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Where water goes after fracking is tied to earthquake risk

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IMAGE: THIS IS AN AERIAL VIEW OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING OPERATIONS ACROSS THE JONAH FIELD, A LARGE NATURAL GAS FIELD IN WYOMING.

 

CREDIT: ECOFLIGHT

In addition to producing oil and gas, the energy industry produces a lot of water, about 10 barrels of water per barrel of oil on average. New research led by The University of Texas at Austin has found that where the produced water is stored underground influences the risk of induced earthquakes.

Beyond supporting the link between water disposal and induced seismicity, the research also describes factors that can help reduce earthquake risk.

"If we want to manage seismicity, we really need to understand the controls," said lead author Bridget Scanlon, a senior research scientist at UT's Bureau of Economic Geology.

The research was published Oct. 31 in the journal Seismological Research Letters. Co-authors include Matthew Weingarten, assistant professor at San Diego State University; Kyle Murray, adjunct professor at the University of Oklahoma; and Robert Reedy, research scientist associate at the Bureau of Economic Geology. The bureau is a research unit at the UT Jackson School of Geosciences.

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/uota-wwg110118.php

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      “Shallow hydraulic fracturing is surprisingly common, especially in the western U.S.,” Jackson said. “Here in California, half of the wells are fracked shallower than about 2,000 feet.”
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      “Communities have never argued that every well goes bad; they’ve argued that when you drill and [are] fracking thousands, too many go bad,” he said. “For those living on groundwater, it becomes a matter of luck, and that’s not right, because over years, more and more people’s luck runs out.”
      Reprinted from Climatewire with permission from Environment & Energy Publishing, LLC. www.eenews.net, 202-628-6500
      Source: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fracking-can-contaminate-drinking-water/

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    • Here are some interesting articles. Most of them from venezualanalysis.com US Administrations Have Been Intervening in Venezuela Since at Least the Early 2000s FAIR's Janine Jackson interviews Alexander Main about US-backed regime change efforts in Venezuela and the role of the international media. Janine Jackson: When it comes to Venezuela, elite US media don’t hide their feelings. And their feelings are all the same. Headlines on last year’s reelection of Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro differed only in tone, including the disdainful: “As Venezuelans Go Hungry, Their Government Holds a Farcical Election,” from the Economist; the decisive:  USA Today‘s “Maduro Is Turning Venezuela Into a Dictatorship,” or Foreign Affairs’ more somber version, “Venezuela’s Suicide; Lessons From a Failed State.” There’s Forbes’ vaguely threatening “Why Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela May Wish He Lost the Presidential Election,” and Foreign Policy’s unashamed “It’s Time for a Coup in Venezuela.” But they’re all pretty much variations on a theme that’s hard to unhear, given that media bang it out so loudly and repeatedly. Here to help us sort fact from froth is Alexander Main. He’s director of international policy at the Center for Economic and Policy Research. He joins us by phone from Washington, DC. Welcome to CounterSpin, Alex Main. read more .... https://venezuelanalysis.com/analysis/14238  
    • This shows the hypocrisy of NPR and the US Government in all their talk about supposed Russian interference in our own US elections. You can't interfere more blatantly than to get behind a coup attempt and declare a person President when he has never been involved in a national election before. Then, a supposedly "Christian" U.S. vice-President named Pence, blatantly lies about the recent re-election of Maduro. Pence claimed that “Nicolas Maduro is a dictator with no legitimate claim to power,” saying he “has never won the presidency in a free and fair election.” In fact, according to Venezualanalysis, a left-leaning reporting source: In accordance with Venezuela’s Constitution, Maduro was sworn in January 10 for his second six-year mandate after defeating three other candidates in the presidential elections of May 2018. The elections, which were boycotted by some sectors of the opposition, were declared to be free, fair, and transparent by independent international electoral observers in the country at the time. One of the big problem with elites in Venezuela is their blatant racism. They have been behind several failed attempts to assassinate Maduro. They promote social media memes showing him as a monkey and many other racist comments. And they use hashtags in Spanish that mean "Assassinate Maduro." He is darker skinned than the white Venezuelans, and he is a socialist. Socialists, because they represent workers, instead of the profiteers, are often persecuted by elites in their own country. The US administration, of course, also hates socialism and has always backed character assassination of socialist leaders, sometimes it goes beyond just "character" assassination. The US will no doubt look for any opportunities to raise the rhetoric, hoping for any opportunity to justify a crackdown and violence. In fact, when Maduro expelled the US diplomats for supporting the coup attempt, the US said that the president didn't have the authority to expel diplomats and that the they will stay there. Marco Rubio immediately made the threat that if anything happened to them they could expect the US to come down with full force (violence) upon Maduro. The US has said that Venezuelans should take to the streets and that they would have the full support of the US. Of course, they only mean the support of anti-Maduro crowds in the streets, as their have also been equal numbers of pro-Maduro crowds. The US hates it when they cannot control the leader of a country that is rich in oil. The direct hypocrisy of the US shows up even more clearly when we look at US recent support for Brazil and Colombia.  
    • Break in US-Venezuela relations raises fresh concerns for oil market and OPEC The break in U.S.-Venezuela diplomatic relations raises concerns that Washington will expand sanctions to energy trade. Venezuela relies on imports of super light oil from the United States, while U.S. refiners are big purchasers of heavy crude from the Bolivarian Republic. Sanctions on Venezuela's energy minister, who holds OPEC's rotating presidency this year, would also create a headache for the 14-nation producer group. A sudden escalation in long-burning tensions between the United States and Venezuela could have far-reaching ramifications in the oil market, where the Bolivarian Republic remains a significant player despite its plunging output. On Wednesday, the Trump administration announced it would back Venezuelan National Assembly leader Juan Guaido, who declared himself the country's interim president earlier in the day. Shortly after President Donald Trump recognized Guaido, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro severed relations with the United States and gave U.S. diplomatic personnel 72 hours to leave the country. The latest development raises the prospect that the United States will expand sanctions to U.S.-Venezuelan energy trade, a move that would be potentially devastating to Venezuela. The nation has seen its oil production crater in recent years, depriving the socialist republic of its lifeblood energy revenue and exacerbating a devastating economic crisis. Read more: https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/23/break-in-us-venezuela-relations-raises-fresh-concerns-for-oil-market.html
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