Nicole

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  1. TRANSCRIPCIÓN-Kenneth Flodin- Seremos humildes o altivos (Sant. 4;6). 4.pdf
  2. 25 SEPT..pdf reunion_25_de_septiembre_a_1_de_octubre_de_2017.pdf
  3. Beer

    Yes it is funny to see the shape of the belly of men who drink a lot of beer, look like a pregnant woman belly
  4. Dotard: an educational insult

    I just looked up in the dictionary to understand that English word and found this funny adjectives: viejo chocho I'm only refering to the word Dotard
  5. Brazil. Counterfeiting our Publications! Not JW 😵😪

    It does not surprise me... I remember reading an email from a vendor sharing with us an amazing anecdote. But it turned out that it was one I heard at an JW assembly but this was narrated by evangelical church Thanks @Bible Speaks for this post
  6. Un hombre que es acusado de asesinar a un electricista mientras trabajaba en un Salón de Los Testigos de Jehová debe ser trasladado al hospital para una evaluación psiquiátrica. Keith Beviss, de 54 años de edad, de Woodhayes Drive, Honiton, está actualmente en prisión preventiva en la prisión de Long Lartin, pero es probable que se transfiera en breve. Él debe ser juzgado en el Tribunal de la Corona de Exeter el 27 de noviembre por el asesinato de Philip Ryan, de 55 años, en el Salón del Reino de los Testigos de Jehová en Dowell Street, Honiton, el martes 6 de junio. Ryan, un electricista casado de Westward Ho, North Devon, fue encontrado con heridas fatales. Había dirigido Ryan Alarms y Electrical Services con su amigo Chris Ley durante 30 años después de mudarse a Devon de Henley on Thames. Beviss apareció en Exeter Crown Court por video link de Long Lartin y habló sólo para confirmar su nombre. Sr. Simon Laws, QC, acusando, dijo que un informe ha sido recibido del psiquiatra consultor Dr. John Sandford, que examinó Beviss en nombre de la defensa. Dijo que la corona espera obtener su propio informe de un segundo consultor psiquiatra, el doctor Philip Joseph, que espera entrevistar al acusado después de que haya sido trasladado de la cárcel a un hospital psiquiátrico. Juez Geoffrey Mercer, QC, aplazó el caso para una nueva audiencia el 3 de noviembre, cuando las disposiciones para el juicio se finalicen. Remitió a Beviss bajo custodia.
  7. ¿Por qué si en el estudio de libro de congregación dice que el pueblo de Dios nunca pedirá apoyo económico, a veces en las reuniones piden desde la plataforma dinero para transporte y alimentación de voluntarios de construcción, alimentación de superintendentes viajantes, escuelas, etc? Lo cual a veces confunde a algunos asistentes que visitan por primera vez o son estudiantes, ya que en otras organizaciones religiosas de igual manera piden dinero desde el púlpito. ¿No debería cubrirse con las mismas donaciones que se reciben en las cajas de contribuciones? “Nunca mendigará ni hará petición a los hombres por apoyo” 7, 8. ¿Por qué el pueblo de Jehová nunca mendigará ni pedirá apoyo económico? 7 El hermano Russell y sus colaboradores rehusaron valerse de las tretas para recaudar fondos tan comunes en las iglesias de la cristiandad. En el segundo número de la revista Watch Tower, bajo el encabezado “¿Desea usted recibir la Zion’s Watch Tower?”, Russell aseguró: “[Esta revista] tiene, según creemos, a JEHOVÁ como su apoyador, y mientras así sea nunca mendigará ni hará petición a los hombres por apoyo. Cuando Aquel que dice: ‘Todo el oro y la plata de las montañas son míos’ deje de proveer los fondos necesarios, entonces entenderemos que habrá llegado el tiempo de suspender la publicación” (Ageo 2:7-9). Hoy, más de ciento treinta años después, La Atalaya es la revista de mayor difusión y nuestra organización sigue firme en su labor. 8 Los siervos de Jehová no piden dinero, no pasan platillos de colecta en sus reuniones ni envían cartas solicitando donativos. Tampoco recurren al bingo, a ventas benéficas ni a rifas para recaudar fondos. Más bien, se atienen a lo expresado hace mucho por la revista Watch Tower: “Jamás nos ha parecido propio pedir dinero para la causa del Señor como las demás iglesias [...]. Opinamos que el dinero obtenido mendigando con tretas en el nombre del Señor es ofensivo e inaceptable para él, y no consigue Su bendición ni para los que lo dan ni para la obra que con él se realice”.* Nota Watch Tower del 1 de agosto de 1899, página 201.
