By Jack Ryan
Next time we celebrate Columbus Day please remember these two facts about Christopher Columbus:
Columbus rewarded his men with rape victims. His accounts said the men preferred little girls of ten years old because “they are tighter.” His army also practiced the tactic of raping in front of family members, eg raping a daughter in front of the father, wife in front of a husband, etc. to traumatize the entire family. He also fed his attack dogs with Native body parts. Sometimes they tossed wounded Natives to the dogs to watch them be torn apart. Sometimes they tossed living children.
Did I miss something?
By Jack Ryan
Prince's estate released a statement.
At a rally in Mississippi,
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Â bizarrely playedÂ Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Â‘s iconic 1984 song Â“Purple Rain.Â” PrinceÂ’s estate was not here for it. Â“The Prince Estate has never given permission to President Trump or The White House to use PrinceÂ’s songs and have requested that they cease all use immediately,Â” PrinceÂ’s estate said in a statement via Jeremiah Freed, also known asÂ Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. .
Here is a video below of the song being played at the Trump rally:
While Prince was certainly a political artist, he often talked about race, poverty and faith in his music. He was not associated with a particular political party, and he was also open about never voting. In 2009, Prince toldÂ Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Â aboutÂ
Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. ,Â Â“Well, I donÂ’t vote. IÂ’ve donÂ’t have nothing to do with it. IÂ’ve got no dog in that race.Â” He continued, Â“The reason why is that IÂ’m one of the JehovahÂ’s Witnesses and weÂ’ve never voted. ThatÂ’s not to say I donÂ’t think Â… President Obama is a very smart individual and he seems like he means well. Prophecy is what we all have to go by now.Â”
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I beat CBS to the punch by two years in what they said about the Oxycotin pharma fraud. It is in the Prince chapter of Tom Irregardless and Me, there because Prince died a victim of that fraud. Since the Prince chapter is Chapter 1, it is even in the free preview section. I didn’t mention the company or the drug by name. I followed the lead of Watchtower publications, which I have come to understand their reasons mostly through imitating them. You do not name a villain, for as soon as you name one, you create the impression that removing that villain will fix things. Instead, if you should succeed in taking him out, another villain immediately steps into his shoes and the play continues with barely a hiccup. It is the play we are watching, not the heroes and villains in it. You do not have to know the names of the actors to follow the play – it can even be a distraction if you do. The names don’t matter. If one actor doesn’t show up for curtain call, they simply plug in a substitute, and the play continues. 'Tom Irregardless and Me', in the Prince chapter, quotes a Dr. Johnson, who wrote to say he was “forced to paint an unflattering picture of the industry that I have been a part of for the last 15 years. I wish I could tell you that this epidemic was due to an honest mistake. That the science was unclear or had mixed results that only later became evident. But I can’t. I also wish I could tell you that the only reason the problem persists is a ‘lack of physician awareness.’ But I won’t. The reason this opioid problem started and the reason it continues is sadly for the most American reason there is - business.” At one time, Dr. Johnson points out, American doctors prescribed opioids as did doctors everywhere: for pain relief from cancer or acute injury. He then tells of a drug company, introducing a new opioid product in 1996, that swung for the fences. It didn’t want to target just cancer patients. It wanted to target everyone experiencing everyday pain: joint pain and back pain, for example: “To do this, they recruited and paid experts in the field of pain medicine to spread the message that these medicines were not as addictive as previously thought...As a physician in training, I remember being told that the risk of addiction for patients taking opioids for pain was ‘less than one percent.’ What I was not told was that there was no good science to suggest rates of addiction were really that low. That ‘less than one percent’ statistic came from a five-sentence paragraph in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1980. It has come to be known as the Porter and Jick study. However, it was not really a study. It was a letter to the editor; more like a tweet. You can read the whole thing in 90 seconds.” The CBS story of 5 days ago reveals a former drug rep of the company who spills for them.. I had it all two years ago, and it is even more damning. I didn’t put it in the book because illuminating Prince’s JW life was the object of the chapter, not crusading against pharma. In fact, not only was the drug far more addictive than doctors and reps were led to believe, but the pain relief it delivered only lasted a few hours, not the 12 that was advertised. Yet, when complaints of such were received, the company would not permit reps to advise patients take it more often, since that exposed the fact that the much more expensive drug was no better than what was already being used for pain. Instead, the advice was to increase the dosage, and that obviously served to intensify the addictive quality. Prince and millions like him got hooked on a drug that the doctor prescribed, and when doctors started to get squirrelly, withholding supply for fear of what they were unleashing, these ones were driven to the black market to find substitutes. Trying to trash anything organizationally related, @James Thomas Rook Jr.threw in my face that Prince died an addicted druggie. I never truly forgave him for that, but I am ready to now, as I assume he did not know the whole story, just as ones do not know the whole story about abuse allegations. It is here in the first chapter, Prince, which, to my knowledge, is the most complete, and perhaps only, published collection of the artist's JW experiences and interactions. And it is in the free section. Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content.
By Jack Ryan
Jackson, the King of Pop, named one of his children Prince, which only fueled speculation about his feelings toward the elder Prince.
By Jack Ryan
Though Prince portrayed himself as dirty-minded, he noted the irony of Michael Jackson being embroiled in scandal in 2004. "What are my contemporaries doing now?" he said in an Associated Press interview, while Jackson was on trial accused of child molestation. "I'm not entangled in a bunch of lawsuits and a web that I can't get out of. I can hold my head up ... a happily married man who has his head in order. There isn't a bunch of scandal in my life."
By Jack Ryan
Both were Jehovah's Witnesses. Jackson reportedly proselytized door-to-door near his family's home in Encino, Calif. Prince often sang about God and Jesus, including in "I Would Die 4 U." He backed away from some of his dirtier lyrics as he embraced his religion more strongly.
By Jack Ryan
Their race and sexuality were constantly questioned at the peak of their popularity. Both played with the clueless speculation with androgynous wardrobe choices, and their lyrics. "Am I black or white/am I straight or gay?" Prince sang on "Controversy." "Who's black/who's white," Jackson sang on "Black or White."
By Jack Ryan
In 1985, when Prince and Michael Jackson dominated the charts, Prince was criticized for not performing on "We Are the World," a song co-written by Jackson to help starving African children. Prince was reportedly too shy to perform with his fellow artists. Prince & the Revolution did record a gorgeous song for the "We Are the World" album -- "4 the Tears in Your Eyes."
via .ORGWorld News
By Queen Esther
Prince's death puts spotlight on Jehovah's Witnesses ❤
Prince's death has put an unprecedeted spotlight on his JW -
in suburban Minneapolis, as well as the Jehovah's Witness faith nationally.
'We lost a spiritual brother' in Prince'....
For more than a decade, Prince spent many Sunday mornings inside a simple Jehovah’s Witnesses hall in a Minneapolis suburb, listening to Bible readings, sharing his insights in group discussions, and singing such hymns as “God’s Promise of Paradise” and “Be Forgiving.”
“His beliefs were very, very strong,” said Larry Graham, a close friend who introduced Prince to the faith.
While the superstar was comfortable door-knocking in Minnesota to spread the Bible’s message — a requirement for all Witnesses — he also tried to spread Jehovah’s teachings to musicians and others in his circle, Graham said. “It’s a side of him most people don’t know,” he said.
As Prince fans across the globe await an explanation of his unexpected death on April 21, worshipers at this St. Louis Park church remember a modest guy who would slip into the fellowship hall on Sundays with zero fanfare.
Ironically, in death, he has put an unprecedented spotlight on his church.
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“We’re seeing a tremendous surge in interest,” said Jim Lundstrom, a church elder in St. Louis Park. “I’ve gotten calls from Paris, London, Africa … and all points in between. Now our name is coming to the fore.”
Like the others in this church, Prince didn’t fear death, because he believed in a future earthly paradise. But, Graham said, the superstar was not planning to make his worldly exit yet. Graham said he knew nothing of opioid painkillers, now the focus of Prince’s death investigation.
Graham also denied claims that Prince couldn’t have hip surgery because his faith prohibited blood transfusions.
While Jehovah’s Witnesses can’t get blood transfusions, medical technology offers alternatives, Graham said.
In fact, Lundstrom belongs to a national network of hospital liaisons who help church members at the Mayo Clinic, the University of Minnesota and elsewhere receive optimal care without transfusions.
“We recognize that life is a gift from God,” said Graham, a bass player for the 1960s funk band Sly and the Family Stone. “Any medical treatment that will make us well again, we seek that.”
Prince’s Sunday home
About 70 people sat with Bible study pamphlets on their laps at Prince’s Jehovah’s Witnesses hall last Sunday. It’s a simple room, with no crucifixes or religious symbols — just comfortable chairs and plenty of Bibles and Watchtower publications available at the door.
“He’d usually sit over there,” said one member, gesturing to the rows center and back.
The nearly two-hour service opened with a hymn, and then a guest speaker preached about the Bible being an “owner’s manual for our lives.” That was followed by an hourlong, engaging discussion about loyalty to God, during which worshipers answered questions such as: “How can you be loyal to both Jehovah and your friend or relative?”
The service ended with a simple prayer and a song, and folks meandered out the door.
Prince’s path to this church began at an after-concert party in Nashville about 20 years ago, Graham said. Prince and Graham, both performing in town that night, found themselves talking about life’s big questions.
Prince later asked Graham, a member of Jehovah’s Witnesses since 1975, if he would consider moving to Minneapolis to continue teaching him the Bible. Graham, at the time living in Montego Bay, Jamaica, said yes. He has been Prince’s spiritual mentor and close friend ever since.
“We started studying the Bible on a regular basis,” recalled Graham. “And the more he learned, the more questions he had, like: ‘Why are we here? Where is everything heading? What’s the future for mankind, for the Earth?’ ”
Prince also learned that Jehovah’s Witnesses do not celebrate Christmas and Easter, for example, because those holidays have roots in pagan traditions. They do not serve in the military. They view Jesus as the son of God, but not God, and they don’t believe in a trinity. They pray to God, called Jehovah, who will return to rule a paradise on Earth.
Prince, known as “Brother Nelson,” joined Jehovah’s Witnesses in 2003.
The church was a beneficiary of Prince’s philanthropy, but it’s difficult to say how much he gave. Collection plates are not passed. Giving is done privately, often in cash and often at a church table with two slots marked “Local Congregation Expenses” and “Worldwide Work.”
No will for Prince has surfaced, and Graham said he was unaware if Jehovah’s Witnesses would benefit from a $100-million-plus estate now being claimed by Prince’s family members.
Near the giving table is a large map of St. Louis Park, with every street on a grid that is used for door-to-door ministry.
“We have the whole world [mapped],” said George Cook, a church elder eyeing the map. “We’re very organized.”
There are about 8 million Jehovah’s Witnesses worldwide, he said, and about 15,000 are Minnesotans.
Ministry, Prince style
It wasn’t uncommon for Prince and Graham — or Prince and other church members — to grab their Bibles and head out to neighborhoods. Sometimes people recognized their famous visitor, sometimes not. He enjoyed it, Graham said. And having a celebrity like Prince as a visible supporter made others more interested in checking out the religion, he said.
But Prince’s ministry extended beyond the city map.
