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This Is How Excess Weight Can Fuel the Growth of Cancer Cells


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It’s pretty obvious that carrying around extra weight can make you feel sluggish, affect your self-esteem and put you at increased risk for heart disease and diabetes. But increasingly, researchers are also making connections between obesity and cancer—several different types of cancer, in fact.

Cancer is caused by mutations within cells, which cause those cells to grow and multiply at unnatural rates. Many cases of cancer occur because of genetic traits, or purely because of chance. But for others, obesity can be a big contributing factor.

“We know that a good third of cancers are associated with our lifestyle behaviors, such as what we eat, how much we exercise, and collectively, our weight,” says Melinda Irwin, director of Cancer Prevention and Control at Yale University. “And obesity is now the leading modifiable risk factor, even ahead of tobacco use, that’s associated with cancer risk and mortality.”

How does obesity encourage cancer growth?

High-levels of long-term inflammation—the immune system’s response to injury, illness, or other disturbances in the body—has been shown to fuel the growth of cancer cells. “And we know that obesity is basically a chronic inflammatory state,” says Irwin.

Not only can obesity itself trigger inflammation; so can some of the the eating behaviors that lead to weight gain in the first place—like high-sugar and high-fat diets. Having too much fat around the belly, regardless of body mass index, increases inflammation in the body, as well.

Some cancers are also linked to sex hormones like estrogen. Women’s bodies produces estrogen in their fat cells, especially after menopause. “The higher levels of body fat you have, the higher levels of estrogen,” says Irwin.

Then there’s the way that obesity contributes to insulin resistance—a condition in which the body loses its sensitivity to the hormone and can’t respond normally. This can lead to excess levels of insulin and insulin-related growth hormones in the body, which has been linked to cell proliferation and several types of cancer.

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      Five-year criminal investigation continues

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      "They're refusing to close down the criminal case because I'd then have the right to take them to court for exceeding their powers," Kharlamov told Forum 18 from Ridder on 5 April. "Given my age, they're just spinning it out until I die." However, he said he was preparing to lodge a case to court within the month against the prosecutor's failure to bring the case to court or close it down.

      Kharlamov added that prosecutors have returned all the books seized from him. Although the court-imposed restrictions on his movement remain in force, they are not being applied. "But they could stop me from travelling abroad."

      Criminal trial underway

      After nearly six months' pre-trial detention, the criminal trial of three Muslims began under Judge Maulet Zhumagulov at October District Court in the central city of Karaganda on 12 March. Kazbek Asylkhanovich Laubayev (born 30 October 1978), Marat Amantayevich Konyrbayev (born 16 March 1981), and Taskali Nasipkaliyevich Naurzgaliyev (born 3 May 1981) are being tried on charges of membership of the Muslim missionary movement Tabligh Jamaat.

      Further hearings were held on 19 and 27 March. The trial is due to continue at 11 am on 6 April, according to court records.

      The three were among six Muslims arrested in a "special operation" in Karaganda in October 2017. The case was prepared by the KNB secret police and the ordinary police (see F18News 12 January 2018 http://www.forum18.org/archive.php?article_id=2345). The other three Muslims detained with them are still being investigated (see below).

      Laubayev, Konyrbayev and Naurzgaliyev are being tried under Criminal Code Article 405, Part 1. This punishes "organising the activity of a social or religious association or other organisation after a court decision banning their activity or their liquidation in connection with extremism or terrorism they have carried out" with a fine or up to six years' imprisonment.

      At the initial hearing on 12 March, witnesses were questioned. They insisted the three Muslims did nothing wrong, Yelena Weber of Radio Free Europe's Kazakh Service, who was present in court, noted the same day. The witnesses said all they did was "after Friday namaz [prayers] they gathered in a flat over a cup of tea and spoke about Allah".

      Yergen Yezhanov of October District Prosecutor's Office, who is leading the case in court, told the hearing that the three men participated in Tabligh Jamaat's activity before an Astana court banned the movement in 2013. They continued to do so knowing the movement had been banned, Yezhanov claimed, spreading the group's "ideology" in Karaganda Region and recruiting new members.

      Relatives of the three men, who are each married with several young children, rejected the accusations. One of Konyrbayev's sisters told Radio Free Europe that her brother always told them "Pray the namaz and fear Allah". "He acknowledges only that they gathered, drank tea, prayed and spoke about Allah," she insisted.

      "Before 2013 nothing like this happened," another sister told Radio Free Europe. "Everything was possible: praying the namaz, going to mosque, meeting together, drinking tea. Now the law is that no more than three can meet together."

      The relatives added that the three men did not have the money to pay for lawyers of their choice.

      Criminal cases not reached Prosecutor's Office

      Three other Muslims arrested in Karaganda in October 2017 together with Laubayev, Konyrbayev and Naurzgaliyev are still being investigated on criminal charges. "The three men's cases have not yet reached the Prosecutor's Office," an official of Karaganda's October District Prosecutor's Office told Forum 18 on 5 April. He refused to discuss the cases further.

      In early November 2017, October District Court ordered the three men to remain at home under restrictions as the criminal investigation against them under Criminal Code Article 405 continued. The court has periodically extended the restrictions (see F18News 12 January 2018 http://www.forum18.org/archive.php?article_id=2345).

      Forum 18 understands that the three men have been questioned at the trial of Laubayev, Konyrbayev and Naurzgaliyev. (END)

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      Of all types of skin cancer, melanoma causes the majority of deaths. When on the scalp it can be especially difficult to catch in a self-examination — when was the last time you examined the top of your head?
      One person who might be able to help: your hairdresser. While cutting your hair, they've got a great view for a scalp inspection. And they can learn how to spot scary changes, researchers say.
      In a report published Wednesday in JAMA Dermatology, researchers from the University of Southern California and University of Colorado Denver detailed their efforts to educate hairdressers with a training video. Hairdressers had told some of the same researchers that they wanted to learn more about melanoma detection in an earlier survey, so they seemed like willing participants.
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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Date:
      November 28, 2017
      Source:
      The Lancet
      Summary:
      Diabetes and high BMI (a BMI over 25 kg/m2) were the cause of 5.6% of new cancer cases worldwide in 2012 - equivalent to 792600 cases, according to the first study to quantify the proportion of cancers attributable to diabetes and high BMI. When considered individually, 544300 cases of cases were attributable to high BMI (equivalent to 3.9% of all cancers), and 280100 were attributable to diabetes (2%).
      Diabetes and high BMI (a BMI over 25 kg/m2) were the cause of 5.6% of new cancer cases worldwide in 2012 -- equivalent to 792600 cases, according to the first study to quantify the proportion of cancers attributable to diabetes and high BMI published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal.

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Men can get breast cancer
      Everyone recognizes the pink ribbons that signify breast cancer awareness, but few think the cause relates to men. After all, women are 100 times more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than men.
      More than 2,400 new cases of male breast cancer will be diagnosed this year, reports the American Cancer Society, but there’s still a lot to be discovered about the disease. “Research needs to better understand the biology of male breast cancer,” says Ayca Gucalp, MD, an oncologist who specializes in male breast cancer at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City.
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    • By Jack Ryan
      I wanted some different commentary on this matter than I saw on another forum
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Cancer Does Not Stop Local Jehovah's Witness Couple

      Leslie and Jim Donigan attend the Jehovah's Witnesses conference today at Silverstein Eye Centers Arena in Independence, Missouri. (Mike Sherry | Flatland)
      At happy moments, Jim and Leslie Donigan often find themselves dancing to “Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars,” the Andy Williams hit that has been their song since they first met at a pizza joint in Mission, Kansas, decades ago.
      One of those dance-worthy occasions took place late last year, at the end of a long medical journey. The memory remains strong, even though they have hit a recent bump in the road.
      As Jehovah’s Witnesses, they plan to attend the Midwest convention that runs today through Sunday at Silverstein Eye Centers Arena in Independence, Missouri. Organizers believe few attendees embody this year’s theme, “Don’t Give Up,” more than the Donigans, who are both 71 years old and live in Kansas City. About 5,000 people are expected to attend, said Craig Cochran, the convention’s media services coordinator.
      The ability to be part of a global experience of faith is important to the Donigans, as they once again face medical uncertainty. “It’s like a spiritual family reunion,” Jim said.
      A website for the religion says there are more than 8.3 million Jehovah’s Witnesses in 240 countries. According to the Pew Research Center, fewer than 1 percent of American adults are Jehovah’s Witnesses.

