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Bildresultat för Evelyn Mase photo

Evelyn Ntoko Mase Rakeepile
BIRTH 18 May 1922 South Africa
DEATH 30 Apr 2004 

First wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela. They had 4 children together; Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Makaziwe Mandela, Makgatho Lewanika Mandela and Pumla Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah. Evelyn later divorced Nelson Mandela in 1955 and married Simon Rakeepile, a retired businessman.

156973608_1452552464.jpg

Simon Moloka Rakeepile

BIRTH 4 Mar 1930 South Africa
DEATH 19 Apr 2012 
Married to Evelyn Ntoko (Mase), first wife of former South African president Nelson Mandela. Simon was a retired businessman and lived a fruitful life of spiritual dedication.

121260035_138628087522.jpg

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 
BIRTH 18 Jul 1918  South Africa
DEATH 5 Dec 2013 

Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid through tackling institutionalised racism, poverty and inequality, and fostering racial reconciliation. Politically an African nationalist and democratic socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997. Internationally, Mandela was Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.

156972495_1452550499.jpg

Madiba Thembekile “Thembi” Mandela
BIRTH 23 Feb 1945 South Africa
DEATH 13 Jul 1969 South Africa

Oldest child of Nelson Mandela and his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase. Brother of Makgatho Lewanika Mandela, Makaziwe Mandela and Pumla Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah. Madiba was often referred to as "Styles Mandela" because of the fashionable way he dressed.

(Add a Photo)Makaziwe Mandela
BIRTH 1947 South Africa
DEATH 1948 South Africa
Second child born to Nelson Mandela and his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase. She only lived to be 9 months old. Sister of Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Makgatho Lewanika Mandela and Pumla Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah (the latter whom was given Makaziwe's name upon her birth in 1954).

156971968_1452549631.jpg

Makgatho Lewanika Mandela
BIRTH 26 Jun 1950 South Africa
DEATH 6 Jan 2005

Third child born to Nelson Mandela and his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase. Brother of Madiba Thembekile Mandela, Makaziwe Mandela and Pumla Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah. Father of Mandla, Ndaba, Mbuso and Andile.

Phothos of their daughters

Evelyn Ntoko Mase Rakeepile

NELSON MANDELA HEARS THE TRUTH AT HIS SISTER'S FUNERAL
Sister Piliso, the youngest sister of Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa, was a witness for twenty years

source

 

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  • Similar Content

    • By The Librarian
      Part of a series on: Jehovah's Witnesses >
      Baptized JW's
      Damon Wayans - TV and Film Comedy Star. Part of "The Wayans Brothers" TV show back in the 1990's. - Their father was a JW (someone mentioned even Anointed)
      Michael Jackson
      Michael Jackson's Children and Mother Katherine Jackson
      Rebbie Jackson - Singer, daughter of Katherine Jackson


      Prince Rogers Nelson

      Marques Houston - Singer and former member of the kid group "Immature" (and his manager)
      Luke Evans - Actor

      Coco Rocha- International Fashion Model
      Terrence Howard - actor; Ray, Hustle & Flow, etc. Children and brother are JWs. Studied when he was 17 years old.
      Bria Valente - Prince's Ex-GF back in 2007 - She has since remarried to another brother

      George Benson - Musician / singer (see also: George Benson and Friends - Sing Praises to Jehovah)

      **El General** - Panamanian singer

      Bobby Martin - Grammy winning producer. 
      Mateo - African Musician 
      Aoife Ní Thuairisg - Irish Television Presenter
      Tulsi Giri - Prime Minister of Nepal
      Bill Underwood - Reporter for the Phoenix Times Examiner
      Alexander P. Stewart - US Civil War Confederate General
      Allison Lozz - Mexican Actress (former). recently left novelas (soap operas) to be a more active in the ministry, Spanish speaking members would know them.
      Maurizio Bianchi - Musician
      Ivana Brkic - Croatian Musician
      Angelo Palego - Leader of team searching for Noah's Ark
      Firpo Carr - Historian, author of Germany's Black Holocaust: 1890-1945; Wicked Words: Poisoned Minds - Racism in the Dictionary; founder: Scholar Technological Institute of Research, Inc. (STIR)
      Henry Carr - Olympian and NFL player (deceased)
      Herman Pizzanelli - Leading Uruguayan concert guitarist in the 1960s (convert to JWs)
      Willie Wise - NBA professional basketball player for Seattle Super Sonics and Denver Nuggets
      Dave Meyers - Professional basketball player (Los Angeles Lakers in 1970s)
      Mark McCumber - Professional golfer
      Dave Pear - NFL professional football player for Colts, Buccaneers, and Raiders (convert)
      Kid Gavilan - welterweight champion boxer; elected to boxing Hall of Fame in 1990 (convert to JWs)
      Jorge Påez "El Maromero" - Boxing World Champion 
      Pele Reid - Boxing Champion
      Shont'e Peoples - professional football player (Saskatchewan Roughriders); convert to JWs
      La Lupe - Cuban salsa singer (convert)
      Janis Gill - ex wife of country music superstar, Vince Gill, is one of Jehovah's Witnesses. Vince Gill is NOT a Witness. He is strongly and violently opposed.
      Fedor Chistyakov - Russian Singer
      Richard Cameron - Dutch Musician
      Valerie Campbell - Mother of Naomi Campbell
      Tom Edur - Former NHL ice hockey player
      Mrs.Ida Eisenhower - (Mother of President Dwight D Eisenhower)
      Leopold Engleitner - Buchenwald concentration camp survivor and centenarian
      Mickey Spillane - Novelist
      Larry Graham - Sly & the Family Stone

      Danny Granger - Indiana Pacers small forward; Professional Basketball Player
      Teresa Graves - Reputedly the first black woman to play the lead in a police movie, also a singer
      Gary Gygax - Co-creator of Dungeons & Dragons 

      Scott Johnson - Actor
      Phillip Landry - Musican
      Maher Shalal Hash Baz - Japanese musician, name comes from the Book of Isaiah
      Margaret Keane - "Big Eyes" artist who said converting "changed her life."
      Peter Knowles - Famous soccer player in England who quit his football career in 1970 aged 24 to join the Jehovah's Witnesses
      Brian Locking - Bass guitarist with The Shadows for eighteen months, but left to Jehovah's Witnesses activities.
      Hank Marvin - Lead guitarist for The Shadows