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  8. El miércoles 20 de septiembre de 2017, el huracán María, el quinto más fuerte que ha golpeado Estados Unidos, causó grandes estragos en Puerto Rico. En estos momentos, la isla entera está sin electricidad y el gobierno ha decretado un toque de queda a partir de las seis de la tarde. Hasta ahora, no se sabe de ningún hermano que haya perdido la vida o resultado herido debido al huracán. Las labores de socorro comenzarán muy pronto. Se usará un Salón del Reino que no ha sufrido daños como refugio y centro de distribución. Las instalaciones del Hogar Betel de San Juan sufrieron algunos daños menores. Pero los hermanos que viven allí están bien y ninguno ha resultado herido. Ahora mismo, no hay conexión a Internet en las instalaciones y un generador de emergencia les provee electricidad. Estamos seguros de que a los hermanos les consuela ver que la organización de Jehová se esfuerza al máximo por socorrerlos (2 Corintios 1:3).
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  9. Randy Fredrick

    Randy Fredrick is not from Sallisaw, but having lived here for 35 years, he is accustomed to our small-town life. Fredrick, who grew up in Tulsa, likes Sallisaw because it has less traffic, although he admits the traffic is worse now than in 1992. “We liked being where there was less traffic and a slower pace,” Randy said. Jena maintains the books for Fredrick Heat & Air. Randy has been married to Jena (Sheppard) Fredrick since 1987. Jena is from the Cowlington/Keota area so a move to Sallisaw was a natural place to get away from the city. Randy, 59, went from large chiller and boiler systems at apartment complexes to more residential heating and air conditioning work. While Randy has been in the business for 35 years, his son, Daniel, is carrying on the tradition. Daniel, 28, is an apprentice under Randy and has been working on and off with Randy for 10 years. Of late he is more serious about a career in HVAC and has bought his own tools, he said. “My Dad was also in the heat and air business as well, but installed systems in mobile homes,” Randy said. Clifford Fredrick’s company, Clifford Blue Streak Service operated in the Tulsa area. “We were supposed to move to California, but dad was offered a job in Tulsa. With six kids to feed, he couldn’t pass it up,” Randy said. Clifford began delivering and setting up mobile homes before starting his own company focusing on installing heating and air systems in mobile homes. Randy’s HVAC career path started while working maintenance for a large building management company. When the company’s HVAC man quit, Randy took over that job and was sent to school to be trained. “I was working on heat and air systems while still going to school,” Randy said. “I did six hours of school and then eight hours of work. I was supposed to work until 10 p.m., but getting to 8 was the most I could do some days.” Once he went out on his own, Randy used the name Fredrick Blue Streak Service before changing it to Fredrick Heat & Air. As for hobbies, Randy said he doesn’t get to hunt or fish as much as he wants to. “The problem with fishing is that when you get to spring time, my work picks up and turkey hunting takes over the fishing,” Randy said. “It’s hard to find enough time.” But he has found a new passion for hog hunting, partly because he has a permit to do it at night. He said they are a smarter animal than most people think. “The nose on a hog is way better than a deer. If everything is not just right, they won’t hang around,” Randy said. He has spotted quite a few on his hunting land north of Sallisaw near the Adair County line. The largest he has taken was about 200 lbs. back in July, he said. Daniel said he isn’t much of a hunter, but the hog meat, “tastes about like store bought.” Randy added that the hog’s smell is awful. Daniel prefers astronomy as a hobby and recently bought an 8” telescope. Randy and Jena were both raised as Jehovah’s Witness and spend many weekends ministering by going door to door in their church’s assigned territory in Sequoyah County. The Sallisaw congregation has about 120 members, Randy said. Randy was baptized in 1973. “One of the main things with Jehovah’s Witnesses is trying to keep Jesus’ command about going to talking to someone as disciples. People know us because we are at their doors on Saturday mornings,” Randy said. “Each congregations has their assigned territories to work to try to get people to read their Bibles and learn what the truth is from the scriptures,” Randy said. The vast majority of Jehovah’s Witnesses come from other religions, Randy said. He and Jena are somewhat of a rarity that both were raised in the religion.
