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The faithful and discreet slave is the term used by Jehovah's Witnesses to describe the religion's Governing Body in its role of directing doctrines and teachings. The group is described as a "class" of "anointed" Christians that operates under the direct control of Jesus Christ[1] to exercise teaching authority in all matters pertaining to doctrine and articles of faith.[2][3]
The concept is a central doctrine of Jehovah's Witnesses' system of belief[4] and is based on their interpretation of the Parable of the Faithful Servant in Matthew 24:45–47, Mark 13:34-37 and Luke 12:35-48.
The doctrine has undergone several major changes since it was formulated in 1881 by Charles Taze Russell, founder of the Bible Student movement. Russell initially applied it to the "church"—the "little flock" of 144,000 who would go to heaven—but five years later explained that it was an individual who would act as a sole channel or agent for Christ, dispensing "food", or new truths, for God's "household". Bible Students consequently regarded Russell as the "faithful and wise servant" of the parable.[5][6] In 1927 the Watch Tower Society announced that the "servant" was not in fact an individual, but was made up of the entire body of faithful spirit-anointed Christians; by 2010 that group numbered about 11,000 Witnesses from around the world.[7] In 2012 the society announced an "adjustment" of the doctrine, explaining that the slave was now understood to be synonymous with the Governing Body, a small group of anointed elders serving at the religion's world headquarters. The announcement also marked a change in belief about the timing of the slave class's appointment by Christ: it was said to have taken place in 1919 rather than in apostolic times, as previously believed.[8]
The current teaching is that the governing body is synonymous with the Faithful & Discreet Slave Class. There was no governing body in Russell's day. A Board of Directors was selected after Russell's death to take the lead of the Society's affairs. The Watchtower considers this to be the first "governing body" and also the first "faithful slave".
 

Role


Watch Tower Society publications teach that Jesus uses the faithful and discreet slave "to publish information on the fulfillment of Bible prophecies and to give timely direction on the application of Bible principles in daily life"[9][10] as the only means of communicating God's messages to humans. It is referred to as God's "prophet"[11] and "channel",[12] and claims to provide "divine" direction and guidance. Jehovah's Witnesses are told their survival of Armageddon depends in part on their obedience to the slave class.[13] Governing Body members are said to act in the role of the faithful and discreet slave class when arriving at decisions on doctrines, activities and oversight of Jehovah's Witnesses worldwide, including making appointments to positions of responsibility.[14][15][16]

Origin and history


The parable on which Jehovah's Witnesses base their doctrine of the "faithful and discreet slave", as rendered in the King James Version, reads: "Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods."
Watch Tower publications state that Christ, the "master" in the parable, returned in Kingdom power in 

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 and at that date identified those associated with the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society as the only group still faithfully feeding his followers.[17][18][19] (Earlier publications apply different dates to this event. The date of Christ's inspection has previously been identified as 1919,[20] though publications have also suggested Russell's group passed God's test of fitness 40 years earlier, using The Watchtower as his principal method of spreading Bible truth from 1879. Publications had claimed the slave class began using the Watch Tower Society as its legal instrument in 1884.)[21][22] Christ, in fulfillment of the parable, subsequently appointed anointed Christians associated with the Watch Tower Society "over all his belongings". The "belongings" are said to today include 
    Hello guest!
' Brooklyn headquarters, branch offices, Kingdom Halls and Assembly Halls worldwide as well as the "great crowd" of 
    Hello guest!
.[17]

Development of doctrine


In 1881, an article in Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence by the magazine's editor Charles Taze Russell identified the "faithful and wise servant" as "that 'little flock' of consecrated servants who are faithfully carrying out their consecration vows—the body of Christ ... the whole body individually and collectively, giving the meat in due season to the household of faith—the great company of believers."[23][9][24]
In 1895, Russell's wife Maria claimed that Russell himself was the figure referred to in the parable at Matthew 24:45-47, though Russell initially declined to accept the personal application of the title, suggesting that it should apply to the Watch Tower rather than its editor.[25][26] In 1897 Russell agreed that Christ would have made a "choice of one channel for dispensing the meat in due season [emphasis in the original]" and while he did not refer to that "one channel" as an individual, Russell did apply to it the personal pronoun "he" (for example: "if unfaithful he will be deposed entirely"), and noted "whoever the Lord will so use, as a truth-distributing agent, will be very humble and unassuming" and "he would not think of claiming authorship or ownership of the truth."[27]
In 1909, in an unsigned article, the Watch Tower mentioned that the "application to us of Matthew 24:45" had come "some fourteen years ago", or about 1895. The article went on to say "the Society's literature was the channel through which the Lord sent them practically all that they know about the Bible and the Divine purposes." [emphasis added][28]
The prevailing view among Bible Students that Russell was "the faithful and wise servant" of Jesus' parable,[29] was reiterated in the Watch Tower a few weeks after Russell's death in 1916:
Thousands of the readers of Pastor Russell's writings believe that he filled the office of "that faithful and wise servant," and that his great work was giving to the Household of Faith meat in due season. His modesty and humility precluded him from openly claiming this title, but he admitted as much in private conversation.[30]
The Watch Tower Society's official history of 

    Hello guest!
 states that Russell "did not personally promote the idea, but he did acknowledge the apparent reasonableness of the arguments of those who favored it."[31]
In 1917, the publisher's preface to the book, The Finished Mystery, issued as a posthumous publication of Russell's writings, identified him as the "faithful and wise servant" appointed by Christ;[32] as late as 1923, the Watch Tower repeated the same belief about his role, declaring: "We believe that all who are now rejoicing in present truth will concede that Brother Russell faithfully filled the office of special servant of the Lord; and that he was made ruler over all the Lord's goods ... Brother Russell occupied the office of that 'faithful and wise servant'."[33]
In 1927, Watch Tower Society president Joseph Rutherford reverted to Russell's original viewpoint, announcing that the "servant" was not an individual, but was made up of the entire body of faithful spirit-anointed Christians.[34]
A 1950 issue of The Watchtower appeared to assign to the "mother organization"—in reference to the Watch Tower Society—the task of feeding Christians "meat in due season";[35] in 1951 the magazine defined the "faithful and discreet slave" as a class of people whose teachings were imparted through a theocratic organization.[36]
1981 - Who Is The Faithful Steward, The Discreet One? - Talk by Frederick W. Franz then President of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society
From 2000 the Governing Body was increasingly described as the representative[37][38] and "spokesman" for God's "faithful and discreet slave class".
Watch Tower Society publications had taught that the "faithful and discreet slave" class had had a continuous uninterrupted existence since being appointed by Christ at the time of Pentecost AD 33,[20] when the first 120 people upon whom 
    Hello guest!
 was poured out began "feeding" Jews with spiritual food. As new disciples came in, they filled the role of "domestics" and joined in feeding others. The Apostles and other early Christian disciples who wrote the books of the New Testament were also part of the "slave" class providing spiritual food to Christians.[39]