      Bohumil Müller - Czech survivor of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp and underground religious leader under Communism.
      Viv Nicholson - famous London lottery winner in 1961. She then became a devout JW. The musical Spend, Spend, Spend was based on her story.
      Evelyn Ntoko (first wife of Nelson Mandela)
      Lieby Piliso - Nelson Mandela's younger sister
      Ken Richmond - The man who banged the gong in the Rank Organisation film logo from 1955 onward.
      **Gevorg Petrosyanm** -The Georgian-Armenian “Caruso,” who drives a taxi, but dreams of the stage
      Miu Sakamoto - Japanese Singer, a Daughter of Ryuichi Sakamoto andAkiko Yano
      Damo Suzuki (Converted in the 1970s, current membership status uncertain)
      Bobby Tambling - English footballer
      Phil Terry - member of the 60's R&B group The Intruders.
      David Thomas - Avant-garde rocker, "Jehovah's Kingdom come"[2][3]
      Jean Terrell - Replaced Diana Ross in the Supremes in 1970.
      Akira Toriyama - Japanese Mangaka(Cartoonist), Author of Dragon Ball(Manga)
      Yoshito Usui - Japanese Mangaka, Author of Crayon Shin-chan
      Reena Virk - Canadian child murder victim
      Lark Voorhies - actress, Saved By The Bell
      Lou Whitaker - Former MLB baseball player for the Detroit Tigers.
      Chet Lemon - played with the Detroit Tigers along with Lou Whitaker
      Serena Williams- tennis player ; 8 Grand Slam champion
      Venus Williams - tennis player ; 5 time Grand Slam champion
      Akiko Yano - Japanese Singer, Former wife of Ryuichi Sakamoto
      Solveig Romero - Mexico and Switzerland, Actress and wife of Martin Campbell, the director of James Bond Casino Royale
      Chuck Winfield - Former Trumpet player for Blood, Sweat, and Tears.
      Rosalia Valdez - Former actress who left fame in Mexico to become a witness, daughter of famous Tin Tan Valdez.
      Carmina Villarroel - Filipino actress
      Patience Dlaminh - a weather forecast reporter in South Africa / Regional 'celebrity'
      Red Shea - Guitarist for Gordon Lightfoot (passed away in 2008)
      Tom Reynolds - He was one of the singers in the late 60's early 70's band 'Hamilton, Joe,Frank, & Reynolds.
      Toun Oni - Nigerian actress (featured in the TV drama 'fuji house of commotion') She was an active witness before her death a few months ago. In fact, she died of heart problems during the Lekki assembly hall construction work.
      Paul i.k Dairo (used to be one of Nigeria's top musicians); Last i heard of him, he is one of Jehovah witnesses.
      Wolf-Ekkehard Lonnig - a scientist from the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Germany
      Hayden Covington - leading attorney for the Jehovah's Witnesses, Watchtower Society; won multiple U.S. Supreme Court cases; represented Muhammad Ali in court [not sure if he left eventually or not?]
      Chappel Fisher - Country Music DJ in Florida, USA
      Michael Worilds - NFL Player
      Tony Garcia - Artist, DJ, Producer, Re-mixer, Arranger, Composer,Writer of Dance Music EDM, Funk Melody Freestyle Music Owner of High Power Records


      Honorable B. Dwight Goains - US Federal Judge
      Micaiah and Tabitha Bethune - Owners of the Fashion Industry "The Wild Life Reserve" out of New Orleans
      Alex Rance - Soccer Star

      Pavel Pavlov & Aleksandr Kryukov - Ukrainian YouTube Stars
      Minh Hung Godenzi - Miss Hong Kong 1984
      Danny Collision - NBA Player currently in California
      Clarion Chukwurah - Nollywood Actress
      Irina Bohr - Russian singer
      Alisson Euler de Freitas Castro - Brazilian Footballer
      Carlos Gonzaga - Brazilian Singer
      Andriy Mykolayovych Nesmachniy (Ukrainian: Андрій Миколайович Несмачний)
      PC-One - Star of Slam in Haiti
      Jacy Brean - Author 
      Mina Godenzi - Actress, Model and Miss Hong Kong
      Phillip Ingram - Musician
      Ramón Gómez Valdés de Castillo aka "Don Ramón" - Famous Mexican Actor
      Kenya Moore - not sure as to her current status though. 
      Anneliese Zelina - Model
      Raised as one of Jehovah's Witnesses
      Dwight D. Eisenhower - WWII General and Former President of the USA
      Childish Gambino Rapper, TV actor
      Michael Sam - First Gay NFL football player

      Nathan Day, frontman of grunge / Britpop group Darlia - "I grew up with a family whose parents were Jehovah’s Witnesses, so I felt very isolated."
      Kia Kahlo- Witness to rap
      Jacqueline Woodson
      Dwight David Eisenhower who became the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961)
      Meg Myers - Musician / Singer
      Nathan Haines - Saxophonist
      Shushila Takao - Actress in New Zealand show "Filthy Rich"

      Kim Holland - Dutch Porn Actress

      Little Scream - Montreal musician
      Kelsey Lu - Fashion model
      Rebekah Vardy - I'm a Celeb star
       
      List of former Jehovah's Witnesses
      Michelle Rodriguez - actress, raised by mother
      Gregg Alexander - The New Radicals' lead singer; raised by mother
      Carol M. Swain - political scientist; professor at Vanderbilt University; author of Black Faces, Black Interests and The New White Nationalism in America: Its Challenge to Integration; left the Witnesses at the age of 20, in 1975 (Ms. Swain was born in 1954 into an extremely poor household in rural Virginia, not far from Roanoke. She grew up with 11 brothers and sisters, dropped out of school in the ninth grade and married at age 16 -- in part, she says, because she saw no need to plan for a lengthy future. She was a Jehovah's Witness, and she believed that Armageddon would begin in 1975)
      Peter Andre - Singer raised in Australia, presently living in London with wife pin up model *Jordan
      Naomi Campbell- Supermodel; Raised by mother
      Geri Halliwell - Singer (Spice Girls); Raised as a Jehovah's Witness[verification needed]
      Barbara Grizzuti Harrison - American writer of Visions of Glory: A History and a Memory of Jehovah's Witnesses(converted to Catholicism)
      Nancy Garrido - the now infamous kidnapper of Jaycee Dugard
      Latoya Jackson
      Michael Jackson - Michael became a Jehovah's Witness but disassociated himself shortly after his hit album, Thriller
      Olin R. Moyle - Former Watchtower Chief Attorney
      Dave Mustaine - Guitarist (ex-Metallica; Megadeth; ex- MD .45)
      Miki Nakatani - JapaneseActress, Raised as a Jehovah's Witness
      Gloria Naylor - novelist, author of The Women of Brewster Place (1982, American Book Award)
      Patti Smith - Singer and poet
      Leo Volpe
      Jill Scott-Singer; raised as one of Jehovah's Witness
      Hinano Yoshikawa - JapaneseFashion model and actress, Raised as a Jehovah's Witness
      K-os - Canadian R&B artist ; Raised Jehovah's Witness
      Rene Montes de Oca Martija - dissident human-rights activist in Cuba (son of JW)
      Selena Quintanilla Perez - __Tejano__ singer ; raised Jehovah's Witnesses
      Sherri Shepherd from The View. Her father is an elder in his congregation.
      Jill Scott - a singer,poet & actress from USA, she played in the movie-'why did i get married'
      Maureen Mwanawasa, wife of late Zambian president, though she disassociated herself, but she still attends meetings. the late president was also studying with JWs, his mother was a JW. his children also attend meetings, i think one is a publisher.
      Thandiwe Banda our current Zambian first lady who was a JW until recently when she disassociated herself. Reportedly a former pioneer.
      Mamontha Modise was a JW. travels all over the world to report current news 2 South Africans.
      Ja Rule - Rapper - raised a jehovahs witness and is no longer one, in an interview he said his mother was disfellowshipped
      Jaywon; currently a musician, was raised a witness, later decided to follow a way of life thats suits him.
      Rick Haynes - Musician
      Travis Scott - NFL football player for Rams (raised JW)
      Scott Cheshire - Gotham City Writers
      Eddie Griffin - Comedian
      Leaders of the music band Shakespeare's Unit
       
