Kurt

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  1. Biblical Studies

    Biblical Studies
  2. Bibeln im Zentrum der Zeugen Jehovas VON HANS-JOACHIM SCHALIESDer Sammler Peter Kränzler besitzt eine der größten Bibelsammlungen der Welt. Anlässlich der Eröffnung des Zentrums der Zeugen Jehovas werden viele der Bücher gezeigt. Peter Kränzler besitzt eine der größten Bibelsammlungen der Welt und bereitet anlässlich der Eröffnung des Zentrums der Zeugen Jehovas eine Ausstellung in Usingen vor. Michelbach. Als Peter Kränzler, von Beruf Landvermesser bei der Stadt Usingen, Anfang der 1960er Jahre anfing Bibeln zu sammeln, konnte er nicht erahnen, dass daraus einmal eine der größten und bedeutsamsten privaten Bibelsammlungen werden würde. Er fing damals mit drei Bibeln an, nämlich der von Martin Luther sowie der Elberfelder und der Schlachter Bibel. Mittlerweile sind daraus über 3500 Bibelübersetzungen geworden. Dem gingen zahlreiche Besuche in Antiquariaten sowie Flohmärkten in der näheren und weiteren Umgebung voraus. Dazu gehörten auch viele Auktionen, in denen Bibelübersetzungen aus vorhergehenden Jahrhunderten angeboten wurden. Zu seiner Sammlung gehören Nachdrucke prachtvoller Bibelausgaben, wie sie für Könige angefertigt wurden. Viele Klöster dienten ausschließlich dazu, dass dort die Bibel abgeschrieben wurde. Ein Mönch, der sich dieser Aufgabe widmete, brauchte dazu sein genzes Leben. Das führte dazu, dass der Besitz einer Bibel zeitweise ein ganzes Rittergut wert war. Schon vor Luther gab es zahlreiche Bibelübersetzungen in Form der Kölner, Nürnberger und der Lübecker Bibel. Diese waren aber in dem jeweiligen Dialekt geschrieben, so dass der Inhalt nicht von jedem verstanden wurde. Das änderte sich erst im frühen Mittelalter, als die sogenannten Armenbibeln aufkamen und auch das gewöhnliche Volk die Bibel lesen konnte. Besonders stolz ist Peter Kränzler auf eine lateinische Bibel von dem jüdischen Gelehrten Lazarus Goldschmidt, die im Jahre 1486 veröffentlicht wurde. Auch eine original Thora-Rolle aus dem Warschauer Ghetto gehört zu den gut behüteten Stücken seiner Sammlung. Zu dieser zählen auch 700 Jahre alte Originalblätter aus 18 Bibeln vor Luther, Kurfürstenbibeln, Bauern- und Dialektbibeln. Die kleinste Bibel der Welt, 48 000fach verkleinert, sowie eine Nachbildung des Mesa-Steins gehören ebenfalls dazu. Der Mesa-Stein wurde 1868 in Dhiban entdeckt. Seine Inschrift wird allgemein Mesa zugeschrieben und ihr Inhalt auf die Zeit bezogen, in der sich die im Bibelbuch Zweite Könige, Kapitel 3, berichteten Ereignisse abspielten. Interessanterweise enthalten zahlreiche Bibeln aus dieser Zeit – aber auch der Mesa-Stein – den göttlichen Namen in Form des sogenannten Tetragrammatons oder direkt den Namen Jehova. Ein eindeutiges Zeichen dafür, dass der Name Jehova in früheren Zeitperioden allgemein geläufig war. Dieser erschien sogar auf Hunderten Münzen und ist heute noch in vielen Kirchen oder anderen Örtlichkeiten zu sehen, zum Beispiel auf einem Grabstein bei der Kirche in Butzbach-Ebergöns, in der Kirche in Nieder-Weisel und in einem Deckengemälde in der evangelischen Kirche in Fauerbach. Seit 1996 gehören auch Ausstellungen zum Repertoire von Peter Kränzler, die ihn bereits durch die ganze Bundesrepublik geführt haben. Unter dem Ausstellungsmotto „3000 Jahre Bibeln und Fragmente“ sahen fast 50 000 Besucher seine Exponate. Seine letzten Ausstellungen waren erst anlässlich des Sachsen-Anhalt-Tages in Köthen und davor anlässlich einer Gewerbeausstellung in Berchtesgaden. Interessant ist auch der Eintrag eines Professors aus Dresden. Er schrieb: „Selbst das großartige Informationsblatt zur Ausstellung lässt nicht einmal erahnen, was einen hier an Überwältigendem erwartet. Natürlich gibt es immer irgendwie einige Vorbehalte. Doch ich kann mich nicht verwehren: Ich bin einfach im Ganzen begeistert! Herzl. Dank. – Ein Feiertag“. Für die nächste Ausstellung steht Peter Kränzler schon in den Startlöchern, diesmal vor Ort in Usingen. Denn dort wird zurzeit im Usinger Gewerbegebiet das neue Gemeindezentrum der Zeugen Jehovas errichtet. Dieses wird Ende dieses Jahres seine Türen öffnen: Mit einem Tag der offenen Tür – und natürlich mit einer Bibelausstellung. Taunus Zeitung
  3. Monatliche Radiosendungen von Jehovas Zeugen Multimediale Bibelausstellung in Dortmund – hol dir den Vorgeschmack auf Radio Bochum zum mithören digital via Webradio und auf den Frequenzen von Radio Bochum (98.5 MHz)