      “Don’t Give Up” is the them of this year’s Jehovah’s Witness conference. (Mike Sherry | Flatland)
      Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in God, who is called Jehovah.  As Christians, they believe in heaven and salvation, but they do not believe in hell or eternal suffering.
      Witnesses, as followers are called, believe the Bible to be the inspired word of God. However, they recognize some parts are symbolic and do not believe all parts of the Bible are to be understood literally.
      Jehovah’s Witnesses also do not believe in blood transfusions, based upon their reading of passages in both the Old and New testaments. They cite Genesis 9:4, for example, where God says, “Only flesh with its soul — its blood — you must not eat.”
      No ‘Cowards in the Foxhole’
      On Oct. 1, 2004, Leslie fainted. That was abnormal for her, a runner who lives a healthy lifestyle.
      Doctors could not pinpoint a cause, and later that month they understood why: They found a gastrointestinal stromal tumor, a rare cancer that leaves no blood marker. The tumor was growing on a section of the small intestine and was also threatening her pancreas.
      The belief about blood transfusions was an obvious complication when it came to surgery.
      So, the Donigans worked through a Jehovah’s Witnesses group in Brooklyn to find Dr. Marvin Romsdahl, a surgeon at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, who performed a modified version of a common surgery to remove pancreatic tumors. The modified version did not require a transfusion.
      The night before the surgery, the anesthesiologist backed out because of the risks of doing surgery without blood transfusions. “That’s good,” Jim told Romsdahl. “We don’t need any cowards in the foxhole.”
      The surgery lasted 13.5 hours, but it was successful.
      Yet further treatment included a prescription for the chemotherapy pill Gleevec. The cost of the therapy, which Leslie said at the time cost $2,500 per month, brought them to the breaking point, even after using Social Security and Medicare.
      “It’s always been more than we could swallow,” Jim said, “and progressively over time, it took everything.”
      More bad news hit in 2008, when Jim lost his banking job during the recession. They had to sell the house they had built nearly four decades before, the same house where they had raised their three children.
      But in one sliver of good news, a neighbor approached them during their garage sale and told them he would buy another house for sale on the block and then rent it to them.
      Things began to look up, as Jim found another job, Leslie qualified for a hardship program that allowed her to take Gleevec for free, and then got off the medication altogether when her cancer went into remission.
      The cancer returned, however, and Leslie must remain on Gleevec for the rest of her life. Now, Gleevec costs $13,000 per month, she said.
      Another Test
      In April 2016, the family was tested again, when Jim started having shortness of breath.
      Their first thought was a heart problem, but the first diagnosis was multiple myeloma, a form of incurable blood cancer. A second opinion was different, but not any better: a form of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which causes tumors to grow in the lymphatic system.
      A PET scan revealed 100 tumors, and Jim started his own costly round of chemotherapy.

      The Donigans vist with their son, Joel, and his wife, Carrie, at the conference. (Mike Sherry | Flatland)
       
      His lymphatic system failed during treatment, causing fluid buildup around his stomach and lungs. Jim suffered malnutrition when draining the fluid removed electrolytes and proteins.
      By October, doctors gave him two months to live. Leslie got it in writing.
      Yet as he sat in the hospital, saying his goodbyes, Jim had a thought: “Why couldn’t we take those fluids from my stomach and put them back into my heart, where they need to be?”
      The question sparked an idea for one of Jim’s doctors, who inserted a shunt normally used to treat cirrhosis. Within two weeks, the fluid buildup was gone.
      On Dec. 27, when he was home filing paperwork, Jim came across the letter telling him he only had two months to live. He did the math, and then they had an “I ain’t dead yet party.”
      At the party, Jim sipped his first glass of wine in a year, and the couple danced once again to their favorite song. The luster remained up until this week, when an infection flared up around the shunt, and the fear of cancer returned.
      This most recent medical challenge has shown Jim and Leslie how important their faith is in preparing them for the troubles that can lie ahead. The convention, and especially its theme, is coming at just the right time to help guide them through this newest trial, Leslie said.
      “No one is shielded from the human experience,” Leslie said. “But personally, we find it better to be prepared to keep these types of relapses in their proper perspective.”
      — Catherine Wheeler is a multimedia intern for Flatland. She is a graduate student studying journalism at the University of Missouri, Columbia. Catherine has a bachelor’s degree in English-Writing from Fort Lewis College in Durango, Colorado. She currently lives in Kansas City. You can reach her at cwheeler@kcpt.org

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      BACKGROUND
      Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain.
      Read more: 
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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Obesity and weight problems are on the rise across the world, according to a new study. In fact, more than 2 billion adults and children (or more than 30 percent of the world’s population) suffered from health problems stemming from being overweight or obese in 2015, and more people than ever are dying because of weight-related problems, the study found.
      Published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the study analyzed data from 195 countries between 1980 and 2015, collected as part of the Global Burden of Disease study (which looked at the health loss of more than 300 diseases and injuries). Scientists from the University of Washington found that more than 107 million children and 603 million adults worldwide were obese as of 2015, and even more are technically overweight. And in the U.S. alone, 79 million adults were technically obese in 2015, as compared to 57 million adults in China (which has four times as many people as the U.S.), the Associated Press notes. The U.S. also has the highest number of overweight or obese young adults or children.
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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Although many of us routinely indulge in a glass (or two or three) of wine at the end of the day, a new study suggests that our glass-a-day habit might not be healthy: Having a glass of wine (or another alcoholic drink) each day has been found to increase a person’s breast cancer risk. But luckily, it appears vigorous exercise may help counteract that risk.
      As the Washington Post reports, a new review from the American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund analyzed 119 studies that used data from 12 million women worldwide. While a standard drink has 14 grams of alcohol, the study found that just 10 grams of alcohol per day – which is the equivalent of one small glass of wine, beer or other alcohol – is linked to a heightened breast cancer risk of 5 percent for pre-menopausal women and 9 percent for post-menopausal women.
      Read more: 
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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      There's a straightforward way to live longer after being diagnosed with advanced cancer and it doesn't involve chemotherapy or surgery. It's just eating right and exercising more, doctors reported Wednesday.
      Cancer survivors who followed standard American Cancer Society guidelines for healthy living were 42 percent less likely to die than similar survivors who didn't, researchers found.
      "We found that patients who maintain a healthy body weight, engage in regular physical activity, and eat a diet rich in vegetables and whole grains and low in red meats and processed meats did better and survived longer than those who didn't," said Dr. Erin Van Blarigan of the University of California, San Francisco, who led the study.
      "I think the magnitude of the benefit was surprising," Van Blarigan told NBC News.
      Read more: 
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    • By Bible Speaks
      #EL_CANCER_____
      ???
      Who are you and where you come from?
      Who gave you permission to
      To my body you've introduced
      ???
      Silent coward and treacherous
      Get out of my body I don't want you
      I remember you I'm a server
      Of the one true God
      ???
      A lot of pain and tears I've had
      But loyal to my God Jehovah I've kept the am united
      ???
      In my nights of wakefulness
      I pray to the Lord with longing
      I of the holy spirit in this bed
      And so it will be because he loves me
      ???
      You destroy my flesh but my faith never
      I have faith, in the beautiful promises
      Biblical, where you won't be there
      ???
      I remember I'm the property of the Lord
      Strength and faith hope he will give me
      I will stand firm and don't forget me
      Always be with me
      ???
      Concern and despair
      To family and friends I've caused
      However, not so easy to be defeated
      Many petitions I have prayed
      And my God Jehovah has answered me
      Son @ mine don't lose your faith in the
      New world what I have promised
      ???
      I'll be strong... be strong
      With Jehovah Christ I will be
      ???
      Where the Lord my God to all loyal will heal you and your classmates. My God will destroy
      ???
      Coward and murderer to humanity
      Have you done to suffer without mercy
      But the Jehovah's witnesses
      We stay with loyalty
      And in the resurrection and paradise
      Know it all security
      #POEMA_DEDICADO_A_NUESTROS
      #AMADOS_HERMANOS_ENFERMOS 
      Based on
      (. 25:8; Rev. 21:1-4)
      Jesus Moreno Gomez
      #AGAPE♡???