      Rumors of:
      Eddie Murphy - Not verified yet
      Josh Groban - We don't know what to think yet.. 🙂 Some have suspicions....
      Omarion - I believe he is only "studying"
      Jackie Chan - (I still don't believe the photo)
       
      Please Read
      Some people have wondered if we have listed people who simply studied briefly with Jehovah's Witnesses. As far as we know, this is not the case. Anybody can sit down and meet with Jehovah's Witnesses to study their beliefs. In no way would we consider that grounds for identifying somebody as a Jehovah's Witness. All of the people listed on our page have actually been considered Jehovah's Witnesses or considered themselves adherents of the faith, either by way of having been raised in the faith or because they were an active convert to the faith.
      Of course no insult is meant to Jehovah's Witnesses or anybody else by hosting this list. Personally, reading the biographies and faith statements of many famous Jehovah's Witnesses has helped tear down some stereotypes for me. It simply isn't true, for example, that this faith necessarily stifles creativity or achievement. Clearly, many adherents to the faith (including people raised in it as well as converts who chose to become Witnesses as adults) have been very famous creative people or have been very successful, as measured by worldly standards.
      Regardless of the obvious tensions between the pressures of worldly fame, versus remaining active in a religious faith which expects all of its members to live according to the highest Biblical standards of ethics and morality, there are indeed many "famous" adherents who have strived to remain faithful. Even for those who have failed to balance fame and success with the demands of their faith, the teachings and values they were raised with or embraced at some point as an adult remain forever an influence in their lives. Were this not true, these individuals would not be listed here at all. This list is based on what famous people themselves have said to interviewers and to the public. We have no access to actual Jehovah's Witness membership or attendance records. If a celebrity or famous person doesn't talk publicly about their experiences as a Jehovah's Witness, we would have no way of knowing about this part of their lives.
      The actions of a single individual should never be used to judge an entire group of people, and I believe most people realize this. Anybody who does try to condemn Jehovah's Witnesses by the behavior of their "worst" lapsed members or former members will stand instantly condemned themselves. This is because the cumulative behavior of the famous (and infamous) members of the group the accuser belongs to is far worse than anything they will be able to dig up relating to people who have been Jehovah's Witnesses. This is true of essentially any sufficiently large religious group. It is true also of anti-religious people, who are nearly always wise enough to avoid condemning entire groups by the actions of individuals, lest they be asked to answer for the hundreds of millions of murders perpetrated by Lenin, Pol Pot, Stalin, Adolph Hitler, Mao, Mussolini, Nicolae Ceausescu, Joseph Goebbels, Maximillien Robespierre, etc.
       
      Some older entries in the wiki with the two links below: (These still need to be migrated here to this forum)
      Celebrities who were/are JW's
      Sports Stars who were/are JW's
       
    • By Kurt
      /EINPresswire.com/ Bobby Martin is the Grammy Award winning R&B producer that dominated the airwaves for nearly three decades with his signature sound. He is a legend in the music industry, and he is well known around the world. Martin’s fellow Jehovah’s Witness brothers and sisters often refer to him as Brother Martin. In addition to being a Grammy Winner, he is famous and respected as The Granddaddy of R&B music. His signature sound was called R&B, and in the 1970’s it was known as The Sound of Philadelphia. 

      As far as Bobby Martin is concerned, younger R&B artists often sample and produce remakes of his songs. A good example of this is the song “Da Butta”. WILL SMITH and LIL’ KIM collaborated with Bobby Martin by using one of his productions. The music track and beat were taken from Bobby Martin’s studio recording of (Every Time I Turn Around) “Back in Love Again”, by L.T.D. GEORGE BENSON also recorded a cover of an L.T.D. song, called “Love Ballad”.

      Most of us have heard SEAL, and SIMPLY RED sing “If You Don’t Know Me By Now”, which was originally arranged in the studio with Bobby Martin. KANYE WEST sampled “Show You The Way To Go”, using Bobby Martin’s recording of THE JACKSONS. 

      Martin’s success in the music industry has broken the stereotype that Jehovah Witnesses do not participate in any of the arts. In fact, some of the most prolific icons in entertainment just happen to be Jehovah’s Witnesses, like PRINCE, KATHERINE JACKSON (Michael Jackson’s Mother), SERENA and VENUS WILLIAMS, GEORGE BENSON, LARRY GRAHAM (Drake’s Uncle), RONNIE LAWS just to name a few.

      Jehovah’s Witnesses are happy and joyful people that want to live a clean life. Yet they enjoy music, as long as it is clean music. Jehovah’s Witnesses dance at their gatherings, and they all sing songs to Jehovah at all of their meetings. One of Bobby Martin’s fans, Camille Szalma, had the opportunity to take a photo with Bobby and the Latin Music legend “TITO PUENTE”, at a celebrity mixer. Surprisingly, Camille Szalma just happened to be a faithful Jehovah’s Witness herself, also showing that Jehovah’s Witnesses represent some of the music industry’s fan base. Jehovah’s Witnesses purchase music and they enjoy live performances. 
      Martin has even collaborated with many of his Christian brothers that are known in the entertainment world, such as THE JACKSONS, GEORGE BENSON, LARRY GRAHAM, JEAN TERRELL, BENNY GOLSON, HUBERT LAWS, and many others. 
      Bobby Martin is best known for arranging and producing the music of the top icons in the music industry including MICHAEL JACKSON, THE JACKSONS, QUINCY JONES, WILL SMITH, CLIVE DAVIS, WHITNEY HOUSTON, PATTI LABELLE, DUSTY SPRINGFIELD, LOU RAWLS, HERB ALPERT, THE BEE GEES, GAMBLE & HUFF, and so forth. 
      Martin worked heavily in producing, and arranging music with GAMBLE & HUFF (Kenneth Gamble & Leon Huff). Most of the classic Philadelphia R&B hit songs were arranged or produced by Bobby Martin, songs like “Let’s Just Kiss And Say Goodbye”. 

      Bobby Martin, Kenneth Gamble, and Leon Huff were a close family of music executives. Martin learned about Jehovah’s Witnesses from Kenneth Gamble’s mother (Ruby N. Gamble), who was a Jehovah’s Witness. Martin was later baptized with Jehovah’s Witnesses in the year 1976 in Woodland Hills, at an assembly hall where The Jackson’s would attend their assemblies. 