“If there was some visitor at Paisley Park, they could sit down and have a conversation,” said Graham. “It could be after a show. Or you could just be out and about, and run into people, and just start talking about the Bible. Many, many kinds of settings.
“He would never try to force his beliefs on anyone. But he was always willing to share the things he learned in the Bible.”
One thing Prince learned was to be “a positive person,” Graham said. He ate and drank in moderation. He stopped cursing. And he stopped writing the raunchy lyrics that characterized some of his early work.
Prince also was at Graham’s side at various Jehovah’s Witnesses conferences, digging deeper into an unusual faith he credited with turning his life around.
“[The Bible] helps you with every aspect of your life,” Prince said in a 2004 interview. “Once you can clean out the cobwebs, so to speak, you can see everything more clearly.”
A type of protection
When asked why a free-spirited musician would choose a structured faith, Graham said that’s not how he — or Prince — saw it.
“It’s not really restrictive. It’s more like a protection from things that could possibly harm us,” Graham said. “So it’s a positive thing … and making you a better person.”
Prince was particularly drawn to biblical messages of a hopeful future, he said. One of his favorite passages was Revelations 21:3-4, which states that God ultimately will dwell with his people and that “death will be no more.”
“The resurrection and the hope for the future — and many more [passages] — we discussed many weeks and many months and years,” Graham said.
“A lot of people will remember Prince for his music,” he added. “But he’d also want people to know what he learned from the Bible. We lost a really good friend and a spiritual brother.”
UNTIL TO PARADISE........ OUR DEAR BROTHER ❤
♪ ♫ ♪ ♫.♪ ♫ ♪ ♫.♪ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♫.♪ ♫ ♪ ♫.♪ ♫ ♪ ♫ ♪ ♫.♪ ♫
By Guest Nicole
Para aquellos que siguen el camino de la rectitud, la recompensa estÃ¡ en el mÃ¡s allÃ¡: "Un mundo de felicidad sin fin donde siempre puedes ver el sol, de dÃa o de noche".
Prince grabÃ³ canciones con mensajes religiosos mÃ¡s explÃcitos (incluyendo el Ã¡lbum conceptual "The Rainbow Children" sobre los Testigos de JehovÃ¡), pero nunca volviÃ³ hacer sonar la fe con tanto gusto.
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By Guest Nicole
Veinte años antes, en una entrevista con la revista Guitar World Magazine, el cantante y compositor que murió el 21 de abril de 2016 por una sobredosis de medicamentos, consignó su rechazo hacia las tecnologías digitales que se popularizaban para manipular y rescatar las voces de cantantes muertos.
“Ciertamente no. Esa es la cosa más demoníaca imaginable. Todo es como es y como debería ser. Si hubiera sido mi destino tocar con Duke Ellington (un compositor americano que murió en 1974), habríamos vivido en la misma época. Toda esa realidad virtual... es realmente demoníaca. Yo no soy un demonio”, respondió por las técnicas que permitían juntar voces que habitan en planos diferentes.
"Además, lo que hicieron con la canción de los Beatles ['Free As a Bird'], manipular la voz de John Lennon para que cantara desde el otro lado de la tumba... eso nunca me pasará. Para evitar que este tipo de situación ocurra, es otra de las razones por las que quiero el control artístico”, agregó el también guitarrista, que pertenecía a los Testigos de Jehová.
Estas palabras de Prince retumbaban en la memoria de sus familiares y amigos, quienes en la víspera del juego entre los Eagles de Filadelfia y los Patrios de Nueva Inglaterra tomaron las redes sociales para expresarse en contra del uso del holograma. La disputa se armó tan pronto trascendió que el exmiembro del grupo NSYNC reviviría al enigmático cantante y compositor en su homenaje mediante dicha tecnología.
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By Raquel Segovia
Amazonas, caníbales, animales fantÃ¡sticos, conflictos con la tripulaciÃ³n, errores de ubicaciÃ³n, botellas al mar, promesas para regresar vivo y otras imperdibles anÃ©cdotas de su Diario de a bordo
En 1492, CristÃ³bal ColÃ³n ya era un experimentado navegante y cartÃ³grafo; se habÃa iniciado a los 11 aÃ±os y llevaba mÃ¡s de dos dÃ©cadas en el oficio. El original del diario de a bordo de su primer viaje se perdiÃ³, pero fray BartolomÃ© de Las Casas, que lo acompaÃ±Ã³ en una de sus travesÃas, lo compendiÃ³ en suÂ Historia de las indias. El religiosoÂ transcribiÃ³ textualmente largos pasajes del texto de ColÃ³n; el resto lo relatÃ³ en tercera persona, respetando la cronologÃa y las fechas de cada entrada.
Este documento Ãºnico permite conocer de primera manoÂ el acontecimiento que hace mÃ¡s de cinco siglos, cambiÃ³ los lÃmites del mundoÂ hasta entonces conocido por Occidente y fundÃ³ una nueva civilizaciÃ³n, fruto delÂ mestizaje Ã©tnico y cultural.
Entre los tÃ³picos del relato, podemos citar: que los indÃgenas creyeron que los espaÃ±oles venÃan del cielo, que cambiaban vÃveres y pequeÃ±as piezas de oro por baratijas (trozos de vidrio o cerÃ¡mica, cascabeles, etcÃ©tera), su sensaciÃ³n de haber descubierto el paraÃso terrenal por la exuberante naturaleza, el carÃ¡cter pacÃfico de los aborÃgenes y la obsesiÃ³n por encontrar oro, el mejor tributo que podÃa llevar a Madrid.
Â Â Â A continuaciÃ³n, algunasÂ historias llamativas, extractadas delÂ Diario de a bordo. CristÃ³bal ColÃ³nÂ (Editorial Claridad 2010).
La doble "contabilidad" de ColÃ³n
El AlmiranteÂ llevaba una doble contabilidad del millaje realizado, paraÂ engaÃ±ar a la tripulaciÃ³n acerca de la verdadera distancia recorrida. En palabras deÂ BartolomÃ© de Las Casas: "Â…Â siempre fingÃa a la gente que hacÃa poco camino, porque no les pareciese largo, por manera que escribiÃ³ por dos caminos aquel viaje: el menor fue el fingido y el mayor el verdadero". Por ejemplo, el miÃ©rcoles 26 de septiembre, recorrieron en un dÃa y una noche 31 leguas, pero "contÃ³ a la gente 23". AsÃ, dÃa a dÃa, descontaba entre un 10 y un 30 por ciento a la distancia real, para contener la ansiedad de sus subordinados.
Pese a todo, en los primeros dÃas de octubre, tras dos meses de viaje,Â no pudo evitar un principio de amotinamientoÂ por una tripulaciÃ³n que cansada de ver sÃ³lo mar y posiblemente asustada, deseaba dar media vuelta.
A su regreso, nuevamente ColÃ³n miente sobre la distancia recorrida, pero esta vez con otra intenciÃ³n. "Y diz queÂ fingiÃ³ haber andado mÃ¡s caminoÂ por desatinar a los pilotos y marineros que carteaban, por quedar Ã©l seÃ±or de aquella derrota (ruta) de las IndiasÂ…", explica Las Casas.
Â Â CreyÃ³ que habÃa pasado cerca de JapÃ³n
El miÃ©rcoles 3 de octubre -a dÃas de avistar tierra- ColÃ³n anota en su diario que veÃa hierba flotando en el agua que "traÃa como fruta" y "pardelas" (un tipo de aves marinas), por lo queÂ creyÃ³ que estaba pasando al costado del legendario "Cipango", es decir, del JapÃ³n, pero no quiso desviarse de su rutaÂ ni de su objetivo que era llegar a las Indias.
El 23 de octubre, anota en su diario: "Quisiera hoy partir paraÂ la isla de Cuba, que creo que debe ser Cipango". MÃ¡s tarde, en el interior de La EspaÃ±ola (nombre que habÃa dado a HaitÃ), un sitio que los indios llaman "Cibao", de nuevo le hace pensar que se trata de JapÃ³nÂ…
CÃ³mo ve aÂ los nativos
La primera etnia con la cual toma contacto ColÃ³n es la de losÂ taÃnos, que poblaban lasÂ Antillas, Puerto Rico, Cuba y Jamaica. VivÃan en laÂ Edad de PiedraÂ y, acosados por los caribes Â–una tribu agresiva y canÃbal en expansiÃ³n- estaban migrando hacia el oeste.
El mismo 12 de octubre, ColÃ³n los describe asÃ: "Me pareciÃ³ que era gente muy pobre de todo. EllosÂ andan todos desnudos como su madre los pariÃ³, y tambiÃ©n las mujeres, (Â…) muy bien hechos, de muy hermosos cuerpos y muy buenas caras, los cabellos gruesos casi como cerdas de cola de caballos y cortos. (Â….) Â…y son del color de los canarios, ni negros ni blancos (Â…). (Â…) EllosÂ no traen armas ni las conocen, porque les mostrÃ© espadas y las tomaban por el filo, y se cortaban con ignorancia".
Â La primera etnia con la que tomÃ³ contacto ColÃ³n fue la de los taÃnos 14 de octubre: "Nos preguntaban si Ã©ramos venidos del Cielo", escribe el 14 de octubre. Y el 16:Â "No les conozco secta ninguna, y creo que muy presto se tornarÃan cristianos".
Descubrimiento del tabaco
El 6 de noviembre, regresanÂ dos hombres a los que ColÃ³n enviÃ³ a explorar tierra adentro de Cuba. "Hallaron los dos cristianos -cuenta Las Casas- por el camino mucha gente que atravesaba a sus pueblos, mujeres y hombres,Â con un tizÃ³n en la mano, hierbas para tomar sus sahumeriosÂ que acostumbraban". Es la primera referencia al tabaco. En otro texto, BartolomÃ© de Las Casas explica: "Â… son unas hierbas secas metidas en una cierta hoja, seca tambiÃ©n,Â a manera de mosquete hecho de papelÂ… y encendido por la una parte dÃ©l, por la otra chupan o sorben o reciben con el resuello para adentro aquel humo;Â con el cual se adormecen las carnes y cuasi emborracha, y asÃ diz que no sienten el cansancio. Estos mosquetes, o como les nombraremos,Â llaman ellos tabacos. EspaÃ±oles cognoscÃ yo en esta isla EspaÃ±ola, que los acostumbraron a tomar, que siendo reprendidos por ello, diciÃ©ndoseles que aquello era vicio, respondÃan que no era en su mano dejallos de tomar:Â no sÃ© quÃ© sabor o provecho hallaban en ellos".