    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      More than half of smoking-related deaths took place in China, India, Russia and the U.S
       
      Smoking kills more than one in 10 people worldwide.
      A major new study in the medical journal Lancet found that, in 2015, 11.5% of global deaths (approximately 6.4 million people) were attributable to smoking worldwide, of which 52.2% took place in four countries: China, India, Russia and the U.S. The study used over 2,818 pieces of research identified through several sources, including the Global Health Data Exchange, World Health Organization, and International Smoking Statistics Database.
      Smoking has claimed more than 5 million lives every year since 1990, and its contribution to illness such as cancer, lung and heart disease is growing, especially in lower income countries as the tobacco industry moves to target previously untapped markets, the study found. “The negative effects of smoking extend well beyond individual and population health as billions of dollars in lost productivity and health-care expenditure are related to smoking every year,” it said.
      Despite more than half a century of “unequivocal evidence” of the harmful effects of tobacco on health in 2015, one in every four men in the world was a daily smoker. “Prevalence has been, and remains, significantly lower in women — roughly one in every 20 women smoked daily in 2015,” the report found. “Nonetheless, much progress has been accomplished in the past 25 years. The report was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Bloomberg Philanthropies.
      “Smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide,” the study found, “and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment.” Smoking was ranked among the five leading mortality risk factors in 109 countries in 2015, rising from 88 countries in 1990, it said. However, only four countries had significant annualized increases in smoking prevalence between 2005 and 2015: Congo and Azerbaijan (for men) and Kuwait and Timor-Leste (for women).
      The tobacco industry in the U.S. is heavily regulated. Adding pictures on cigarette packs to illustrate the dangers of smoking increases attempts by smokers to quit, according to a month-long clinical survey released last year and conducted among 1,900 adult smokers, professors at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. The findings were published on the JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) Internal Medicine website.
      The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (2009) requires pictorial warnings on cigarette packaging, but the rule hasn’t been enforced. In 2012, the implementation was stalled after the tobacco industry sued the Food and Drug Administration. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that same year that the FDA had “not provided a shred of evidence” that the pictorial warnings reduce smoking.
      Unlike many European countries, the U.S. tobacco industry, which is worth around $38 billion in revenue and shrinking by 2% annually, does not require cigarettes to be sold in packs without logos. “Over the past five years, the cigarette and tobacco manufacturing industry persevered despite increasingly challenging operating conditions and intense scrutiny from both the government and the public,” according to industry research group IBISWorld.
      Reynolds American RAI, +0.35% and Philip Morris PM, +0.90% said they were committed to helping smokers use healthier tobacco products; British American Tobacco BTI, +0.36% and the National Association of Tobacco Outlets, which supports retailers that sell tobacco products, did not respond to request for comment. A spokesman for Imperial Brand IMB, +0.76%   said it supports reasonable tobacco regulation and referenced a fuller statement here.

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    • By Raquel Segovia
      Se trata del docetaxel, una de las drogas utilizadas en los tratamientos contra la enfermedad. Investigaciones revelaron dos tipos de efectos secundarios que terminaron con la muerte de los pacientes
       
       
      e marzo de 2017   Docetaxel, el medicamento en la mira de las autoridades francesas Cuarenta y ocho enfermos de cáncer tratados con docetaxel fallecieron en los 20 años de comercialización de este producto en Francia, anunció este miércoles la Agencia Nacional de Medicamentos (ANSM), que mantendrá la recomendación de evitar temporalmente su empleo para ciertos cánceres de pecho.
      Esta decisión muestra que los riesgos asociados al medicamento "no son despreciables", si bien el docetaxel sigue siendo "un medicamento de importancia en el tratamiento contra el cáncer", lo que ha permitido reducir la mortalidad ligada a esta enfermedad, subrayó Dominique Martin, director general de la ANSM, interrogado por la AFP.
      El organismo lanzó una investigación de farmacovigilancia en septiembre tras un "pico de advertencias" por la muerte de mujeres tratadas por cáncer de pecho.
      Las autoridades sanitarias determinaron dos tipos de efectos secundarios (colitis y choques sépticos) en pacientes que tomaban ese medicamento en cualquiera de sus formas (Taxotere de Sanofi y genéricos).
      Tras revisar las incidencias por su uso en tratamientos de cáncer de pecho, pulmón, próstata, cáncer gástrico y de vías aerodigestivas superiores desde su comercialización en 1996 hasta el 7 de febrero de este año, "se reportaron 187 casos de colitis o de choques sépticos, de los que 48 condujeron a la muerte" del paciente, concluyó la ANSM.
      Pese a ello, "los decesos son inhabituales (del orden de 1 por cada 10.000 pacientes) para un medicamento que ha permitido reducir la mortalidad en numerosos cánceres", subraya la agencia.
        (iStock) El director general de la ANSM añadió que se están llevando a cabo investigaciones complementarias, relativas concretamente a la calidad de los productos empleados.
      A la espera de los resultados de nuevos análisis, por precaución "se mantiene la recomendación de no utilización del docetaxel en cánceres de seno localizados, operables".
      El 10 de marzo, la Agencia Europea del medicamento (EMA) anunció una serie de "análisis preliminares" a nivel continental que mostraron que "no existía un aumento de la frecuencia de aparición de enterocolitis neutropénicas" (una complicación digestiva que puede conducir a perforación intestinales) en pacientes tratados con docetaxel entre enero de 2015 y enero de 2017.
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Walking is one of the most efficient and easiest ways to lose weight, because you don’t need a gym membership or any equipment. All you need is yourself and some motivation. If you’re considering adding walking to your daily life to lose weight, you have to make sure that you do it right.
      Plan Out Your Walk
      The first step to walking off your weight is to make sure that you set a schedule so you can adapt to this new healthy lifestyle. Experts recommend getting 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise a week — that means you have to walk 30 minutes a day to achieve that goal.
      Planning out your 30 minutes will ensure success. Ask yourself questions about when and where you’ll walk to get started. For example, if you’re busy at work all day you may want to consider taking three 10-minute walks around or outside of your building, but if you have more free time, taking a 30-minute walk  after dinner may be more ideal.
      Walk the Right Way
      While walking is a natural instinct, making sure you’re walking the right way is key to bust your belly fat, tone your legs, and improve your overall health. When you walk you should have good posture, slightly bent and swinging arms, and an engaged core. These three things will help ensure you are getting the most out of your walks and burning more calories. Additionally, remember to stretch at the end of your walks to avoid any stiff muscles or potential injury.
      Walk Long Enough to Burn Calories
      Walking is only effective at burning calories if you do it long enough and fast enough: taking a stroll in the park does not burn as many calories as taking a brisk, paced walk. Walking 30 minutes a day at a moderate pace will help you burn an average 150 calories, but the longer and faster you walk, means the more calories you will burn.
      While walking is a great form of exercise and helpful for weight loss, a key thing to remember about losing weight is you have to eat less calories in order to lose or maintain weight. That is why having a healthy diet in conjunction with daily exercise is the best way to ensure you lose the weight you want. 
      Other Health Benefits of Walking
      Walking isn’t just for burning fat, it helps a lot of other things in your body too. A daily walk gets your blood pumping and can therefore lower your risk for heart disease and blood clots. Walking may also reduce your risk for a stroke, improve your mood, help your sleep quality, reduce stress, and sharpen your mind. So what are you waiting for? Start walking today!

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Sugar is one of the most dangerous ingredients on the market. It’s addictive, added to almost every processed food, and will make you overweight, depressed and sick if you eat too much. In fact, Americans eat close to 130 pounds of the stuff per person per year (4 times more than the recommended daily allowance), likely because it is so addictive. That’s why it’s exciting to know there are alternative sweeteners made in nature, like “stevia,” that don’t wreak havoc on your health – or do they? Is Stevia safe? That’s what I went on a quest to find out. Here’s what happened…

      What Is Stevia?

