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Perles spirituelles - Semaine du 4 Avril 2022 - 1 Samuel 20-22


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Perles spirituelles - Semaine du 4 Avril 2022 - 1 Samuel 20-22.docx

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Perles spirituelles (10 min) : 1 Samuel 20-22

 

1 Samuel 21:12, 13 : Que nous enseignent les manières d’agir de David ? (w05 15/3 24 § 4).

« David réfléchit à ces paroles, et il eut très peur du roi Akish de Gath. 13 Voilà pourquoi en leur présence il faisait semblant d’avoir perdu la raison et parmi eux il se comportait comme un fou : il faisait des marques sur les battants de la porte de la ville et il bavait sur sa barbe. »

Jéhovah souhaite que nous utilisions nos facultés mentales et nos aptitudes pour affronter les situations difficiles. Sa Parole inspirée nous communique sagacité, connaissance et capacité de réflexion (Proverbes 1:4). Nous bénéficions également de l’aide des anciens de la congrégation. - w05 15/3 24 § 4

Alors qu’il fuyait le roi Saül, David chercha refuge chez Akisch, roi de la ville philistine de Gath. Les serviteurs d’Akisch reconnurent David et, se souvenant des exploits militaires qu’il avait accomplis avec Israël, vinrent rapporter la chose au roi. Ayant surpris leur conversation, David “prit à cœur ces paroles et il eut très peur à cause d’Akisch, roi de Gath”. (I Samuel 21:10-12.) David n’avait-il pas tué le héros de la ville, Goliath, et n’était-ce pas l’épée du géant qu’il portait au côté? Ces hommes n’allaient-ils pas utiliser cette immense épée pour le décapiter? Que fit David? — I Samuel 17:4; 21:9.

David supplia Dieu, il poussa des cris intenses, l’appelant à l’aide. “Cet affligé a appelé, et Jéhovah lui-même a entendu. Et de toutes ses détresses Il l’a sauvé”, a écrit David. Il dit aussi: “De toutes mes frayeurs il m’a délivré.” . Vous-même, avez-vous appris à supplier Jéhovah en épanchant votre cœur dans les moments d’anxiété ? Bien que votre détresse personnelle ne soit peut-être pas aussi grave que celle de David, vous n’en constaterez pas moins que Dieu vous aidera au moment voulu. Toutefois, David fit davantage que prier.

Il [David] déguisa donc sa raison sous leurs yeux et commença à se conduire en leur main comme un dément. (...) Finalement Akisch dit à ses serviteurs: ‘Voici, vous voyez un homme qui se comporte en fou. Pourquoi vous faut-il me l’amener?’” (I Samuel 21:13-15). David imagina un stratagème qui lui permit d’échapper à la mort, et Jéhovah bénit ses efforts. Pareillement, lorsque nous rencontrons des situations délicates, Jéhovah s’attend à ce que nous fassions usage de nos facultés mentales, non que nous le laissions régler la question à notre place. Il nous a donné sa Parole inspirée, qui communique “aux inexpérimentés de la sagacité, (...) de la connaissance et la capacité de réflexion”. – TG1987 15/4 p19

Chez les Israélites, la barbe était une marque de dignité propre à l’homme. C’est pourquoi la ruse employée par David, qui négligea sa barbe et laissa couler sur elle sa salive, contribua sans nul doute à convaincre le roi Akisch de sa folie. Le roi Akisch refusa de l’avoir dans sa maison et le laissa partir comme un inoffensif pauvre d’esprit. David était bien conscient de devoir son salut à Jéhovah, qui avait béni son stratagème. David a prouvé qu’il craignait vraiment Dieu en plaçant toute sa confiance en lui  TG1968 p165

Quelles perles spirituelles as-tu tirées de la lecture de la Bible de cette semaine en rapport avec Jéhovah, la prédication ou un autre sujet ?