The Watchtower claimed members of the "slave" class were a close-knit body of Christians rather than isolated, independent individuals, and that one generation of the "slave" class fed the succeeding generation to maintain the unbroken line for more than 1900 years,[39][40] providing the same spiritual food to Christians worldwide.[20] Watch Tower publications did not identify the groups filling the role of the "slave" class between the close of the Apostolic Age and the early 20th century, suggesting it disappeared from "clear view",[40] but they implied they might have included the Lollards and the Waldensians (the latter movement described by The Watchtower as "faithful witnesses of Jehovah ... who sought to revive true worship of Christianity").[41][42][43]
A series of talks at the 128th annual meeting of the Watch Tower Society in New Jersey on 6 October 2012 made further changes to the doctrine about the identity of the "slave". The society's report on the meeting said that "the faithful and discreet slave was appointed over Jesus' domestics in 1919. That slave is the small, composite group of anointed brothers serving at world headquarters during Christ's presence who are directly involved in preparing and dispensing spiritual food. When this group work together as the Governing Body, they act as 'the faithful and discreet slave.'" The report said the slave "logically" must have appeared after Christ's presence began in 
    Hello guest!
.[8]

The doctrinal change also redefined the "domestics" of the parable—previously identified as individual "anointed" Witnesses[44]—as all Jehovah's Witnesses.[8]

See also


Watchtower (Study edition) - July 15, 2013
144,000
David H Splane: The Slave Is Not 1900 Years Old - Matt 24v45 

 

References


  1. The Watchtower, March 15, 2002 pp. 13-14 paragraph 4
  2. Watchtower August 1, 2001 p. 14 paragraph 8, "A mature Christian ... does not advocate or insist on personal opinions or harbor private ideas when it comes to Bible understanding. Rather, he has complete confidence in the truth as it is revealed by Jehovah God through his Son, Jesus Christ, and 'the faithful and discreet slave.'"
  3. "Jehovah, the God of Progressive Revelation", Watchtower, June 15, 1964, page 365, "The abundance of spiritual food and the amazing details of Jehovah's purposes that have been revealed to Jehovah's anointed witnesses are clear evidence that they are the ones mentioned by Jesus when he foretold a 'faithful and discreet slave' class that would be used to dispense God's progressive revelations in these last days ... How thankful we should be for the provision God has made of this slave class, the modern spiritual remnant, as they faithfully dispense the revealed truths of Jehovah! ... Jehovah's faithful witnesses have been progressively brought to an understanding of Jehovah's purposes, which are clearer now than ever before in history."
  4. Penton, M. James (1997). Apocalypse Delayed. University of Toronto Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-8020-7973-3.
  5. Penton, M. James (1997). Apocalypse Delayed. University of Toronto Press. p. 33. ISBN 0-8020-7973-3.
  6. The Watchtower, February 15, 1927, page 55, paragraph 38.
  7. Watch Tower, 1927, as referenced by Jehovah's Witnesses - Proclaimers of God's Kingdom, Watchtower Society, 1993, page 626.
  8. Report of Annual Meeting, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, October 6, 2012.
    • Hello guest!
     (1963), The Four Major Cults, Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans, pp. 246–247, ISBN 0-8028-3117-6
  9. Organized to Do Jehovah's WillWatch Tower Society, 2005, p. 16.
  10. The Watchtower April 1, 1972, p. 197.
  11. The Watchtower August 1, 2002, p. 13 paragraph 17.
  12. "Do You Discern the Evidence of God's Guidance?", The Watchtower, April 15, 2011, pages 3-5.
  13. "Do You Discern the Evidence of God’s Guidance?", The Watchtower, April 15, 2011, "Jesus Christ is the assigned Leader of the congregation. He has delegated some authority to a faithful slave class, made up of faithful spirit-anointed Christians. That slave class, in turn, appoints overseers in the Christian congregation."
  14. "Do You Take the Lead in Showing Honor?", The Watchtower, October 15, 2008, page 23, "It is Scriptural for “the faithful and discreet slave” through its Governing Body to appoint men to positions of responsibility, and some men are appointed to exercise authority over other appointed men."
  15. Overseers and Ministerial Servants Theocratically Appointed", The Watchtower, January 15, 2001, page 15, "The Governing Body appoints qualified brothers at the branches to represent it in making appointments of elders and ministerial servants. Care is taken that those acting representatively on behalf of the Governing Body clearly understand and follow the Scriptural guidelines for making such appointments. Hence, it is under the direction of the Governing Body that qualified men are appointed to serve in the congregations of Jehovah’s Witnesses worldwide."
  16. Organized To Do God's WillWatch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 2005, page 16.
    • Hello guest!
     (1963), The Four Major Cults, Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans, pp. 300–301, ISBN 0-8028-3117-6
  17. Beckford, James A. (1975), The Trumpet of Prophecy: A Sociological Study of Jehovah's Witnesses, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, p. 109, ISBN 0-631-16310-7
  18. One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism”, The Watchtower, September 15, 1983, page 19, paragraph 19.
  19. Jehovah's Witnesses in the Divine PurposeWatch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1959, page 22, "... in many ways the evidence was beginning to accumulate that, of all the early voices heard, Jehovah had chosen the publication we now call The Watchtower to be used as a channel through which to bring to the world of mankind a revelation of the divine will and, through the words revealed in its columns, to begin a division of the world's population into those who would do the divine will and those who would not. For this reason 1879 was a turning point in the work. This little group, headed by C.T. Russell, had now been tested and had been found fit to undertake the great preliminary campaign leading up to the climax expected in 
      Hello guest!
    ."
  20. "Willingly Expand Your Ministry", The Watchtower, June 1, 1963, page 338.
  21. Zion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence, October/November 1881.
  22. Proclaimers of God's KingdomWatch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1993, page 142.
  23. Watch Tower, July 15, 1906, Watch Tower Reprints, page 3811, As Retrieved 2009-09-23, page 215.
  24. Penton, M. James (1997). Apocalypse Delayed. University of Toronto Press. pp. 33–37. ISBN 0-8020-7973-3.
  25. The Battle of Armageddon (Part IV, "Studies in the Scriptures") by C. T. Russell, Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1897, page 613.
  26. Watch Tower, October 1, 1909, Watch Tower Reprints, page 4482, As Retrieved 2009-09-23, page 292
  27. "Testing and Sifting From Within", Jehovah's Witnesses - Proclaimers of God's Kingdom, Watchtower Society, 1993, page 626, "According to Brother Russell, his wife, who later left him, was the first one to apply Matthew 24:45-47 to him. See the Watch Tower issues of July 15, 1906, page 215; March 1, 1896, page 47; and June 15, 1896, pages 139-40."
  28. Watch Tower, December 1, 1916, Watch Tower Reprints, page 5998, As Retrieved 2009-09-23, page 357
  29. "Testing and Sifting From Within", Jehovah's Witnesses - Proclaimers of God's Kingdom, page 626, "Many ... clung to the view that a single individual, Charles Taze Russell, was the "faithful and wise servant" ... Particularly following his death, The Watch Tower itself set forth this view for a number of years. In view of the prominent role that Brother Russell had played, it appeared to the Bible Students of that time that this was the case. He did not personally promote the idea, but he did acknowledge the apparent reasonableness of the arguments of those who favored it."
  30. Publisher's Preface, Studies in the Scriptures, Series VII: The Finished Mystery, Peoples Pulpit Association, Brooklyn, NY, 1917.
  31. Watch Tower, March 1, 1923, pages 68 and 71, as cited by Raymond Franz, Crisis of Conscience, Commentary Press, 2007, page 63.
  32. Watch Tower, 1927, as referenced by Jehovah's Witnesses - Proclaimers of God's Kingdom, Watchtower Society, 1993, page 626.
  33. The Watchtower, September 15, 1950 p. 326|"The Father is the great Provider of spiritual food, and he delegates to his organization the duty of preparing and serving this life-sustaining 'meat in due season'. The table is the Lord’s, he sits at the head, and the children seated at the table are waited on and served and helped by the mother organization."
  34. "Release Under Way to the Ends of the Earth", The Watchtower December 15, 1951, page 749, paragraph 4|"Christ Jesus approved of his remnant as a 'faithful and discreet slave' and set this "slave" class over all his earthly belongings. Then by the theocratic organization Jehovah led them from one truth to another, opening the eyes of their hearts and the ears of their understanding to see and hear these truths."
  35. The Watchtower, May 15, 2008, page 29
  36. "Seek God's guidance in all things", The Watchtower, April 15, 2008, page 11.
  37. "How Are Christians Spiritually Fed?", The Watchtower, January 15, 1975.
  38. "Do You Appreciate the “Faithful and Discreet Slave”?", The Watchtower, March 1, 1981, page 24.
  39. Theocratic Aid to Kingdom Publishers, Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1945, page 307.
  40. Franz, Raymond (2007). In Search of Christian Freedom. Commentary Press. pp. 128, 129. ISBN 0-914675-17-6.
  41. Penton, M. James (1997). Apocalypse Delayed. University of Toronto Press. pp. 179–183. ISBN 0-8020-7973-3.
  42. Insight In The Scriptures volume 1, Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1988, p. 805-806.