      For those of you that are hearing about stevia for the first time, it is a plant that is typically grown in South America, and while its extract is 200 times sweeter than sugar, it does not raise blood insulin levels. That’s what makes it so popular. However in 1991 the FDA refused to approve this substance for use due to pressure from makers of artificial sweeteners like Sweet n’ Low and Equal (a one billion dollar industry). But in 2008, the FDA approved the use of rebaudioside compounds that were derived from the stevia plant by Coca-Cola (Cargill) and PepsiCo – hmmm doesn’t that sound suspicious? Not until a major food company got involved did stevia become legal, and only after it had been highly processed using a patentable chemical-laden process…so processed that Truvia (Coca-Cola’s branded product) goes through about 40 steps to process the extract from the leaf, relying on chemicals like acetone, methanol, ethanol, acetonitrile, and isopropanol. Some of these chemicals are known carcinogens (substances that cause cancer), and none of those ingredients sound like real food, do they?
      The whole leaf stevia that you can grow in your backyard (and has been used for centuries in countries like Brazil and Paraguay) remains a non-approved food additive by the FDA. However, rebaudioside A (the stevia extract) that was approved by the FDA has not been used for centuries and long term human health impacts have not been studied and are still unknown. The sweetener/sugar industry wields powerful influence over what is ultimately approved at the FDA, and this is just another example where they are influencing decisions that don’t make sense. How can a chemically derived extract be deemed safe in processed food and a plant from mother nature not?
      What Kind Of  Stevia To Avoid

      The 40-step patented process used to make Truvia should make you want to steer clear of this stevia product alone, but there are two other concerning ingredients added (not only to Truvia but other stevia products as well). First, erythritol is a naturally occurring sugar that is sometimes found in fruit, but food manufacturers don’t actually use the natural stuff. Instead they start with genetically engineered corn and then go through a complex fermentation process to come up with chemically pure erythritol. Check out the manufacturing process below:


      “Natural flavors” is another ingredient added to powdered and liquid stevia products, likely due to the fact that once the stevia leaf is processed it can develop a metallic taste. Manufactured natural flavor is contributing to what David Kessler (former head of the FDA) calls a “food carnival” in your mouth. This makes it difficult to stop eating or drinking because the flavors they have synthesized will trick your mind into wanting more and more. When companies use manufactured flavor, they are literally “hijacking” your taste buds one-by-one; that’s why I recommend putting products that contain “natural flavors” back on the shelf.


      “Stevia in the Raw” sounds pure and natural, but when you look at the ingredients the first thing on the label is “dextrose” – so it’s certainly not just stevia in the raw. And Pepsi Co’s “Pure Via,” also pictured above, isn’t exactly pure either with this ingredient being first on the label, too. Dextrose is a sweetener that’s also derived from genetically engineered corn and has a long complicated manufacturing process, just like erythritol.

      Even certified organic stevia can have sneaky ingredients added, like this one above which has more organic agave inulin than the stevia extract itself. Agave inulin is a highly processed fiber derivative from the blue agave plant. Also on the ingredient list is an item you are probably familiar with from those little packets sometimes found in boxed goods – silica (pictured). It is added to improve the flow of powdery substances and is the same ingredient that helps strengthen concrete and creates glass bottles and windowpanes. It may cause irritation of the digestive tract (if eaten) and irritation of the respiratory tract (if accidentally inhaled). While it is non-toxic and probably won’t kill you in small quantities, it’s definitely not a real food ingredient I would cook with or that I want to be putting in my body.

      How To Choose The Right Kind Of Stevia
      Luckily there are ways to enjoy this sweet leaf closer to it’s natural state… because let’s be honest, the no-calorie artificial sweeteners out there are really dreadful, and no one should consume them (check this post for the low down on those). So here’s what you can do:
      Buy a stevia plant for your garden (luckily it’s totally legal!) or purchase the pure dried leaves online – you can grind up them up using a spice grinder (or use a mortar and pestle) for your own powdered stevia.
      When choosing products already sweetened with stevia, look for “whole leaf stevia” on the ingredient label. For example one of my favorite protein powders is made with “whole stevia leaf” instead of rebaudioside a or stevia extract.
      Add fresh or dried leaves directly to tea or drinks for natural sweetness (note the straight stevia leaves are only 30-40 times sweeter than sugar, vs. 200 times using the extract).
      Make your own liquid stevia extract (see graphic below for recipe).

      If you are not up for getting a stevia plant of your own or making your own extract, remember to look for a stevia extract that is 100% pure without added ingredients (Sweet Leaf & Trader Joe’s have versions).
      And when all else fails, choose a suitable alternative and forget stevia altogether. Use honey, pure maple syrup, or I personally prefer coconut palm sugar, since it is low glycemic (making it more diabetic friendly) and one of the most natural unprocessed forms of sugar available. It is naturally high in amino acids – has 10,000 times more potassium, 20 times more magnesium and 20 times more iron than conventional sugar. I use it all the time in my baking, from pound cake to muffins to a recent delicious cookie that is low in sugar – check out all those recipes here!
      If you know someone who uses artificial sweeteners or stevia, please share this post with them.
      Wishing you the best health life has to offer,
      Food Babe

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    • Guest Nicole
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      France has banned restaurants from offering unlimited refills of soda and sugary drinks, the latest bid to decrease the rise in the nation's obesity rate.
      The new order, implemented on Jan. 27, will mean that hotels, restaurants and school cafeterias will no longer have soda fountains. The move is part of a spate of health initiatives implemented by the country, which includes a "soda tax" imposed on sweetened drinks, a ban on vending machines in schools and a limit on the servings of french fries to once a week in schools, the New York Times reports.
      Even though France's overall obesity rate is relatively low—41% of women and 57% of men between 30 to 60 were obese or overweight—the laws are in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. WHO presented statistics in 2016 on the good effects of imposing a sugar tax.

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      A large study has found that body mass index, waist circumference and diabetes are all associated with an increased risk for liver cancer. Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer, and its incidence has tripled since the mid-1970s in the United States.
      For the study, in Cancer Research, researchers pooled data from 14 prospective studies with more than 1.5 million participants. After controlling for age, sex, alcohol use, smoking and race, they found that being overweight increased the relative risk for liver cancer by between 21 percent and 142 percent as B.M.I. increased. For each 2-inch increase in waist circumference, the risk of liver cancer increased by 8 percent, even after controlling for B.M.I. And those with Type 2 diabetes had more than double the risk of liver cancer, even among the non-obese.
      There was no association of B.M.I. with cancer if the patient had hepatitis, a cause of liver cancer so strong that it overwhelms any other cause. But among those without hepatitis, the increased risk was significant.
      “This study underscores that the parallel increase in obesity is part of the increase in liver cancer rates,” said the lead author, Peter T. Campbell, an epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society. “Now we have to accept the fact that obesity and Type 2 diabetes are strongly associated with liver cancer.”

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      WEDNESDAY, Aug. 10, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Could too much weight be bad for the brain as well as the belly?
      New research suggests that being overweight or obese may trigger premature aging of the middle-aged brain.
      The study centered on how carrying excess weight might affect the brain's white matter, which facilitates communication between different brain regions.
      White matter tissue is known to shrink with age. But the new study found that the amount of white matter in the brain of a 50-year-old overweight/obese person was comparable to that of a 60-year-old lean person.
      "Obesity is associated with a host of biological processes that are seen in normal aging," said study author Lisa Ronan, a research associate in the department of psychiatry at the University of Cambridge in England. "And therefore we hypothesized that obesity may in fact compound the effects of aging that we see in the brain. This is what we found."
      Ronan stressed that it's "too early to tell" what this really means. "However, it is possible that being overweight may raise the risk of developing disorders related to neurodegeneration such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia," she said.
      Still, the study didn't prove obesity causes premature brain aging. And, Ronan noted that "there were no differences in cognitive ability between overweight and obese people and their lean counterparts."
      Ronan and her colleagues focused on nearly 500 men and women between the ages of 20 and 87. All were residents of the Cambridge region and in good mental health.
      About half were "lean" (at a body mass index or BMI between 18.5 and 25). Nearly a third were "overweight" (BMI 25 to 30), and about 20 percent were "obese" (BMI over 30). Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on weight in relation to height.
      Initial white matter measurements generally revealed that overweight/obese participants had notably reduced white matter volume compared with lean participants.
      And an age breakdown revealed that a middle-aged participant who was either overweight or obese had a white matter volume comparable in size to that of a middle-aged lean participant a decade older.
      The study authors stressed that the 10-year white matter difference was only seen among those middle-aged and older, not among participants in their 20s or 30s. This, they said, suggests that the brain may become increasingly vulnerable to the impact of excess weight as people grow older.
      "At the moment, we really don't know what might be driving the correlation between an increased BMI and lower white matter volume," noted Ronan.
      "Indeed, it is not yet clear whether being overweight/obese may cause brain changes, or whether brain changes may in some way cause an increase in adiposity (excess weight)," she added.
      "Until we understand the mechanism that relates BMI to brain changes, it is not easy to say whether losing weight will in some way act to mitigate the effects we reported," she said. "This is something that we are currently investigating."
      The findings were published recently in the Neurobiology of Aging journal.
      Dr. Yvette Sheline is director of the Center for Neuromodulation in Depression and Stress at the University of Pennsylvania's Perelman School of Medicine. She described Ronan's study as "interesting from several perspectives."
      But, Sheline noted that the study had a few "limitations," which might explain why the research team didn't observe any relationship between reduced white matter volume and poorer memory and thinking.
      Sheline said Ronan's team "only looked at obesity as an overall measure and didn't take into account the distribution of fat." She also noted that some studies have suggested that obesity centered around the waist does tend to have a worse effect on thinking than other types of obesity.
      "Also, this study didn't actually follow people over time, so their conclusions are limited by having measures from only one time point," Sheline added.
      More information
      There's more on obesity's impact on health at the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
      SOURCES: Lisa Ronan, Ph.D., research associate, department of psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England; Yvette Sheline, M.D., professor, psychiatry, radiology and neurology, and director, Center for Neuromodulation in Depression and Stress, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia; July 27, 2016, Neurobiology of Aging
      Last Updated: Aug 10, 2016