La tendre affection que se témoignaient David et Jonathan est d’autant plus remarquable que certaines choses auraient pu les empêcher de devenir amis. Par exemple, Jonathan avait une trentaine d’années de plus que David. Il aurait pu se dire qu’il n’avait aucun point commun avec cet homme bien plus jeune et bien moins expérimenté que lui. Mais il ne l’a pas considéré ni traité comme quelqu’un d’inférieur. Jonathan et David se sont promis de rester amis et de toujours se soutenir l’un l’autre  – 1 Samuel 20 :42. – TG2021  22/1 §6,7

Jéhovah ne permettra jamais qu’un chrétien ne mange pas à sa faim - David a vécu des situations éprouvantes. À l’époque où il fuyait Saül, par exemple, sa réserve de nourriture a diminué à un point tel qu’il a demandé du pain pour lui et ceux qui étaient avec lui (1 Sam. 21:1-6). En cette circonstance, David a donc « cherché du pain ». Pourtant, dans cette situation critique, il savait que Jéhovah ne l’avait pas abandonné. Pour tout dire, on ne lit nulle part que David a dû mendier afin de se procurer la nourriture dont il avait besoin pour vivre.

Jéhovah nous dit que nous serons persécutés de diverses manières. Il peut permettre que nous subissions des privations afin que nous contribuions à réfuter les accusations portées par le Diable. Une chose est sûre, Jéhovah soutient tous ceux qui souffrent à cause de son nom. – TG2014  15/9

Le fait que David et ses hommes aient mangé des pains de présentation signifie-t-il que la loi de Dieu peut être enfreinte impunément dans les situations difficiles ? — 1 Samuel 21:1-6.

Selon Lévitique 24:5-9, les pains de présentation qui étaient remplacés chaque sabbat ne pouvaient être mangé que par les prêtres. Cet usage reposait sur le principe selon lequel, étant saints, les pains devaient revenir aux hommes consacrés au service de Dieu : les prêtres. Il aurait été clairement répréhensible de les donner à un travailleur ordinaire ou de les consommer par pur plaisir. Un jour, il s’est rendu chez le prêtre Ahimélek pour se procurer des vivres. Cependant, le prêtre Ahimélek n’a pas péché lorsqu’il a offert ces pains à David et à ses hommes.

David lui avait dit être en mission spéciale pour le roi Saül. Ses hommes et lui avaient faim, et Ahimélek s’est assuré qu’ils étaient rituellement purs. Même s’il était théoriquement illicite de leur faire manger des pains de présentation, l’usage fondamental auquel Dieu destinait ces pains était respecté. C’est ce qui a permis à Ahimélek de faire une exception à la règle. TG2005  15/3

Même avant de devenir roi sur Israël, David a vu la mort de près. Par exemple, Saül le roi d’Israël lui vouait une haine meurtrière et a essayé à plusieurs reprises de le tuer. Les Philistins aussi avaient juré sa mort (1 Samuel 21:10-15). Mais chaque fois Jéhovah l’a sauvé de mort. David est certainement très reconnaissant en repensant à ces actes de Jéhovah.

Et vous ? Jéhovah vous a-t-il soutenu dans des moments de dépression ou de désespoir ? – TG1999 15/5

Saül permit à la haine et à la jalousie de s’emparer de lui au point de n’avoir plus qu’une seule passion : faire mourir David. L’endurcissement de Saül fut tel qu’il ordonna le massacre de toute une communauté de quatre-vingt-cinq prêtres ainsi que de leurs familles. Pourquoi ? Parce que leur principal prêtre avait secouru David tout en ignorant que celui-ci fuyait la colère de Saül. La haine du roi avait terriblement endurci son cœur. Il n’eut aucun respect pour la prêtrise de Jéhovah ni pour la vie des prêtres et de leurs familles. Finalement, cette haine lui coûta son royaume et sa vie. — I Sam. 21:1-9 ; 22:6-23.

En maints endroits, la Parole de Dieu montre clairement que le péché endurcit le cœur. Quand une personne se laisse vaincre par une faiblesse de la chair, mais qu’elle se repent aussitôt et se ressaisit, son péché ne l’endurcit pas, bien qu’il puisse laisser une cicatrice. En revanche, le péché endurcit quand il est commis à maintes reprises, comme ce fut le cas pour Judas, qui volait de l’argent, ou pour Adam, qui pécha délibérément et volontairement. Le péché endurcit en ce sens qu’il rend la personne plus égoïste et moins disposée à se repentir. Il en résulte que le coupable va de mal en pis. – TG1971  1/6 p350

 

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