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Frankston toddler's death 'most likely linked' to unpasteurised bath milk, coroner finds

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The death of a Frankston toddler who contracted a rare infection that left him with blood-stained diarrhoea and coffee-coloured vomit was most likely linked to his consumption of unpasteurised bath milk, a coroner has ruled.

Coroner Audrey Jamieson has issued a stern warning to parents still considering giving their children unpasteurised milk, despite new restrictions put in place by Dairy Food Safety Victoria.

"If members of our community choose to drink farm-gate unpasteurised milk, that is their choice," Ms Jamieson said.

"However, they should do so in the knowledge that it may contain harmful bacteria."

The three-year-old boy, who cannot be named, died on October 13, 2014, from a rare and severe complication of E. coli infection, called haemolytic uraemic syndrome, after drinking unpasteurised Mountain View Organic Dairy milk.

Four other children fell seriously ill in the same month. Three of the affected children contracted haemolytic uraemic syndrome, while two others developed a parasitic bowel infection called cryptosporidium.

All five children had consumed Mountain View milk being sold in health food shops as "bath milk".

"I find on the balance of probabilities that [the] child's death was most likely linked to the consumption of unpasteurised milk," Coroner Audrey Jamieson said.

Yet, she cleared Mountain View Organic Dairy of any wrongdoing, saying the container was properly labelled and included a warning. She said regulation of unpasteurised milk sales had been adequately managed in the wake of the boy's death.

The police investigation revealed the boy's parents had changed his diet in June 2014, after a naturopath assessed the toddler as intolerant to dairy, gluten and eggs.

The boy's father said they had gone to "a lot of trouble to get milk". The family had been buying Mountain View Organic Dairy bath milk for two or three months before the toddler's death.

The father told police he and his wife understood the milk was labelled as "not to be drunk", but said he "would be surprised if anyone used it for cosmetic purposes", because the bath milk was packaged in a two-litre plastic container which looked like "every other milk container". 

The couple used the milk in tea and occasionally gave the boy a small amount with his formula. They also used the bath milk to make their own yoghurt.

Since the boy's death authorities have imposed licence conditions on Victorian diary producers to ensure that "cosmetic dairy products" are not sold in regular two-litre milk containers and presented in such a way that they cannot reasonably be mistaken as being for human consumption.

The parents took their son to the Medicentre Clinic at Frankston Hospital on September 30, 2014, after he had been unwell for 24 hours with abdominal pain, diarrhoea and fever. They were sent home with advice to keep up his fluid intake.

They returned to the hospital on October 2 and October 4 and were sent home both times with a diagnosis of viral gastroenteritis. 

The father expressed concerns about his son's medical treatment to police, saying he and his wife refused to be sent home when they visited the hospital with their son again on October 5 after he developed blood in his stools.

"We knew he was sick and we insisted that he was admitted," the father said.

"I felt like they were still treating [it] like a severe case of gastro. All they wanted to do was get fluids into him and get him to start eating.

"If he had had the surgery or been given the right antibiotics then I feel like this could've been fixed and we would still have our son."

The boy was transferred to Monash Medical Centre on October 6.

His treatment at the Monash Medical Centre was somewhat delayed when his parents, who are practicing Jehovah's Witnesses, initially objected to the toddler receiving a blood transfusion.

The coroner said the medical management of the boy was reasonable and appropriate, noting that nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal cramping were common symptoms of acute gastroenteritis.

http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/frankston-toddlers-death-most-likely-linked-to-unpasteurised-bath-milk-coroner-finds-20161111-gsn5yj.html

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      Australia’s parliament has legislated for marriage equality, passing a bill almost unanimously to allow two people, regardless of sex, to marry.
      On Thursday the House of Representatives passed a cross-party bill after an unprecedented national postal survey gave unstoppable momentum to legislate the historic social reform.
      Australia, which changed the law in 2004 to say that marriage is only between a man and a woman, now becomes the 25th country to recognise same-sex marriage.
      Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/dec/07/marriage-equality-law-passes-australias-parliament-in-landslide-vote
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      "Estamos viviendo un momento histórico".
      Esas fueron las palabras que pronunció este viernes Jay Weatherill, el primer ministro de Australia Meridional, estado del sur de Australia, cuando anunció la puesta en marcha de una enorme batería de iones de litio producida por Tesla, la más grande del mundo.
      El sistema fue activado cerca de Jamestown, un parque eólico al norte de la ciudad de Adelaida, la capital regional, y contribuirá a evitar los apagones y mejorar el suministro eléctrico de la zona, que sufre problemas de energía desde hace tiempo debido a las constantes olas de calor.
      Leer más: http://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-42195321
       