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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Here’s another reason, as if you needed it, to feel crippling anxiety about everything you eat and drink. A new study published in the journalAddiction concludes that alcohol consumption causes cancer — and you’re at risk even if you just enjoy the occasional glass or two of Pinot. Most people probably realize drinking can cause liver cancer, but that’s just thebeginning. The study’s analysis directly links alcohol consumption to the development of seven types of cancer, including that of the breast and liver, and now there’s growing evidence that it can cause skin, pancreatic, and prostate cancer. According to the study, 5.8 percent of cancer deaths around the world can be attributed to drinking.
      Author Jennie Connor, a professor of preventive and social medicine in New Zealand, drew on studies conducted over the last decade by the World Cancer Research Fund, the World Health Organisation’s cancer body, and other organizations. While she says heavy drinkers are most at risk, Connor insists that public-health campaigns should encourage everyone to cut down, and tells The Guardian light drinkers experience a “considerable burden.” That, of course, is the exact opposite of how drinking should make you feel.
      Over in England, the country’s chief medical officer caused some hoopla earlier this year when she warned women that drinking could cause breast cancer. She also helped usher in new government guidelines that suggest men limit their alcohol consumption to seven pints of beer a week. (That limit sounds particularly unrealistic now that the country’s citizens are coping with the consequences of Brexit.) One doctor with Cancer ResearchUK even went so far as to suggest alternating rounds of booze and soft drinks, or drinking low-alcohol cocktails. One thing’s certain: It’s another great reason to avoid blue wine when it hits the market.

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      For the very first time, U.S. officials have given the green light for scientists to experiment with the modification of human genes. It's been approved in the hope of developing new anti-cancer technology. But the tests, undertaken on humans, have been underway for some time already. Elizabeth Parrish CEO of Bioviva spoke to RT




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    • folens  »  Eric Ouellet

      Hello Eric, merci pour ces sujets bien écrits. Bonne journée et à bientôt. Michel
      emerveillez_vous_einstein.pps
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    • Eric Ouellet