Un mundo fantÃ¡stico
"El dÃa pasado (9 de enero), cuando el Almirante iba al RÃo del Oro, dijo que vidoÂ tres sirenas que salieron bien alto de la mar, pero no eran tan hermosas como las pintan, que en alguna manera tenÃan forma de hombre en la cara". La nota del editor sostiene que estas "sirenas haitianas" posiblemente eran en realidad manatÃes o elefantes marinosÂ…
Â Â El 4 de noviembre, anota Las Casas: EntendiÃ³ tambiÃ©n que lejos de allÃ habÃaÂ hombres de un ojo y otros con hocicos de perrosÂ que comÃan los hombres, y que en tomando a uno lo degollaban y le bebÃan la sangre y le cortaban su natura". Historias muy parecidas a leyendas medievalesÂ…
PinzÃ³n se corta soloÂ Â
Mareado por la posibilidad de encontrar oro,Â MartÃn Alonso PinzÃ³n,Â comandante de la Pinta, se larga hacia la direcciÃ³n seÃ±alada por los indÃgenas,Â "pensando henchir el navÃo de oro", sin permiso de ColÃ³n. Ambos hombres estarÃ¡n separados desde el 21 de noviembre hasta el 6 de enero de 1493, cuando PinzÃ³n vuelve con las manos vacÃas.Â
El domingo 6 de enero anota Las Casas: "Vino MartÃn Alonso PinzÃ³n a la carabela NiÃ±a, donde iba el Almirante, a se excusar diciendo que se habÃa partido de Ã©l contra su voluntad, dando razones para ello. Pero el Almirante diceÂ que eran falsas todas, y que con mucha soberbia y codicia se habÃaÂ apartado aquella nocheÂ que se apartÃ³ de Ã©l, y que no sabÃa, dice el Almirante, de dÃ³nde le hubiese venido lasÂ soberbias y deshonestidad que habÃa usado con Ã©l en aquel viaje, las cualesÂ quiso el Almirante disimular por no dar lugar a las malas obras de SatanÃ¡s,Â que deseaba impedir aquel viaje,Â (Â…)Â sino que por dicho de un indio (Â…) que en una isla que se llamaba Baneque habÃa mucho oro, y como tenÃa el navÃo sotil y ligero, se quiso apartar y ir por sÃ dejando al Almirante."
Â Â Los canÃbales que dieron nombre al Caribe
Al llegar ColÃ³n, los caniba o caribes eran un pueblo en expansiÃ³n que dominaba las Antillas y aterrorizaba a indÃgenas mÃ¡s pacÃficos, como los taÃnos o arauacos.Â Los aborÃgenes le cuentan a ColÃ³n terribles historias de antropofagia.
"Toda la gente que hasta hoy ha hallado diz queÂ tiene grandÃsimo temor de los caniba o canima,Â y dicen que viven en esta isla de BohÃo (HaitÃ), y de los queÂ temÃan "que los habÃan de comer",Â anota Las Casas.
Convencido de estar en Las Indias, ColÃ³n dice: "Torno a decir como otras veces dije, que Caniba no es otra cosa sinoÂ la gente del Gran Can (Khan), que debe ser aquÃ muy vecino; y tendrÃ¡ navÃos y vendrÃ¡n a cautivarlos".
Y el 17 de diciembreÂ escribe Las Casas: Â ".. y trujÃ©ronles ciertas flechas de los de los Caniba o de los canÃbales (Â…). MostrÃ¡ronles dos hombres que les faltaban algunos pedazos de carne de su cuerpo y eÂ hiciÃ©ronles entender que los canÃbales los habÃan comido a bocados; el Almirante no los creyÃ³".
El 26 diciembre, a los indios de La EspaÃ±ola "el Almirante les dijo por seÃ±as que los Reyes de Castilla mandarÃan destruir a los caribes".
Â Â Amazonas
El domingo 6 de enero de 1493, transcribe Las Casas: "Supo el Almirante que allÃ, hacia el Leste (sic), habÃa una isla a donde no habÃa sino solas mujeres [en referencia a las Amazonas]".Â
La identificaciÃ³n de esta isla ha sido motivo de mucha polÃ©mica entre los historiadores. Algunos dijeron Martinica y para otros Guadalupe.
Las Casas escribe: "DijÃ©ronle los indios que por aquella vÃa hallarÃa la isla de Matinino, que diz era poblada de mujeres sin hombres, lo cual el Almirante mucho quisiera (ver) por llevar diz que a los Reyes cinco o seis de ellas; (Â…)Â Â…a cierto tiempo del aÃ±o venÃan los hombres a ellas de la dicha isla de Carib, (y)Â si parÃan niÃ±o enviÃ¡banlo a la isla de los hombres, y si niÃ±a, dejÃ¡banla consigo.Â Diz el Almirante (que) creÃa que eran al Sudeste, y que los indios no le supieron seÃ±alar la derrota".
Â Los indÃgenas le hablan a ColÃ³n de una isla habitada por mujeres sin hombresÂ… De este modo,Â un mito que ya existÃa en la cultura greco-occidental se traslada al Nuevo Mundo, pero nunca se pudo confirmar la existenciaÂ de esta comunidad exclusivamente femenina que se relacionaba con los varones sÃ³lo a los fines de la procreaciÃ³n.
Casi no vuelve
A su regreso, a la altura de las islas Azores, el 14 de febrero, enfrenta una tormenta tan severa que temiÃ³ lo peor. Se encomienda a Dios pensando que, "si le habÃa librado a la ida, cuando tenÃa mayor razÃ³n de temer de los trabajos que con los marineros y gente que llevaba, los cuales todos a una voz estaban determinados de se volver, y alzarse contra Ã©lÂ (y) el eterno Dios le dio esfuerzo y valor contra todos (Â…) no debiera temer la dicha tormenta".
Cuando se creyÃ³ perdido,Â "tomÃ³ un pergamino y escribiÃ³ en Ã©l todo lo que pudoÂ de todo lo que habÃa hallado -escribe Las Casas-, rogando mucho a quien lo hallase que le llevase a los reyes. Este pergamino envolviÃ³ en un paÃ±o encerado, atado muy bien, y mandÃ³ traerÂ un gran barril de madera y pÃºsolo en Ã©lÂ sin que ninguna persona supiese quÃ© era (Â…) y asÃ lo mandÃ³ echar en la mar".
Â Â AfortunadamenteÂ ColÃ³n no naufragÃ³, pero este comentario de su diario dio pie a que muchos fabuladores juraran haber encontrado elÂ pergaminoÂ de ColÃ³n. "SÃ³lo de vez en cuando alguno, demasiado listo, hace su agosto a costa de los demasiado crÃ©dulos y brinda al mundo entero su genial descubrimiento", dice la nota del editor.
La mano de Dios
En el sitio donde encallÃ³ la carabela Santa MarÃa -por un descuido de su tripulaciÃ³n- decide ColÃ³n crear un asentamiento. El 26 de diciembre escribe: "Â… vinieron tantas cosas de la mano, queÂ verdaderamente no fue aquel desastre salvo gran ventura, porque es cierto que si yo no encallara, que yo fuera de largo sin surgir en este lugar", no habrÃa encontrado el lugar que considerÃ³ ideal para asentar poblaciÃ³n. Deja a 39 deÂ sus hombres al mando deÂ Diego de Arana, Pedro GutiÃ©rrez y Rodrigo Escobedo. Y el 6 de enero, convencido de que fue la mano de Dios la que lo llevÃ³ a ese sitio, escribe a los Reyes: "AsÃ que, SeÃ±ores PrÃncipes, que yo conozco que milagrosamente mandÃ³ quedar allÃ aquella nao Nuestro SeÃ±or, porque es el mejor lugar de toda la isla para hacer el asiento y mÃ¡s cerca de las minas de oro".Â
Â La construcciÃ³n del Fuerte Navidad en el sitio donde encallÃ³ la carabela Santa MarÃa ColÃ³n llevaba intÃ©rpretes
En las carabelas, traÃa intÃ©rpretes de latÃn, griego, Ã¡rabe, arameo y tÃ¡rtaro, convencido de que iba hacia las Indias.Â De nada le sirvieron, porque habÃa llegado a un nuevo mundo, donde se hablaba una gran diversidad de lenguas.
No sabÃan Â–y ColÃ³n nunca llegÃ³ a saberlo- que no habÃan llegado a Cipango (JapÃ³n) ni al Catai-Mangui (China). Inclusive llevaba cartas de los Reyes para el Gran Khan, que obviamente no pudo entregar.
El diccionario de CristÃ³bal ColÃ³n
En su diario, fue anotando las palabras que aprendÃa.Â "Canoa es una barca en que navegan, y son de ellas grandes y de ellas pequeÃ±as".Â CanoaÂ es laÂ primera palabra autÃ³ctona que inscribiÃ³ en su diario,Â el 26 de octubre de 1492. Como las embarcaciones de los nativos no se parecÃan a las de Europa, usÃ³ el vocablo local. "Son navetas de un madero adonde no llevan velas. Ã‰stas son las canoas".Â En otra ocasiÃ³n repitiÃ³: "Muy grandesÂ almadÃas, que los indios llaman canoas". AlmadÃa es un arabismo para balsa o barca.
Â Â Por lo general,Â son los vocablos que designan objetos sin equivalente en EuropaÂ los que serÃ¡n incorporados al castellano.
Es el caso, por ejemplo deÂ hamaca. ColÃ³n empieza describiendo el objeto: "Camas (que) son como redes de algodÃ³n". Y mÃ¡s adelante, el 3 de noviembre, escribe: "Redes en que dormÃan, que son hamacas".
"ElÂ ajÃÂ es su pimienta", explica, en otra entrada del diario.Otro tÃ©rmino que se va sumando esÂ cacique, que por momentos ColÃ³n traduce como "rey".
Pero hay ciertos vocablos indÃgenas presentes en el Diario de ColÃ³n no subsistirÃ¡n. Es el caso por ejemplo deÂ ajesÂ (un tubÃ©rculo parecido a la batata),Â cazabeÂ (pan),Â nitaine(noble),Â tuobÂ yÂ nocayÂ (tÃ©rminos usados para el oro), etcÃ©tera. TendrÃ¡n mejor suerteÂ bohÃoyÂ caribe.
BohÃoÂ era el nombre dado a lasÂ viviendasÂ y tambiÃ©nÂ el deÂ la isla que ColÃ³n bautizarÃ¡ como La EspaÃ±ola (hoyÂ HaitÃ y Dominicana).
Â Â Â
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"I would have enjoyed jamming with Prince. Not musically, of course - I can’t play guitar – but spiritually, in the ministry. We would have been seamless together; we’re on the same page – all Witnesses are. But it wasn’t to be in this system of things. Prince was always busy. And I was – well, no – I would have found the time. But in the new system it will happen. I’m looking forward to it. In fact, a few hundred years on, once I’ve learned to play guitar, we’ll even jam together musically. He’ll put up with me plucking along, even as he casts a revisionist’s eye toward the Kingdom Songs."
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Prince is the one whose unauthorized remixing of Kingdom songs caused a stir several years back, Bethel even sending out letters that they were not authorized.
By Guest Nicole
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Prince Rogers Nelson (born June 7, 1958 - April 21, 2016) (57 yrs, old), known by his mononym Prince, is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and actor. He has produced ten platinum albums and thirty Top 40 singles during his career. He has written several hundred songs and produces and records his own music for his own music label. In addition, he has promoted the careers of Sheila E., Carmen Electra, the Time and Vanity 6, and his songs have been recorded by these artists and others, including Chaka Khan, The Bangles, Sinéad O'Connor, and Kim Basinger.
Born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Prince developed an interest in music at an early age, writing his first song at age seven. After recording songs with his cousin's band 94 East, seventeen-year-old Prince recorded several unsuccessful demo tapes before releasing his debut album, For You, in 1978. His 1979 album, Prince, went platinum due to the success of the singles "Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?" and "I Wanna Be Your Lover". His next three records, Dirty Mind (1980), Controversy (1981), and 1999 (1982) continued his success, showcasing Prince's trademark of prominently sexual lyrics and incorporation of elements of funk, dance and rock music. In 1984, he began referring to his backup band as the Revolution and released the album Purple Rain, which served as the soundtrack to his film debut of the same name.