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  10. Will the world end on Saturday?

    Short answer — no. But David Meade, a Christian and self-published author of end-of-the-world survival guides, predicts doomsday is near — very near, as in this Saturday. Meade’s ideology, laid out in his book “Planet X — The 2017 Arrival,” is described by the author as “a compendium of information from every sphere—astronomical, scientific, the Book of Revelation and geopolitics.” There’s some astrology in there, too. Meade is the latest in a very long line of American self-proclaimed prophets who claim they know when — sometimes to the hour — the biblically predicted “end times” will arrive. And while it’s fun to laugh at his belief that the “Planet Nibiru” will collide with the Earth this week, the failed prophesies of some of his predecessors have, at times, led to important religious movements or illuminating ways of thinking about faith. Let us explain: How common are predictions the end is at hand? Very common. Wikipedia lists over 170 different religiously motivated predictions of the end of the world. The first recorded one dates back to the year 66 and ancient Judea. Since then, doomsday predictions have jumped continents, cultures and religions, but they do seem to be a mostly Protestant pastime. The first American-born doomsday dude was Cotton Mather. This son of Puritans, teenage Harvard graduate and popular New England preacher publicly proclaimed the world would end three different times, in 1697, 1716 and 1736. If their predictions were wrong, why remember them? Because some of the people or groups who made these failed predictions led to other important things in American religious history. Consider the Millerites, a band of 19th-century Americans who left their fields unplanted and sold their worldly goods in anticipation of their expiration date — Oct. 22, 1844. After their “Great Disappointment,” they eventually became the Seventh-day Adventists. (Fun fact: The Millerites inspired HBO’s “The Leftovers” and even made an appearance in a couple of episodes.) Then there were the followers of Charles Taze Russell, a 19th-century preacher who looked for Jesus’ return and the resurrection of the dead (Christians only, please) in 1878 (and again in 1914). They became Jehovah’s Witnesses, who now ring doorbells around the world (and are persecuted for it in some places — looking at you, Russia). Even John Wesley, co-founder of Methodism, dabbled in predictions, once writing that Jesus would return between 1058 and 1836 (rather a large spread as predictions go). Some failed predictions bring unexpected insights into religion. In 1955, most people laughed when Dorothy Martin, a Chicago housewife, said aliens from Planet Clarion informed her the world would end for all but her and her small band of followers, who would be “lifted up.” No end, no lift. But social psychologist Leon Festinger developed his “theory of cognitive dissonance” from his firsthand study of Martin, and he went on to write a 1957 book that explained how rational people come to believe irrational things that is still used to explain everything from religious beliefs to real estate bubbles. And to flat-out ignore some predictions can be perilous. Florence Houteff, considered a prophetess by the Branch Davidians, predicted April 22, 1959, as the rollout date of the Book of Revelation’s fire and brimstone. Wrong, and her group splintered in the aftermath. One of the splinters wound up in a compound in Waco, Texas, surrounded by federal agents demanding their surrender on firearms charges. Their leader, David Koresh, was another self-proclaimed prophet who made doomsday predictions involving the deaths of his followers. Some critics felt the federal agents failed to fully understand Koresh as a religious leader, seeing him only as a con man and criminal. By the end of a 51-day siege, after a battery of gunshots and a fast-moving fire, 86 people were killed, including Koresh and several children. Why this prediction now? Wasn’t there another big “apocalypse now” prediction a few years ago? Scholars say doomsday predictions cluster around certain events — the Great Plague of the Middle Ages, or the “harmonic convergence” of the planets, or the year 2000. Meade has pointed to last month’s solar eclipse as a “sign” of what he says is to come. And yes, there has been a long string of predictions in the last two decades. Who can forget Harold Camping, the Christian radio media mogul who picked two dates in 2011, hit the airwaves, put up billboards, solicited money — and nada. He joined some rather famous names — Edgar Cayce, Sun Myung Moon, Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson (at least twice, but before he had access to the White House) and John Hagee among them — of failed futurists. Heck, Sir Isaac Newton himself, great astronomer and mathematician, bet that Jesus would return in the year 2000. Even the man who explained gravity was wrong. So relax. Make some weekend plans. See you Monday.