      Martin has produced artists at Capitol Records, Columbia Records with Clive Davis, A&M Records with Quincy Jones, and Philadelphia International Records with producers Gamble and Huff, to name a few. Martin has produced and arranged multiple hits and has accumulated thousands of Gold & Platinum record awards. Bobby Martin is a Grammy winner as well. He won a very significant Grammy Award for the Soul Train theme song, named TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia). 

      Martin’s classic productions are heard on radio stations around the world, and he is presently working in the recording studio on new songs to soon be released in 2013. 

      For more information, search online for Grammy Winner Bobby Martin, Producer Bobby Martin, Arranger Bobby Martin, and Bobby Martin Productions!Source
      Bobby Martin
       
    • By The Librarian
      Jehovah's Witnesses > Notable JW's
      See also: Celebrities who are/were JW's
      Alive:
      Brothers:
      Mark Sanderson
      William Malenfant
      Don Adams
      Karl A. Adams
      Joel Adams
      Michael Aronowitz
      Ted Armstrong
      Malcolm Allen
      David Ianelli
      Norman Mosure "Stormin' Norman" - District Overseer
      George Couch (Bethelite 1957-2007)
      Geoffrey Jackson (Governing Body Member)
      Colin Quackenbush - Talk / Talk (still alive?)
      Angelo Manera - District Overseer - Talk
      Judah Schroeder
      Gary Breaux oversees Richard Ashe
       
      Sisters:
      Simone Arnold Liebster

       
      Deceased:
      Pastor Charles Taze Russell (spouse) (foster daughter)
      Joseph L. Russell
      Alexander H MacMillan
      George Storrs (Influenced Pastor Russell)
      Henry Grew (Influenced Pastor Russell)
      George Stetson (Influenced Pastor Russell)
      Judge Rutherford / Joseph Franklin Rutherford
      Nathan Knorr
      Nelson H. Barbour (Influenced Pastor Russell Pre-Watch Tower)
      Frederick William Franz
      Raymond Franz
      Theodore Jaracz
      Daniel Sydlik
      Carey Barber
      Karl A Adams
      Milton G. Henschel
      Liebster, Max
      John E. Barr
      Leopold Engleitner
      William 'Bible' Brown
      W. Glen How
      Grant Suiter
      Hayden C. Covington
      Olin R. Moyle
      Ulysses Glass - Gilead Instructor
      Bob Mackey
      Benjamin Martin
      J.R. Brown
      Albert Schroeder
      Charles Sinutko
      Sisters:
      Nancy Yuen
      Lilian Gobitas Klose
      Dorothy Covington, Wife of Civil Liberties Attorney Hayden Covington, Dies at 92
      Jeanette (Jenny) Jackson

      See also:
      Bethel Personnel Assignments (2000)
       
    • By Kurt
      Chet Lemon is a devout Jehovah's Witnesses who refused to stand for the national anthem.
      Lemon suffers from Polycythemia vera, a rare blood disorder, but in accordince with his faith refuses to have blood transfusions to treat the disease

      Chester Earl Lemon (born February 12, 1955) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. A three-time All-Star, he was a member of the World Series champion 1984 Detroit Tigers.
       Manzullo, Brian (29 August 2016). "Remember: Ex-Tigers Whitaker, Lemon didn't stand for anthem, either"
      Robbins, Josh (16 January 2002). "Chet Lemon Returns To Eustis Practice"
      source
    • By Kurt
      Mark McCumber (born September 7, 1951) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and Champions Tour.
      McCumber was born and raised in Jacksonville, Florida, where he attended Robert E. Lee High School. He turned professional in 1974 and joined the PGA Tour in 1978. McCumber won ten times on the PGA Tour between 1979 and 1994 including the prestigious Players Championship (1988) and Tour Championship (1994). He also won the World Cup for the United States in partnership with Ben Crenshaw in 1988. He played on the 1989 Ryder Cup team.
      McCumber worked as an on-course reporter for NBC Sports in 1991 and for ABC Sports part-time in 1998 and full-time in 1999.
      After turning 50 in 2001, McCumber played on the Champions Tour from 2001 to 2008,[2] but did not win an event in this venue. He also works as a golf course architect and was occasionally featured as a golf analyst on Fox Sports. McCumber is a member of the American Society of Golf Course Architects.
      McCumber and his wife, Paddy, have two daughters and a son. One of his sons, Tyler, is also a professional golfer. McCumber is a devout Jehovah's Witnesses who preaches in his spare time.
      source
    • By Bible Speaks
      British Boxing Champion, retired and serves as a Jehovah's Witness.
      http://www.boxingnewsonline.net/when-you-knock-out-vitali-klitschko-by-accident/

    • By Kurt
      Is Richard Clayderman a Jehovah's Witness?
    • By Kurt
      Benjamin Homer (Art)
      1917 – 1975
      Born in Meriden, Benjamin Hozer changed his name to Homer for professional reasons. His talent and love for music surfaced in his early years, and Ben Homer became a member of the Meriden Symphony at the age of 11. His composing ability blossomed early with his "Class Song – 1932" at Jefferson Junior High School. At age 15 he became a member of the American Federation of Musicians.
      After a stint with the Silver Rhythm King at WICC in New Haven, Homer won a scholarship to the prestigious New England Conservatory of Music. In his third year there, he was engaged by Artie Shaw to copy his arranger's scores. This led to subsequent arranging for Raymond Scott., Jack Teagarden, AI Donahue, Bob Chester, Les Brown and Paul Whiteman. "Downbeat" magazine wrote, "No band's library is complete without a Ben Homer arrangement." At age 26, he was then the youngest member ever inducted into ASCAP.
      Homer's best known compositions are "Shoot the Sherbet to Me Herbert,” "Joltin' Joe DiMaggio," "Mexican Hat Dance,” "Bizet Had His Day," and the all-time favorite "Sentimental Journey."
      He returned to the New England Conservatory of Music in 1942 to teach Modem Theory and Arranging.
      Ben Homer's music and arrangements live on with the resurgence of the music of the big bands – a fitting tribute to and a lasting legacy from this talented musician and composer.
      Probably very few Jehovah's Witnesses realize that the composer of "Sentimental Journey" became one of their own ministers in the early '50s, breaking away from quite a successful career in the music business. Then again, this could also be another aspect of this organization branching out into control of many aspects of life in America, including the insurance industry, various disaster aftermath services, and fast food chains. Ben Homer went to New York City in 1938 following studies at the New England Conservatory. In the thriving Big Apple music scene of that era he found many bandleaders hungry for appealing material, among them trombonist and singer Jack Teagarden, clarinetists Artie Shaw and Benny Goodman, and the unique bandleader and inventor Raymond Scott. Homer became a staff composer for dance band maestro Les Brown in 1940. Homer, his frequent co-writer Bud Green, and Brown comprise the colorful songwriting triumvirate credited with "Sentimental Journey," a hit for Doris Day and one of the most frequently covered songs in American history. Other titles by Homer before he became a minister hardly deserve to be as forgotten as they are, such as "Shoot the Sherbet to Me Herbert," "Joltin' Joe Di Maggio," and "Bizet Has His Day."
      source
       The song "Keep your eyes on the prize" was written by Ben Homer, a JW musical composer who also wrote the hit song "Sentimental Journey." 