After releasing the albums Around the World in a Day (1985) and Parade (1986), The Revolution disbanded and Prince released the critically acclaimed double album Sign "O" the Times (1987) as a solo artist. He released three more solo albums before debuting the New Power Generation band in 1991. After changing his stage name to an unpronounceable symbol (Prince logo.svg), also known as the "Love Symbol", in 1993, he began releasing new albums at a faster pace to remove himself from contractual obligations to Warner Bros; he released five records between 1994 and 1996 before signing to Arista Records in 1998. In 2000, he began referring to himself as "Prince" once again. He has released thirteen albums since then, including his latest, 20Ten, released in 2010.
Prince has a wide vocal range and is known for his flamboyant stage presence and costumes. He has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling artists of all time. He has won seven Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe, and an Academy Award. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, the first year he was eligible. Rolling Stone has ranked Prince No. 27 on its list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Prince's music has been influenced by rock, R&B, soul, funk, hip hop, blues, new wave, electronica, disco, psychedelia, folk, jazz, and pop. His artistic influences include Sly & the Family Stone, Parliament-Funkadelic, Joni Mitchell, the Beatles, Johnny "Guitar" Watson, Miles Davis, Carlos Santana, Jimi Hendrix, James Brown, Led Zeppelin, Marvin Gaye, the Isley Brothers, Todd Rundgren[citation not found] Duke Ellington, Curtis Mayfield, and Stevie Wonder. Prince pioneered the "Minneapolis sound", a hybrid mixture of funk, rock, pop, R&B and new wave that has influenced many other musicians.
Prince Rogers Nelson was born June 7, 1958, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, to John L. Nelson and Mattie Shaw, though his roots are centered in Louisiana with all four of his grandparents hailing from the state. Prince's father was a pianist and songwriter and his mother was a jazz singer. Prince was named after his father, whose stage name was Prince Rogers, and who performed with a jazz group called the Prince Rogers Trio. In a 1991 interview with A Current Affair, Prince's father said, "I named my son Prince because I wanted him to do everything I wanted to do." Prince's childhood nickname was Skipper.
In a PBS interview Prince told Tavis Smiley that he was "born epileptic" and "used to have seizures" when he was young. During the interview Prince also said that "my mother told me one day I walked in to her and said, 'Mom, I'm not going to be sick anymore,' and she said 'Why?' and I said 'Because an angel told me so.' "
Prince's sister Tika Evene (usually called Tyka) was born in 1960. Both siblings developed a keen interest in music, and this was encouraged by their father. Prince wrote his first tune, "Funk Machine" on his father's piano when he was seven. Prince's parents separated when Prince was ten years old. Following their separation, Prince constantly switched homes: sometimes he lived with his father, and sometimes with his mother and stepfather. Finally he moved into the home of a neighbor, the Andersons, and befriended their son, Andre Anderson, who later became known as André Cymone.
Prince and Anderson joined Prince's cousin, Charles Smith, in a band called Grand Central while they were attending Minneapolis's Central High School. Smith was later replaced by Morris Day on the drums. Prince played piano and guitar for the band which performed at clubs and parties in the Minneapolis area. Grand Central later changed its name to Champagne and started playing original music influenced by Sly & the Family Stone, James Brown, Earth, Wind & Fire, Miles Davis, Parliament-Funkadelic, Carlos Santana, Jimi Hendrix, and Todd Rundgren. Prince also played basketball in high school.
CareerBeginnings and breakthrough (1975–84)
In 1975, Pepe Willie, the husband of Prince's cousin, Shauntel, formed the band 94 East with Marcy Ingvoldstad and Kristie Lazenberry. Willie hired André Cymone and Prince to record tracks with 94 East. Those songs were written by Willie and Prince contributed guitar tracks. Prince also co-wrote, with Willie, the 94 East song, "Just Another Sucker". The band recorded tracks which later became the album Minneapolis Genius – The Historic 1977 Recordings. Prince also recorded, but never released, a song written by Willie, "If You See Me" (also known as, "Do Yourself a Favor"). In 1995, Willie released the album 94 East featuring Prince, Symbolic Beginning, which included original recordings by Prince and Cymone. In 1976, Prince created a demo tape with producer Chris Moon in Moon's Minneapolis studio. Unable to secure a recording contract, Moon brought the tape to Minneapolis businessman Owen Husney. Husney signed Prince, at the age of 17, to a management contract and helped Prince create a demo recording at Sound 80 Studios in Minneapolis using producer/engineer David Z. The demo recording, along with a press kit produced at Husney's ad agency, resulted in interest from several record companies including Warner Bros. Records, A&M Records, and Columbia Records. With the help of Husney, Prince signed a recording contract with Warner Bros.. Warner Bros. agreed to give Prince creative control for three albums and ownership of the publishing rights. Husney and Prince then left Minneapolis and moved to Sausalito, California where Prince's first album, For You, was recorded at Record Plant Studios. Subsequently, the album was mixed in Los Angeles and released in on April 7, 1978. According to the For You album notes, Prince produced, arranged, composed and played all 27 instruments on the recording. The album was written and performed by Prince, except for the song "Soft and Wet" which had lyrics co-written by Moon. The cost of recording the album was twice Prince's initial advance. Prince used the Prince's Music Co. to publish his songs. "Soft and Wet" reached No. 12 on the Hot Soul Singles chart and No. 92 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song "Just as Long as We're Together" reached No.91 on the Hot Soul Singles chart.
In 1979 Prince created a band which included André Cymone on bass, Dez Dickerson on guitar, Gayle Chapman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, and Bobby Z. on drums. Their first show was at the Capri Theater on January 5, 1979. Warner Bros. executives attended the show but decided that Prince and the band needed more time to develop his music. In October 1979, Prince released a self-titled album, Prince, which was No.4 on the Billboard Top R&B/Black Albums charts, and No.22 on the Billboard 200, going platinum. It contained two R&B hits: "Why You Wanna Treat Me So Bad?" and "I Wanna Be Your Lover". "I Wanna Be Your Lover" sold over a million copies, and reached No. 11 on the Billboard Hot 100, and No.1 for two weeks on the Hot Soul Singles chart. Prince performed both these songs on January 26, 1980 on American Bandstand. On this album, Prince used Ecnirp Music – BMI.
In 1980 Prince released the album, Dirty Mind, which he recorded in his own studio. The album was certified gold and the attendant single "Uptown" reached No. 5 on the Billboard Dance chart and No. 5 on the Hot Soul Singles charts. Prince was also the opening act for Rick James' 1980 Fire It Up tour. Dirty Mind contained sexually explicit material, including the title song, "Head", and the song "Sister". In February 1981, Prince made his first appearance on Saturday Night Live, performing "Partyup". In October 1981, Prince released the album, Controversy. He played several dates in support of it, at first as one of the opening acts for the Rolling Stones, who were then on tour in the U.S. He began 1982 with a small tour of college towns where he was the headlining act. The songs on Controversy were published by Controversy Music – ASCAP, a practice he continued until the Emancipation album in 1996. Controversy also marked the introduction of Prince's use of abbreviated spelling, such as spelling the words you as U, to as 2, and for as 4, as indicated by the inclusion of the track "Jack U Off". (His earlier song titles had used conventional spelling.) By 2002, MTV.com noted that "[n]ow all of his titles, liner notes and Web postings are written in his own shorthand spelling, as seen on 1999's Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic, which featured 'Hot Wit U.'"
In 1981, Prince formed a side project band called the Time. The band released four albums between 1981 and 1990, with Prince writing and performing most of the instrumentation and backing vocals, with lead vocals by Morris Day. In late 1982, Prince released a double album, 1999, which sold over three million copies. The title track was a protest against nuclear proliferation and became his first top ten hit in countries outside the U.S. Prince's "Little Red Corvette" was one of the first two videos by a black artist played in heavy rotation on MTV, along with Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean". The song "Delirious" also placed in the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
The Revolution, Purple Rain and subsequent releases (1984–87)
During this period Prince referred to his band as the Revolution. The band's name was also printed, in reverse, on the cover of 1999 inside the letter "I" of the word "Prince". The band consisted of Lisa Coleman and Doctor Fink on keyboards, Bobby Z. on drums, Brown Mark on bass, and Dez Dickerson on guitar. Jill Jones, a backing singer, was also part of The Revolution line up for the 1999 album and tour. Following the 1999 Tour, Dickerson left the group for religious reasons. In the 2003 book Possessed: The Rise and Fall of Prince, author Alex Hahn says that Dickerson was reluctant to sign a three-year contract and wanted to pursue other musical ventures. Dickerson was replaced by Wendy Melvoin, a childhood friend of Coleman. At first the band was used sparsely in the studio but this gradually changed during the mid-1980s.
Prince's 1984 album Purple Rain sold more than thirteen million copies in the U.S. and spent twenty-four consecutive weeks at No.1 on the Billboard 200 chart. The film of the same name won an Academy Award and grossed more than $80 million in the U.S.
Songs from the film were hits on pop charts around the world, while "When Doves Cry" and "Let's Go Crazy" reached No.1 and the title track reached No.2 on the Billboard Hot 100. At one point in 1984, Prince simultaneously had the number one album, single, and film in the U.S.; it was the first time a singer had achieved this feat. Prince won the Academy Award for Best Original Song Score for Purple Rain, and the album is ranked 72nd Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. The album is included on the list of Time magazine's All-Time 100 Albums. After Tipper Gore heard her 12-year-old daughter Karenna listening to Prince's song "Darling Nikki", she founded the Parents Music Resource Center. The center advocates the mandatory use of a warning label ("Parental Advisory: Explicit Lyrics") on the covers of records that have been judged to contain language or lyrical content unsuitable for minors. The recording industry later voluntarily complied with this request. Of what is considered the Filthy Fifteen Prince's compositions appear no. 1 and no. 2, with the fourth position occupied by his protégée Vanity.
In 1985 Prince announced that he would discontinue live performances and music videos after the release of his next album. His subsequent recording Around the World in a Day held the No.1 spot on the Billboard 200 for three weeks. In 1986 his album Parade reached No.3 on the Billboard 200 and No.2 on the R&B charts. The first single, "Kiss", with the video choreographed by Louis Falco, reached No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was originally written for a side project called Mazarati. That same year the song "Manic Monday", which was written by Prince and recorded by The Bangles, reached No.2 on the Hot 100 chart. The album Parade served as the soundtrack for Prince's second film, Under the Cherry Moon. Prince directed and starred in the movie, which also featured Kristin Scott Thomas. He received the Golden Raspberry Award for his efforts in acting and directing. In 1986, Prince began a series of sporadic live performances called the Hit n Run – Parade Tour. The European tour went to Europe in the summer and ended that September in Japan. After the tour Prince abolished The Revolution, fired Wendy & Lisa and replaced Bobby Z. with Sheila E. Brown Mark quit the band while keyboardist Doctor Fink remained. Prince then recruited new band members Miko Weaver on guitar, Atlanta Bliss on trumpet, Eric Leeds on saxophone, Boni Boyer on keyboards, Levi Seacer, Jr. on bass and dancer Cat Glover.