    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Mrs Mortimer was undergoing a hip operation when she refused the blood transfusion
      A Jehovah's Witness lost her life after she refused a blood transfusion during a major hip operation due to her religious beliefs.
      Barbara Mortimer, 69, went against doctors' advice and sadly died on May 24, 2017, shortly after a hip replacement.
      A final hearing was held at The Old Courthouse in Hatfield yesterday (Wednesday, October 18) before Coroner Geoffrey Sullivan.
      The court heard that in January of this year, Mrs Mortimer visited her GP Mark Penwell with "severe left hip pain."
      Doctor Penwell said: "She was struggling to walk with it, even using a stick.
      "The only useful intervention was a hip replacement."
      He admitted however, that he had concerns about Mrs Mortimer, of Portland Road, Bishop's Stortford, who would decline any blood products due to her being a Jehovah's Witness.
      Mrs Mortimer also suffered what was thought to be a heart attack in 2006 and acute coronary syndrome after having chest pain in 2010.
      For her hip, Mrs Mortimer was referred to consultant orthopaedic surgeon Rajeev Sharma.
      He said: "She came to see me in the clinic on Thursday, March 23.
      "She came in with a diagnosis of hip arthritis on one of the sides.
      "She had an X-ray that showed the joints were worn out."
      Risks associated with the procedure including displacing the hip, heart attack and most commonly infection, were discussed with Mrs Mortimer.
      Mrs Mortimer chose to ungergo surgery, but was taking aspirin at the time which thins the blood. There was also a risk that she would need a blood transfusion during the operation.
      Steps included administering tranexamic acid, swabs soaked in adrenalin and a spinal aesthetic as opposed to general, as these all help to prevent and restrict blood loss.
      Mr Sharma said: "We needed to be sure our surgery is in such a manner to prevent bleeding.
      "It was safe to proceed providing we take all the necessary precautions."
      The procedure went ahead with Mrs Mortimer's haemoglobin levels being within an acceptable range.
      But during the operation after the joint was dislocated, the living part of the bone began to bleed.
      The bleed then became "exponentially massive," according to Mr Sharma following the removal of hard cartilage.
      The adrenalin swabs, an alternative method to stopping the bleed due to Mrs Mortimer's belief's, were inserted to constrict the blood vessels as well as a plastic membrane.
      Mr Sharma said: "We continued with the procedure, it was the best way to stop the bleeding.
      "I could not think why such a lot of bleeding would take place.
      "Was it the aspirin? Would it have had a significant effect on her or was there an anomaly in the pelvic bone?"
      Following the surgery, Mr Sharma spoke with Mrs Mortimer's family.
      "The recommended blood products were declined," he said.
      "We were struggling to keep her alive if we can't give her any blood. Persistent refusal was risking her life."
      Mrs Mortimer faced the decision of accepting blood products or hope that the fluids given to her post-operation would stimulate cell production after such a huge blood loss.
      She died during the early hours of the morning at Rivers Hospital in Sawbridgeworth.
      Mr Sharma was challenged in court by Counsel Kate Smith, who asked whether further enquiries should have been made prior to the hip replacement due to her age, religious beliefs, medical history and the fact she was taking aspirin.
      Ms Smith presented a booklet in court regarding Jehovah's Witnesses and surgery.
      It said "should avoid any medication that could increase blood loss," referring to aspirin which thins the blood and makes the likelihood of needing a blood transfusion more likely.
      Mrs Mortimer signed a refusal form indicating her religious convictions that "no blood transfusions are to be administered in any circumstances".
      Mr Sharma said in "hindsight" there are things that would have been done differently but at that stage all the safety precautions had been made.
      The operation was also not considered to be life-threatening.
      He was also challenged whether Mrs Mortimer needed to be on aspirin. The decision to take this course was made working on the basis that she had suffered a heart attack – later found to be untrue.
      Coroner Geoffrey Sullivan, said: "I cannot see a short form conclusion.
      "The adequate way to my mind is a narrative verdict to encompass blood loss [from the] surgical procedure and declining of blood products.
      "She was admitted to Rivers Hospital, she had advanced decision not to accept blood products, and asked to consider accepting blood products, but declined to do so."
      http://www.essexlive.news/news/essex-news/jehovahs-witness-dies-after-refusing-654766
    • By Queen Esther
      A glass of Milk, paid in Full...
      One day, a poor boy who was selling goods from door to door to pay his way through school, found he had only one thin dime left, and he was hungry. He decided he would ask for a meal at the next house. However, he lost his nerve when a lovely young woman opened the door.