      source
       

    • By Kurt
      Joyce Holden Biography
      Wikipedia Joyce Holden
       

      Clipped from Eureka Humboldt Standard,  13 Apr 1965, Tue,  Page 4
       
    • By The Librarian
      The mother of US President Eisenhower

      Did Ida Eisenhower Die a Jehovah's Witness?
      When researching Eisenhower's religion "Since so little original documentation exists, most historians have relied on interviews with persons who knew David and Ida" (Branigar 1994:1). Of the large amount of information available, one has to determine which conclusions were historically accurate--sometimes no easy task. One of the most reliable sources is Gladys Dodd's thesis because she used scores of personal interviews with the family, many of whom she was personally acquainted with, to study the religious background of the Eisenhower family in the late 1950s. Unfortunately, some Watchtower sources are questionable.
      Dr. Holt, the director of the Dwight D. Eisenhower library in Abilene, Kansas indicates that the Watchtower may be involved in passing documents off as real which are evidently forgeries (1999). Specifically, interviews with family members has led J. Earl Endacott, a former Eisenhower library curator, to conclude that it was a 1944 incident which led to the dismissal of Ida's nurse, Mrs. Engle, who was then an active Jehovah's Witness.
      The source of this information was Mrs. Robinson, who became Ida's nurse after Engle's dismissal. She claimed that Engle and another Witness conned Ida to write her name several times on a blank sheet of paper under the pretense of giving her "practice." According to Mrs. Robinson, the most legible signature was then physically cut from the sheet and pasted on the bottom of the letter to Mr. Boeckel which was not written by Mrs. Eisenhower but by Engle. Endacott concluded Engle had "more loyalty to the Witnesses" than to the Eisenhower's to whom she was distantly related. Later "in one of her lucid moments Ida told Mrs. Robinson what had happened and gave the sheet with the cut out name to her. When the Eisenhower foundation took over the home, Mrs. Robinson told me the story and gave me the sheet which I still have" (Endacott, N.D.).
      This letter she allegedly wrote was to a Richard Boeckel, a young man who had become a Jehovah's Witness while still in the army (Boeckel, 1980). In August of 1944 Boeckel attended a Watchtower assembly in Denver where he met Lotta Thayer, Ida's neighbor from Abilene. In his conversations with her, Boeckel explained the difficulty of being a Witness in a military environment. Thayer then reportedly told him that her neighbor was General Eisenhower's mother, and added that "she's one of Jehovah's Witnesses" and asked Boeckel if he would like her to write to him (Knorr, 1980:24-29). Boeckel wrote Ida, and part of the letter Ida allegedly wrote back to him stated,
      To encourage Boeckel to accept Watchtower doctrines, the letter mentioned several current events which the Watchtower then taught was evidence that Armageddon would occur very soon, concluding that "Surely this portends that very soon the glorious Theocracy, the long promised kingdom of Jehovah...will rule the entire earth and pour out manifold blessings upon all peoples who are of good will towards Him. All others will be removed [killed at Armageddon]. Again, may I urge your ever faithfulness to these 'Higher Powers' and to the New World now so very near." The letter dated August 20, 1944, evidently had the taped signature "Ida Eisenhower" affixed to it and closed with "Respectfully yours in hope of and as a fighter for the New World" (Cole, 1955:191).
      This Ida Eisenhower letter, Endacott concluded, was "not in the words of Ida, who at the time could hardly write her own name" and evidentially she was not always mentally alert although her physical health was good. Her memory started to fail soon after her husband died and was at times so poor that she could not even remember her own son's names (Eisenhower, 1974:188). Furthermore, this letter is very well written quite in contrast to the letter she wrote in her own hand dated 1943 (see Cole 1955). When the Eisenhower sons found out about this event (evidentially a reporter published the letter putatively written by Ida Eisenhower to Mr. Boeckel) and other similar incidences, they wrote to Engle exploiting Ida (Kornitzer 1955). The letter was evidentially ignored by Engle and then Milton was given the task of dismissing her. At this time, Milton hired non-Witness Mrs. Robinson to help take care of Ida.
      It would appear that Richard Boeckel would immediately be suspicious when he received the letter with Mrs. Eisenhower's signature obviously taped on it. He should have confirmed that the letter was genuine before he made claims about receiving a letter from Ida Eisenhower. His story and a photo reproduction of the letter was published in Marley Cole's book Jehovah's Witnesses and other sources, and Boeckel repeated the claims about the letter in his life story published in the October 15, 1980 Watchtower. At the minimum, the Watchtower Society, Mr. Boeckel, and Marley Cole have unethically presented a letter as genuine evidentially without verification. If Mrs. Eisenhower's letter is verified to be valid, the allegations that her letter is a forgery should be squashed. So far the Watchtower has not answered several inquiries about this matter. The Eisenhower museum has agreed to pay for a handwriting expert to examine the letter, but all attempts to obtain the cooperation of the Watchtower have so-far failed.
      Merle Miller related an experience involving Boeckel and this letter which reveals the irony of Eisenhower's mother's faith:
      Suspicion that the letter was a forgery is also supported by a Watchtower teaching called The Theocratic Warfare Doctrine. The Theocratic Warfare doctrine essentially teaches that it is appropriate to withhold the truth from "people who are not entitled to it" to further the Watchtower's interests (Reed, 1992; Franz, 1971:1060-1061). Reed defines Theocratic War Strategy as the approval to lie "to outsiders when deemed necessary" and also to deceive outsiders to advance the Watchtower's interests (Reed, 1995:40). In the words of Kotwall the Watchtower teaches that "to lie and deceive in the interest of their religion is Scripturally approved" (Kotwall, 1997:1). Jehovah's Witnesses do not always lie outright, but they often lie according to the court's definition--not telling "the whole truth and nothing but the truth," which means the court requires the whole story, not half-truths or deception (Bergman 1998). In the words of Raines, theocratic warfare in practice means "deceiving" to protect and advance the interests of "God's people" especially God's "organization the Watchtower" (Raines, 1996:20).
      Nonetheless, I found no evidence that either parent was not a devoted Watchtower adherent when the Eisenhower boys were raised. If Mrs. Eisenhower's allegiance to the Watchtower waned as she got older, this would not affect the fact that her boys were raised as Witnesses, but would help us to better understand Ida Eisenhower.
      In conclusion, Ida probably did not resign from the Witnesses and still saw herself as one. The reasons for concluding Ida Eisenhower mailed other letters at about the same time that she allegedly mentioned her Witness commitment to Boeckel include a handwritten letter to fellow Witness Mrs. H. I. Lawson of Long Island, N.Y., in 1943 (Cole, 1955). Although this letter could be a forgery as well, no one has voiced this concern yet.