Solo again, Sign "O" the Times and spiritual rebirth: 1987–91
Prior to the disbanding of The Revolution, Prince was working on two separate projects, The Revolution album Dream Factory and a solo effort, Camille. Unlike the three previous band albums, Dream Factory included significant input from the band members and even featured a number of songs with lead vocals by Wendy & Lisa, while the Camille project saw Prince create a new persona primarily singing in a sped up, female-sounding voice. With the dismissal of The Revolution, Prince consolidated material from both shelved albums, along with some new songs, into a three-LP album to be titled Crystal Ball. However, Warner Bros. forced Prince to trim the triple album to a double album and Sign "O" the Times was released on March 31, 1987.
The album peaked at No.6 on the Billboard 200 albums chart. The first single, "Sign o' the Times", would chart at No.3 on the Hot 100. The follow-up single, "If I Was Your Girlfriend" charted poorly at No.67 on the Hot 100, but went to No.12 on R&B chart. The third single, a duet with Sheena Easton, "U Got the Look" charted at No.2 on the Hot 100, No.11 on the R&B chart, and the final single "I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man" finished at No.10 on Hot 100 and No.14 on the R&B chart.
Despite receiving the greatest critical acclaim of any album in Prince's career, including being named the top album of the year by the Pazz & Jop critics' poll, and eventually selling 3.2 million copies, album sales steadily declined. In Europe, however, it performed well and Prince promoted the album overseas with a lengthy tour. Putting together a new backing band from the remnants of The Revolution, Prince added bassist Levi Seacer, Jr., Boni Boyer on keyboards, and dancer/choreographer Cat Glover to go with new drummer Sheila E. and holdovers Miko Weaver, Doctor Fink, Eric Leeds, Atlanta Bliss, and the Bodyguards (Jerome, Wally Safford, and Greg Brooks) for the Sign o' the Times Tour.
The tour was a success overseas, with Warner Bros. and Prince's managers wanting to bring it to the U.S. to resuscitate sagging sales of Sign "O" the Times; however, Prince balked at a full U.S. tour, as he was ready to produce a new album. As a compromise the last two nights of the tour were filmed for release in movie theaters. The film quality was deemed subpar and reshoots were performed at his Paisley Park studios. The film Sign o' the Times was released on November 20, 1987. Much like the album, the film garnered more critical praise than the previous year's Under the Cherry Moon; however, its box office receipts were minimal, and it quickly left theaters.
The next album intended for release was to be The Black Album. More instrumental and funk and R&B themed than recent releases, The Black Album also saw Prince experiment with hip hop music on the songs "Bob George" and "Dead on It". Prince was set to release the album with a monochromatic black cover with only the catalog number printed, but after 500,000 copies had been pressed, Prince had a spiritual epiphany that the album was evil and had it recalled. It would later be released by Warner Bros. as a limited edition album in 1994. Prince went back in the studio for eight weeks and recorded Lovesexy.
Released on May 10, 1988, Lovesexy serves as a spiritual opposite to the dark The Black Album. Every song is a solo effort by Prince, with exception of "Eye No" which was recorded with his backing band at the time, dubbed the "Lovesexy Band" by fans. Lovesexy would reach No.11 on the Billboard 200 and No.5 on the R&B albums chart. The lead single, "Alphabet St.", peaked at No.8 on the Hot 100 and No.3 on the R&B chart, but finished with only selling 750,000 copies.
Prince again took his post-Revolution backing band (minus the Bodyguards) on a three leg, 84-show Lovesexy World Tour; although the shows were well received by huge crowds, they lost money due to the expensive sets and incorporated props.
In 1989, Prince appeared on Madonna's studio album Like a Prayer, co-writing and singing the duet "Love Song" and playing electric guitar (uncredited) on the songs "Like a Prayer", "Keep It Together", and "Act of Contrition". He also began work on a number of musical projects, including Rave Unto the Joy Fantastic and early drafts of his Graffiti Bridge film, but both were put on hold when he was asked by Batman director Tim Burton to record several songs for the upcoming live-action adaptation. Prince went into the studio and produced an entire nine-track album that Warner Bros. released on June 20, 1989. Batman peaked at No.1 on the Billboard 200, selling 4.3 million copies. The single "Batdance" topped the Billboard and R&B charts.
Additionally, the single "The Arms of Orion" with Sheena Easton charted at No. 36, and "Partyman" (also featuring the vocals of Prince's then-girlfriend, nicknamed Anna Fantastic) charted at No.18 on the Hot 100 and at No.5 on the R&B chart, while the love ballad "Scandalous!" went to No.5 on the R&B chart. However, he did have to sign away all publishing rights to the songs on the album to Warner Bros. as part of the deal to do the soundtrack.
In 1990, Prince went back on tour with a revamped band for his stripped down, back-to-basics Nude Tour. With the departures of Boni Boyer, Sheila E., the horns, and Cat, Prince brought in Rosie Gaines on keys, drummer Michael Bland, and dancing trio The Game Boyz (Tony M., Kirky J., and Damon Dickson). The European and Japanese tour was a financial success with its short, greatest hits setlist. As the year progressed, Prince finished production on his fourth film, Graffiti Bridge, and the album of the same name. Initially, Warner Bros. was reluctant to fund the film, but with Prince's assurances it would be a sequel to Purple Rain as well as the involvement of the original members of The Time, the studio greenlit the project. Released on August 20, 1990, the album reached No.6 on the Billboard 200 and R&B albums chart. The single "Thieves in the Temple" reaching No.6 on the Hot 100 and No.1 on the R&B chart. Also from that album, "Round and Round" placed at number 12 on the U.S. charts and Number 2 on the R&B charts. The song featured the teenage Tevin Campbell (who also had a role in the film) on lead vocals. The film, released on November 20, 1990, was a critical and box office flop, grossing just $4.2 million. After the release of the film and album, the last remaining members of The Revolution, Miko Weaver and Doctor Fink, left Prince's band.
The New Power Generation, Diamonds and Pearls and name change: 1991–94
1991 marked the debut of Prince's new band, the New Power Generation. With guitarist Miko Weaver and long-time keyboardist Doctor Fink gone, Prince added bass player Sonny T., Tommy Barbarella on keyboards, and a brass section known as the Hornheads to go along with Levi Seacer (taking over on guitar), Rosie Gaines, Michael Bland, and the Game Boyz. With significant input from his band members, Diamonds and Pearls was released on October 1, 1991. Reaching No.3 on the Billboard 200 album chart, Diamonds and Pearls saw 4 hit singles released in the United States. "Gett Off" peaked at No.21 on the Hot 100 and No.6 on the R&B charts, followed by "Cream" which gave Prince his fifth U.S. number one single. The title track "Diamonds and Pearls" became the album's third single, reaching No.3 on the Hot 100 and the top spot on the R&B charts. "Money Don't Matter 2 Night" peaked at No.23 and No.14 on the Hot 100 and R&B charts respectively.
1992 saw Prince and The New Power Generation release his twelfth album, 'Love Symbol Album', bearing only an unpronounceable symbol on the cover (later copyrighted as Love Symbol #2). The album, generally referred to as the Love Symbol Album, would peak at No.5 on the Billboard 200. While the label wanted "7" to be the first single, Prince fought to have "My Name Is Prince" as he "felt that the song's more hip-hoppery would appeal to the same audience" that had purchased the previous album. Prince got his way but "My Name Is Prince" only managed to reach No.36 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No.23 on the R&B chart. The follow-up single "Sexy MF" fared worse, charting at No.66 on the Hot 100 and No.76 on the R&B chart. The label's preferred lead single choice "7" would be the album's lone top ten hit, reaching #7. 'Love Symbol Album' would go on to sell 2.8 million copies worldwide.
After two failed attempts in 1990 and 1991, Warner Bros. finally released a greatest hits compilation with the three-disc The Hits/The B-Sides in 1993. The first two discs were also sold separately as The Hits 1 and The Hits 2. In addition to featuring the majority of Prince's hit singles (with the exception of "Batdance" and other songs that appeared on the Batman soundtrack), The Hits includes an array of previously hard-to-find recordings, notably B-sides spanning the majority of Prince's career, as well as a handful of previously unreleased tracks such as the Revolution-recorded "Power Fantastic" and a live recording of "Nothing Compares 2 U" with Rosie Gaines. Two new songs, "Pink Cashmere" and "Peach", were chosen as promotional singles to accompany the compilation album.
1993 also marked the year in which Prince changed his stage name to the Love Symbol (see left), which was explained as a combination of the symbols for male (♂) and female (♀). In order to use the symbol in print media, Warner Bros. had to organize a mass mailing of floppy disks with a custom font. Because the symbol had no stated pronunciation, he was often referred to as "The Artist Formerly Known as Prince", TAFKAP, and "The Artist".
We Would Have Stayed Together If Our Son Hadn’t Died, Prince’s Ex-Wife Says
Increased output and The Gold Experience: 1994–2000
In 1994, Prince's attitude towards his artistic output underwent a notable shift. He began to view releasing albums in quick succession as a means of ejecting himself from his contractual obligations to Warner Bros. The label, he believed, was intent on limiting his artistic freedom by insisting that he release albums more sporadically. He also blamed Warner Bros. for the poor commercial performance of the Love Symbol Album, claiming that it was insufficiently marketed by Warner. It was out of these developments that the aborted The Black Album was officially released, approximately seven years after its initial recording and near-release. The "new" release, which was already in wide circulation as a bootleg, sold relatively poorly.
Following that disappointing venture, Warner Bros. succumbed to Prince's wishes to release an album of new material, to be entitled Come. When Come was eventually released, it confirmed all of Warner's fears. It became Prince's poorest-selling album to date, struggling to even shift 500,000 copies. Even more frustrating was the fact that Prince insisted on crediting the album to "Prince 1958–1993".
Prince pushed to have his next album The Gold Experience released simultaneously with Love Symbol-era material. Warner Bros. allowed the single "The Most Beautiful Girl in the World" to be released via a small, independent distributor, Bellmark Records, in February 1994. The release was successful, reaching No.3 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and No.1 in many other countries, but it would not prove to be a model for subsequent releases. Warner Bros. still resisted releasing The Gold Experience, fearing poor sales and citing "market saturation" as a defense. When eventually released in September 1995, The Gold Experience failed to sell well, although it reached the top 10 of the Billboard 200 initially, and many reviewed it as Prince's best effort since Sign "O" the Times. The album is now out-of-print. Chaos and Disorder, released in 1996, was Prince's final album of new material for Warner Bros., as well as one of his least commercially successful releases. Prince attempted a major comeback later that year when, free of any further contractual obligations to Warner Bros., he released Emancipation, a 36-song, 3-CD set (each disc was exactly 60 minutes long). The album was released via his own NPG Records with distribution through EMI. To publish his songs on Emancipation, Prince did not use Controversy Music – ASCAP, which he had used for all his records since 1981, but rather used Emancipated Music Inc. – ASCAP.