  4. Karlo Vegelahn aus Osterode hat seit seiner Jugend über 90 Meter Bibeln angesammelt
  5. Karlo Vegelahn from Osterode has collected over 90 meters of Bibles since his youth
  6. First class of Watchtower Bible School of Gilead in 1943. 1939 pioneer sisters, sister on far right was selected for first Gilead class 1943
  7. Свидетели Иеговы в Сибири
  8. Photo historyJW http://www.thewt.org/ As a small group of independent scientists we address to all who are not indifferent to the history of Jehovah Witnesses in Ukraine and countries of the former USSR. We are glad to inform you that the deep research of this organization history already has began and have been continuing during four years in Ukraine, as well in some countries of the former USSR. The main purpose of this activity is to unite people of different categories and professions, which are interested in history of the religion communities. Kostyantyn Oleksandrovych Berezhko, scientist and writer, Majesty of history, lecturer of religion science, logic and history in several high educational schools of Ukraine, author of the book “History of Jehovah Witnesses in Zhitomir” and the textbook “Modern religion science”, takes a lead of this research. Kostyantyn Oleksandrovych and his assistants are engaged in collection and popularization of the information about history of Jehovah Witnesses in former Soviet Union in all possible places and by all possible means. ATTENTION! We would like to remind that we collect only scientific information. Theological and legal issues, information regarding organizational structure of the confession and other issues of such kind you need to solve only with Administrative Center of Jehovah Witnesses. This site does not present the interests of the Society and is not related with its activity by any means. Results of the research: A lot of work was made during four years of research Jehovah Witnesses history by K.O. Berezhko and by his cooperators. There was conducted about 250 interviews in different spots of the former USSR, was investigated about two hundreds of different articles, reports, books devoted to Jehovah Witnesses, was copied and studied a half of thousand of the archival documents. The book “History of Jehovah Witnesses in Zhitomir” and textbook “Modern religion science” were published. Moreover, various scientific articles were published that shed light to pages of history closed before our time. This work is also not passed unnoticed among community. Many scientists, students, teachers, reporters looked in history of Jehovah Witnesses from other point of view. We would like to quote some fragments of received letters: • I’m reading avidly this interesting material. Thank you very much (Sergey Yuzefovich, Malin city). • „Religion scientific basis of this problem is almost absent, and historical investigations are very limited. A merit of the author is that he succeeded to group and analyzed three kinds of sources: religion editions, publications of historical character and memoirs of the religion communities members” (O.S. Kuzmin, candidate of historical science, associate professor of the Ivan Franko Zhitomir State University). • “Examples cited in manuscripts [the book “History of Jehovah Witnesses in Zhitomir”], are really impressive. Up to that time I knew nothing about confession of Jehovah Witnesses, but now the examples of their memoirs are perpetuated in my memory” (Gennady Mahorin, lecturer of the history in the Ivan Franko Zhitomir State University). Moreover, in the period of research we had established scientific relations with the western historians and scientists of the neighbor countries. In this way historians of such countries as Germany, USA and Russia cooperate with the leader of the project. As a result, the articles about history of Jehovah Witnesses were published in authoritative European collections of articles. Would you like to assist? Information for: Sponsors: During search of information we have met a lot of problems, first of all the material problems. Thus copy of only one page of the important document is not less then 20 dollars cost, but this document may contain up to 150 sheets. However we needed not less then half a hundred of such documents for careful research to proceed from the book “History of Jehovah Witnesses in Zhitomir”. Furthermore this work demands a lot of means for numerous journeys, services of lawyers, translators, communication, publication