See also:

 

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Watchtower 1981 Mar 1 pp.24-26
"Witnesses of Jehovah understand that the "slave" is comprised of all anointed Christians as a group on earth at any given time during the 19 centuries since Pentecost. Accordingly, the "domestics" are these followers of Christ as individuals.
Some readers may feel that this is a rather sectarian view of matters. Or they may object to the idea that the "slave" and the "domestics" represent the same class, one as a composite body and the other as individuals. The objectors may argue that not all of Christ's anointed disciples have a share in preparing the spiritual food, so that perhaps the "slave" pictures only the leading ones, and the "domestics" those they serve in the congregation.
There is no point in trying to force an interpretation of the parable. Self-deception is of no benefit and is spiritually damaging. Therefore, we must look to the Scriptures for an understanding. In doing this, what do we find? [ ... ] Thus we see a clear Scriptural basis for saying that all anointed followers of Christ Jesus make up God's "servant," with Jesus as its Master."

recently changed to:

Quote

w16 Jan p.26 par.16
16 Not all who have the heavenly hope are part of “the faithful and discreet slave.” (Matt. 24:45-47) As in the first century, Jehovah and Jesus today are feeding many through the hands of a few. Only a few anointed Christians in the first century were used to write the Christian Greek Scriptures. Similarly today, only a few anointed Christians have been appointed to provide spiritual “food at the proper time.”

 

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Rom. 12:3-8

Sometimes, we just don't think enough of ourselves as we should, don't you think?

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1 hour ago, Eoin Joyce said:

Rom. 12:3-8

Eoin has included a great scriptural passage relevant to the verse. With the bolded emphasis on the third verse it might be a bit confusing, though.

(Romans 12:3-8) 3 For through the undeserved kindness given to me, I tell everyone there among you not to think more of himself than it is necessary to think, but to think so as to have a sound mind, each one as God has given to him a measure of faith. 4 For just as we have in one body many members, but the members do not all have the same function, 5 so we, although many, are one body in union with Christ, but individually we are members belonging to one another. 6 Since, then, we have gifts that differ according to the undeserved kindness given to us, if it is of prophecy, let us prophesy in proportion to our faith; 7 or if it is a ministry, let us be at this ministry; or the one who teaches, let him be at his teaching; 8 or the one who encourages, let him give encouragement; the one who distributes, let him do it liberally; the one who presides, let him do it diligently; the one who shows mercy, let him do it cheerfully.

Highlighting verse 3 only might imply that the seven or so persons on the current GB have 'thought more of themselves as is necessary to think' in the sense that have changed the doctrine to apply only to themselves when it once applied to over 100,000 different persons. I don't think this is what he intended, although Eoin should certainly correct me if I am wrong.

A better support for the practice of accepting that only a few should become teachers (James 3:1) is found in verse 8. The expression "the one who presides" actually means the same in Greek as "the one who takes the lead." One could argue that this is true in every congregation, not at a global level. The type of ministry that we, as JWs, specialize in, however, is an international evangelizing and teaching work that apparently requires a higher level of taking the lead over the entire worldwide congregation. (At least it can produce much more consistency and efficiency.)  Also, the implementation of a "Governing Body" is apparently paralleled by the idea of the apostles staying together in Jerusalem to focus on prayer and teaching, while selected "ministerial servants" managed the food distribution. That group of apostles evidently "morphed" into a "council of elders" at Jerusalem which included more than just the apostles. Prior to that, Luke says that they began a process of the 11 apostles voting to replace Judas with a replacement to keep the number at 12. Although this was done, it doesn't mean it was the "right" thing to continue doing. Similarly with the "council of elders," we don't know if this was something that would be required for all time.