Certified Platinum by the RIAA, Emancipation is the first record featuring covers by Prince of songs of other artists: Joan Osborne's top ten hit song of 1995 "One of Us"; "Betcha by Golly Wow!" (written by Thomas Randolf Bell and Linda Creed); "I Can't Make You Love Me" (written by James Allen Shamblin II and Michael Barry Reid); and "La-La (Means I Love You)" (written by Thomas Randolf Bell and William Hart).
Prince released Crystal Ball, a 5-CD collection of unreleased material, in 1998. The distribution of this album was disorderly, with some fans pre-ordering the album on his website up to a year before it was eventually shipped to them; these pre-orders were eventually delivered months after the record had gone on sale in retail stores. The retail edition has only four discs, as it is missing the Kamasutra disc. There are also two different packaging editions for retail, one being in a 4-disc sized jewel case with a simple white cover and the Love Symbol in a colored circle; the other is all four discs in a round translucent snap jewel case. The discs are the same, as is the CD jacket. The Newpower Soul album released three months later failed to make much of an impression on the charts. His collaboration on Chaka Khan's Come 2 My House, and Larry Graham's GCS2000, both released on the NPG Records label around the same time as Newpower Soul met with the same fate, despite heavy promotion and live appearances on Vibe with Sinbad, and the NBC Today show's Summer Concert Series.
In 1999, Prince once again signed with a major label, Arista Records, to release a new record, Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic. In an attempt to make his new album a success, Prince easily gave more interviews than at any other point in his career, appearing on MTV's Total Request Live (with his album cover on the front of the Virgin Megastore, in the background on TRL throughout the whole show), Larry King Live (with Larry Graham) and other media outlets. Nevertheless, Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic failed to perform well commercially. A few months earlier, Warner Bros. had also released The Vault: Old Friends 4 Sale, a collection of unreleased material recorded by Prince throughout his career, and his final recording commitment on his contract with Warner Bros. The greatest success he had during the year was with the EP 1999: The New Master, released in time for Prince to collect a small portion of the sales dollars Warner Bros. had been seeing for the album and singles of the original 1999.
The pay-per-view concert, Rave Un2 the Year 2000, was broadcast on December 31, 1999 and consisted of footage from the December 17 and 18 concerts of his 1999 tour. The concert featured appearances by many guest musicians including Lenny Kravitz, George Clinton, Jimmy Russell, and The Time. It was released to home video the following year. A remix album, Rave In2 the Joy Fantastic (as opposed to "Un2") was released exclusively through Prince's NPG Music Club in April 2000.
Turnaround, Musicology, Label change and 3121 (2000–06)
On May 16, 2000, Prince ceased using the Love Symbol moniker and returned to using "Prince" again, after his publishing contract with Warner/Chappell expired. In a press conference, he stated that, after being freed from undesirable relationships associated with the name "Prince", he would formally revert to using his real name. Prince still frequently uses the symbol as a logo and on album artwork and continues to play a Love Symbol-shaped guitar. For several years following the release of Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic, Prince primarily released new music through his Internet subscription service, NPGOnlineLtd.com (later NPGMusicClub.com). Two albums that show substantive jazz influence were available commercially at record stores: 2001's The Rainbow Children, and the 2003 instrumental record N.E.W.S which was nominated for a Best Pop Instrumental Album Grammy Award. Another album of largely jazz-influenced music, Xpectation, was released via download in 2003 to members of the NPGMusicClub. Xpectation is jazz themed along with new age and atmospheric themes.
In 2002, Prince released his first live album, One Nite Alone... Live!, which features performances from the One Nite Alone...Tour. The 3-CD box set, which also includes a disc of "aftershow" music entitled It Ain't Over!, failed to chart. During this time, Prince sought to engage more effectively with his fan base via the NPG Music Club, pre-concert sound checks, and at yearly "celebrations" at Paisley Park, his music studios. Fans were invited into the studio for tours, interviews, discussions and music-listening sessions. Some of these fan discussions were filmed for an unreleased documentary, directed by Kevin Smith. Smith discusses what happened during those days at length in his An Evening with Kevin Smith DVD. Performances were also arranged to showcase Prince's talents, as well as to collaborate with popular and well-established artists and guests including Alicia Keys, the Time, Erykah Badu, Nikka Costa, George Clinton, and Norah Jones. On February 8, 2004, Prince appeared at the Grammy Awards with Beyoncé Knowles. In a performance that opened the show, Prince and Knowles performed a medley of "Purple Rain", "Let's Go Crazy", "Baby I'm a Star", and Knowles' "Crazy in Love" to positive reviews. The following month, Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The award was presented to him by Alicia Keys along with Big Boi and André 3000 of OutKast. As well as performing a trio of his own hits during the ceremony, Prince also participated in a tribute to fellow inductee George Harrison in a rendering of Harrison's "While My Guitar Gently Weeps", playing a long guitar solo that ended the song. In addition he performed "Red House" on the album Power of Soul: A Tribute to Jimi Hendrix. On February 19, The Tavis Smiley Show broadcast included a performance of "Reflection" from Prince's Musicology album. Prince was accompanied by Wendy Melvoin, formerly of The Revolution.
In April 2004, Prince released Musicology through a one-album agreement with Columbia Records. The album rose as high as the top five on a number of international charts (including the U.S, UK, Germany and Australia). The U.S. chart success was assisted by the CD being included as part of the concert ticket purchase, and each CD thereby qualifying (as chart rules then stood) towards U.S. chart placement. Musicology is R&B and soul themed along with funk, pop, quiet storm, and rock. Three months later, Spin named him the greatest frontman of all time. That same year, Rolling Stone magazine named Prince as the highest-earning musician in the world, with an annual income of $56.5 million, largely due to his Musicology Tour, which Pollstar named as the top concert draw among musicians in U.S. The artist played an impressive run of 96 concerts; the average ticket price for a show was U.S.$61. Further highlighting the success of the album, Prince's Musicology went on to receive two Grammy wins, for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Call My Name" and Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance for the title track. Musicology was also nominated for Best R&B Song and Best R&B Album, while "Cinnamon Girl" was nominated for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance. The album became the artist's most commercially successful since Diamonds and Pearls, partly due to a radical scheme devised which included in Billboard's sales figures those that were distributed to each customer during ticket sales for the Musicology tour, with concert figures accounting for 25% of the total album sales. Rolling Stone magazine has ranked Prince No.27 on their list of 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
In April 2005, Prince played guitar (along with En Vogue singing backing vocals) on Stevie Wonder's single "So What the Fuss", Wonder's first since 1999. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the city of New Orleans on August 29, 2005, Prince offered a personal response by recording two new songs, "S.S.T." and the instrumental "Brand New Orleans", at Paisley Park in the early hours of September 2. Prince again performed all instrumental and vocal parts. These recordings were quickly dispersed to the public via Prince's NPG Music Club, and "S.S.T." was later picked up by iTunes, where it reached No.1 on the store's R&B chart. On October 25, Sony Records released a version of the single on CD.
In late 2005 Prince signed with Universal Records to release his album, 3121, on March 21, 2006 (3/21). The first single was the Latin-tinged "Te Amo Corazón", the video for which was directed by actress Salma Hayek and filmed in Marrakech, Morocco, featuring Argentine actress and singer Mía Maestro. The video for the second single, "Black Sweat", was nominated at the MTV VMAs for Best Cinematography. The immediate success of 3121 gave Prince his first No.1 debut on the Billboard 200 with the album. To promote the new album, Prince was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live on February 4, 2006, seventeen years after his last SNL appearance on the 15th anniversary special and nearly 25 years since his first appearance on a regular episode in 1981, making Prince the only SNL musical guest to have that long of a gap between appearances. He performed two songs from the album, "Fury" and "Beautiful, Loved & Blessed", with Támar. Prince also held a contest to win a trip to see a 'Purple Ticket Concert' at his private residence in Hollywood, California. Seven winning tickets were placed inside 3121 CD packages in the U.S., and other tickets were given away in various contests on the Internet and around the world. On May 6, 2006, twenty-four prize winners (with a guest each) attended a star-studded private party and performance at Prince's home. On June 12, 2006, Prince received a Webby Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his "visionary" use of the Internet; Prince was the first major artist to release an entire album, 1997's Crystal Ball, exclusively on the Internet (although he did take phone orders for it as well...1-800-NEW-FUNK).
Only weeks after winning a Webby Award, Prince abruptly shut down his then-official NPG Music Club website at 12:00 am on July 4, 2006 after over five years of operation. The NPG Music Club sent out an email, claiming that "in its current 4m there is a feeling that the NPGMC gone as far as it can go. In a world without limitations and infinite possibilities, has the time come 2 once again make a leap of faith and begin anew? These r ?s we in the NPG need 2 answer. In doing so, we have decided 2 put the club on hiatus until further notice." On the day of the music club's shutdown, a lawsuit was filed against Prince by the British company HM Publishing (owners of the Nature Publishing Group, also NPG). Despite these events occurring on the same day, Prince's attorney has called it pure coincidence and stated that the site did not close due to the trademark dispute. Prince appeared at multiple award ceremonies in 2006. On February 15, 2006, Prince performed at the BRIT Awards along with Wendy & Lisa and Sheila E. He played "Te Amo Corazón" and "Fury" from 3121 and "Purple Rain" and "Let's Go Crazy" from Purple Rain. On June 27, 2006, Prince appeared at the BET Awards, where he was awarded Best Male R&B Artist. In addition to receiving his award, Prince performed a medley of Chaka Khan songs for Khan's BET Lifetime Award. Prince had previously written and performed several songs with the singer. In November 2006, Prince was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame, appearing to collect his award but not performing. Also in November 2006, Prince opened a nightclub named 3121 in Las Vegas at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino. He performed weekly on Friday and Saturday nights until April 2007, when his contract with the Rio ended. On August 22, 2006, Prince released Ultimate Prince. The double disc set contains one CD of previous hits, and another of extended versions and mixes of material that had largely only previously been available on vinyl record B-sides. Prince wrote and performed a song for the hit 2006 animated film Happy Feet. The song, entitled "The Song of the Heart", appears on the film's soundtrack, which also features a cover of Prince's earlier hit "Kiss", sung by Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. In January 2007, "The Song of the Heart" won a Golden Globe for Best Original Song. Prince arrived late, apparently due to traffic problems, and thus was unable to make an acceptance speech, but actor Hugh Grant prompted him later in the ceremony to take a bow.
Super Bowl XLI, Planet Earth and LOtUSFLOW3R (2007–10)
On February 2, 2007, Prince played at the Super Bowl XLI press conference. He and the band played a set comprising Chuck Berry's hit, "Johnny B. Goode", "Anotherloverholenyohead" from Parade and "Get On the Boat" from 3121. Prince performed at the Super Bowl XLI halftime show in Miami, Florida on February 4, 2007. The performance consisted of three Purple Rain tracks ("Let's Go Crazy", "Baby I'm a Star" and the title track), along with cover versions of "We Will Rock You" by Queen, "All Along the Watchtower" by Bob Dylan, the Foo Fighters song "Best of You" and "Proud Mary" by Creedence Clearwater Revival. Coincidentally, Miami had rain on the day of the Super Bowl, which was lit purple during the performance of "Purple Rain". He played on a large stage shaped as his symbol. The event was carried to 140 million television viewers, the largest audience of his life. On February 4, 2010, Billboard.com ranked the performance as the greatest Super Bowl performance ever. Prince played 21 concerts in London during the summer of 2007. The Earth Tour included 21 nights at the 20,000 capacity O2 Arena, with Maceo Parker in his band. Tickets for the O2 Arena were priced at £31.21 (including a free copy of Prince's latest album), in order to make the concerts "affordable for everybody". The residency at the O2 Arena was increased to 15 nights after all 140,000 tickets for the original seven sold out in just 20 minutes. It was then further extended to 21 nights. On May 10, 2007, Prince performed a 'secret' gig at London's KOKO in front of a small crowd of fans and celebrities. Tickets went on sale that morning on a first-come-first-served basis (again at £31.21). A prelude to the forthcoming summer gigs in London, Prince played a relaxed set of classic hits ("Kiss", changing the lyric from "You don't have to watch Dynasty" to Desperate Housewives, "Girls & Boys", and "Nothing Compares 2 U") alongside more recent tracks, plus a well-received cover version of Gnarls Barkley's "Crazy".
