a medical one," citing multiple biblical passages.
      Patients who develop certain types of cancer, such as leukemia, often require blood transfusions as a part of treatment.
      https://www.azcentral.com/story/money/business/health/2018/04/04/heres-why-parents-filed-legal-case-prevent-their-child-cancer-getting-blood-transfusion/483577002/
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    • -购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts 咨询办理专业海外留学生毕业证,咨询顾问CharlesQ/微:1851304262成绩单,教育部认证、留信认证、大使馆认证、假毕业证,制作假成绩单,仿造假文凭学历,购买假学历文凭,制做毕业证文凭,仿冒文凭毕业证,代办毕业证认证,留服认证,使馆认证,使馆公证,使馆证明,使馆留学回国人员证明,留学生认证,学历认证,文凭认证,学位认证,留学生学历认证,留学生学位认证,使馆认证(留学回国人员证明),学生卡(证),成绩单,在读证明,快速办理录取通知书offer 回国人员证明 一、快速办理材料: 1、毕,业证+成绩单+留学回国人员证明+教育部学历认证(全套留学回国必备证明材料,给父母及亲朋好友一份完美交代); 2、雅思、托福,OFFER,在读证明,学生卡等留学相关材料(申请学校、转学,甚至是申请工签都可以用到)。 注:上述材料,随时都可以安排办理,毕,业证成绩单,学校,专业,学位,毕业时间都可以根据客户要求安排。 二、办理流程: 1、收集客户办理信息; 2、客户付定金下单; 3、公司确认到账转制作点做电子图; 4、电子图做好发给客户确认; 5、电子图确认好转成品部做成品; 6、成品做好拍照或者视频确认再付余款; 7、快递给客户(国内顺丰,国外DHL)。 三、真实网上可查的证明材料 1、教育部学历学位认证,留服真实存档可查,存档。 2、留学回国人员证明(使馆认证),使馆网站真实存档可查。 四、办理流程 1、客户提供相关材料,确定客户办理信息,给出操作方案; 2、补充毕业证成绩单等相关材料; 3、留服注册申请账号,付定金; 4、预约递交时间,公司人员陪同客户本人一起去留服递交材料; 5、等待结果,完成结果书留服直接邮寄给客户 6、客户确认收到结果,付余款。 我们对海外大学及学院的毕业证成绩单所使用的材料,尺寸大小,防伪结构(包括:水印,阴影底纹,钢印LOGO烫金烫银,LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。 文字图案浮雕,激光镭射,紫外荧光,温感,复印防伪)都有原版本文凭对照。质量得到了广大海外客户群体的认可,同时和海外学校留学中介, 同时能做到与时俱进,及时掌握各大院校的(毕业证,成绩单,资格证,学生卡,结业证,录取通知书,在读证明等相关材料)的版本更新信息, 能够在时间掌握的海外学历文凭的样版,尺寸大小,纸张材质,防伪技术等等,并在时间收集到原版 实物,以求达到客户的需求。 我们的优势: [效率优势]保证在约定的时间内完成任务,视频语音电话查询完成进度。 [品质优势]与学校颁发的相关证件1:1纸质尺寸制定(定期向各大院校毕业生购买版本毕业证成绩单保证您拿到的是学校内部版本毕业证成绩单) [保密优势]我们绝不向任何个人或组织泄露您的隐私,致力于在充分保护你隐私的前提下,为您提供更优质的体验和服务。完成交易,删除客户资料 [价格优势]我们在保证合理定价的同时,坚持较高性价比,通过品质和效率不断优化,为您倾情诠释什么是高性价比。 留信网认证的用途: 主要是提供境外院校资质查询,留学生专业人才证书申报,就业推荐这些服务,海外留学生高等院校学位成绩单认证和在读证明的翻译服务,提供留学生回国就业服务,可以人才存档,失业补贴,可以大额贷款等,.留学生就业指导,福利优惠政策证明学生的留学生身份可以在网上查询到留学时的相关信息、比如专业,入学和毕业时间什么。 回国人员证明的用途: 留学生回国重要的身份和经历证明及购买免税国产小汽车的凭证,而且在创办企业、安排工作、落转户口、子女入学、多生子女上户口、购置住房、申请国内各类科研基金、评定职称、报考公务员或研究生等方面都能够享受国家或各地、各单位给予留学回国人员的各种优惠政策或提供的各种便利条件。 学历认证的用途: 1.建立个人档案。个人档案中有学历一项,通过学历认证的佐证,可以进一步确立个人学历档案的真实性。 2.各种招考或招聘的学历证明。比如公务员或事业编或国有单位的招聘,都需要通过学历认证的查询和审核。 3.升学。比如专升本或考研究生等升学、入学,也需要通过学历认证,以确认考生的学历。 