      Ne dormons pas comme les autres, demeurons éveiller et restons confiant en Jéhovah, le Dieu de Toutes Bénédictions. 
      Voici une petite histoire qui va nous faire réfléchir, sur nos qualités, que nous devons manifester en notre être, nous les serviteurs de Dieu. Comment et qu'elles sont les qualitées que nous devons manifester en actions, envers notre prochain, envers nos ennemis, envers Dieu, envers Jésus, pour Être porté, par le Maître du temps, Au jour de Dieu?
      Quelle est la priorité principale d'un serviteur de Dieu et que devons nous principalement mettre en pratique dans notre vie, pour Être sauvé par celui qui a préparé le chemin de nos pas, pour notre Salut?
      Le titre de cette courte histoire, nous dévoile ce qui adviendra aux serviteurs de Dieu remplis d'amour, Au Grand, jour de Dieu.
      Le Titre est:
      QUI VEUT BIEN DE L’AMOUR ?
      Voici cette petite histoire:
      Un jour, plusieurs différents sentiments cohabitaient tous ensemble sûr une Ile: le Bonheur, la Tristesse, le Savoir ; ainsi que tous les autres, Amour y compris. Un jour, on annonça aux sentiments de la région , que l’île où tous vivaient, allait couler. Ils préparèrent donc tous leurs bateaux et partirent. Seul Amour resta. Amour voulait rester jusqu’au dernier moment. Quand l’île fut près à sombrer, Amour décida d’appeler à l’aide à ces concitoyens. Le premier fut "La Richesse" qui passa à côté de Amour, dans un luxueux bateau. Amour lui dit : « Richesse, peux-tu m’emmener ? »Alors la Richesse lui dit : Non! mon ami Amour, " je ne peux t'aider, car il y a beaucoup d’argent et d’or sur mon bateau et je n’ai pas assez de place pour toi." Bonne chance Amour.
      La richesse laissa Amour dans les eaux profondes qui l'entourait et continua son chemin. Amour décida alors de demander à l’Orgueil, qui passait aussi dans un magnifique bateau. Alors Amour s'exclama « Orgueil, aide-moi, je t’en prie ! » l'Orgueil répondit à Amour« je ne puis t’aider, Amour. Tu es tout mouillé et tu pourrais endommager mon bâteau. L'Orgueil, n'aida en aucune manière Amour et continua a vogué sur les eaux immense. Plus tard »La Tristesse passa à côté, de Amour. Amour lui demanda :«"Tristesse, laisses-moi venir avec toi. » la tristesse le regarda et dit: « Ooh… Amour, je suis tellement triste que j’ai besoin d’être seule ! Bonne chance Amour". Amour ne se découragea pas et se laissa porter sur les eaux. Quelle minutes plus tard » Le Bonheur passa aussi à côté de Amour , mais il était si heureux, qu’il n’entendit même pas Amour l’appeler! Soudain, une voix dit sur un bateau de lumière immaculée comme ressemblant à des nuages matérialisés " Viens Amour," je te prends avec moi." Amour distingua que celui qui le prit sur son bateau blanc immaculé, était un vieillard, de lui venait les paroles de son sauveur des eaux tulmultueuses. Amour se senti si reconnaissant et plein de joie, qu’il en oublia de demander le nom au vieillard. Lorsqu’ils arrivèrent sur la terre ferme, le vieillard s’en alla. Amour réalisa combien, il lui devait pour l'avoir sauvé, et aussitôt un Être apparut à Amour, Cette personne qui apparut devant lui était "Le Savoir" de toutes choses, alors Amour qui était devant Lui, demanda au Savoir :« Qui m’a aidé ? »Le Savoir Dit« C’était "le Temps" » répondit le Savoir.« Le Temps ? » s’interrogea Amour.« Mais pourquoi le Temps m’a –t-il aidé ? » Le Savoir sourit, plein de sagesse, et répondit :« C’est parce que seul le Temps est capable de comprendre combien l’Amour est important dans la vie. »
      Que veux dire cette histoire que je vous aie raconté?
      Je vais laisser votre pensée réfléchir en cette histoire et je vais donner l'explication de cette histoire à la fin de ce discours.
      Restons vivifiant d'un Amour sincère.
      DANS de nombreux pays, nous avons recourt de plus en plus aux caméras de surveillance pour observer la circulation routière et filmer les accidents. En cas de délit de fuite, ces enregistrements peuvent permettre à la police de retrouver et d’arrêter le chauffard. À vrai dire, avec ces yeux électroniques un peu partout, il est de plus en plus difficile d’échapper aux conséquences de ses actes.
      Cet abondant recours à la vidéosurveillance, devrait-il, nous rappeler un tant soit peu notre Père bienveillant, Jéhovah ? La Bible dit en effet que ses yeux « sont en tout lieu » (Prov. 15:3). Mais cela veut-il dire qu’il examine constamment à la loupe nos faits et gestes ? Nous observe-t-il avec la seule intention de faire respecter ses lois et de nous punir ? (Jér. 16:17 ; Héb. 4:13). Pas du tout ! Il nous observe en premier lieu parce qu’il nous aime et se soucie de notre bonheur (1 Pierre 3:12).
      Jéhovah nous surveille par amour.
      Qu’est-ce qui nous aidera à comprendre que Jéhovah nous surveille parce qu’il nous aime ? Nous examinerons ensemble cinq façons dont cet intérêt se manifeste : 1) Il nous met en garde lorsque nous montrons de mauvaises inclinations, 2) il nous corrige lorsque nous faisons un faux pas, 3) il nous guide grâce aux principes que renferme sa Parole, 4) il nous soutient lorsque nous traversons diverses épreuves et 5) il nous récompense lorsqu’il remarque le bon qui est en nous.
      LE DIEU ATTENTIF NOUS MET EN GARDE
      Premièrement, examinons comment Dieu nous met en garde lorsque nous montrons de mauvaises inclinations (1 Chron. 28:9). Pour bien saisir cet aspect de son observation attentive, voyons comment il a traité Caïn, qui « s’enflamma d’une grande colère » parce qu’il n’avait pas obtenu l’approbation divine (lire Genèse 4:3-7). Nous voyons ici que Jéhovah lui a vivement conseillé de « [se mettre] à bien agir ». Il l’a prévenu que s'il ne changeait de comportement, le péché était « tapis à l’entrée ». Puis il lui a demandé : « Te rendras-tu maître de lui ? » Dieu voulait que Caïn tienne compte de l’avertissement et qu’« [il y ait] élévation », que Caïn retrouve sa faveur. Il conserverait alors une bonne relation avec Dieu.
      Les yeux de Jéhovah voient clair dans notre cœur ; nous ne pouvons pas lui cacher nos inclinations et nos motivations. Notre Père bienveillant veut que nous marchions dans les voies de la justice ; pourtant, il ne nous force pas à changer de route. Lorsque nous allons dans la mauvaise direction, il nous met en garde par sa Parole, la Bible. Comment ? Dans notre lecture biblique quotidienne, nous tombons souvent sur des passages qui nous aident à surmonter de mauvaises tendances ou des inclinations malsaines. De plus, nos publications chrétiennes traitent parfois d’une difficulté contre laquelle nous luttons et nous montrent comment la surmonter. Enfin, aux réunions de la congrégation, chacun de nous reçoit au bon moment les conseils dont nous avons besoin !
      Toutes ces mises en garde, écrite dans la parole, la bible, qu'elles sont vraiment la preuve que Jéhovah surveille chacun de nous individuellement et cela avec amour. Il est vrai que les paroles consignées dans la Bible existent depuis des siècles, que les publications préparées par l’organisation de Jéhovah sont écrites pour des millions de personnes et que les conseils donnés lors des réunions s’adressent à toute la congrégation. Mais dans tous ces cas, Jéhovah dirige l’attention de chacun, individuellement, vers sa Parole, afin que chacun puisse modifier ses inclinations. Ainsi, on peut dire que toutes ces dispositions sont la preuve que Jéhovah te surveille personnellement avec amour.
      Pour tirer profit des avertissements de Dieu, nous devons d’abord comprendre en profondeur sa parole? Quelle aide notre Père aimant nous fournit-il ?
      Lorsque que nous méditons sur la Parole et nous faisons des recherches profondes sur ces principes biblique, nous apprenons à nous corriger intérieurement et ainsi nous nous rendons particulièrement compte que Jéhovah veille sur nous.
      Bien sûr, il n’est pas spécialement agréable de se faire conseiller ou corriger, mais Jéhovah demande à chaque serviteur, de suivre la discipline enseigné dans sa paroles, de part nos yeux, par la méditation, la lecture attentive et en manifester les rappels constant (Héb. 12:11). Réfléchissons à ce que Jéhovah examine en nous. Nous devons être conscient que chaques actions de notre part pourraient nuire à notre relation avec Dieu. Nous devons se soucier de nos sentiments que nous véhiculons envers les autres. Enfin, nous devons être prêt à donner de son temps et de son énergie pour manifester les changements primordiales, à l’aide de la Bible, manifester les actions requises qui mène à plaire à Jéhovah .