      Instead of a meal he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked hungry so brought him a large glass of milk.
      He drank it slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you?”
      “You don’t owe me anything,” she replied. “Mother has taught us never to accept pay for a kindness.”
      He said, “Then I thank you from my heart.”
      As Howard Kelly left that house, he not only felt stronger physically, but his faith in God and man was strong also. He had been ready to give up and quit.

      Year’s later that young woman became critically ill. The local doctors were baffled. They finally sent her to the big city, where they called in specialists to study her rare disease.
      Dr. Howard Kelly was called in for the consultation. When he heard the name of the town she came from, a strange light filled his eyes. Immediately he rose and went down the hall of the hospital to her room.
      Dressed in his doctor’s gown he went in to see her. He recognized her at once. He went back to the consultation room determined to do his best to save her life. From that day he gave special attention to the case.

      After a long struggle, the battle was won. Dr. Kelly requested the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval. He looked at it, then wrote something on the edge and the bill was sent to her room.
      She feared to open it, for she was sure it would take the rest of her life to pay for it all. Finally she looked, and something caught her attention on the side of the bill. She began to read the following words:

      “Paid in full with one glass of milk."
      "Signed, Dr. Howard Kelly.”

      Author Unknown
      So,  our  heavenly  Father  is.   We  can  read  in  Hebrews...
      (Hebr. 6 : 10 ) 10 For God is not unrighteous so as to forget your work and the love you showed for his name.
      (  its  a  story  -  can  bring  tears  in  your  eyes... ;o)
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Un hombre de la Costa Central que violó y torturó a una sucesión de mujeres durante más de dos décadas fue condenado a por lo menos 27 años de cárcel. El hombre de 53 años, que no puede ser identificado por razones legales, fue declarado culpable de 55 cargos relacionados con el abuso físico, sexual y psicológico de mujeres con las que vivió entre 1988 y 2014. El hombre, que era miembro de los Testigos de Jehová, fue acusado de violar a las mujeres con objetos domésticos y detenerlas. La naturaleza sádica de las ofensas incluía atacar y violar a las mujeres por no doblar correctamente el lavado, hacer que comieran del piso, encerrarlas en armarios y atarlas y colocarlas boca abajo en una bañera llena de agua. Algunas de las mujeres han sufrido lesiones físicas permanentes derivadas del abuso. Una de las mujeres conocidas como JF fue encerrada en un armario después de llamar a su hermana que contactó a la policía. Cuando la policía visitó la casa, el delincuente dijo que había salido. En la declaración de impacto de su víctima, JF dijo que "es difícil comprender el miedo a menos que haya vivido con él", y que "con frecuencia creía que no estaría viva al día siguiente". Al entregar la sentencia en el Tribunal del Distrito de Downing Center, la jueza Sarah Huggett dijo que el hombre usó "crueldad gratuita ... diseñada para enfatizar la impotencia y la impotencia de la víctima". "Cuando una víctima encontró la fuerza para escapar, encontró un reemplazo", dijo. "No tengo dudas de que había previsión, premeditación y planificación". El juez Huggett dijo que el grado de violencia era una consideración relevante en la sentencia y que el delincuente "asustaba, controlaba y socavaba la sensación de seguridad de cada víctima". El tribunal escuchó mientras estaba bajo custodia, el hombre había sido verbalmente agresivo hacia los visitantes y el personal de enfermería. El hombre será elegible para libertad en 2041.
       