But even without those precedents from Jerusalem in the book of Acts, we have Paul's word in Romans about different members having different functions. I don't think one can make a strong argument against having 'leaders who take the lead' both at a local congregation level and at a overall congregational level.

 

 

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You understood me right JW Insider. I certainly do not think current GB have 'thought more of themselves as is necessary to think' in order to make sense out of Jesus words at Matt 24:45-47.

But I also believe that it was necessary for the GB to not think less of themselves than it was necessary to think in order to correct what was (for me) the rather clumsy notion that the faithful and discreet slave could be over the domestics and be the domestics at the same time.

Anyway, I agree wholeheartedly with your statement:

1 hour ago, JW Insider said:

I don't think one can make a strong argument against having 'leaders who take the lead' both at a local congregation level and at a overall congregational level.

 

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New Light:

Quote

So there is good reason for us to understand 

    Hello guest!
 to mean that Jesus will arrive to appoint the faithful slave over all his belongings at that time in the future during the great tribulation.
    Hello guest!
 (See endnote.) Jesus’ prophecy shows that all eight of these scriptures that mention his coming refer to the time of judgment during the great tribulation. - study articel 13 7/15 p 8

The article explains that the FDS gets two appointments. The first is over "the domestics" - everyone else other than the GB. This is understood to have happened 1919. The second appointment is over the belongings.

 

@JW Insider Notice we are sticking with the 1919 inspection of the temple. (just a side note to add) We may want to start a different thread for 1919)

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On 5/21/2016 at 8:41 PM, The Librarian said:

Notice we are sticking with the 1919 inspection of the temple.

Technically, we are not "sticking with the inspection of the temple in 1919." In fact, we never before had a doctrine about an inspection in 1919. And technically, it's not exactly accurate, even now, to speak of an inspection that happened specifically in 1919. Here's why:

Up until a few months ago (2013), we taught that the inspection of the spiritual temple was an event that happened in the "Spring of 1918." That specific year and time was specially chosen for a reason (see July 15, 1960 Watchtower, p.436) because it referred to the time that Jehovah himself disfellowshipped those who were disloyal:

*** w60 7/15 p. 436 par. 20 The Awake “Faithful and Discreet Slave” ***

Previously, in the spring of 1918, Jehovah came to his temple of earthly Christian servants for inspection and cleansing. (Mal. 3:1-3) The many bad ones were disfellowshiped by Him and sent away. . . . See You May Survive Armageddon into God’s New World, pp. 303 to 305.

I think a detailed review of the legal events of those days could easily be the basis for the change. Many of the specifics details that we used to claim were significant for that period are no longer considered significant.

At any rate, we also do not claim an inspection specifically for 1919 because it is now considered to be an ongoing inspection that lasted from 1914 to 1919.

*** w13 7/15 p. 11 par. 6 “Look! I Am With You All the Days” ***
To settle that question, Jesus began to inspect the spiritual temple in 1914. That inspection and cleansing work involved a period of time—from 1914 to the early part of 1919. . . .This is an adjustment in understanding. Previously, we thought that Jesus’ inspection took place in 1918.

*** w13 7/15 p. 23 par. 12 “Who Really Is the Faithful and Discreet Slave?” ***
That question was answered after he and his Father came and inspected the temple, or spiritual arrangement for worship, from 1914 to the early part of 1919. (Mal. 3:1) They were pleased with a small band of loyal Bible Students who showed that their heart was with Jehovah and his Word. Of course, they needed some cleansing, but they humbly responded during a brief period of testing and refining. (Mal. 3:2-4) Those faithful Bible Students were true Christian wheat. In 1919, a time of spiritual revival, Jesus selected capable anointed brothers from among them to be the faithful and discreet slave and appointed them over his domestics.

Hope that wasn't too pedantic, I just wanted it to be technically accurate.

 

 

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The last time that the expression "the faithful and discreet slave class" was used was in the August 15, 2012 WT p.24 para.18.

The next time this group of individuals was referenced in our literature was: December 15, 2012 p.9 para.2 as the "faithful and discreet slave." (NOT a class)

Never again has the "faithful and discreet slave" been referred to as a class, either in our literature or by most elders or by all representatives from the Branch.

Why is that?

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Remember brothers, It was explained that the members of the faithful and discreet slave, once deciding on a matter for distribution to the household of faith, as a group, are operating as one "slave" or "steward." Apart from that, and as individuals, they are  "domestics" like all of the rest of us. After all, we all have to eat, right?

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On 04/04/2018 at 11:08 PM, tromboneck said:

Why is that?

Definition of class:

a set or category of things having some property or attribute in common and differentiated from others by kind, type, or quality.

I won't over elaborating on the historical background to this avoid repeating other posts. 

Jesus illustration at Matthew 24:45, “Who really is the faithful and discreet slave whom his master appointed over his domestics, to give them their food at the proper time?" speaks of a"faithful and discreet slave" taking care of the feeding of his masters household ("domestics").

For a considerable time this was felt to apply to all anointed Christians with the hope of going to heaven to rule with Christ. The Bible of course speaks of another group of Christians, coexisting, yet having a hope of living on a cleansed paradise earth, referred to as "other sheep" at John 10:16.

In differentiating between these two groups of humans, united in worship but differing in destiny, the term class was attached to both designations for the purpose of clarity in discussing differing aspects. It would have been just as easy to use the word "group" or "type", both synonyms for the word "class". Perhaps "class" was felt to be a more suitable word? Just a style choice that stuck?

However there was always an uncomfortable aspect to the notion of the "faithful and discreet slave" being the anointed,  and the "domestics", who they feed, being the anointed as well. An odd picture with a confusion of roles always lurking in the background, people serving and eating at the same time, a "too many cooks" scenario in a way. 

Anyway, it was all cleared up nicely in the Watchtower 15 July 2013 p26 in the article "Who really Is the Faithful and Discreet Slave?"

A few points that stand out:

  • The question only has relevance to the last days as there was no doubt who the Chiristian Congregation was in the 1st Century.
  • Not all anointed ones have a teaching assignment inside the congregation.1Cor 11:3; 12:29, 1Tim 2:12.
  • The task of preparing and distributing spiritual food is clearly carried out under the oversight of the Governing Body.
  • The "domestics" are all those who are fed. This includes individual members of the Governing Body, the rest of the anointed, and all others who respond to the Christian message to gain evelasting life on earth.

So the illustration now makes perfect sense. The Governing Body are the faithful and discreet slave, with the responsibilty of providing spritual food for all anointed Christians, and anyone else who wishes to "take life's water free".