Prince made an appearance at the 2007 ALMA Awards, performing with Sheila E. in June 2007. On June 28, 2007, the UK national newspaper the Mail on Sunday revealed that it had made a deal to give Prince's new album, Planet Earth, away for free with an "imminent" edition of the paper, making it the first place in the world to get the album. This move sparked controversy among music distributors and also led the UK arm of Prince's distributor, Sony BMG, to withdraw from distributing the album in UK stores. The UK's largest high street music retailer, HMV, decided to stock the paper on release day due to the giveaway. Planet Earth is rock-oriented along with disco, and other various music styles. On July 7, 2007 Prince returned to his hometown of Minneapolis to perform three shows in what was unofficially declared Prince Day in Minnesota. He performed concerts at the Macy's Auditorium (to promote his new perfume "3121") on Nicollet Mall, the Target Center arena, and First Avenue. It was the first time he had played at First Avenue (the club appeared in the film Purple Rain) since 1987.
On April 25, 2008, Prince performed on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, where he debuted a new song, "Turn Me Loose". Days after, he headlined the Coachella Festival 2008. Prince was paid more than $5 million for his performance at Coachella, according to Reuters. Prince cancelled a concert, planned at Dublin's Croke Park on June 16, 2008, at just 10 days' notice. In October 2009 promoters MCD Productions went to court to sue Prince for €1.6 million, after paying him $1.5 million, half his agreed fee of $3 million for the concert. MCD claim they had to refund 55,126 tickets purchased and its total losses exceeded $1.66 million. Prince's lawyers argued the MCD claim was "greatly inflated". Prince settled the case out of court in February 2010 for $2.95 million. During the trial, it was revealed that Prince had been offered $22 million for seven concerts as part of a proposed 2008 European tour. In October 2008, Prince released a live album entitled Indigo Nights, as well as 21 Nights, an accompanying book of poems, lyrics and photos. The book chronicled his record-breaking tenure at London's O2 Arena in 2007, while the album is a collection of songs performed live at aftershows in the IndigO2.
On December 18, 2008, Prince premiered four songs from his new album on LA's Indie rock radio station Indie 103.1. The radio station's programmers Max Tolkoff and Mark Sovel had been invited to Prince's home to hear the new rock oriented music. Prince then surprised the two by giving them a CD with 4 songs to premiere on their radio station. The music debuted the next day on Jonesy's Jukebox, hosted by Sex Pistol Steve Jones. The music comprised a cover of "Crimson and Clover" by Tommy James and the Shondells, together with "Colonized Mind", "Wall of Berlin" and "4ever". The same day, another new Prince composition entitled "(There'll Never B) Another Like Me" premiered on the now obsolete and defunct website, mplsound.com — replacing a shorter, instrumental version of the song which streamed several days previously.
On January 3, 2009, a new website LotusFlow3r.com was launched, streaming some of the recently aired material ("Crimson and Clover", "(There'll Never B) Another Like Me" and "Here Eye Come") and promising opportunities to listen to and buy music by Prince and guests, watch videos and buy concert tickets for future events. On January 31, Prince released two more songs on LotusFlow3r.com: "Disco Jellyfish", and "Another Boy". "Chocolate Box", "Colonized Mind", and "All This Love" have since been released on the website. Prince released a triple album set containing LOtUSFLOW3R, MPLSoUND, and an album credited to his new protégé, Bria Valente, called Elixer, on March 24, 2009, followed by a physical release on March 29. The release was preceded by performances on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and The Ellen DeGeneres Show. It was released in other countries digitally, with official physical release dates yet to be announced. The album peaked at No.2 on the Billboard 200, and critics' opinions were mixed to positive.
On July 18, 2009, Prince performed two shows at the Montreux Jazz Festival, being backed by the New Power Generation including Rhonda Smith, Renato Neto and John Blackwell. There he played "A Large Room with No Light" which had been in Prince's "vault" for some time. On October 11, 2009, Prince gave two surprise concerts at the glass-and-iron Grand Palais exhibition hall after visiting the landmark Paris building on the banks of the Seine. On October 12, he gave another surprise gig at La Cigale. On October 24, Prince played a concert at his own Paisley Park complex in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
20Ten, The Welcome 2 Tours: 2010–2012In January 2010, Prince wrote a new song, "Purple and Gold", inspired by his visit to a Minnesota Vikings football game against the Dallas Cowboys. The song is a simple, drumline-driven track. The following month, Prince let Minneapolis-area public radio station 89.3 The Current premiere his new song "Cause and Effect" as a gesture in support of independent radio.
In a poll by BBC Radio 6 Music listeners in April 2010, Prince was ranked the eighth-best guitarist of the previous 30 years. Prince was also listed in TIME magazine's 2010 annual ranking of the "100 Most Influential People in the World".
Prince released a new single on Minneapolis radio station 89.3 The Current called "Hot Summer" on June 7, his 52nd birthday. Also in June, Prince appeared on the cover of the July 2010 issue of Ebony, and he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2010 BET Awards.
Prince released his album 20Ten in July 2010 as a free covermount with publications in the UK, Belgium, Germany, and France. Prince has refused access to the album to digital download services. He also closed his official website, LotusFlow3r.com. In an interview with the Daily Mirror, Prince said, "The Internet's completely over. I don't see why I should give my new music to iTunes or anyone else. They won't pay me an advance for it and then they get angry when they can't get it... Anyway, all these computers and digital gadgets are no good. They just fill your head with numbers and that can't be good for you."
On July 4, 2010 Prince began his 20Ten Tour, a concert tour in two legs with shows in Europe. The second leg began on October 15 and ended with a concert following the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on November 14. The second half of the tour has a new band, John Blackwell, Ida Kristine Nielsen, and Sheila E. Prince let Europe 1 debut the snippet of his new song "Rich Friends" from the "new" album 20Ten Deluxe on October 8, 2010. Prince started the Welcome 2 Tour on December 15, 2010.
Prince was inducted in the Grammy Hall of Fame on December 7, 2010.
On February 12, 2011, Prince presented Barbra Streisand with an award and donated $1.5 million to charities. On the same day, it was reported that he was unimpressed about Glee covering his hit "Kiss", and that he had not authorised its use.
On the May 18, 2011, it was announced that Prince would be headlining Hop Farm Festival on July 3, 2011, marking his first UK show since 2007 and his first ever UK festival appearance.
Despite having previously rejected the Internet for music distribution, on November 24, 2011 Prince re-released a reworked version of the previously unreleased song "Extraloveable" through both iTunes and Spotify. Purple Music, a Switzerland based record label released a CD single "Dance 4 Me" on Dec 12, 2011 as part of a club remixes package including Bria Valente CD single "2 Nite" released on February 23, 2012. The CD features club remixes by Jamie Lewis and David Alexander, produced by Prince.
3rdeyegirl and return to Warner Bros.: 2013–presentIn January 2013, Prince released a lyric video for a new song called "Screwdriver". A couple of months later in April 2013, Prince announced a short West Coast tour with 3rdeyegirl as his backing band. The final two dates of the tour were in Minneapolis where former Revolution drummer Bobby Z. sat in as guest drummer on both shows. In May, Prince announced a deal with Kobalt Music to market and distribute his music.
On 14 August 2013, Prince officially sent his first tweet through the 3RDEYEGIRL Twitter account. The same day, he released a new solo single for exclusive download through the 3RDEYEGIRL.com website. The single "Breakfast Can Wait" received attention for its cover art, featuring comedian Dave Chappelle's notable impersonation of the singer in a sketch on the 2000s Comedy Central series Chappelle's Show.
In February 2014, Prince performed concerts with 3rdeyegirl in London. Beginning with intimate shows, the first was held at the London home of singer Lianne La Havas, followed by 2 performances of what Prince described as a "sound check" at the Electric Ballroom in Camden, and another at Shepherds Bush Empire.
On 18 April 2014, Prince released a new single entitled, "The Breakdown". Along with the surprise release, news came that a new album was in the works, an expanded edition of Purple Rain would be released for the 30th anniversary, and he has re-signed with his former label, Warner Bros. Records after an 18-year split. He also gained the rights to his master recordings from the 80's which was a point of contention for his initial split with the major label.
Personal lifePrince resides near Minneapolis, Minnesota. Over the years Prince has been romantically linked with many celebrities, including Kim Basinger, Madonna, Vanity, Sheila E., Carmen Electra, Susanna Hoffs, Anna Fantastic, Sherilyn Fenn, and Susan Moonsie of Vanity 6 and Apollonia 6. Prince was engaged to Susannah Melvoin in 1985. He married his backup singer and dancer, Mayte Garcia, on Valentine's Day, 1996. They had a son, Boy Gregory (born October 16, 1996), who was born with Pfeiffer syndrome and died a week after birth. Prince and Mayte divorced in 1999. In 2001, Prince married Manuela Testolini in a private ceremony. Testolini filed for divorce in May 2006. He also had a short-term relationship with protégée Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. in 2007.
Prince became a member of Jehovah's Witnesses in 2001 following a two-year-long debate with friend and fellow Jehovah's Witness, musician Larry Graham. Prince said he didn't consider it a conversion, but a "realization"; "It's like Morpheus and Neo in The Matrix," he explained. He attends meetings at a local Kingdom Hall and occasionally knocks on people's doors to discuss his faith. Prince has reportedly needed double-hip-replacement surgery since 2005 but won't undergo the operation unless it is a bloodless surgery because Jehovah's Witnesses do not accept blood transfusions. The condition is rumored to be aggravated by repeated onstage dancing in high-heeled boots. However, when Prince was interviewed in 2010, journalist Peter Willis said he believed the rumors of Prince needing double hip surgery to be unfounded and untrue as Prince appeared to be agile.
Prince is a vegetarian. In 2006 he was voted the "world's sexiest vegetarian" in PETA's annual online poll. The liner notes for his album Rave Un2 the Joy Fantastic featured a message about the cruelty involved in wool production.
Since 2008, Prince has been managed by UK based Kiran Sharma.
Stage namesIn 1993, during negotiations regarding the release of Prince's album The Gold Experience, a legal battle ensued between Warner Bros. and Prince over the artistic and financial control of Prince's output. During the lawsuit, Prince appeared in public with the word "slave" written on his cheek. Prince explained his name change as follows:
The first step I have taken toward the ultimate goal of emancipation from the chains that bind me to Warner Bros. was to change my name from Prince to the Love Symbol. Prince is the name that my mother gave me at birth. Warner Bros. took the name, trademarked it, and used it as the main marketing tool to promote all of the music that I wrote. The company owns the name Prince and all related music marketed under Prince. I became merely a pawn used to produce more money for Warner Bros...