      En psaumes 73:24 Le psalmiste a chanté à Jéhovah : « Par ton conseil tu me conduiras »  Quand nous avons besoin d’une direction, nous pouvons « [tenir] compte de » Jéhovah en cherchant dans sa Parole la vrai direction de penser.
      Oui, par sa Parole, Jéhovah nous guide pour nous aider à surmonter les difficultés de la vie si nous demandons à Jehovah de nous guider personnellement.
      Psaume chapitre 37 est un chapitre qui forgé notre espérance en la promesse de Dieu.
      Pour quel genre de raisons Jéhovah n’intervient-il pas toujour dans nos difficultés personnelles ?
      Jéhovah à peut-être de bonnes raisons de ne pas intervenir dans certaines situations. Imaginons qu’à nos yeux, notre être intérieur fut blessé mais que Jéhovah ait un autre point de vue, que, selon lui, tu as plus de torts, que tu ne le penses. La remarque que tu as trouvée si vexante peut, en fait, être un conseil justifié, auquel tu ferais bien de réfléchir. Dans sa biographie, frère Karl Klein, qui a été membre du Collège central, a raconté qu’un jour, que frère Rutherford l’avait repris avec franchise. Par la suite, frère Rutherford lui a adressé un joyeux « Bonjour, Karl ! » Mais, vexé par la réprimande, frère Klein lui a répondu du bout des lèvres. Comprenant qu’il lui en voulait, frère Rutherford l’a prévenu qu’il risquait de devenir la proie du Diable. Frère Klein écrira : « Quand nous avons de la rancœur contre un de nos frères, surtout si c’est parce qu’il nous a dit quelque chose qu’il était en droit de nous dire dans l’exercice de ses fonctions, alors nous prêtons le flanc aux attaques du Diable. »
      Quand une épreuve semble s’éterniser, nous pourrions nous impatienter. Que faire alors ? Supposons, que nous roulons sur une autoroute et que nous nous trouvons pris dans un embouteillage. Nous ne savons pas combien de temps cette situation va durer. Si nous nous irritons et que nous essayons de prendre un autre chemin, nous risquons de se perdre et, au bout du compte, d’arriver à destination plus tard que si nous avions patiemment suivi le premier itinéraire. Pareillement, si nous restons sur les voies tracées par la Parole de Dieu, en temps voulu, nous arriverons, à la destination prévu.
      Il se peut également que, lorsque nous sommes éprouvés, Jéhovah n’intervienne pas tout de suite parce qu’il veut que nous recevions une précieuse formation (lire 1 Pierre 5:6-10). Dieu n’inflige aucune épreuve (Jacq. 1:13). La plupart des malheurs viennent de « [notre] adversaire, le Diable ». Par contre, Dieu peut se servir d’une situation éprouvante pour nous aider à croître spirituellement. Il voit notre souffrance et, « parce qu’il se soucie » de nous, il veillera à ce qu’elle ne dure qu’« un peu de temps ». Quand nous sommes éprouvé, sommes-nous heureux que Jéhovah nous surveille, convaincu qu’il nous ménagera une issue ? (2 Cor. 4:7-9).
      LA JOIE D’ÊTRE APPROUVÉ PAR DIEU
      En fait, Jéhovah examine notre vie pour une raison des plus rassurantes. Par l’intermédiaire de Hanani le voyant, il a dit au roi Asa : « Car, en ce qui concerne Jéhovah, ses yeux rôdent par toute la terre, afin de montrer sa force en faveur de ceux dont le cœur est complet à son égard » (2 Chron. 16:9). Chez Asa, Dieu n’a pas trouvé un cœur complet. Mais si nous, nous continuons à faire ce qui est droit, Jéhovah « montrer[a] sa force » en notre faveur.
      Dieu veut que nous « recherch[ions] ce qui est bon », que nous « aim[ions] ce qui est bon » et que nous « fass[ions] ce qui est bon » afin qu’il puisse nous « témoign[er] de la faveur » (Amos 5:14, 15 ; 1 Pierre 3:11, 12). Il remarque les justes et il les bénit (Ps. 34:15). Songeons, par exemple, aux accoucheuses hébreues, Shiphra et Poua. Alors qu’Israël était en esclavage en Égypte, ces femmes ont craint Dieu plus que Pharaon, qui leur avait ordonné de tuer à la naissance tous les garçons hébreux. Manifestement, leur conscience les a poussées à garder les bébés en vie. Par la suite, Jéhovah « leur fit don de familles » (Ex. 1:15-17, 20, 21). Leurs belles actions n’avaient pas échappé à Jéhovah, dont les yeux « rôdent». Parfois, nous avons peut-être l’impression que personne ne remarque nos belles actions. Mais notre Père céleste y est attentif. Il remarque toutes bonne actions et il nous récompensera en temps voulu(Mat. 6:4, 6 ; 1 Tim. 5:25 ; Héb 6:10.
      Jéhovah voit tout ce que nous faisons, tôt ou tard, il nous récompensera. En prenant conscience qu’il a l’œil sur nous alors n’ayons pas l’impression d’être sous le regard froid et scrutateur d’une caméra de surveillance. Au contraire, sentons-nous encore plus proche du Dieu bienveillant qui se soucie réellement de nous!
      Revenons à la petite histoire du personnage Amour.
      Avant de vous expliquer le rappels de cette histoire allons lire les paroles de notre Guide JÉSUS CHRIST.
      Allons en Mathieu 22 :37 à 39
      Alors Jésus lui dit : “ Tu dois aimer Jéhovah ton Dieu de tout ton cœur, et de toute ton âme, et de toute ta pensée. 38 C’est là le plus grand et le premier commandement. 39 Le deuxième, qui lui est semblable, est celui-ci : Tu dois aimer ton prochain comme toi-même
      Mathieu 5:44 à 45a
      Continuez d’aimer vos ennemis et de prier pour ceux qui vous persécutent ; 45 afin de vous montrer fils de votre Père qui est dans les cieux.
      Alors revenons à cette histoire que je transmis au début de ce discours.
      Nous avions plusieurs personnages, il eut Amour , Richesse, l'orgueil, la tristesse, le bonheur, Le Temps et Le Savoir. Chacun étaient différents en manière de penser, en comportement, pourtant ils parraissent tous ensembles qu'ils ont réussit leur monde, ils ont ammasé des richesses, leur valeurs étaient différentes en leur coeur, certains étaient très heureux de leur réussites. Les personnages de cette histoire, aucun personnages ne se montrèrent d'aucune arrogance envers Amour mais Richesse, orgueil, tristesse et bonheur ont tous ignoré Amour.
      Amour paraissait être le seul à n'avoir pris aucune précaution au chaos qui venait. Amour avait passé sa vie à comprendre l'Amour de cette vie.
      Il n'avait pas de bateau., il n'avait rien ammassé de cette vie.
      Amour se souvenait que Dieu viendrait le chercher par les nuages matérialisés pour rencontrer le Savoir dans un lieu unique où tout les juste vont. (Psaumes 37:10, 11, 29)
      Le temps dans cette histoire, qui est le vieillard, est Jésus, Jésus à attendu le signal du Savoir avant de sauver sa brebis, Amour.
      Amour avait transmis à chaque personnages son attention de l'amour, son amour pour son prochain était réel, tous le connaissaient par son Nom "Amour".
      Le temps qui est(Jésus, le viellard) même lui l'a appelé Amour par son Nom.
      Qu'à fait Amour pour rencontrer "Le Savoir" qui est Jéhovah, comme Jésus il a pardonné les actions de tout ses ennemis, comme l'action que Jésus à fait dans sa vie relaté en luc 23:34 "Père pardonne leurs, car ils ne savent ce qu 'ils font" par sa maîtrise de soi Amour, il a conservé ses 7 qualités, ( Galates 5:22 -23 ) les plus importantes qualités de sa vie. Amour a enduré jusqu'à presque perde sa vie dans les eaux tumulteuses qui l'envahissaient et il reçu du Savoir, le fruit de L'amour que Jéhovah le Dieu de toutes connaissances, de toutes sagesses et des bénédictions, donne à tout ces vainqueur de la foi.
      Amour a reçu la Récompense de la promesse qu'il avait attendu toute sa vie.
      Pour finir ce discours je vous laisse sur une belle citation de Paul sur le thème de l'Amour.
      L’amour est patient et bon. L’amour n’est pas jaloux, il ne se vante pas, ne se gonfle pas [d’orgueil], 5 n’agit pas de façon inconvenante, ne cherche pas ses propres intérêts, ne s’irrite pas. Il ne tient pas compte du mal subi. 6 Il ne se réjouit pas de l’injustice, mais se réjouit avec la vérité. 7 Il supporte tout, croit tout, espère tout, endure tout. 8 L’amour ne disparaît Jamais, car c'est celui qui aura enduré jusqu'à la fin et les yeux fixer sur L'ESPÉRANCE DE LA PROMESSE DE JÉHOVAH LE DIEU DE TOUTES BÉNÉDICTIONS, celui là recevra le plus beau cadeau inestimable de la vie humaine.
      Comme notre petit personnage Amour Notre persévérance nous donnera la chance de recevoir le Prix des juste et des humbles de la terre.
      Cher Serviteurs de Jéhovah, annoncons La GLOIRE EN NOTRE DIEU Jéhovah le Dieu de L'Amour, de toutes connaissances et de toutes sagesses profondes comme ce petit personnage que fut Amour.
      YHWH ELÉON. Jéhovah le Dieu de toutes bénédictions 


