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By Raquel Segovia
De un régimen especial administrado por la ONU a la particiÃ³n en oeste y este y luego a la unificaciÃ³n tras la guerra de 1967, la ciudad sagrada ha tenido una larga y compleja historia reciente. Hoy es reclamada como capital tanto por Israel como por la Autoridad Nacional Palestina
JerusalÃ©n, la ciudad sagrada del judaÃsmo, el cristianismo y el islam, ha estado bajo control de Israel desde 1967, pero la comunidad internacional nunca reconociÃ³ este statu quo ni aceptÃ³ que el paÃs la considerara su capital.
La situaciÃ³n dio un giro este miÃ©rcoles,Â cuando el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos anunciÃ³ que va a trasladar su embajada desde Tel Aviv hasta JerusalÃ©n, reconociÃ©ndola en su totalidad como capital de Israel, a pesar de que los palestinos tambiÃ©n reclaman el este como la capital de su futuro Estado.
La historia de JerusalÃ©n es larga y compleja, y
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. , que la consideraba su capital. Los palestinos, por su parte, se sostienen en siglos de cohabitar la regiÃ³n junto a judÃos y cristianos. Â Mapa de JerusalÃ©n, entreÂ 1947 y la guerra de 1948 (haga click en el mapa para mÃ¡s informaciÃ³n)
Lo cierto es que la ciudad pasÃ³ por el control de muchos imperios: el Alejandrino, el Romano, el Persa, el Omeya, el AyubÃ, el Otomano y el BritÃ¡nico, por citar solo algunos.
En 1947, laÂ
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. (ONU) estableciÃ³ la particiÃ³n del Mandato de Palestina, controlado por Gran BretaÃ±a, en los territorios de los nuevos Estados de Israel y Palestina. Mapa de JerusalÃ©n, entreÂ 1948 y la guerra de 1967 (haga click en el mapa para mÃ¡s informaciÃ³n)
En el caso de JerusalÃ©n se designÃ³ unÂ RÃ©gimen Internacional Especial, por medio del cual la ciudad serÃa administrada por la ONU. Pero la guerra Ã¡rabe-israelÃ de 1948 impidiÃ³ su implementaciÃ³n, y tras el cese al fuego Israel, controlaba el oeste de la ciudad y Jordania, el este.
En ese momento, Israel la declarÃ³ su capital,Â aunque la comunidad internacional rechazÃ³ este anuncio, invocando la resoluciÃ³n 181.
Mapa de JerusalÃ©n, entreÂ 1967 y la actualidad (haga click en el mapa para mÃ¡s informaciÃ³n)
En 1967, Israel realizÃ³ un ataque preventivo sobre Egipto, de quien temÃa una invasiÃ³n inminente. A los combates enmarcados en la Guerra de los Seis DÃas se sumaron Siria y Jordania del lado egipcioÂ y, tras una espectacular victoria, toda JerusalÃ©n pasÃ³ a estar bajo control israelÃ.
Desde entonces Israel siempre sostuvo que la ciudad era su capital y avanzÃ³ en la construcciÃ³nÂ de asentamientos en el este,Â pero ningÃºn paÃs lo habÃa aceptado hasta ahora. Por otro lado, la OrganizaciÃ³n para la LiberaciÃ³n de Palestina y luego la Autoridad Nacional Palestina designaron al este de JerusalÃ©n como su propia capital,Â lo que tampoco fue aceptado.
By The Librarian
Donald Trump has announced that the time has come for the U.S. to officially recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. There has already been a wave of criticism to the proposal across the Muslim and Arab world.
By The Librarian
The Destruction of the Temple at Jerusalem II
Oil on canvas, 147 x 198 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
By Jack Ryan
Add 2 years: Evil-Merodach "After reigning but two years King Evil-Merodach was murdered" Babylon the Great Has Fallen - God's Kingdom Rules p.184
Add 2 or 12 or 18 years - wp_E_20111001
By The Librarian
Jerusalem, a Middle Eastern city west of the Dead Sea, has been a place of pilgrimage and worship for Jews, Christians and Muslims since the biblical era. Its Old City retains significant religious sites concentrated around the Temple Mount compound, including the Western Wall, sacred to Judaism, and the Dome of the Rock, a 7th-century Islamic shrine with a gold dome.