I was born Prince and did not want to adopt another conventional name. The only acceptable replacement for my name, and my identity, was the Love Symbol, a symbol with no pronunciation, that is a representation of me and what my music is about. This symbol is present in my work over the years; it is a concept that has evolved from my frustration; it is who I am. It is my name.
Prince is a trademark owned by Paisley Park Enterprises Inc. It was initially filed with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in 2005 in the categories of printed materials, clothing, electronic commerce, and entertainment services based on first commercial in 1978. Various searches to the USPTO did not find any registrations or transfers of "Prince" or related names by Warner Bros. In 1991, PRN Music Corporation assigned the trademarks Prince, The Time, Paisley Park, New Power Generation, and Prince and the Revolution to Paisley Park Enterprises.
Prince has used pseudonyms to separate himself from the music (either his own or that of others) for which he has had input; "I was just getting tired of seeing my name," he said, "If you give away an idea, you still own that idea. In fact, giving it away strengthens it. Why do people feel they have to take credit for everything they do? Ego, that's the only reason." These pseudonyms include: Jamie Starr and The Starr Company (for the songs he wrote for the Time and many other artists from 1981–1984), Joey Coco (for many unreleased Prince songs in the late 1980s, as well as songs written for Sheena Easton & Kenny Rogers), Paisley Park (occasionally used in the early 1990s for his production credits on songs, including those written for Martika and Kid Creole), Alexander Nevermind (for writing the 1984 song "Sugar Walls" by Sheena Easton), and Christopher (used for his song writing credit of "Manic Monday" for the Bangles).
Copyright issuesOn September 14, 2007, Prince announced that he was going to sue YouTube and eBay because they "are clearly able [to] filter porn and pedophile material but appear to choose not to filter out the unauthorized music and film content which is core to their business success." Web Sheriff, the international Internet policing company he hired, told Reuters: "The problem is that one can reduce it to zero and then the next day there will be 100 or 500 or whatever. This carries on ad nauseam at Prince's expense."
In October 2007, Stephanie Lenz filed a lawsuit against Universal Music Publishing Group, claiming they were abusing copyright law, after the music publisher had YouTube take down Lenz's home movie in which the Prince song "Let's Go Crazy" played faintly in the background.
On November 5, 2007, several fan sites of Prince formed "Prince Fans United" to fight back against legal requests they claim Prince made to cease and desist all use of photographs, images, lyrics, album covers and anything linked to Prince's likeness. While Prince's lawyers claimed that the use of such representations constituted copyright infringement, the Prince Fans United claimed that the legal actions were "attempts to stifle all critical commentary about Prince." A few days later, Prince released a statement denying the fansites' claims, stating "The action taken earlier this week was not to shut down fansites, or control comment in any way. The issue was simply to do with in regards to copyright and trademark of images and only images, and no lawsuits have been filed." The statement from AEG, Prince's promoter, asserted that the only "offending items" on the three fansites were live shots from Prince's 21 nights in London at the O2 Arena earlier in the year.
On November 8, 2007, Prince Fans United received a song named "PFUnk", providing a kind of "unofficial answer" to their movement. The song, originally debuted on the PFU main site, was retitled "F.U.N.K." and is available on iTunes.
On November 14, 2007, it was reported that the satirical website b3ta.com had pulled their "image challenge of the week" devoted to Prince after legal threats from the star under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. B3ta co-founder Rob Manuel wrote on the site: "Under threat of legal action from Prince's legal team of 'potential closure of your web site' – We have removed the Prince image challenge and B3ta apologizes unreservedly to AEG / NPG and Prince for any offence caused. We also ask our members to avoid photoshopping Prince and posting them on our boards."
At the 2008 Coachella Music Festival, Prince performed a cover of Radiohead's "Creep", but immediately after he forced YouTube and other sites to remove footage that fans had taken of the performance, despite Radiohead's demand for it to remain on the website. Days later, YouTube reinstated the videos, while Radiohead claimed "it's our song, let people hear it." In 2009, Prince put the video of that Coachella performance on his then-official website LotusFlow3r.com.
In 2013, the Electronic Frontier Foundation granted to Prince the inaugural "Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award", a reference to resentment of parties who allege unfair treatment and misuse of copyright claims by the artist and his lawyers.
In January 2014, Prince filed a lawsuit titled Prince v. Chodera against 22 online users for direct copyright infringement, unauthorized fixation, and contributory copyright infringement and bootlegging. Several of the users were fans who had shared links to bootlegged versions of several Prince concerts through social media websites like Facebook.
Earning 33 nominations, Prince has won seven Grammys. He also has had two albums − 1999 and Purple Rain − awarded the Grammy Hall of Fame Award.
MTV Video Music Awards
The MTV Video Music Awards (VMAs) is an award show by cable network MTV to honor the top music videos of the year. It was first held in September 1984 and was originally meant as an alternative to the Grammy Awards in the video category. Prince has won four awards from twelve nominations throughout his career.
Prince releases Cover Single called "What If" - Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. Mar 15, 2015
Howard Stern Rips into Prince and Jehovah's Witnesses
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(March 30, 2012) Prince to join Morrissey and Brandon Flowers at Hop Farm Festival 2011. Metro. Retrieved on 2012-04-16. "Prince released new song "extraloveable"". Drfunkenberry.com. November 23, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011. "Extraloveable on iTunes". Apple. November 24, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011. "Extraloveable on Spotify". Apple. November 24, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011. [dead link] "Bria Valente". Purplemusic.ch. February 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-10. "Video: Prince Posts Clip for New Song 'Screwdriver'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-01-24. "3rdeyegirl tour dates". Drfunkenberry.com. Retrieved 2013-08-31. "Bobby Z. Will Play "Purple Rain" With PRINCE At The Myth!". Drfunkenberry.com. 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-08-31. "PRINCE & Kobalt Make Marketing & Distribution Deal Official". Drfunkenberry.com. 2013-05-20. Retrieved 2013-08-31. "Testing 1 2 PRINCE Starts Tweeting! Uh Seriously!". Drfunkenberry.com. Retrieved 2013-08-31. Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. "Dave Chappelle and Prince, together at last! (Sort of)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2013-08-21. "Prince to charge $10 for live shows". BBC News (BBC). February 5, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014. "Prince's band release live footage of Shepherds Bush Empire gig", NME. [" Hello guest! Please register or sign in (it's free) to view the hidden content. "Prince Fans Prepare for the Deluge"]. NPR (BBC). April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014. Bryan, Victoria (October 14, 2010). "Prince considering move to Europe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2011. Daly, Steven (December 1990). "Sherilyn Fenn – Is she the sexiest woman on television?". The Face. Elan, Priya (September 20, 2008). "Purple Reign". The Guardian (London). Kennedy, Dana; Sinclair, Tom (December 20, 1996). "Prince's Saddest Song". Entertainment Weekly. Levy, Daniel S. (July 27, 2006). "Prince's Wife, Manuela (Partner of five years), Filed for Divorce". People. Hoffman, Claire (November 24, 2008). "Soup With Prince". The New Yorker (New York). Freedom du Lac, J. (June 11, 2009). "Prince Hips the World to His Jehovah's Witness". The Washington Post. Forder, Rachel (October 19, 2005). "When Hip Gives Way to Hip Replacement". The Telegraph (London). Faber, Judy (May 22, 2006). "Prince Is Voted 'Sexiest Vegetarian'". CBS News. Jet. June 12, 2006. p. 35. "Prince's Manager Shortlisted For Asian Woman Of Achievement Award". Heatley, Michael (2008). Where Were You... When the Music Played? 120 Unforgettable Moments in Music History. Penguin Books. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-7621-0988-3. United States Patent and Trademark Office. Serial Number: 78561384; Registration Number: 3128896 US Patent and Trade Office. Reel/Frame: 0805/0848 and 0805/0880. Coryat, Karl (November 1999). "His Highness Gets Down!". Bass Player. "Songs credited to Jamie Starr". Discogs. "Songs credited to The Starr Company". "Songs credited to Joey Coco". Discogs. "Songs credited to Paisley Park". Discogs. "Songs credited to Alexander Nevermind". Discogs. "Songs credited to Christopher". Discogs. "Prince To Sue YouTube, eBay Over Unauthorized Content". Billboard. 2007. Hamilton, Fiona (September 13, 2007). "Prince takes on YouTube over clips". The Times (London). Francescani, Chris (October 26, 2007). "The Home Video Prince Doesn't Want You to See". ABC News. Gibson, Owen (November 7, 2007). "Prince threatens to sue his fans over online images". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved July 18, 2009. "Prince 'not suing fans': Singer hits back at fansite claims". NME. November 9, 2007. Kreps, Daniel (November 9, 2007). "Prince Releases Diss Track As Battle With Fans Gets Funky". Rolling Stone. Kiss, Jemima (November 15, 2007). "B3ta bates Prince". The Guardian (UK). "Radiohead to Prince: Unblock 'Creep' cover videos". Yahoo!. May 30, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2009. "The Raspberry Beret Lifetime Aggrievement Award | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-08-31. "Prince Inducted Into Takedown Hall of Shame With New Lifetime Aggrievement Award | Electronic Frontier Foundation". Eff.org. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-08-31. Prince v. Chodera - Scribd Prince Files Lawsuit Against Facebook Fans Over Bootlegged Concerts | Time.com Prince sues internet users for total of $22m over alleged bootleg recordings | Music | theguardian.com Further reading
Draper, Jason (2008). Prince: Life & Times. Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1-906002-18-3.
Hahn, Alex (2004). Possessed: The Rise And Fall Of Prince. Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7749-7.
Jones, Liz (1998). Purple Reign: The Artist Formerly Known as Prince. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 978-1-55972-448-7.
Uptown (2004). The Vault – The Definitive Guide to the Musical World of Prince. Nilsen Publishing. ISBN 91-631-5482-X.
Prince's surprise visit to a Larry Graham show (also a JW)
Prince on Michael Jackson
By Guest Nicole
Prince reportedly once said he wanted President Obama to outlaw birthdays and Christmas.
“Why doesn’t Obama just outlaw birthdays?” the “Purple Rain” singer once asked Van Jones, the CNN political commentator reveals in a story published Thursday in GQ magazine.
The “Purple Rain” singer, who died in April at age 57 from an accidental drug overdose, was baptized as a Jehovah’s Witness in 2003. Jehovah’s Witnesses don’t celebrate birthdays because they “believe that such celebrations displease God” and because Christmas has pagan roots, according to the Church’s official website.
“Although we choose not to celebrate Christmas ourselves, we respect each person’s right to decide for himself in this matter. We do not interfere in the Christmas celebrations of others,” the website states.
Jones said Prince told him, “I was hoping that Obama as soon as he was elected, would get up and announce there’d be no more Christmas presents and no more birthdays — we’ve got too much to do.
Jones, who indicated he was laughing during the conversation with the music superstar, replied, “I don’t know if that would go over too well.”
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The Congregation Prince Attended As One of Jehovah's Witnesses
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