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      A Central Coast man who raped and tortured a succession of women over more than two decades has been sentenced to at least 27 years in jail.
      The 53-year-old man, who cannot be named for legal reasons, was found guilty of 55 charges relating to the physical, sexual and psychological abuse of women he lived with between 1988 and 2014.
      The man, who was a member of the Jehovah's Witnesses, was accused of raping the women with household objects and detaining them.
      The sadistic nature of the offences included bashing and raping the women for not folding washing correctly, making them eat off the floor, locking them in wardrobes and hog-tying them and placing them face down in a bathtub full of water.
      A number of the women have suffered permanent physical injuries stemming from the abuse.
      One of the women known as JF was locked in a cupboard after calling her sister who contacted police.
      When police visited the home, the offender said she had gone out.
      In her victim impact statement JF said "It's hard to understand the fear unless you have lived with it," and that she "frequently believed she wouldn't be alive the following day".
      In handing down the sentence in the Downing Centre District Court, Justice Sarah Huggett said the man used "gratuitous cruelty ... designed to emphasise a victim's powerlessness and helplessness".
      "When one victim found the strength to escape, he found a replacement," she said.
      "I have no doubt there was foresight, premeditation and planning."
      Justice Huggett said the degree of violence was a relevant consideration in the sentence and that the offender was "frightening, controlling and undermining each victim's sense of security".
      The court heard that while in custody, the man had been verbally aggressive towards visitors and nursing staff.
      The man will be eligible for release in 2041.
      http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-13/man-who-tortured-women-jailed-27-years/9046326
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      A judge has authorized a Montreal hospital to perform blood transfusions to treat a 14-year-old teen with cancer, despite her refusal because she is a Jehovah's Witness.
      By allowing transfusions, the court ruled that it is lawful to protect children, sometimes "against themselves," when their decisions can be fatal.
      Under Quebec law, minors over the age of 14 can refuse certain health services. However, if the child’s parents or a hospital--in this case, the McGill University Health Centre--wants to administer those services, they can seek a judge’s permission.
      Superior Court Judge Lukasz Granosik said in his decision that the teen is "a brilliant, articulate girl" who is very successful at school and has a "maturity beyond her biological age," but that she was not yet mature enough to decide for herself, and was under pressure from her parents who are also Jehovah's Witnesses.
      Granosik also noted the girl spoke of death with "resignation," despite having a 97 percent chance of recovery if she underwent treatment.
      In June 2017, she found out she had Hodgkin's lymphoma, a form of cancer, and had to begin chemotherapy.
      This treatment, however, often requires blood transfusions. Without it, the patient could die or suffer irreversible neurological damage, her doctor said.
      Jehovah’s Witnesses do not accept blood transfusions.
      Judge Granosik’s decision was rendered on Sept. 1.
      - With a report from The Canadian Press
      http://montreal.ctvnews.ca/judge-rules-teen-jehovah-s-witness-will-get-blood-transfusions-1.3599245
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Los Testigos de Jehová: epidemia de casos
      Monica Doumit señala el caso de los Testigos de Jehová: sin clero, sin colegios ni orfanatos ni órdenes religiosas, y con 1.006 casos admitidos de miembros denunciados por abusos sexuales (la tabla RMIT Cahill-Wilkinson hablaba solo de 137 casos). Teniendo en cuenta que los Testigos en Australia son apenas un 0,4% de la población (muy lejos del 25% de australianos que son católicos) asombran esas cifras. De nuevo, la comisión les dedicó apenas una mañana, no tres semanas como a los católicos. 