of articles, books and other issues. Finally at present time we even have no possibility just to publish materials, interviews and the facts about history of Jehovah Witnesses, which were founded during this research. In this way to the end of year 2007 we plan to publish the book "History of Jehovah Witnesses in Ukraine, vol.1" (in Russian). The book will contain three parts: “History of Jehovah Witnesses in Ukraine – the past and the present”, “Features of Jehovah Witness activity in regions” and “The Price of faith”. Information of these parts will be brightened by fragments of interviews with eye-witnesses of that time. We plan to publish in the book the facts that were unknown until then: secret files, important legal documents, to relate about various methods of ideological and physical pressure of KGB, living conditions of Jehovah Witnesses in Soviet concentration camps etc. Moreover, after publication and successful distribution of the above-mentioned book we plan to publish following volumes of this issue and such works as “The Price of faith” (autobiographies of Jehovah Witnesses that were persecuted for their faith), “Jehovah Witnesses in Soviet State. What the sources will relate?” We invite to respond all those who are able to finance the publication of such researches and to make welfare for research of history of Jehovah Witnesses. Your assistance will help to open pages of history that were forgotten and hidden until then. Museum of the History of Jehovah Witnesses. At present day there are a lot of institutions devoted to many historical events, famous persons and different subjects interesting for community and for keeping and spreading of the information about these events. There exist various museums, funds, institutes etc. We are sure, that the history of Witnesses has a lot of facts, which would be interesting for community, now, as well as in the future. That is the reason why we call to respond persons, which would be able to cooperate in foundation the Museum of the History of Jehovah Witnesses. This institution would be able to function in one of the resort cities in Ukraine (for example in Feodosiya city in the cost of Black Sea), that would drew attention of people from different countries and categories. It would be also possible that office was function attached to the museum that will coordinate the working of the project. If you have interested by this project please write us your e-mail without fail. We will propose you several kinds of projects of construction and functioning of museum (it may be possible even self-financing of this institution). Jehovah Witnesses: If you are Jehovah Witness and experienced persecution for your own faith, please describe your experience and send us your history. And if you kept some documental testimonies (proceedings, certificates, archival documents) either just press-cuttings or old atheistic book, that affect Jehovah Witnesses, please write us on e-mail. We also ask for help to Witnesses of junior generation. The best opportunity to assist in collection of more accurate facts about history of Jehovah Witnesses is to fix the memoirs of your parents and grand-parents. Please make it for future generation that they will know about examples of faith of your parents. Scientists and reporters: Dear scientific community and workers of mass media! If you while working will meet the information which reveals pages of History of Jehovah Witnesses unknown before, we will be very thankful if you will inform us about it. From our part we are ready to provide you any information that would assist you in dissertation investigation, certainly if the subject concerned to Jehovah Witnesses. We also invite to cooperation the reporters of mass media. More than once we gave to different mass media the truthful information regarding the history of Jehovah Witnesses, that to destroy among journalists the popular myth about activity of religion community. Moreover, we will be glad of assistance of those who are ready to cooperate in the area of research the history of Jehovah Witnesses: historians, artists, librarians, student of local lore and just people who are not indifferent to the history. We ask to send your messages and proposals to the following e-mail: historyjw@yandex.ru. Only with your assistance the continuation of the history of Jehovah Witnesses will be possible.We are sincerely thankful for your attention and understanding!