With such a simple definition now, it seems unecessary to refer to them as a class. In fact, it might even have a negative connotation in view of other associations with the word.We know who they are as individuals and, thanks to the JW Broadcast, we know what they look and sound like. Even with modern technolgy it would be difficult to have that same personal awareness of each one of the anointed.

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    • By JW Insider
      Then why did the Watchtower ever change anything if everything was directly from scripture? Obviously you are saying that this might not have been true last year, because some things have already changed since then, but it must be true this year. But if it's true this year, then you are claiming that any changes made for next year are no longer directly from Scripture, unless of course you are arguing that the Scriptures contradict themselves. You are using cult-speak even though the Watchtower is not a cult.
      Obviously we need to question ourselves first, but to answer your first question, it's our Christian obligation to question the anointed ones. You've seen a dozen scriptures to this effect, and you evidently do not believe in them. By whose power and authority do you decide it's OK to go against the Bible, and not to question the anointed ones?
      (1 John 4:1) . . .Beloved ones, do not believe every inspired statement, but test the inspired statements to see whether they originate with God, . . .
      (Philippians 1:8-10) . . .. 9 And this is what I continue praying, that your love may abound still more and more with accurate knowledge and full discernment; 10 that you may make sure of the more important things,. . .
      (1 Thessalonians 5:21) 21 Make sure of all things; hold fast to what is fine.
      (2 Corinthians 13:5) 5 Keep testing whether you are in the faith; keep proving what you yourselves are.. . .
      (1 Corinthians 11:19) 19 For there will certainly also be sects among you, so that those of you who are approved may also become evident.
      (Romans 12:2) . . .be transformed by making your mind over, so that you may prove to yourselves the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
      (2 Corinthians 10:4, 5) 4 For the weapons of our warfare are not fleshly, but powerful by God for overturning strongly entrenched things. 5 For we are overturning reasonings . . .
      (Philippians 4:5) 5 Let your reasonableness become known to all men.. . .
      (James 1:6) 6 But let him keep asking in faith, not doubting at all, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea driven by the wind and blown about.
       
    • By JW Insider
      Usually when we refer to the "faithful and discreet slave" parable, we refer to the parable of 'the faithful and the unfaithful slave' found in Matthew 24:45-51. But the parable of the "faithful and discreet slave" is also found in Luke, where the expression is changed a bit to "the faithful steward, the discreet one . . . that slave."
      (Luke 12:42-48) 42 And the Lord said: “Who really is the faithful steward, the discreet one, whom his master will appoint over his body of attendants to keep giving them their measure of food supplies at the proper time? 43 Happy is that slave if his master on coming finds him doing so! 44 I tell you truthfully, he will appoint him over all his belongings. 45 But if ever that slave should say in his heart, ‘My master delays coming,’ and starts to beat the male and female servants and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46 the master of that slave will come on a day that he is not expecting him and at an hour that he does not know, and he will punish him with the greatest severity and assign him a part with the unfaithful ones. 47 Then that slave who understood the will of his master but did not get ready or do what he asked will be beaten with many strokes. 48 But the one who did not understand and yet did things deserving of strokes will be beaten with few. Indeed, everyone to whom much was given, much will be demanded of him, and the one who was put in charge of much will have more than usual demanded of him.
      "That slave" is given an assignment to feed the master's "body of attendants." If he obeys, he gets a promotion, and if he disobeys he is punished. This is the exact same idea as in Matthew 24, except that there are only about 15 words referring what happens if this slave obeys and 150 words in the section about what happens if the slave disobeys. That's about 10 times as much space given to the idea of disobedience versus obedience. In Matthew it's only about 3 times as much space given to the idea of disobedience.
      That might explain why the verses in Matthew are referenced so much more often in Watch Tower publications and speech. The Watchtower has, of course, minimized the idea of any potential disobedience:
      *** w13 7/15 p. 24 “Who Really Is the Faithful and Discreet Slave?” ***
      Was Jesus foretelling that there would be an evil slave class in the last days? No. Granted, some individuals have manifested a spirit similar to that of the evil slave described by Jesus. We would call them apostates, whether they were of the anointed or of the “great crowd.” (Rev. 7:9) But such ones do not make up an evil slave class. Jesus did not say that he would appoint an evil slave. His words here are actually a warning directed to the faithful and discreet slave.
        Notice that Jesus introduces the warning with the words “if ever.” One scholar says that in the Greek text, this passage “for all practical purposes is a hypothetical condition.”
      This is an adjustment to the doctrine held just up until the change in 2013. Prior to the quote above (originally presented at the Annual Meeting in 2012) the idea about the evil slave was just the opposite: that the "evil slave" came directly from the ranks of the "faithful slave."
      *** w04 3/1 p. 13 pars. 2-4 ‘The Faithful Slave’ Passes the Test! ***
      The expression “that evil slave” draws our attention to Jesus’ preceding words about the faithful and discreet slave. Yes, the “evil slave” came from the ranks of the faithful slave. How?
      3 Before 1914, many members of the faithful slave class had high hopes of meeting with the Bridegroom in heaven that year, but their hopes were not fulfilled. As a result of this and other developments, many were disappointed and a few became embittered. Some of these turned to ‘beating’ their former brothers verbally and consorting with “confirmed drunkards,” religious groups of Christendom.—Isaiah 28:1-3; 32:6.
      4 These former Christians came to be identified as the “evil slave,” and Jesus punished them with “the greatest severity.” How? He rejected them, and they lost out on their heavenly hope. They were not, however, immediately destroyed. They first had to endure a period of weeping and gnashing of teeth in “the darkness outside” the Christian congregation. (Matthew 8:12) Since those early days, a few other anointed individuals have shown a similar bad spirit, identifying themselves with the “evil slave.” Some of the “other sheep” have imitated their unfaithfulness. (John 10:16)
      Now, of course, the "faithful slave" is made to be the equivalent of the Governing Body since 1919. (The Governing Body has only existed in its current form since the early to mid-1970's.) For this reason, evidently, it would no longer be appropriate to consider or expect that the evil slave might come from the ranks of the Governing Body. Continuing this teaching would likely create a measure of suspicion and questioning of the Governing Body themselves.
    • By Diakonos
      I really didn't know whether to laugh, cry or throw my hands up in despair when we discussed this at last night's meeting. The answers that were given during these paragraphs and the response of the study conductor really showed to me how, as a general rule, we are such a non-thinking and illogical group of people.
       