      Cahill y Wilkinson atribuyen la mala gestión de los abusos en ambientes de Testigos de Jehová a su lectura literal de Deuteronomio 19,15, que pide dos testigos del acto de abuso, por la que los responsables de las comunidades dejaban impunes a los abusadores y sin tratar las denuncias.
      http://www.religionenlibertad.com/celibato-confesion-favorecen-abuso-sexual-hay-59386.htm
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      CARPENTERSVILLE – Funeral arrangements have been set for a toddler who died Monday after being struck by a vehicle. 
      The visitation for 2-year-old Levi Cruz of Carpentersville will be from 3 to 8 p.m. Friday at Willow Funeral Home and Cremation Care, 1415 W. Algonquin Road, Algonquin, according to the funeral home’s website. The burial will be at 11 a.m. Saturday in McHenry County Memorial Park, 11301 Lake Ave., Woodstock. 
      Levi is survived by his parents, Susi and Joe Cruz, according to a GoFundMe page set up for the family by Angie Vilchis. As of Thursday evening, more than $16,500 had been raised for the family.
      “Levi was a happy adventurous boy who loved the farm, his loyal dog, playing with his adoring mommy and being just like his daddy,” a message on the GoFundMe page reads. “He was excited to be a big brother as his mom is eight months pregnant.”
      A memorial talk will be given at 3 p.m. Saturday at Kingdom Hall of Jehovah’s Witnesses, 1244 S. Main St., Algonquin, according to the page. 
      Authorities responded to a call of a child hit by a vehicle about 9:40 a.m. in the 1000 block of Deer Creek Drive near the intersection of Deer Creek and Rosewood drives in the Lakewood Estates North subdivision.
      Although police made efforts at the scene to resuscitate the boy, he was taken to Advocate Sherman Hospital in Elgin, where he was declared dead about an hour later, according to the Kane County Coroner’s Office.
      Police have called the incident a “family tragedy,” and said no suspect is being sought in the crash.
      Carpentersville police and the Kane County Accident Reconstruction Team are investigating the crash.
      http://www.nwherald.com/2017/05/25/funeral-set-for-2-year-old-carpentersville-boy-hit-by-vehicle/ayuvv8p/
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      An Iranian illegal immigrant who faked a homosexual relationship and claimed he had torn up the Koran and become a Jehovah’s Witness has had his application for asylum rejected in Federal Court.
      The man, known in court documents as “CVS16”, came to Australia by boat in May 2013. He was granted a bridging visa in March 2014, but the visa was revoked four months later when he was charged, and later convicted, with one count of reckless wounding.
      In September 2015, Immigration Minister Peter Dutton invited the man to apply for a protection visa, and in February last year, following an earlier incomplete application and interview with a departmental dele­gate, he applied.
      In a statement attached to his application, he claimed to “fear persecution on the basis of his membership of the particular social group comprising homosexuals, and his conversion in 2013 to Christianity and adherance to the Jehovah’s Witnesses faith”.
      The man’s application was rejected by the department in July. Mr Dutton then referred the case to the Immigration Assessment Authority to be reviewed, as mandated under the Migration Act.
      The authority comprehensively upheld the department’s decision, finding that although the man had attended some Jehovah’s Witnesses services and participated in some Bible study groups, they did not accept he had converted to Christianity or had a “genuine interest” in the religion.
      They also “did not accept to be credible” the man’s claim to be homosexual, nor his claim he “had set up a homosexual relationship and tore up the Koran”.
      The authority ultimately rejected the applicant’s claims “to fear serious harm for being a failed asylum-seeker or for having departed Iran unlawfully”, and rejected his visa application.
      The man made a final appeal to the Federal Court, arguing the Immigration Assessment Authority had not adequately considered extra documentation sup­plied. Judge Rolf Driver rejected the appeal on Friday, saying the man had “failed to establish” the authority’s decision had been affected by jurisdictional error.
      The man is in Western Australia’s Yongah Hill centre.
      http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/immigration/wouldbe-refugees-gay-claims-not-credible/news-story/ee7fe3d67e7d8d7578f5119142571e6e
    • By Jack Ryan
      A former member of the Jehovah Witness congregation will appear in court next week after he was charged with sexually assaulting four boys.
      The charges stem from ongoing investigations linked to the Royal Commission into institutional child sexual offences.
      Police allege between 1993 to 2013, the 44-year-old man sexually assaulted four boys aged between 14 and 16 at the time of the offences.
      READ MORE: http://www.watoday.com.au/wa-news/former-wa-jehovah-witness-charged-with-alleged-historic-child-abuse-offences-20170512-gw37yd.html
    • By admin
      Replies below will be split off to form separate topics as needed.
      Enjoy!
       