      New York Times, Sept. 12, 1946, p. 7. In addition, a front page Wichita Beacon (April 1943) article about Ida's Watchtower assembly attendance gave no indication that she was then disenchanted with Jehovah's Witnesses. The article stated that "the 82 year old mother of Americas famous military leader. . . was the center of attraction at the meeting Sunday, and her name was heard in just about every conversation, speech and discussion. The program's subject was 'how to become a good Jehovah's Witness." No evidence exists that only a year later she rejected Watchtower teachings or had resigned. These facts do not prove the letter is not a forgery, nor do they demonstrate the commonly alleged view that she became a Witness only in her later years when she was becoming senile, as often implied by many authors.

      History of Bergman's perspective:
      Eisenhower's family originally belonged to the local River Brethren sect of the Mennonites. However, when Ike was five years old, his parents became followers of the WatchTower Society, whose members later took the name Jehovah's Witnesses. The Eisenhower home served as the local WatchTower meeting Hall from 1896 to 1915, when Eisenhower's father stopped regularly associating due to the WatchTower's failed prophesies that Armageddon would occur in October 1914 and 1915. Ike's father received a WatchTower funeral when he died in the 1940s. Ike's mother continued as an active Jehovah's Witness until her death.
      President Eisenhower and the Influence of the Jehovah's Witnesses.pdf
    • By Saint-Jacques Pierre Cheelton
      His name is A.O (T-Pin is his nickname),he was appointed as Elder August 11,2013 and canceled in the list of Elders March14,2017 because he is singing.He is a regular pioneer since 2007 until now in Haiti.This is his preview video announcing his upcoming video : We can go!  Stay tuned for the full complete video. https://m.facebook.com/PisiWann/
       
    • By bruceq
      He called me from New York and said: "I'm probably staying here." The news is shocking. The last thing you could expect from a person who sang (and sings): "I was born and grew up on Lenin Street". It's hard to imagine music more Russian than the one that Zero played, and Chistyakov continues to play. A brilliant album "No fools" and a few very strong singles have just come out, he has traveled around the country with concerts, he is at the peak of his form, he is finally all right after twenty years of depression and setbacks. So from what to run (and this is the escape)?
      Photo from the archive of Fedor Chistyakov ... The fact that Chistyakov is a member of Jehovah's Witnesses, an organization that has just been recognized as extremist, knew everything, but did not attach importance. It was believed that the rock star has such a fad. Prince was also a Witness. And Madonna is a Kabbalist. And Tom Cruise is a Scientologist ... However, Fedor, although he never spoke about his religion at concerts and very rarely in an interview, takes her seriously. This is not a fad, this is something for which he is ready to fight.
      "Witnesses" appeared in his life in the 90's, during the most difficult period. He just served an assassination attempt, went through a psychiatric hospital and was in a terrible state, on the verge of suicide. Now he does not drink, does not smoke and does not sing his old songs, where drugs are mentioned. But at the same time he did not lose the rock-n-roll drive, at the concerts he ignites in a way that few people can now. You can treat the Witnesses differently, but they rescued him, Fedor Chistyakov.
      Pressure on the "Witnesses" went for a long time. In 2004, the Moscow court dismissed the Moscow community. In 2011, several criminal cases were opened. And in 2009, the NTV channel showed the film: "Watch out: Jehovah's Witnesses". In addition to the attack on the Witnesses, there was a run-in and personally on Chistyakov. Televischiki represented him in the image of a zombified and seduced sectarian, which is not true by one percent. This can be confirmed by anyone who has been to Fedor's concerts and listened to his recent recordings. The zombies do not sing like that.
      The conclusion from the program was clear: look, the murderer and the addict preach the Bible! They, probably, are all like that.
      The act is sneaky, whatever one may say, but Chistyakov then restrained himself. He is generally patient, his life has been broken and continues to break, like few people, one must have a strong character in order to survive and not go insane in his circumstances. As the campaign around the Witnesses unfolded, he became gloomy, nervous, but he waited. There were weak chances that it would cost. Now there are no such chances. Since July, his co-religionists and he is outside the law.
      "You can regard this interview as my official statement on leaving the country," Fyodor said. "I just had no choice."
      - I was not going to emigrate. There are people who for years try to get a green card or somehow get to America. And I never had any thoughts of such, nor of the possibilities. I firmly settled in place, I am already fifty, where to go? Besides, right now everything is developing very well, as a musician I am on the rise: a good band, an established tour system, one after the other albums are out. And so we flew with a tour in the US. And on the eve of the trial, the result of which was the ban of the Witnesses. For me it was a shock. The likelihood that I will not return from the American tour started to increase strongly. And on July 17, when they rejected the appeal, I made the final decision.
      - What does this prohibition mean to you personally?
      - First and foremost: I can not openly profess my religion. This in itself is a trauma, even if you are not being put, but there are already plantings. In Orel, for example, they took and imprisoned a citizen of Denmark. Russians are not enough for them, they decided to wet it so that the ears rang. There are options for punishment: prison, forced labor, fine. If a person is fined 100,000, and he has a salary of 20, what should he do? After that, by the way, they can plant.
      "Such a situation makes any creative activity meaningless. What's the point, if tomorrow can come for you? "
       
      And musical activity is connected with long-term investments. I invest my personal funds in the project, my colleagues and investors are investing. I take on very serious obligations. Concerts are planned for six months, and I have no right to even get sick, I have to play live or dead. But how to work if you can be picked up at any moment? Then you have to change your profession, but I do not want to, I still have many plans.
      Last year, my spies were visited by searches of special services. Laptops, computers, hard disks were taken to find evidence of extremism. I was very worried about my home studio. It is absolutely inconceivable that my achievements are carried to an unknown place. So my move is not connected with the fact that I allegedly do not like Russia and sold to the Americans. This is a forced measure aimed at preventing me from disappearing as a creative unit. There was no other way out.
      "And so you left." What will happen to the band "Fedor Chistyakov Band"? Is the project closed?
      - In no case. Only the place of my physical stay has changed, nothing changes anymore. At least, I hope so. Now we are reshaping the schedules of tours taking into account the fact that I'm flying to them from America. In the near future the bandback of the group "Zero" - November 18, Moscow, "Izvestia Hall." If there is no force majeure, everything will be done. And then the recording of the new album, the material is written, you have to work with it. In addition, an American project is planned, with which I will be speaking, a contract has already been signed.
      - Do you plan on singing in English?
      "I'm afraid I will not succeed." Russian language, Russian thinking, Russian mentality with the move does not disappear anywhere. This is not the clothes that he took off, put on another and everything is okay. I remain the same as I was, I am still worried about things that are happening in Russia. And of course, I'm focused on the Russian public. But there is still an emigrant audience, it is not very large, but it is. I live in the area of New York, where on the street constantly hear Russian speech. And it's not even Brighton.
      - The song from your new single "Time to Live" begins with the words: "There is nothing to do, nothing to do, nothing to do, only to run ..." Just about running away. Coincidence or did you plan?
      - Coincidence, I was surprised to him. This is an old song "Zero", it did not have time to finish it in 1992, I do not remember what I meant at the time. Probably, flight from a difficult life situation, but not emigration exactly. We recorded it now together with Nichols, with whom "Zero" started sometime, it is possible with good conscience to consider this record as the new work of "Zero".
      https://www.novayagazeta.ru/articles/2017/07/31/73296-pochemu-fedor-chistyakov-pokinul-rossiyu
    • By Nicole
      Como cada 18 de julio desde 2010, hoy se celebra el Día Internacional de Nelson Mandela, en conmemoración del día del nacimimento del que fue presidente de Sudáfrica de 1994 a 1999, el primer político de raza negra que llegó al Ejecutivo de su país y el principal activista en la lucha contra el apartheid en la nación africana.
      Todos conocemos la labor por la paz y la cooperación del premio Nobel, pero hoy queremos recordar la figura de Evelyn Mase, la enfermera sudafricana que fue su esposa desde 1944 hasta 1957.
      Evelyn Ntoko Mase nació en la ciudad de Engcobo el 18 de mayo de 1922, y falleció el 30 de abril de 2004. Cuando contaba 17 años, se trasladó a Johannesburgo, la urbe más importante de Sudáfrica, para ejercer como enfermera en el Hospital de Hillbrow.
      Su vida con Mandela
      Nelson Mandela y Evelyn Mase se casaron en 1944, con 26 y 22 años respectivamente. El futuro presidente sudafricano llegó a Johannesburgo para completar sus estudios de Derecho, y allí conoció, a través de uno de sus grandes amigos y quien lo inició en la política introduciéndolo en las bases del partido Congreso Nacional Africano, Walter Sisulu, a su vez, primo de Mase, a la que sería su primera esposa.
       