4.出国留学。世界上有很多国家与我们建立了互认学历关系,国外教育学校或机构通过学历认证系统,可以方便的确认中国学生的学历。相同,通过学历认证系统,中国也可以方便的确认国外学生的。 5.人才交流或调动。国内有很多城市实行人才交流或调动,其准入的基本条件也是学历层次问题,通过学历认证系统,可以方便的为准入城市提供真实的学历证明。 其它需要的证明。比如落户口、征兵、重要职业岗位,比如医生、律师、船长、机长、职称评定等,都需要相关的认证和审核。 一、快速办理材料: 1、毕业证+成绩单+留学回国人员证明+教育部学历认证(全套留学回国必备证明材料,给父母及亲朋好友一份完美交代); 2、雅思、托福,OFFER,在读证明,学生卡等留学相关材料(申请学校、转学,甚至是申请工签都可以用到)。 注:上述材料,随时都可以安排办理,毕业证成绩单,学校,专业,学位,毕业时间都可以根据客户要求制作购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts7248勤发发
    • -购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts 咨询办理专业海外留学生毕业证,咨询顾问CharlesQ/微:1851304262成绩单,教育部认证、留信认证、大使馆认证、假毕业证,制作假成绩单,仿造假文凭学历,购买假学历文凭,制做毕业证文凭,仿冒文凭毕业证,代办毕业证认证,留服认证,使馆认证,使馆公证,使馆证明,使馆留学回国人员证明,留学生认证,学历认证,文凭认证,学位认证,留学生学历认证,留学生学位认证,使馆认证(留学回国人员证明),学生卡(证),成绩单,在读证明,快速办理录取通知书offer 回国人员证明 一、快速办理材料: 1、毕,业证+成绩单+留学回国人员证明+教育部学历认证(全套留学回国必备证明材料,给父母及亲朋好友一份完美交代); 2、雅思、托福,OFFER,在读证明,学生卡等留学相关材料(申请学校、转学,甚至是申请工签都可以用到)。 注:上述材料,随时都可以安排办理,毕,业证成绩单,学校,专业,学位,毕业时间都可以根据客户要求安排。 二、办理流程: 1、收集客户办理信息; 2、客户付定金下单; 3、公司确认到账转制作点做电子图; 4、电子图做好发给客户确认; 5、电子图确认好转成品部做成品; 6、成品做好拍照或者视频确认再付余款; 7、快递给客户(国内顺丰,国外DHL)。 三、真实网上可查的证明材料 1、教育部学历学位认证,留服真实存档可查,存档。 2、留学回国人员证明(使馆认证),使馆网站真实存档可查。 四、办理流程 1、客户提供相关材料,确定客户办理信息,给出操作方案; 2、补充毕业证成绩单等相关材料; 3、留服注册申请账号,付定金; 4、预约递交时间,公司人员陪同客户本人一起去留服递交材料; 5、等待结果,完成结果书留服直接邮寄给客户 6、客户确认收到结果,付余款。 我们对海外大学及学院的毕业证成绩单所使用的材料,尺寸大小,防伪结构(包括:水印,阴影底纹,钢印LOGO烫金烫银,LOGO烫金烫银复合重叠。 文字图案浮雕,激光镭射,紫外荧光,温感,复印防伪)都有原版本文凭对照。质量得到了广大海外客户群体的认可,同时和海外学校留学中介, 同时能做到与时俱进,及时掌握各大院校的(毕业证,成绩单,资格证,学生卡,结业证,录取通知书,在读证明等相关材料)的版本更新信息, 能够在时间掌握的海外学历文凭的样版,尺寸大小,纸张材质,防伪技术等等,并在时间收集到原版 实物,以求达到客户的需求。 我们的优势: [效率优势]保证在约定的时间内完成任务,视频语音电话查询完成进度。 [品质优势]与学校颁发的相关证件1:1纸质尺寸制定(定期向各大院校毕业生购买版本毕业证成绩单保证您拿到的是学校内部版本毕业证成绩单) [保密优势]我们绝不向任何个人或组织泄露您的隐私,致力于在充分保护你隐私的前提下,为您提供更优质的体验和服务。完成交易,删除客户资料 [价格优势]我们在保证合理定价的同时,坚持较高性价比,通过品质和效率不断优化,为您倾情诠释什么是高性价比。 留信网认证的用途: 主要是提供境外院校资质查询,留学生专业人才证书申报,就业推荐这些服务,海外留学生高等院校学位成绩单认证和在读证明的翻译服务,提供留学生回国就业服务,可以人才存档,失业补贴,可以大额贷款等,.留学生就业指导,福利优惠政策证明学生的留学生身份可以在网上查询到留学时的相关信息、比如专业,入学和毕业时间什么。 回国人员证明的用途: 留学生回国重要的身份和经历证明及购买免税国产小汽车的凭证,而且在创办企业、安排工作、落转户口、子女入学、多生子女上户口、购置住房、申请国内各类科研基金、评定职称、报考公务员或研究生等方面都能够享受国家或各地、各单位给予留学回国人员的各种优惠政策或提供的各种便利条件。 学历认证的用途: 1.建立个人档案。个人档案中有学历一项,通过学历认证的佐证,可以进一步确立个人学历档案的真实性。 2.各种招考或招聘的学历证明。比如公务员或事业编或国有单位的招聘,都需要通过学历认证的查询和审核。 3.升学。