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      When Jim Steenhuizen wound up in the intensive care unit with massive internal bleeding, doctors ordered a blood transfusion to save him.
      But even though his condition was serious, the father of two refused.
      As a Jehovah’s Witness, his religion forbids taking blood transfusions from another person.
      So doctors tried a new blood replacement product, which was acceptable.
      And after a few weeks, the 48-year-old Anderson man was back at work delivering the mail on his rural route thanks to Sanguinate.
      “I had never heard of it. And I was very thankful for it,” he told The Greenville News. “I try not to think about what might have happened.”
      Dr. Sharif Khan, a hematologist with Bon Secours St. Francis Health System where Steenhuizen was treated, said it’s challenging when providers can’t offer supportive care because of religious restrictions. But Sanguinate could solve that problem.
      “About 85 percent to 90 percent of Jehovah’s Witness patients who are told about this product accept it,” he said. “He got several doses and was stabilized. And he made a complete recovery.”
      Promising alternative
      As a result of vehicle crashes, injuries and illness, about 13.2 million transfusions are performed every year in the U.S., according to the National Institutes of Health.
        And there are 1.04 million Jehovah’s Witnesses, according to nationmaster.com, which compiles data about a variety of issues.
      There are others who can’t take blood transfusions as well, including those who develop multiple antibodies for whom matching blood can’t be found, such as patients with sickle cell disease, Khan said.
      An alternative could be helpful in those circumstances, he said. But earlier efforts to develop such a product have proven unsuccessful, he said, and even dangerous.
      As a physician specializing in disorders of the blood, Khan followed the research and learned about Sanguinate. It looked more promising than the previous attempts.
      Sanguinate is produced through a process that links molecules from cow’s blood with molecules from carbon monoxide to create a bigger molecule that lasts longer than human blood and doesn’t have to be refrigerated, he said. It’s manufactured by New Jersey-based Prolong Pharmaceuticals.
      As a stabilizing agent, Sanguinate is not being considered as a replacement for chronic blood transfusions, he said. Rather, it’s used as a bridge to something else — surgery to stop the bleeding or buying enough time until the body can make more of its own blood, he said.
      Danger zone
      When Steenhuizen arrived at the hospital, he was bleeding severely in his intestines, Khan said. He’d lost more than 80 percent of his red cells — the cells that carry oxygen to the brain, kidneys and other vital organs.
      A search located some Sanguinate at a hospital in Charlotte, he said. And a staffer drove there to retrieve it.
      At the time, Steenhuizen was facing multiple organ failure, Khan said. But after receiving a few units of Sanguinate, his oxygen level improved substantially and he was out of the danger zone.
      “He was completely coherent, his oxygen level was up,” he said. “And made a complete recovery.”
      After that, St. Francis became one of 27 sites involved in a Phase 2 clinical trial of Sanguinate already underway across the country when blood is not an option, whether for religious or medical reasons, he said.
      It’s hoped that it can one day be used by the military in battlefield conditions and by EMTs who arrive on the scene to find a victim bleeding profusely, Khan said.
      “If somebody has been in a crash, the (EMTs) can’t stick an IV into their arm and start blood,” he said. “And the Department of Defense is interested in research into these products for obvious reasons. They are stored like medications on shelves, not refrigerated, and they can be carried in an ambulance or military vehicle.”
      They don’t need to typed either like blood does, he said. And while undetected diseases may be spread through human blood transfusions, the manufacturing process destroys all the organisms in the cow’s blood that might cause disease, he said.
      But Sanguinate is not without risks, though they’re considered manageable, he said. Patients must be monitored closely for potentially dangerous blood pressure spikes and kidney dysfunction.
      Staying alive
      Steenhuizen developed internal bleeding on Feb. 13 — as best anyone can figure from taking ibuprofen for his back pain. Ibuprofen is one of a number of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, that can cause bleeding in some people. A day later, he was in the ICU.