      · 1 reply
    • Eric Ouellet

      L’année du Jubilé et notre liberté à venir
      QUAND vous êtes dans un tunnel ou sur une route dangereuse au milieu d’une forêt très sombre, n’éprouvez-vous pas un réel soulagement lorsque apparaît enfin au loin la lumière du jour ! C’est tout juste si vous ne poussez pas un cri de joie.
      Mais Dieu va bientôt apporter à l’humanité un soulagement qui sera accueilli avec une joie beaucoup plus grande encore. De plus, pour tous ceux qui désirent sincèrement la paix, la justice et la droiture pour eux-mêmes et pour leurs semblables, ce soulagement est déjà en vue. Actuellement, l’humanité se trouve dans une situation si dangereuse que ceux qui discernent la proximité de ce soulagement poussent des cris de joie. Mais encore faut-il avoir la foi pour discerner cela. Pourtant, vous en’aurez pas de mal à l’acquérir si vous considérez ce que Dieu a fait et a déclaré.
      Pour augmenter notre foi et nous encourager, Dieu a veillé à ce que soit écrit tout ce qu’il a fait en faveur de la nation qui, jadis, avait reçu sa loi (Rom. 15:4). En réalité, avec cette nation il a établi un modèle, un modèle, qui a révélé quel genre de Dieu il est et de quelle manière il gouvernera toute la terre sous le règne de son Royaume messianique (I Cor. 10:11). La loi qu’il a donnée à ce peuple n’était qu’“une ombre des bonnes choses à venir”. (Héb. 10:1.) “La réalité [ce que représentaient ces ombres] appartient au Christ.” Autrement dit, sous son règne, ces ombres deviendront des réalités permanentes pour tous les habitants de la terre. — Col. 2:17.
      LE JUBILÉ
      Quand Dieu établit la nation d’Israël en Terre promise, il lui fit prendre un excellent départ. Elle avait tout ce qu’il fallait pour être prospère et pour que l’économie du pays soit parfaitement équilibrée. Toutefois, l’égoïsme et d’autres défauts des Israélites imparfaits ne tardèrent pas à leur créer des difficultés. La nation avait tendance à se diriger vers une situation qui est très courante aujourd’hui : une minorité de gens riches et une énorme majorité de pauvres. Comme de nos jours, les hommes eux-mêmes furent à l’origine de conditions pénibles.
      Comment Dieu s’est-il opposé à cette mauvaise tendance en Israël ? Quelle aide a-t-il offerte aux Israélites, établissant ainsi un modèle pour nous ? A-t-il forcé les riches à partager leurs richesses avec les pauvres ? Non. Cela n’aurait pas été équitable. Il établit ce qu’on appelle le Jubilé ou l’année jubilaire.
      Dans notre langage moderne, un jubilé est une fête joyeuse que l’on célèbre généralement au bout d’un certain nombre d’années. Le terme hébreu traduit par Jubilé était utilisé dans le même sens. Il signifie littéralement “un son prolongé”. Effectivement, le commencement de l’année jubilaire était annoncé par une sonnerie de cor retentissante. Le Jubilé suscitait aussi des cris de joie, car c’était un année de liberté. — Lév. 25:9, 10.
      Pour quelles raisons le Jubilé était-il une source de joie ? À la suite d’un revers financier, un homme s’était peut-être vu dans l’obligation de vendre sa propriété reçue en héritage, afin de pouvoir payer ses dettes. Ou bien, s’étant endettés, les membres d’une famille, ou l’un d’eux seulement, avaient dû se vendre comme esclaves à un voisin plus riche. Bien qu’en Israël un “esclave” hébreu fût en réalité traité comme un ouvrier à gages, celui-ci préférait néanmoins la liberté. Eh bien, le Jubilé était vraiment une époque de joie, car chaque Israélite retournait dans la possession de ses ancêtres. Ses terres lui étaient rendues gratuitement, et tous les esclaves hébreux étaient libérés et retournaient dans la possession que Dieu leur avait donnée. — Lév. 25:28, 39-41.
      Cette loi, qui prévoyait le retour de chacun dans sa possession héréditaire, était-elle injuste pour ceux qui s’étaient enrichis par leur ardeur au travail ? Dieu se montrait-il partial en favorisant le pauvre ? Pas du tout. La valeur des terres était établie d’après le nombre d’années qui précédaient le prochain Jubilé. Aucune terre reçue en héritage ne devait se vendre à perpétuité (Lév. 25:23). La ‘vente’ d’une terre correspondait en réalité au paiement d’un bail à notre époque. L’‘acheteur’ payait en fait la jouissance de la terre et la valeur des récoltes jusqu’au Jubilé suivant (Lév. 25:15, 16). Quand arrivait le Jubilé, le “bail” expirait, et la terre retournait à son propriétaire. Quant à l’‘acheteur’, il ne perdait rien.
      Pensez à tous les bienfaits que la nation d’Israël a pu recevoir aussi longtemps qu’elle a observé cette loi. Au cours des cinquante années qui séparaient deux Jubilés, la situation économique de la nation pouvait être un peu déséquilibrée. Mais au cours du Jubilé la situation originelle était rétablie puisque chaque Israélite reprenait possession de sa terre. De plus, la valeur des propriétés restait stable. Il n’y avait pas d’inflation. Il n’y avait pas non plus une classe de gens très riches et une classe de gens très pauvres. La dignité humaine de chaque individu (et de chaque famille) était respectée. Le Jubilé, chaque cinquantième année, ressemblait vraiment à la lumière du jour au bout du tunnel. Mais en quoi le Jubilé constitue-t-il aujourd’hui une raison solide d’espérer ? De quoi était-il une ombre ?
      UN “JUBILÉ” PLUS GRAND
      Quand Dieu créa l’homme sur la terre, il lui donna un excellent départ. L’homme avait tout ce qu’il fallait pour vivre éternellement dans un bonheur parfait. Mais en se rebellant contre Dieu, Adam attira le malheur sur toute sa famille. Pour prix de son indépendance, il vendit égoïstement ses descendants, les vouant à l’esclavage du péché et de la mort (Rom. 7:14 ; 5:12). Mais Dieu a montré qu’il allait rétablir l’humanité dans sa liberté originelle grâce à un grand “Jubilé”.
      Depuis des siècles, l’humanité est soumise à de terribles difficultés. L’économie de nombreuses villes et nations est ruinée, et les hommes n’ont aucune solution à proposer. L’humanité connaît l’oppression sans parler de la maladie et de la mort qui sont des fardeaux insupportables. Mais Dieu a décidé de se montrer bon envers l’humanité. C’est ce qu’a montré Paul quand, parlant de la soumission au péché, il écrivit : “La création a été soumise à la futilité, non de son plein gré, mais à cause de celui qui l’a soumise, en raison de l’espérance que la création elle aussi sera libérée de l’esclavage de la corruption pour jouir de la liberté glorieuse des enfants de Dieu.” — Rom. 8:20, 21.
      Dieu prévoit donc un “Jubilé” beaucoup plus grand et plus merveilleux pour l’humanité. Ce “Jubilé” symbolique est le règne millénaire qu’exercera le Royaume du Christ. Le présent système tyrannique, caractérisé par l’alliance de la religion, de la politique et du commerce, aura disparu. Pourquoi ? Parce que Dieu dominera alors toute la terre. Concernant cette époque, il dit : “Voici, la tente de Dieu est avec les humains, et il résidera avec eux, et ils seront ses peuples. Et Dieu lui-même sera avec eux. Et il essuiera toute larme de leurs yeux, et la mort ne sera plus ; ni deuil, ni cri, ni douleur ne seront plus. Les choses anciennes ont disparu.” — Rév. 21:3, 4.
      Par ce “Jubilé”, Dieu n’offrira pas seulement une liberté éphémère. Il ne permettra pas que les hommes retombent ensuite dans les mêmes difficultés et qu’ils aient besoin périodiquement d’un Jubilé comme c’était le cas pour les Hébreux. Non, car Jésus Christ ne sera pas seulement Roi, mais aussi Grand Prêtre pour les humains. Son sacrifice propitiatoire permettra d’élever les hommes et les femmes à la perfection du corps et de l’esprit. Ils seront sauvés ‘à la perfection’. À propos de Jésus Christ, le Grand Prêtre, il est écrit : “Il peut aussi sauver d’une manière complète ceux qui, par lui, s’approchent de Dieu, parce qu’il est toujours vivant pour solliciter en leur faveur.” (Héb. 7:25 ; I Cor. 15:26). Chacun pourra entretenir et cultiver une terre. Personne ne craindra alors une crise économique.
      Ce “Jubilé” symbolique apportera vraiment le repos à l’humanité. En effet, l’ancien Jubilé était une année sabbatique. Or le mot “sabbat” signifie “repos”. (Lév. 25:11, 12.) Les humains seront soulagés et guéris de leurs maux. Même les morts seront ressuscités. C’est ce qu’a montré Jésus sur une petite échelle quand, alors qu’il était sur la terre, il a guéri toutes sortes de maladies et ressuscité des morts (Mat. 15:30, 31 ; Luc 5:12-16 ; 7:12-15 ; Jean 11:38-44). Décrivant cet aspect du futur “Jubilé”, la Bible dit : “Et j’ai vu les morts, les grands et les petits, debout devant le trône, et des rouleaux ont été ouverts. Mais un autre rouleau a été ouvert ; c’est le rouleau de vie. Et les morts ont été jugés d’après les choses qui étaient écrites dans les rouleaux, selon leurs actions [actions accomplies durant ce ‘Jubilé’].” — Rév. 20:12, 13.
      Les faits démontrent que ce “Jubilé” ou jour de repos glorieux est maintenant très proche. Jésus Christ a décrit prophétiquement les conditions qui permettraient de discerner la proximité de ce grand jour et du soulagement qu’il apportera. Il parla d’une époque où, dans le monde entier, il y aurait l’“angoisse des nations, désemparées (...), tandis que les hommes défailliront de peur et à cause de l’attente des choses venant sur la terre habitée”. Il ajouta que durant cette période la “bonne nouvelle du royaume” serait prêchée par toute la terre en témoignage à toutes les nations. Cette bonne nouvelle inclurait l’annonce du soulagement qu’apportera le “Jubilé” symbolique, c’est-à-dire la domination de la terre par le Royaume millénaire du Christ. Or, ces choses, nous les voyons aujourd’hui. — Luc 21:25, 26 ; Mat. 24:14.
      Heureusement, le soulagement est en vue ! Jésus ajouta encore que les humains qui entendraient cette bonne nouvelle verraient ce “Jubilé”. À ceux qui l’écoutaient il déclara : “Quand vous verrez arriver ces choses, sachez que le royaume de Dieu est proche. En vérité je vous le dis : Non, cette génération ne passera pas que tout n’arrive.” — Luc 21:31, 32.
      Mais les humains doivent-ils faire quelque chose, ou leur suffit-il d’attendre ? Notez le puissant avertissement par lequel Jésus termina sa prophétie. Il parlait du “jour” ou de la période de temps qui précéderait immédiatement le “Jubilé” durant lequel l’humanité passera de la domination de l’actuelle société décadente à celle du Royaume du Christ. Il déclara : “Mais prenez garde à vous-mêmes, de peur que vos cœurs ne s’alourdissent dans les excès de table, les excès de boisson et les inquiétudes de la vie, et que soudain ce jour-là ne soit tout de suite sur vous, comme un piège. Car il viendra sur tous ceux qui habitent sur la face de toute la terre. Tenez-vous donc éveillés et suppliez en tout temps, pour que vous parveniez à échapper à toutes ces choses qui sont destinées à arriver, et à vous tenir debout devant le Fils de l’homme.” — Luc 21:34-36.
      En accordant trop d’importance aux inquiétudes de la vie et aux choses matérielles, vous risqueriez de vous ‘endormir’ spirituellement. Au contraire, vous pouvez rester ‘éveillé’ en vous efforçant de nouer des relations étroites avec Dieu. Cela est possible en apprenant à connaître la Bible et en opérant les changements qu’elle suggère en ces termes : “Ne vous modelez plus sur ce système de choses-ci, mais transformez-vous en renouvelant votre esprit, afin de constater par vous-mêmes quelle est la bonne, l’agréable et la parfaite volonté de Dieu.” — Rom. 12:2.


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