      Durante su matrimonio, del que resultaron cuatro hijos, Mandela fue elegido presidente de las secciones jóvenes de dicha agrupación política y se transformó en una figura clave en la lucha contra el racismo y el apartheid en Sudáfrica, y las manifestaciones y actos públicos empezaron a copar gran parte de su vida.
      Evelyn Mase era una mujer de profundas convicciones religiosas y una miembro activa de los testigos de Jehová, una creencia que la obligaba a mantenerse apartada de iniciativas políticas, lo que empezó a deteriorar su relación. El mismo Mandela lo relata en su libro autobiográfico, titulado El largo camino hacia la libertad, publicado en 1994,  según lo recoge el portal web Casa África, de la siguiente forma: «Fue un conflicto irreconciliable entre la política y la religión. Yo no podía renunciar a mi lucha y ella no podía vivir con mi devoción a algo distinto de ella y su familia. Nunca perdí mi admiración por ella, pero al final no pudimos mantener nuestro matrimonio».
      En 1955, Mandela y Mase se separaron, y dos años después, se divorciaron, pero volvió al panorama internacional en 1990, cuando el líder de la lucha contra el racismo en el país africano fue liberado después de pasar 27 años en prisión.
      En 1998, 41 años después, esta enfermera volvió a contraer nupcias en la ciudad de Soweto, cercana a Johannesburgo, en la que desarrolló diversas actividades dedicadas a la beneficencia, y hoy, como se ha dicho, Día Internacional de Nelson Mandela, desde el Diario DICEN hemos querido recordar su figura.
      https://www.diariodicen.es/201707/evelyn-mase-enfermera-y-primera-esposa-de-nelson-mandela/

    • By Kurt
      She left it all behind —a normal college life, her teammates, a skyrocketing volleyball career that would have gave her a crack at the national. All to become one of the Jehovah’s witnesses.
      Cebuana volleybelle Frances Karen Derder had everything going her way as she made it into the lineup of perennial UAAP champions Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) Lady Eagles in 2014. But her stint with the Lady Eagles was cut short since, according to her, Ateneo coach Tai Bundit did not allow her to continue her religious service, a move which left some of the Lady Eagles faithfuls clueless to this day.
      “I transferred to Ateneo but I went back to Cebu in the second semester because Coach Tai was strict. He did not allow me to attend our meeting or worship. They all say the reason I went home was because I was homesick, but it is not,” she said.
      The 19-year-old Derder returned to Cebu and went on to help the Southwestern University (SWU) Cobras win the 2015 Cesafi title while being recognized as the league’s best server.
      But little did anyone know that title-clinching game two years ago against the University of San Jose-Recoletos was going to be her last stint in the sport that she really loved.
      Although there are days wherein she’d like to play volleyball, the Minglanilla, Cebu-native has learned in the past few years that she can’t serve two masters at a time, quoting the renowned scripture from the bible known as the Matthew 6:24 which reads: “No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else, he will hold to the one, and despise the other.”
      “To tell you honestly, I was really sad when I stopped playing because volleyball was my passion since elementary but when I learned the truth, I sacrificed my own interest to have a good relationship with Jehovah.”
      Regardless of the fact that her love for the sport is still in her heart, Derder said she has closed the doors on a return to volleyball, saying she has already found true happiness by preaching the word of God.
      Derder may have lost her chance on volleyball fame and glory. But in exchange, she received even more, something that people spend their whole life finding: the meaning of true happiness.
      source
    • By Kurt
      There are over 8.2 million practicing evangelical Jehovah's Witnesses worldwide. Many famous athletes are Jehovah's Witnesses. Several famous boxers, NBA players, and baseball stars follow the teachings of the Jehovah's Witness faith. Some of these athletes were raised in the faith, while others converted later in life. Two of the best female tennis players of all time are Jehovah's Witnesses.

      Who is the most famous athlete who is a Jehovah's Witness? Serena Williams tops our list. She and her sister Venus were raised as Jehovah's Witnesses and still practice today. Serena says, “I've been studying to be a Jehovah's Witness, so I go to Kingdom Hall. I grew up a Witness and it's what I know, and we teach things that come from the Bible." Danny Granger was raised in a Jehovah's Witness household. It is unclear if he still practices the faith today.

      On Dave Pear's blog he states, "I am one of Jehovah’s Witnesses and an advocate for justice!" Chet Lemon is a Jehovah's Witness. He almost died from a blood disorder in 1991, when he decided against surgery because his religion prohibits him from receiving a blood transfusion. Kid Gavilán became a Jehovah's Witness in the late-1960s.

      Do you think that being Jehovah's Witnesses helps these athletes to succeed in their professional careers? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
       

      Serena Williams was raised a Jehovah's Witness and still practices today.

      Venus Williams was raised a Jehovah's Witness and still practices the religion.

      Danny Granger was raised in a Jehovah's Witness household. It is unclear if he still practices the faith today.

       
      Baseball player was an active Jehovah's Witness and put the religion above his MLB career.

      Willie Wise was considering becoming a Jehovah's Witness minister before getting drafted to the NBA.

      On Dave Pear's blog it states, "I am one of Jehovah’s Witnesses and an advocate for justice!"

      Travis Scott was raised as a Jehovah's Witness.