比如专升本或考研究生等升学、入学,也需要通过学历认证,以确认考生的学历。 4.出国留学。世界上有很多国家与我们建立了互认学历关系,国外教育学校或机构通过学历认证系统,可以方便的确认中国学生的学历。相同,通过学历认证系统,中国也可以方便的确认国外学生的。 5.人才交流或调动。国内有很多城市实行人才交流或调动,其准入的基本条件也是学历层次问题,通过学历认证系统,可以方便的为准入城市提供真实的学历证明。 其它需要的证明。比如落户口、征兵、重要职业岗位,比如医生、律师、船长、机长、职称评定等,都需要相关的认证和审核。 一、快速办理材料: 1、毕业证+成绩单+留学回国人员证明+教育部学历认证(全套留学回国必备证明材料,给父母及亲朋好友一份完美交代); 2、雅思、托福,OFFER,在读证明,学生卡等留学相关材料(申请学校、转学,甚至是申请工签都可以用到)。 注:上述材料,随时都可以安排办理,毕业证成绩单,学校,专业,学位,毕业时间都可以根据客户要求制作购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts购买创意艺术大学书q/微1851304262造假创意艺术大学毕业证【购买成绩单】offer、办理学生卡、制作在读证明/英国假文凭假学历/可查学历认证书University for the Creative Arts7248勤发发
    • What is it with this idiot? His first remark bashes me for seeming to criticise Trump: His second bashes me for seeming to praise him: As his many accusations at JWs are shot down, he is degenerating into just another source of vitriol. As for cheering for Trump, an elder leading a pioneer meeting—dare I say it was the circuit overseer?—emphasizes the importance of neutrality and the challenges of completely remaining so. “Now we all know that Trump is crazy, but.....” he starts. Two sisters look at each other, and the one says to the other: “I know that my father is a good man, and he voted for Trump.” That CO is very atypical. I’ve never heard another one mention the president, or any president, either way. Doubtless he watches the network news at the end of the day, where they do nothing but bash the president. Making any country great again doesn’t necessarily do it for those accustomed to treating equally those of any “nation, tribe, people, and tongue.” (Revelation 7:9) As for the photoshopped Trump beating up on the CNN bobble head, the average Witness who sees that thinks of how he tries not to do like that with the householder. He observes that Trump is bombastic whereas he tries to be polite. Often his politics go no further than that.
    • What does that even mean?
    • I voted your remark "sad" because it truly is. It is a meaningless non-sequitur with no relevance ... which you think is profound.
    • Maybe you jw's will get lucky and your hero Hitler will start ruling again.
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