  9. FAITH ON THE MARGINS: JEHOVAH‘S WITNESSES IN THE SOVIET UNION AND POST-SOVIET RUSSIA, UKRAINE, AND MOLDOVA, 1945-2010,Emily B. Baran
  10. Konden R. Smith Konden Smith, a professor specializing in American religious history at the University of Arizona, said the emphasis on missions stems from the belief of Jehovah’s Witnesses that theirs is the true faith. Unlike Protestantism, which grew out of a reformation of Catholicism, Jehovah’s Witnesses believe they are not reformers but “restorers of the true first-century Christian church,” Smith said. Source SOME OPINIONS ON JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES ● The Jehovah's Witnesses "insist upon a high moral code in personal conduct." -- The New Encyclopædia Britannica ● "Many people don't know them well enough, or maybe we are all simply too quick to judge. I know I was. And I found out I was wrong;" -- Jounalist Cecile Feyling - Jydske Vestkysten ● Jehovah's Witnesses teach their children moral qualities to respect the authorities, other individuals and their property and to be law abiding citzens" -- ed. The History of Relgion in Ukraine, Professor Petro Yarotskyi ● A "dedicated people" -- Archdeacon of Cheltenham, Church of England (The Gazette, Gloucester Dioceses) ● "An orderly religion. They know what worshipping God means" -- Comercio de Franca ● "Perhaps the most notable thing about the Witnesses is their insistence upon their primary allegiance to God, before any other power in the world,” -- Dr. C. S. Braden in These Also Believe. “The Witnesses offer a wide range of practical advice . . . on marital relations, moral issues, the rearing of children, and other practical matters. [They] have a great deal to offer by way of firm advice substantiated in Holy Writ and integrated into a coherent philosophy of life.” - Professor Bryan Wilson of Oxford University ● "‘You [Jehovah's Witnesses] are doing the work that we should do’," -- *Pope Benedict the XVI The Canberra Times vol 21.08.2005 QUESTION What kind of people are Jehovah's Witnesses? ** “the key factor for [Jehovah's Witnesses] peaceful attitude is the idea to follow already now the principles revealed in the Bible.” -- Professor Wojciech Modzelewski, Warsaw University in Poland **Professor Bruno Bettleheim, in his book The Informed Heart (1960), in telling of his experiences in a German concentration camp describes the Witnesses as “. . . the only group of prisoners who never mistreated or abused other prisoners.” **In a survey of 377 of the Witnesses in Tokyo, Professor Wilson, Oxford University, England asked what it was that first attracted people to this religion, typical replies were the following: - “The KINDNESS of the Witnesses.” - "The WARMTH of the Witnesses attracted me" - The people were LOVING and KIND; and they enjoyed the meeting, and they sincerely tried to apply Bible principles in their lives.” - “The love and warmth among Jehovah’s Witnesses.” An article in the Des Moines Register, Iowa, in describing the “Sacred Service” Assembly of Jehovah’s Witnesses in that city during the summer of 1976, had this to say: “An observer who had been conditioned by a lifetime of negative comments about [Jehovah’s Witnesses] attended the recent gathering of some 8,000 Witnesses [...] He was impressed by such happenings as: ● The total racial equality and deep sense of communion among people from all walks of life. ● The friendliness and warmth of Witnesses who, though convinced they had the truth and the only truth, sought lovingly to convince rather than condemn."
  11. Agnes Smith Lewis(1843–1926) "There, in a dark closet, she (Agnes) found a Syriac manuscript. According to her own account, “it had a forbidding look, for it was very dirty, and its leaves were nearly all stuck together through their having remained unturned” for centuries. It was a palimpsest manuscript of which the original text had been erased and the pages rewritten with a Syriac text about female saints. However, Agnes Smith Lewis spotted some of the writing underneath and the words “of Matthew,” “of Mark,” or “of Luke” at the top. What she had in her hands was an almost complete Syriac codex of the four Gospels! Scholars now believe that this codex was written in the late fourth century." How the Codex was Found: A Narrative of Two Visits to Sinai, from Mrs. Lewis's Journals 1892-1893 A translation of the four Gospels, from the Syriac of the Sinaitic palimpsest
  12. We can look at her art! Margaret Keane "My Life as a Famous Artist". Awake. 12–16. July 8, 1975.