      Chet Lemon is a Jehovah's Witness. He almost died from a blood disorder in 1991, when he decided against surgery because his religion prohibits him from receiving a blood transfusion.

      Dave Meyers is a Jehovah's Witness. He retired from basketball in 1980 to spend more time with his family and practice his faith

      Kid Gavilán became a Jehovah's Witness in the late-1960s.

      Mark McCumber is a devout Jehovah's Witness. He says, "It's a very misunderstood religion."
      11 Athletes Who Are Jehovah's Witnesses
      27 Famous Jehovah's Witnesses
       
       
       
       
    • By Kurt
      Paul Wyche (is news technologies assistant for The Journal Gazette)
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    • .... and now back to "money issue" with your upper thoughts as light that bring clarification to me.   Money is product due to our inheritance of Sin... Money is product because man dwell in imperfection   and the cause for man to dwell in imperfection was Satan the Devil Money is product because Satan can influence man to do things that is not of any good   Well who standing in the background, behind of human who do things that is not of any good? Well who stand in the background, behind  of money? :))
    • Is there some Bible report about how Jesus and apostles doing the same, giving donation money in temple box? 
    • Jehovah meant to rule over mankind but the human pair listened to Satan who told them they could be happy doing their own thing. So they rejected Jehovah's rule over them and obeyed Satan.  Satan is really the one who sponsored man's rule over man. Rev 13:1,2  shows that the wild beast with seven heads and ten horns represents human rulership sponsored by Satan, since it shows that the wild beast gets its power and authority from the dragon, Satan the devil. Matthew 4 which we just did at the meeting  shows Satan offering Jesus of all people the kingdoms of the world if Jesus would do one act of worship to him, Satan.  Thus, Satan shows that the kingdoms of the world are really his. However sometime after man's rebellion Nimrod, a hunter in opposition to God,   began to build cities in order to rule over people. "*** it-2 p. 503 Nimrod ***
      Observes the Cyclopædia by M’Clintock and Strong: “That the mighty hunting was not confined to the chase is apparent from its close connection with the building of eight cities. . . . What Nimrod did in the chase as a hunter was the earlier token of what he achieved as a conqueror. For hunting and heroism were of old specially and naturally associated . . . The Assyrian monuments also picture many feats in hunting, and the word is often employed to denote campaigning. . . . The chase and the battle, which in the same country were connected so closely in aftertimes, may therefore be virtually associated or identified here. The meaning then will be, that Nimrod was the first after the flood to found a kingdom, to unite the fragments of scattered patriarchal rule, and consolidate them under himself as sole head and master; and all this in defiance of Jehovah, for it was the violent intrusion of Hamitic power into a Shemitic territory.”—1894, Vol. VII, p. 109." God did not agree to this scheme and scattered those people from there all over the earth by confusing their language. In the 16th century B.C.E. when Israel was formed as a nation, it in time asked for a king, in imitation of the pagan nations around.  Jehovah meant to rule over his people by having priests, judges and prophets to enforce his laws. So when they asked for a king Jehovah warned them of the consequences of having  human rulers, and told Samuel that they were not rejecting him Samuel  but they were rejecting him Jehovah as king. However, the Davidic line of kings of the tribe of Judah were said to be sitting on Jehovah's throne, and continued to represent Jehovah having a kingdom on earth. (1 Chronicles 29:23) And Solʹo·mon sat on Jehovah’s throne as king in place of David his father, and he was successful, and all the Israelites were obedient to him.
      (1 Kings 11:36) To his son I will give one tribe, so that David my servant may always have a lamp before me in Jerusalem, the city that I have chosen for myself as the place to put my name. In time Jesus came to the earth (Gal 4:4) and started the  preaching work, and commanded true Christians to  continue this work of preaching and teaching until the end.(Matt 24:14;28:19,20) Christians would then be a public spectacle needing protection from the state. They would need freedom of association, freedom to share beliefs and freedom of conscience.  Authorities are usually able to guarantee such protections. Guided by Holy Spirit the apostles wrote letters concerning our attitude towards these human authorities. The Paul said at 1 Timothy to pray for governments that we may be able to focus on our work and that men of all sorts of people will hear the good news of the Kingdom and put themselves in line for life.
      (1 Timothy 2:1-4) First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgiving be made concerning all sorts of men, 2 concerning kings and all those who are in high positions, so that we may go on leading a calm and quiet life with complete godly devotion and seriousness. 3 This is fine and acceptable in the sight of our Savior, God, 4 whose will is that all sorts of people should be saved and come to an accurate knowledge of truth. For any project to progress and come to fruition there must be order in the environment. (That's why there is so little food in war years - farmers cannot do their work without fearing for their lives and people overrunning that they are doing.) Same with the preaching work - it needs good order to progress. Then Paul showed what attitude Christians should have toward these authorities; also the obligations of Christians, as follows: (Romans 13:1-7) Let every person be in subjection to the superior authorities, for there is no authority except by God; the existing authorities stand placed in their relative positions by God. 2 Therefore, whoever opposes the authority has taken a stand against the arrangement of God; those who have taken a stand against it will bring judgment against themselves. 3 For those rulers are an object of fear, not to the good deed, but to the bad. Do you want to be free of fear of the authority? Keep doing good, and you will have praise from it; 4 for it is God’s minister to you for your good. But if you are doing what is bad, be in fear, for it is not without purpose that it bears the sword. It is God’s minister, an avenger to express wrath against the one practicing what is bad. 5 There is therefore compelling reason for you to be in subjection, not only on account of that wrath but also on account of your conscience. 6 That is why you are also paying taxes; for they are God’s public servants constantly serving this very purpose. 7 Render to all their dues: to the one who calls for the tax, the tax; to the one who calls for the tribute, the tribute; to the one who calls for fear, such fear; to the one who calls for honor, such honor. Jehovah can maneuver anyone or anything to do his will. He once cause a donkey to talk to a wicked prophet.  He can maneuver or put in the hearts of authorities whatever he wishes that will cause his work to be accomplished. We saw that in the case of the Persian empire using Queen Esther and Mordecai how he preserved his  people from extermination; with the Roman empire with its good roads and ships to enable travelling throughout the empire,  enabling missionary journeys and establishing congregations throughout the empire. We saw the Emperor causing people to travel so Jesus could be born in the city it was prophesied he would be born in; in other words, whoever has the means and the authority to facilitate God's work, Jehovah will that one to do so. He is the King of the Universe. Proverbs 21:1 speaks of this: (Proverbs 21:1) A king’s heart is like streams of water in Jehovah’s hand. He directs it wherever He pleases. In the great tribulation he is also going to put in the hearts of these authorities to destroy the "harlot", false religion. (Rev 17:16,17) So Jehovah allowed governments to exist  and keep things going  so the warning  and harvesting work could go on until his time to bring to an end all human rule. (Dan 2:44; Eccl 8:9)  But he does not sponsor human rule, but he can use governments or individuals in governments to accomplish what he wants.
    • I wonder if this study was funded by a sugar based corporation?
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