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  11. Recourse to secular courts Religious laws apply to a believer's spiritual life. They don't trump Canada's Criminal Code, civil law or other statutes. Sometimes, secular courts are even called upon to judge whether a faith-based decision is fair. On Nov. 2, the Supreme Court of Canada will hear from an Alberta man appealing a decision made by a Jehovah's Witnesses' judicial committee. Elders disfellowshipped — or expelled — Randy Wall when they decided the Calgary man was not sufficiently repentant for two drunken incidents where he allegedly verbally abused his wife. This decision by elders of the congregation required Wall's wife and children to shun him. Wall, a real estate agent, alleges the shunning caused him to lose a large number of Jehovah's Witnesses clients. Courts are sometimes are asked to judge the fairness of a religious rule or decision. The Supreme Court of Canada has agreed to hear the case of a Jehovah's Witness who was expelled for alleged verbal abuse of his wife. (Chris Wattie/Canadian Press) In 2007, Canada's top court ruled in favour of a woman who took action against her ex-husband for refusing to grant her a religious Jewish divorce, known as a get. "The consequences to women deprived of a get and loyal to their faith are severe," Justice Rosalie Abella wrote. "They may not remarry within their faith, even though civilly divorced. If they do remarry, children from a second civil marriage are considered illegitimate and restricted from practising their religion." Full article:
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  12. Margaret L. Freeman

    Margaret L. Freeman, 92, formerly of Lancaster, passed away peacefully Sunday, September 17, 2017 at St. Anne's Retirement Community. Born in York, she was the daughter of the late Harry P. and Mary E. Dietz Landis. She was the wife of the late Thomas B. Freeman, Sr., who died in 1975. Margaret worked for Dauphin Deposit Bank for various positions including loan officer and branch manager. She enjoyed walking, painting and bible studies. She was a member of the Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Mount Joy. Surviving are: a daughter, Carole Baver, Encinitas, CA; two grandchildren, Melissa married to Jeff Seibert, Thomas Freeman, both of Columbia; two great-grandchildren, Michael Seibert, Megan Seibert, both of Columbia; a sister, Dorothy Sheehy, Columbia; several nieces and nephews. She was preceded in death by: a son, Thomas B. Freeman, Jr., a granddaughter, Kimberly, and 6 siblings. Funeral services will be private and at the convenience of the family. Furman's – Leola
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  13. Meerut: Bajrang Dal members here allegedly assaulted two men, accusing them of offering Rs 5 lakh to a resident for getting people to convert to Christianity. Police later arrested the assault victims. The incident occurred at Vikas Enclave Colony under Kankerkheda police station where, according to Bajrang Dal members, two men approached a resident, Pawan Gupta, and asked him to arrange for religious meetings where “Christianity would be promoted”. Bajrang Dal Meerut province convenor Balraj Dungar said, “Soon after getting this information, we reached the spot and caught hold of the two men. We found that they were targeting Hindu families at periods of the day when the men of the households would be away at work, such as in the mornings. The two men would then target women for conversion. The allegation that we physically assaulted them is false. We only took them to the police station where, after investigation, an FIR was filed against them. Luring someone into another religion with the promise of money has always been one of the tactics of missionaries. We will not allow this to happen at any cost.” According to locals, two men in their mid-thirties — Jatin Joseph, a resident of Garh Road, Meerut and Shirish Shinde, a resident of Mumbai — had approached residents of Vikas Enclave some time earlier. “They came to my house and said they wanted to share the good news about Christ and also asked if I could arrange some of my neighbours to have religious sessions with them, and inform them about the teachings of Christ. When I asked them what I would gain from this, they said I would get Rs 5 lakh if I organized five sessions for them and brought some people to Christ,” said Pawan Gupta, the complainant in the case. Mahesh Chand, senior sub inspector at Kankerkhera police station told TOI, “On the basis of the complaint by Gupta, an FIR has been filed under section 295 A (deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion) of the IPC. The two men have been arrested.” Joseph and Shinde admitted they were propagating Christianity, but denied charges of using monetary inducements for this. Joseph, who is in police custody, said, “We belong to the Jehovah’s Witnesses denomination. It is not wrong to propagate one’s religion as it is within the ambit of the law, but the charge that we were converting locals or offering money is completely false.” Meanwhile, a Meerut-based Christian organisation has criticised the action against the two men. State president of Isaai Mahasabha, Robin Nath said, “We strongly condemn the assault on the two men by Bajrang Dal activists. An FIR must be filed against those who beat the men. The allegation that the two had promised Rs 5 lakh is entirely concocted. This is a huge amount and no organisation can dole out such kind of money. Besides, no conversion took place and yet police filed the FIR without even going into the details.”