      At that point, he said, his hemoglobin was a fraction of what it should have been. But a life-saving transfusion was out of the question because of the religion he and his family observe.
      Sanguinate (Photo: Bon Secours St. Francis Health System)
      “Because of my stance as a Jehovah’s Witness, I refused to take blood,” he said. “The Bible states to abstain from blood, that blood is sacred and belongs to God.
      “If I was to die because I didn’t take blood, I would have died in good standing with Jehovah, my God,” he added. “And my family was OK with that.”
      Thankfully, it never came to that. As his concerned doctors were considering surgery to try and stop the bleeding, they decided to try Sanguinate along with other medications he was given. And slowly, his blood count began to rise.
      “The main thing was to boost the oxygen level to the organs to keep me alive,” he said. “Eventually ... my blood cells started going up.”
      Steenhuizen was released after two weeks in the hospital and was back at work on March 11. He no longer takes NSAIDS, says he’s pretty much back to normal, and is glad that Sanguinate is available for him and other Jehovah’s Witnesses.
      “I think it was a great product. And I think it could benefit others,” he said. “It saved my life.”
      http://www.greenvilleonline.com/story/news/health/2017/04/11/blood-replacement-bridge-life-upstate-man/100081856/
    • By Jack Ryan
      Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse. Watchtower leadership in Australia testify
    • By Jack Ryan
      All Exhibits for Case Study 54, Jehovah's Witnesses and Watchtower, have been released by the ARC.
      http://www.childabuseroyalcommission.gov.au/exhibits/10908a67-70c5-4103-94cc-dac096fdb585/case-study-54,-march-2017,-sydney
      EXHIBIT LIST
      Joint Statement of O'Brien and Spinks Child Protection Guidelines for Branch Office Service Desk Child Safeguarding Policy of Jehovah's Witnesses in Australia (draft version as presented to ARC) Legal Guidelines on Reporting Obligations (State-by-State) Correspondence between Watchtower and Governing Body Summons to Produce Watchtower body of elders letter Watchtower response to ARC plus more.
      From page 3:
      Child pornography: Showing pornography to a minor is considered to be child sexual abuse. Although viewing child pornography is not considered to be child sexual abuse, it is still a serious violation of Jehovah’s standards. A person in-volved in viewing child pornography should be strongly counseled. Depending on the frequency and the extent of his viewing, he could be subject to congregation judicial action. In such cases, the Service Department may decide that branch-imposed restrictions are warranted.—See the April 10, 2012, letter to all bodies of elders
      I will allude to the April 10th 2012 letter to elders that made a distinction between regular porn and "abhorrent" pornography:
      He may continue to serve if his involvement consisted of (1) a few brief viewings, (2) he displays a heartfelt desire to desist from looking at pornography in any form, (3) the elders are convinced that he will refrain from viewing pornography, (4) he continues to retain the respect of others who are aware of what he did, and (5) his conscience allows him to do so.
      ...
      An entrenched practice of viewing, perhaps over a considerable period of time, abhorrent forms of pornography that is sexually degrading. Such pornography may include homosexuality (sex between those of the same gender), group sex, bestiality, sadistic torture, bondage, gang rape, the brutalizing of women, or child pornography. Brazen conduct would be involved if the offender was promoting such material, such as by inviting others to view it, thus giving evidence of a brazen attitude. — w12 3/15 pp. 30-31; w06 7/15 p. 31.
      ...
      Thererefore, viewing pornography escalates to gross uncleanness if the type of pornography viewed was abhorrent or sexually degrading in nature, as described in the second example above. An additional factor to be considered would be if it were a practice for "many years." As a general principle, when these elements are present, a judicial committee would need to handle the matter. At Ephesians 4:19 Paul stated: "Having come to be past all moral sense, they gave themselves over to loose conduct to work uncleanness of every sort with greediness." (Gal. 5: 19; w83 3/15 p. 31 par. 3) When an individual has 'given himself over' to this unclean practice as evidenced by his repeatedly viewing abhorrent pornography, the matter has escalated to gross uncleanness and needs to be handled judicially. — w06 711 5 pp. 29-3 1.
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