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The Mithra cult and Christmas
The Librarian posted a topic in TopicsHere is an example from London... The word ‘ Christmas ’ does not figure in the Bible. This festival underwent the pagan influence of the Saturnalia, celebrated around the time of the winter solstice in honour of Saturn, god of agriculture, characterised by their famous drinking sessions and the exchange of gifts. Furthermore, on 25 December 274, the Roman Emperor Aurelius proclaimed the sun-god Mithra the main protective god of the Empire. “The earliest mention of the festival of Christmas is found in the Philocalian Calendar, established in Rome in 336 AD.” - J. G. Frazer, The Golden Bough “The choice of 25 December appeared around 330, in order to cloud the pagan festivals celebrated at the time of the winter solstice. “This time was always marked in Antiquity, during the Saturnalia celebrated in Rome in honour of Saturn, the ancient master of time, or during Sol Invictus (Unconquered Sun), a cult of the god Mithra that came from Persia.” - Nadine Cretin, Fêtes et traditions occidentales [Western Festivals and Traditions] The festival of Mithra, Natalis Invicti, Triumphant Sun and ‘birthday’ of the Invincible One, he who gave life back to nature, was therefore gradually replaced by that of the birth of Christ, ‘Light of nations” according to words of old Simeon. - Luke 2:32 The festival of Christmas therefore originated at a time when the cult of the sun was particularly strong in Rome. These details confirm that this festival draws its origins neither from the Scriptures nor from the traditions of the very first Christians. Double-Sided Mithraic Relief MND 1911 Denon room 25 Mithra, the Persian god of light, is shown on one side of the relief cutting the throat of a divine bull to make the universe fruitful. On the other side, he is depicted at a banquet with the sun to which he is compared.
The Librarian posted a topic in TopicsThe sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and Libra (the scales). This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. This led Jean-François Champollion to date the relief to the Greco-Roman period, but most of his contemporaries believed it to be of the New Kingdom. The relief, which John H. Rogers characterised as "the only complete map that we have of an ancient sky", has been conjectured to represent the basis on which later astronomy systems were based. It is now on display at the Musée du Louvre, Paris. D 38 Hall 12 bis In Egyptian mythology. ------------------------------------ Astrology had a big place in the art of divination from the second millennium BC when the Babylonian priests established the zodiac. This term comes from a Greek word that means circle of animals. The signs do not correspond to the constellations, which earned them their original name. The cult of the stars was particularly dominant in Babylon. ----------------------------------- The servants of God took a strong stand against the cult of the stars. They shared the view of the Scriptures, seeing them as mere material bodies that do not dominate man but rather serve as lighting and benchmarks. The faithful King Joshua "put out of business the foreign-god priests [...], those making sacrificial smoke to Ba´al, to the sun and to the moon and to the constellations of the zodiac." (2 Kings 23:5). This expression comes from the Hebrew word mazzalôth, plural, which appears only once in the Bible. ----------------------------------- The signs of the zodiac were introduced in the cathedrals of Christendom, and in Paris can be seen on the portal and left around Mary in the huge central rose of Notre-Dame de Paris and Burgundy the facade of the Basilica of Vezelay. See more here
Stele of the priest Si Gabbor
The Librarian posted a topic in TopicsThis funerary stele presents under a long inscription in Aramaic a figurative scene with a priest seated at the banquet. The cult of the moon god, Sîn in Akkadian, is already well established in the Aleppo region of Syria. In the long dedication the deceased takes stock of his life and says his desire for a beautiful death and to enjoy the rest in the Hereafter without its remains being desecrated. Material used basalt Location Room 302, Sully Wing, Louvre Palace, 1st arrondissement of Paris, Paris, Metropolis of Greater Paris, Île-de-France, Metropolitan France, France Collection Department of Near Eastern Antiquities of the Louvre https://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/stele-priest-si-gabbor
Sun in the Bible
The Librarian posted a topic in TopicsIn the Bible, the sun is never deified because, as an impersonal force, it was created by God as a great light to light up the Earth and set a calendar. The existence of sun worship in the Kingdom of Judah is reported by the Prophet Ezekiel. “They were bowing down to the east, to the sun.” (Ezekiel 8:16). This apostate behaviour went against the Law (Deuteronomy 4:19) and the words of the psalmist, “For Jehovah God is a sun and a shield; Favor and glory are what he gives.” (Psalm 84:11). Years earlier, the King Josiah had however abolished worship of the sun-god. - 2 Kings 23:5. The Temptation of Christ MI 285 Location in the Louvre: Ary Scheffer Sully 2nd room 63 The sun, source of life and fertility, is nevertheless revered in most cultures. A149 The incarnation of light in the form of the Egyptian god Ra, it would be Helios then Apollo among the Greeks. The worship of the Persian sun-god Mithra is at the origin of the feast of Christmas. The influence of this pagan worship of the sun also explains the presence of a ring of light, the halo, around the heads of icons of Christendom.
Artemis of Ephesus and mother-goddess figures.
The Librarian posted a topic in TopicsArtemis of Ephesus CA 1202 Sully 1st floor room 37 showcase 1 (3) The goddess’s body is sheathed in a narrow tunic, decorated with rows of superimposed breasts or bulls’ testicles, symbols of fertility. She is wearing a high calathos on her head. AR19 A close relationship has been established with the ‘ Great Artemis of the Ephesians ‘ (Acts 19:28) and the major goddesses of other peoples. Unlike the virginal Greek Artemis, she was an opulent goddess of fertility and one of the mother-goddess figures. Artemis of Ephesus and mother-goddess figures. A famous statue shows her with a black face, hands and feet. The imposing temple that is dedicated to her is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the word. Significant trade was built up around her cult. AR13 “Great is Ar´te·mis of the E·phe´sians!” Acts 19:28 Close analogies exist between her and Cybele, the Phrygian goddess, as well as other female representations of divine power in the countries of Asia (Ma of Cappadocia, Astarte of Phoenicia, and Atargatis and Myletta of Syria). It could be said that all these divinities are merely variations of one and the same religious concept. AR14 She was represented with all the attributes of the Mother of the Gods and accordingly she wore a crown of towers, reminiscent of the Tower of Babel. AR15 Ephesus was the crucible where the pagan cult of the mother-goddess was Christianised and transformed into the fervent worship of Mary, who became “Mother of God”. AR16, AR17 It was to the Christians of Ephesus that Paul the Apostle announced such a change of direction. - Acts 20:17-30, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, note. Theatre of Ephesus > In 431 AD, the third ecumenical council held in this city gave Mary the title of 'Theotokos’, a Greek word meaning ‘God-bearer’. The use of this title by the Church was a determining factor in the development of the Doctrine of Mary. The prototype of Feast of the Assumption processions could be seen in those made in honour of Cybele and Artemis. AR18
Guest posted a topic in Testigos de Jehová's Tema