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  14. Raleigh Wayne Hedrick

    Raleigh Wayne Hedrick, 73, of Evington, died Saturday, September 16, 2017, at his residence. He was born in Pittsylvania County, and was the son of the late Raleigh Van Hedrick and Catherine Compton Hedrick. Wayne loved spending time with his family and had many projects that he enjoyed working on, especially outdoors. He also enjoyed spending time in his ministry and he attended Altavista Kingdom Hall of Jehovah’s Witnesses. Wayne is survived by his wife, Audry Lyn Dotson Hedrick; one son, Bruce Wayne Hedrick (Freda); daughter, Sherry Hedrick Bing (Jay); sisters, Jane Dotson (Phillip), Cynthia Stone (John), Gloria Mattox (Paul); seven grandchildren; six great-grandchildren; as well as extended family and friends. He will be greatly missed by all. The family would like to thank Centra Health and Centra Hospice. A special thank you to Michelle King who was a blessing to Wayne and his family. A very special thank you to Dr. Stephen Rennyson for the wonderful care he provided Wayne through the years. In lieu of flowers, the family suggest contributions be made to the Altavista Kingdom Hall or Centra Hospice. A Memorial service will be held 2:00 p.m., Sunday, September 24, 2017 at Altavista Kingdom Hall, 652 Riverbend Rd. Altavista, VA 24517 with Elder Edward Carr officiating. Arrangements by Burch-Messier Funeral Home, Bedford, 540-586-7360.
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  15. La represión penal de la insumisión antimilitarista (casi 300 testigos de Jehová fueron encarcelados en la segunda mitad del franquismo, y después amnistiados, por negarse a empuñar armas por motivos religiosos) comenzó en 1989, en lo que fue un síntoma de la fallida regulación de la objeción de conciencia de 1984, y se mantuvo hasta que, entrado 2002, casi un año después de que el Gobierno de José María Aznar aboliera el servicio militar obligatorio, el Congreso la despenalizó. Entre esas dos fechas se habían sucedido una serie de movimientos tácticos de los ejecutivos de Felipe González para tratar de invisibilizar el movimiento insumiso con el objetivo de evitar el desgaste que les provocaba. No obstante, medidas como la reducción de las penas de prisión iban acompañadas de otras como la llamada “pena de muerte civil”, impulsada por Juan Alberto Belloch desde el Ministerio de Justicia e Interior y que prácticamente impedía que un insumiso pudiera acceder a cualquier tipo de fondo público. Leer artículo:
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  16. SAMMIE DOGANS CHERISHED LIFE

    Sammie R. Dogans, 82, fell asleep in death on Tuesday, September 12, 2017 at Ridgewood Nursing Care Center. She was born Sammie Ruth Biles on April 4, 1935 in New Albany, Mississippi. Sammie was the daughter of the late Frank Lester Biles and Ada Eliza Jane White. Sammie was a graduate of Washington Park High School “Class of 1953”. After high school, she was united in marriage to the late Acie Dogans on June 19, 1954 and that union lasted 62 years. With her capacity to care for her family and others, Sammie pursued a nursing career and in 1956, graduated from Saint Luke’s School of Nursing with a degree as a Registered Nurse. In the earlier part of her employment, she practiced her nursing skills at Saint Luke’s Hospital and in the late 70’s and mid 80’s, at the A-Center from which she retired in 1986. She was also a member of the National Black Nurses Association. As a spiritual person, Sammie dedicated her life in baptism as one of Jehovah’s Witnesses in January of 1960. She loved the spring flowers her husband planted in the garden at their home. Her favorite flowers were yellow rose and lily of the valley. She delighted in listening to the music of her era, reading history books, baking, knitting, embroidery and especially sewing. She also loved the color blue. She will be dearly missed by her four children: Michele Dogans, Dawn (Dana) Dogans-Baylor, Eric (Mary) Dogans, Sr., and Karen Dogans; her grandchildren, Tiffany Golden, Taneka Golden, Melissa Dogans, Nicholas Baylor, Eric Dogans, Jr., Brianna Hunter and Tori Dogans; her great-grandchildren (who affectionately called her “Grandma Sammie”), Tianna Hawkins, Xavier Golden, Aniah Cunningham, Vanessa Hawkins, Yazmine Jude, Amari Dogans, and Blair Hunter, Terrance Antonio Acie Lawson and Taraji Amayah Jale Lawson; 5 sisters (who fondly called her “Sammie Ruth”), Minnie (Sammy) Davis, Helen Jelks, Effie (Shelley) Lacy, Shirley Johnson and Jeanette White; 2 brothers, Willie (Thelma) Biles and Alvin (Ann) White; along with many cousins, nieces and nephews. In addition to her parents, she is preceded in death by her husband Acie Dogans, one