      5 As we saw in Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. of this book, the Bible Students spent decades pointing out that the year 1914 would be significant in fulfilling Bible prophecy. However, at that time they believed that Christ’s presence had begun in 1874, that he had begun to rule in heaven in 1878, and that the Kingdom would not be fully set up until October 1914. The harvest would extend from 1874 to 1914 and would culminate in the gathering of the anointed to heaven. Do mistaken ideas such as these cast doubt on whether Jesus was guiding those faithful ones by means of holy spirit?
      6 Not at all! Think again of our opening illustration. Would the premature ideas and eager questions of the tourists cast doubt on the reliability of their guide? Hardly! Similarly, although God’s people sometimes try to work out details of Jehovah’s purpose before it is time for the holy spirit to guide them to such truths, it is clear that Jesus is leading them. Thus, faithful ones prove willing to be corrected and humbly adjust their views.
       
      It is also upsetting that the governing body, in instances like this, always speak in the third person. How much more humble would it be for them to say ;
       
      "Similarly, although we, the faithful and discreet slave sometimes try to work out details of Jehovah’s purpose before it is time for the holy spirit to guide us to such truths..."
       
      Any comments ?
       
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      加拿大假毕业证/加拿大假文凭/澳洲假毕业证/美国假毕业证/美国假文凭/澳洲假文凭/英国假毕业证  买办国外文凭毕业证买学历咨询/代办美国毕业证成绩单文凭、办澳洲文凭毕业证、办加拿大大学毕业证文凭英国毕业证学历认证-毕业证文凭成绩单、假文凭假毕业证假学历假证书制作仿制、改成绩、教育部学历学位认证、毕业证、成绩单、文凭、学历文凭、假学位证书、毕业证文凭、毕业文凭、文凭毕业证、毕业证认证、留服认证、使馆认证、使馆证明、使馆留学回国人员证明、留学生认证、学历认证、文凭认证、学位认证办理真实教育部学位认 证,国外假文凭成绩单,假学历,假毕业证,国外假文凭办理英国文凭,美国文凭,日本文凭,韩国文凭,加拿大大学毕业证,德 国大学毕业证,美国学位证书,新加坡大学毕业证,留学回国证明,办理大学学位证书,代办大学成绩单,办理国外大学毕业证,法 国文凭,韩国文凭,新加坡文凭,加拿大文凭,港澳台文凭毕业证等, 国外大学录取通知书制作,各种等级证书 主营业务一,快速办理高仿毕业证成绩单: 1,毕业证+成绩单+留学回国人员证明+教育部学历认证(全套留学回国必备证明材料,给父母及亲朋好友一份完美交代); 2,雅思,托福,OFFER,在读证明,学生卡等留学相关材料(申请学校,转学,甚至是申请工签都可以用到)。 注:上述高仿材料,随时都可以安排办理,毕业证成绩单,学校,专业,学位,毕业时间都可以根据客户要求安排。   办理流程: 1,收集客户办理信息; 2,客户付定金下单; 3,公司确认到账转制作点做电子图;电子图做好发给客户确认; 5,电子图确认好转成品部做成品; 6,成品做好拍照或者视频确认再付余款; 7,快递给客户(国内顺丰,国外DHL)。   主营业务二,真实教育部学历认证 1,教育部学历学位认证,留服官网真实存档可查,永久存档。 2,留学回国人员证明(使馆认证),使馆网站真实存档可查。   办理流程 客户提供相关材料,确定客户办理信息,给出最佳操作方案; 2,补充毕业证成绩单等相关材料; 3,留服官网注册申请账号,付定金; 4,预约递交时间,公司人员陪同客户本人一起去留服递交材料; 5,等待结果,完成结果书留服直接邮寄给客户 6,客户确认收到结果,付余款。   ●「澳洲」澳洲国立大学 麦考瑞大学 卧龙岗大学 拉筹伯大学 新南威尔士大学 堪培拉大学 塔斯玛尼亚大学 莫道克大学 艾迪斯科文大学 西澳大学 科廷大学 圣母大学 新南威尔士州 悉尼科技大学 查理斯特大学 悉尼大学 南十字星大学 西悉尼大学 纽卡斯尔大学 新英格兰大学 查理斯达尔文大学 昆士兰州大学 昆士兰大学 瞻母斯库克大学 阳光海岸大学 邦德大学 中央昆士兰大学 格里菲斯大学 南昆士兰大学 澳洲天主教大学 昆士兰理工大学 阿德雷德大学 南澳大学 富林德斯大学 塔斯玛尼亚大学 维多利亚州迪肯大学 墨尔本大学 墨尔本皇家理工大学 斯文本大学 莫那什大学 维多利亚大学   ●「英国」罗伯特哥登大学 布里斯托大学 约克大学 金斯顿大学 布拉德福德大学 埃塞克斯大学 雷丁大学 伦敦大学 亚非学院 伦敦大学学院 皇后玛丽大学 布莱顿大学 赫德福特大学 谢费尔德哈拉姆大学 格拉摩根大学 斯特灵大学 赫瑞瓦特大学 皇家霍洛维学院 华威大学 萨塞克斯大学 谢菲尔德大学 诺丁汉特伦特大学 圣心女子学校 兰卡斯特大学 萨里大学 斯特灵大学 格拉斯哥大学 拉夫堡大学 伯明翰大学 纽卡斯尔大学 诺丁汉大学 爱丁堡大学 诺桑比亚大学 考文垂大学 斯旺西大学   ●「美国」加州国立大学 哈佛大学 爱荷华州立大学 斯坦福大学 加利福尼亚大学 美国加州大学 西弗吉尼亚大学 北弗吉尼亚大学 耶鲁大学 强生威尔士大学 奥本大学 蒙特拿阿本大学 安德森大学 爱德菲大学 亚利桑那州立大学 美国洲际大学 阿德菲大学 阿尔弗雷德大学 安德鲁斯大学 波士顿大学 查尔斯顿大学 宾夕法尼亚切尼大学 德堡大学 肯特州立大学 密歇根州立大学 宾州州立大学 佩斯大学 普林斯顿大学 萨福克大学 普渡大学 维吉尼亚理工大学 夏威夷马诺大学 休斯顿大学 中央华盛顿大学 北达卡他州立大学 席勒国际大学 圣诺伯特学院 俄亥俄州立大学 密西西比大学 南新罕布什尔大学   ●「德国」弗赖堡大学 德国维尔茨堡大学 汉堡大学 曼海姆大学 波恩大学 特里尔大学 奥尔登堡大学 科隆大学 汉诺威大学 新媒体国际学校 美因茨大学 基尔大学 慕尼黑工业大学 明斯特大学   ●「法国」格勒诺布尔大学 集团法国里尔高等商业学院 埃菲尔工程师院校集团 法国北方高等商学院 法国国立里昂第二大学 国立奥尔良大学 国立卡昂大学 国立克莱蒙费朗第一大学 国立图尔大学 法国南锡高等商学院ART服装设计学院 国立里尔第三大学 法国国立昂热大学 国立缅因大学 国立兰斯大学   ●「加拿大」西安大略大学 西蒙菲莎大学 西蒙弗雷泽大学 渥太华大学 英属哥伦比亚大学 维多利亚大学 滑铁卢大学 圭尔夫大学 纪念大学 纽布伦斯威克大学 卡尔顿大学 温莎大学 约克大学 肯高迪亚大学 魁北克大学蒙特利尔分校 蒙特爱立森大学 莱斯布里奇大学 劳里埃大学 特伦特大学 圣弗朗西斯泽维尔大学 主教大学 爱德华王子岛大学 温尼伯大学 圣玛丽大学 湖首大学 安省理工学院 布鲁克大学 劳伦森大学 圣托马斯大学 布兰登大学 瑞尔森大学 皇后大学 阿尔伯塔大学 菲莎国际学院 曼尼托巴大学 凯波布兰顿大学 圣文森特山大学 麦克敦大学 卡普顿大学 尼皮辛大学 多伦多大学 麦吉尔大学 麦克马斯特大学 爱德华王子岛大学   ●「俄罗斯」莫斯科国立大学 罗斯托夫国立大学 圣彼得堡国立大学 新西伯利亚国立大学 俄罗斯人民友谊大学 俄罗斯国立大学 罗斯托夫国立大学 伯尔姆国立大学 达吉斯坦国立大学 托姆斯克国立大学 图拉国立大学 喀山国立大学 乌拉尔国立大学   ●「新西兰」新西兰Unitec理工学院 奥克兰大学 奥克兰理工大学 奥塔哥大学 新西兰维多利亚大学 梅西大学 怀卡托大学 林肯大学 新西兰坎特伯雷大学 坎特伯雷语言中心 剑桥中学 基督城语言中心 基督城英语学院 皇冠英语学院 新西兰多米尼英语学校 多米尼英语学校 丹尼丁英语学校 奥克兰语言中心 ●「新加坡」新加坡南洋理工大学 新加坡管理大学 新加坡国立大学 新加坡理工学院 新加坡共和理工学院 新加坡谈马锡理工学院 新加坡管理发展学院 新加坡南洋艺术学院 新加坡澳世敦管理及科技学院 詹姆斯库克大学 新加坡国际校区 新加坡东亚管理学院 新加坡管理发展学院 新加坡英华美学院 ●「日本」东京大学 京都大学 大阪大学 东京工业大学 东北大学 庆应义塾大学 九州大学 名古屋大学 北海道大学 筑波大学 神户大学 千叶大学 早稻田大学 广岛大学 金泽大学 冈山大学 东京理科大学 东京医科牙科大学 大阪市立大学 熊本大学 德岛大学 大阪府立大学 岐阜大学 东京农工大学 ●「爱尔兰」英语学习大学 香农酒店管理学院 沃特福德学院 唐道克理工学院 都柏林大学 圣三一学院 利默瑞克大学 考克大学 卡洛理工学院 都柏林格里菲斯学院 都柏林商学院 都柏林美国学院 都柏林理工学院 都柏林城市大学 波特贝洛学院 健康和社会保健学院 爱尔兰幼儿师范学院 爱尔兰国立梅努斯大学 爱尔兰国立高威大学 爱尔兰国立都柏林大学 阿斯隆理工学院 ●「韩国」高丽大学 延世大学 庆熙大学 中央大学 东国大学 祥明大学 梨花女大 成均馆汉阳大学 首尔女大 檀国大学 光云大学 弘益大学 加图立大学 诚信女子大学 建国大学 庆南情报大学 灵山大学 东义大学 釜山国立大学 釜山外国语大学 金浦大学 江南大学 京畿大学 公州国立大学 南首尔大学 忠北国立大学 安东国立大学 启明大学 岭南大学 加耶大学 庆北国立仁荷大学 江原道大学 ●「马来西亚」林国荣学院 马来亚大学 精英大学 双科技国际大学 汝来国际学院 英迪学院 伯乐学院 百育灵学院 万达学院 第一工艺学院 史丹福学院 思特雅大学 ●「荷兰」蒂尔堡大学 阿姆斯特丹自由大学 阿姆斯特丹大学 马斯特里赫特管理学院 格罗宁根大学 鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学 埃因霍芬理工大学 瓦格宁根大学 内梅亨大学 海牙社会学院 海牙大学 汉恩大学 阿姆斯特丹商学院 阿姆斯特丹国际大学 CHN莱瓦顿大学 NHL北方莱瓦顿管理学院 荷兰大学 萨克逊大学 ●「芬兰 瑞典 丹麦 挪威」哥本哈根大学 奥胡斯大学 奥尔堡大学 尼尔森布鲁克商学院 南丹麦大学 丹麦南西兰商学院 丹麦商业学院 罗斯基勒大学 丹麦科技大学 丹麦IBC 丹麦教育大学 挪威农业大学 挪威商业学院 奥斯陆高等学院 斯坦万格大学 奥散德高等学院 哥德堡大学 瑞典皇家理工大学 达拉纳大学 严雪平大学 韦克舌大学 卡尔斯塔德大学 哈尔姆斯塔德芬兰院校 赫尔辛基大学 拉普兰塔理工大学 土尔库大学 坦佩雷理工大学 于韦斯屈莱大学 赫尔辛基理工大学 坦佩雷理工学院 赫尔辛基艺术与设计大学 奥卢大学 约恩苏大学 库奥皮奥埃斯波-万塔理工学院 阿卡达理工学院  