Jerusalem (/dʒəˈruːsələm/; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim pronounced [jeruʃaˈlajim]; Arabic: القُدس al-Quds pronounced [ˈaːɫ ˈquːdsˤ] ( listen), Bait-ul-Muqaddas (بيت المقدس), meaning "The Holy [City/Home]"), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world. In the ancient cuneiform, Jerusalem was called "Urusalima", meaning "City of Peace", during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BC). It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.
During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed at least twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times. The part of Jerusalem called the City of David was settled in the 4th millennium BCE. In 1538, walls were built around Jerusalem under Suleiman the Magnificent. Today those walls define the Old City, which has been traditionally divided into four quarters—known since the early 19th century as the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. The Old City became a World Heritage Site in 1981, and is on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Modern Jerusalem has grown far beyond the Old City's boundaries.
According to the Biblical tradition, King David conquered the city from the Jebusites and established it as the capital of the United Kingdom of Israel, and his son, King Solomon, commissioned the building of the First Temple. These foundational events, straddling the dawn of the 1st millennium BCE, assumed central symbolic importance for the Jewish people. The sobriquet of holy city (עיר הקודש, transliterated ‘ir haqodesh) was probably attached to Jerusalem in post-exilic times. The holiness of Jerusalem in Christianity, conserved in the Septuagint which Christians adopted as their own authority, was reinforced by the New Testament account of Jesus's crucifixion there. In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city, after Mecca and Medina. In Islamic tradition in 610 CE it became the first qibla, the focal point for Muslim prayer (salat), and Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later, ascending to heaven where he speaks to God, according to the Quran. As a result, despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is home to many sites of seminal religious importance, among them the Temple Mount and its Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock, the Garden Tomband al-Aqsa Mosque.
Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, West Jerusalem was among the areas captured and later annexed by Israel while East Jerusalem, including the Old City, was captured and later annexed by Jordan. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory.[viii] One of Israel's Basic Laws, the 1980 Jerusalem Law, refers to Jerusalem as the country's undivided capital. All branches of the Israeli government are located in Jerusalem, including the Knesset (Israel's parliament), the residences of the Prime Minister and President, and the Supreme Court. Whilst the international community rejected the annexation as illegal and treats East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel, Israel has a stronger claim to sovereignty over West Jerusalem. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, and the city hosts no foreign embassies. Jerusalem is also home to some non-governmental Israeli institutions of national importance, such as the Hebrew University and the Israel Museum with its Shrine of the Book.
In 2011, Jerusalem had a population of 801,000, of which Jews comprised 497,000 (62%), Muslims 281,000 (35%), Christians 14,000 (around 2%) and 9,000 (1%) were not classified by religion.
Biblical Archaeology section (regarding Jerusalem
Archaeologists have probed down to the bedrock foundations of the
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. in old Jerusalem. They have confirmed that the large stones of the wall are not part of any temple that was standing there before Jerusalem’s destruction in 70 C.E. Some people have had the impression that the remnants of the wall are from Solomon’s temple, or from Herod’s temple. But as an Israeli archaeologist stated recently: “The wall you see is not the wall of Solomon’s Temple, . . . Nor is it even the wall of the temple built by Herod the Great,” which was the temple destroyed in 70 C.E.
What was this wall that is now called the
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. ? The archaeologist stated: “When Herod decided to build the temple, he leveled off a site twice as large as the Acropolis—500 by 260 yards (457 by 237 meters)—bolstered by huge retaining walls. The Western “wailing” Wall is that retaining wall.” In his prophecy about Herod’s temple, Jesus said to his followers: “Truly I say to you, By no means will a stone be left here upon a stone and not be thrown down.”
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Archaeology confirms the truth of these prophetic words.
By JW Insider
The October 1, 2011 Watchtower says this date is important for two reasons.
*** w11 10/1 p. 26 When Was Ancient Jerusalem Destroyed?—Part One ***
But why be interested in the actual date when Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II razed the city of Jerusalem? First, because the event marked an important turning point in the history of God’s people. . . .
Second, because knowing the actual year when this “ultimate catastrophe” began and understanding how the restoration of true worship in Jerusalem fulfilled a precise Bible prophecy will build your confidence in the reliability of God’s Word. So why do Jehovah’s Witnesses hold to a date that differs from widely accepted chronology by 20 years? [Emphasis added]
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