brother, Jimmie Carl White, an infant brother and sister. The family will receive relatives and family at the viewing/remembrance service held at the Maresh-Meredith and Acklam Funeral Home on Thursday, September 28, 2017 from 5:00 pm – 7:00 pm and a second viewing on Friday, September 29, 2017 at Maresh-Meredith from 10 a.m. until 11 a.m. followed by a Memorial Service at 11 a.m. Interment will immediately follow at Graceland Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, the family respectfully requests donations in the name of Sammie R. Dogans are made to the American Alzheimer’s Association. We ask that all donations are stipulated for Dementia/Alzheimer Research. The family would also like to extend a heartfelt thank you to the staff of Ridgewood Care Center and Heartland Hospice for all their care and compassion.
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  17. Para Jeong Chun-guk, de 69 años de edad, cuyos siete años y diez meses de cárcel siguen siendo los más largos jamás atendidos por un objetor de conciencia al servicio militar obligatorio en Corea, la lucha por la paz finalmente le ha llevado a un tranquilo lote de tierra en el condado de Geumsan, Chungcheong del sur, donde él puede centrarse en la agricultura y su fe. "Creía que era más importante difundir el nuevo mundo que descubrí dentro de la Biblia", dice sobre su decisión de no servir en el ejército. Había seguido los pasos de su madre, convirtiéndose en testigo de Jehová cuando era un estudiante de primer año que estudiaba medicina en la Universidad Nacional de Chungnam en Daejeon. Los Testigos de Jehová han sostenido tradicionalmente que la adoración debe ser sólo al "Reino de Dios", por lo que prohíbe la lealtad o la participación en cualquier gobierno nacional o política entre sus fieles. Aunque se les ha enseñado a obedecer las leyes de su lugar de residencia, se ha sabido que los Testigos de Jehová desobedecen las leyes que entran en conflicto con sus doctrinas, como negar la transfusión de sangre y negarse a cumplir funciones militares. Su padre, un oficial de prisiones, estaba sin palabras al enterarse de que Jeong había abandonado la escuela después de sólo un semestre. Cuando Jeong cumplió 21 años en 1969, fue encarcelado durante 10 meses, en el apogeo del sentimiento anticomunista tras la incursión de la Casa Azul el 21 de enero de 1968, cuando los comandos de Corea del Norte intentaron asesinar al entonces presidente Park Chung-hee. Después de la Restauración de Octubre de 1972, en la cual Park asumió poderes dictatoriales, los objetores de conciencia y sus familias fueron públicamente avergonzados y la pena se incrementó bruscamente con las enmiendas a la Ley del Servicio Militar y la nueva Ley Especial de Violaciones a la Ley del Servicio Militar. A los 26 años, Jeong recibió otra notificación y orden de arresto. Envió a la corte del distrito de Daejeon una apelación de siete páginas, pero el juez de apelación lo condenó a tres años de prisión, el doble de la sentencia inicial. Los guardias de la prisión, llegó a aprender, fueron particularmente brutales con los Testigos de Jehová. "Temiendo que los Testigos de Jehová pudieran hacer proselitismo, no nos hicieron trabajar. En cambio, nos vimos obligados a sentarnos durante todo el día. Las únicas veces que pudimos ponernos de pie fueron durante nuestras tres comidas y sesiones de ejercicio de 15 minutos ", dice Jeong. "Oramos para que pudiéramos trabajar de pie". En aquellos días, la Ley de Servicio Militar no permitía exenciones de servicio hasta que se cumplieran tres años de trabajo penal. La Corte Suprema consideró legal repetir este castigo cada vez que se rechazaba el servicio militar, por lo que Jeong fue sentenciado nuevamente en 1974. Al completar su segunda sentencia a los 29, le preguntó a la Administración de la Fuerza Militar por qué se estaba redactando un desertor universitario como él. La Ley del Servicio Militar consideraba entonces a los candidatos elegibles para el servicio activo desde el momento en que se graduaron de la escuela secundaria hasta la edad de 28 años. Pero para los estudiantes de pregrado, esto se amplió a 30. La administración respondió que incluso los estudiantes de primer año eran considerados estudiantes universitarios. Un día en febrero de 1977, mientras esperaba para finalmente regresar a casa, Jeong fue llevado a la 32ª División de Infantería. Recibió otros cuatro años de cárcel del tribunal militar por la condena de "desobedecer órdenes". "Pensé que este era el final", dice Jeong, "recuerdo haber llorado al ver los ojos llenos de lágrimas de mi madre". Su castigo terminó en 1981 a la edad de 33 años. "Era extraño ver a nadie que me acechaba por detrás mientras caminaba a casa", dice.