    • Chichester毕业证|奇切斯特大学毕业证办理|英国毕业证|学位证书办理|Q微857767150|Chichester毕业证|奇切斯特大学毕业证成绩单|英国文凭毕业证办理|英国大学毕业证成绩单办理|办理英国大学学历认证/英国学位认证/教育部认证|制做英国文凭毕业证|英国本科、硕士文凭|办理英国假文凭毕业证 University of Chichester 留学生归国服务中心面向美国英国澳洲加拿大留学生提供以下服务: 一、办理毕业证成绩单(学校原版1:1高仿真制作) 二、使馆认证(留学回国人员证明,大使馆存档可查,查到后付款) 三、教育部学历认证(中国教育部留服中心存档可查,查到后付款) 四、可提供钢印,激凸,烫金,烫银,激光标,水印等防伪工艺 五、诚招各地区中介代理,合作共赢!如果您有兴趣,欢迎您的加入 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 如果您是以下情况: 1、未能顺利毕业; 2、挂科多门,拿不到学位证书; 3、论文没过,只有个diploma; 4、留学院校不被教育部认可; 5、留学时间不足; 6、第二国拿第三国文凭; 7、认证材料有缺失; 8、急需国外学历认证书; 9、其他问题。 我们公司都能竭诚为您解决实际问题! ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 合理推荐业务: 1.如果您只是为了的应付父母亲戚朋友,那么办理一份文凭即可 2.如果您是为了回国找工作,只是进私营企业或者外企,那么办理一份文凭即可,因为私营企业或者外企是不能查询文凭真假的! 3.如果您是要进国企 银行 事业单位 考公务员等就需办理真实教育部学历认证! ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 【教育部学历认证的用途】: 如果您计划在国内发展,那么办理国内教育部学历认证是必不可少的,由于国外文凭在国内无法辨别真假,教育部认证是对您国外所获学历真实性,合法性唯一的一种鉴别方式,事业性用人单位如银行,国企,公务员,在您应聘时都会需要您提供这个认证。 【回国证明的用途】: 《留学回国人员证明》是国家为了鼓励留学人员回国发展的一项优待政策,留学人员持有此证明,可以享受购买汽车免税,在国内证明留学身份、联系工作、创办企业、大城市落户口、创业申请国内各类基金等多项优惠政策。 更多关于办理美国,英国,澳洲,加拿大学历文凭毕业证成绩单,学历学位认证的信息请加Q\V信857767150咨询我 美国毕业证办理,澳洲毕业证办理,英国毕业证办理,加拿大毕业证办理,德国毕业证办理,法国毕业证办理,瑞士毕业证办理,新西兰毕业证办理,日本毕业证办理,韩国毕业证办理,爱尔兰毕业证办理,俄罗斯毕业证办理,荷兰毕业证办理,马来西亚毕业证办理,新加坡毕业证办理, 英国毕业证办理 英国硕士学位办理 英国硕士学位证办理 英国双硕士学位办理 怎么买英国硕士学历文凭 买英国大学学位证 英国研究生学位认证 英国留学学位认证 英国本科学位证办理 英国本科学历办理 英国本科学位认证 怎么买英国本科学历文凭 英国学位认证 英国大学毕业证 英国本科毕业证 英国研究生毕业证 英国硕士毕业证 英国买毕业证 制做英国本科学历 制做英国本科文凭 做英国硕士学历 做英国硕士文凭 做英国研究生文凭 做英国研究生学历 办理英国假文凭 办理英国假学历 英国研究生毕业证等级 英国大学毕业证书 英国研究生学位 英国学位 英国研究生毕业证书 英国研究生学历办理认证 美国毕业证办理 美国硕士学位办理 美国硕士学位证办理 美国双硕士学位办理 怎么买美国硕士学历文凭 买美国大学学位证 美国研究生学位认证 美国留学学位认证 美国本科学位证办理 美国本科学历办理 美国本科学位认证 怎么买美国本科学历文凭 美国学位认证 美国大学毕业证 美国本科毕业证 美国研究生毕业证 美国硕士毕业证 美国买毕业证 制做美国本科学历 制做美国本科文凭 做美国硕士学历 做美国硕士文凭 做美国研究生文凭 做美国研究生学历 办理美国假文凭 办理美国假学历 美国大使馆公证 美国使馆认证 美国研究生毕业证等级 美国大学毕业证书 美国研究生学位 美国学位 美国研究生毕业证书 美国研究生学历办理 英国大使馆公证 英国使馆认证 澳洲大使馆公证 澳洲使馆认证 加拿大毕业证办理 加拿大硕士学位办理 加拿大硕士学位证办理 加拿大双硕士学位办理 怎么买加拿大硕士学历文凭 买加拿大大学学位证 加拿大研究生学位认证 加拿大留学学位认证 加拿大本科学位证办理 加拿大本科学历办理 加拿大本科学位认证 怎么买加拿大本科学历文凭 加拿大学位认证 加拿大大学毕业证 加拿大本科毕业证 加拿大研究生毕业证 加拿大硕士毕业证 加拿大买毕业证 制做加拿大本科学历 制做加拿大本科文凭 做加拿大硕士学历 做加拿大硕士文凭 做加拿大研究生文凭 做加拿大研究生学历 办理加拿大假文凭 办理加拿大假学历 加拿大研究生毕业证等级 加拿大大学毕业证书 加拿大研究生学位 加拿大学位 加拿大研究生毕业证书 加拿大研究生学历办理认证 加拿大大使馆公证 加拿大使馆认证 澳洲毕业证办理 澳洲硕士学位办理 澳洲硕士学位证办理 澳洲双硕士学位办理 怎么买澳洲硕士学历文凭 买澳洲大学学位证 澳洲研究生学位认证 澳洲留学学位认证 澳洲本科学位证办理 澳洲本科学历办理 澳洲本科学位认证 怎么买澳洲本科学历文凭 澳洲学位认证 澳洲大学毕业证 澳洲本科毕业证 澳洲研究生毕业证 澳洲硕士毕业证 澳洲买毕业证 制做澳洲本科学历 制做澳洲本科文凭 做澳洲硕士学历 做澳洲硕士文凭 做澳洲研究生文凭 做澳洲研究生学历 办理澳洲假文凭 办理澳洲假学历 澳洲研究生毕业证等级 澳洲大学毕业证书 澳洲研究生学位 澳洲学位 澳洲研究生毕业证书 澳洲研究生学历办理认证 国外真实文凭办理,国外学历认证,国外真实学历认证,毕业证丢失补办,成绩单丢失补办,毕业证代办,文凭代办,学历代办,毕业证中介办理,文凭中介,成绩单改分数,改成绩申请学校,退学办毕业证,退学买文凭,回国买毕业证,回国代办毕业证, 回国认证学历,回国递交学历认证,真实学历认证办理,带递交学历认证,代递交使馆认证,操作真是学历,制作高仿学历,制作假文凭毕业证 Chichester|奇切斯特大学毕业证办理|英国毕业证|学位证书办理|Q微857767150|Chichester毕业证|奇切斯特大学毕业证成绩单|英国文凭毕业证办理|英国大学毕业证成绩单办理|办理英国大学学历认证教育部认证|制做英国文凭毕业证|英国本科、硕士文凭|办理英国假文凭毕业证 University of Chichester
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