  18. Jeong Chun-guk, who served the longest time in Korea for conscientious objection, seven years, is now a farmer. [KIM SEONG-TAE] For 69-year-old Jeong Chun-guk, whose seven years and 10 months in jail is still the longest time ever served by a conscientious objector to mandatory military service in Korea, the struggle for peace has finally led him to a tranquil plot of land in Geumsan County, South Chungcheong, where he can focus on farming and his faith. “I believed that it was more important to spread the new world I discovered within the Bible,” he says of his decision not to serve in the military. He had followed his mother’s footsteps, becoming a Jehovah’s Witness when he was a freshman studying medicine at Chungnam National University in Daejeon. Jehovah’s Witnesses have traditionally held a view that worship should be only to the “Kingdom of God,” therefore banning allegiance or participation in any national government or politics among their faithful. Though taught to obey the laws of where they inhabit, Jehovah’s Witnesses have been known to disobey the laws that conflict with their doctrines, such as denying blood transfusion and refusing to serve military duties. His father, a prison officer, was at a loss for words upon hearing that Jeong had dropped out of school after only one semester. “The watchtower my father climbed with his lunch box seemed like a great dungeon from some novel,” he says. “I never imagined that I would live in such a place.” When Jeong turned 21 in 1969, he was incarcerated for 10 months, at the height of anti-communist sentiment following the Blue House raid on Jan. 21, 1968, when North Korean commandos attempted to assassinate then-President Park Chung-hee. After the October Restoration of 1972, in which Park assumed dictatorial powers, conscientious objectors and their families were publicly shamed and the penalty was sharply increased with amendments to the Military Service Law and the new Special Acts for Violation of Military Service Law. At 26, Jeong received another draft notice and arrest warrant. He sent Daejeon District court a seven-page appeal, but the appeal judge sentenced him to three years in prison, twice the initial sentencing. Prison guards, he came to learn, were particularly brutal towards Jehovah’s Witnesses. “Fearing that Jehovah’s Witnesses might proselytize, they did not make us work. Instead we were forced to sit down for the whole day. The only times we could stand up were during our three meals and 15-minute exercise sessions,” says Jeong. “We prayed so that we may work standing.” In those days, the Military Service Law did not allow exemptions from service until three years of penal labor had been served. The Supreme Court deemed it legal to repeat this punishment every time military service was declined, so Jeong was sentenced again in 1974. Upon completing his second sentence at 29, he asked the Military Manpower Administration why a university dropout like himself was being drafted. The Military Service Law back then considered candidates eligible for active duty from the time they graduated high school until the age of 28. But for undergraduates, this was extended to 30. The administration replied that even freshman dropouts were considered undergraduates. One day in February 1977, as he was waiting to finally go home, Jeong was taken to the 32nd Infantry Division. He received another four years in jail from the military court on the conviction of “disobeying orders.” “I thought this was the end,” says Jeong, “I remember crying at the sight of my mother’s tear-filled eyes.” His punishment ended in 1981 at the age of 33. “It was strange to see no one stalking me from behind as I walked home,” he says. Recently, a lawyer advised him to re-open his case, but Jeon has decided against this. “It’s not impossible to empathize with those who try to protect society by policing those who step out of line,” he says, “even if they have the strangest reasons.” BY MOON HYEON-KYUNG [bae.seunghoon@joongang.co.kr]
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