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Planet Earth makes its own water from scratch deep in the mantle #WorldWaterDay...

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    • By TheWorldNewsOrg
      via .ORG
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    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      WASHINGTON (AP) — Earth’s protective ozone layer is finally healing from damage caused by aerosol sprays and coolants, a new United Nations report said.
      The ozone layer had been thinning since the late 1970s. Scientists raised the alarm and ozone-depleting chemicals were phased out worldwide.
      As a result, the upper ozone layer above the Northern Hemisphere should be completely repaired in the 2030s and the gaping Antarctic ozone hole should disappear in the 2060s, according to a scientific assessment released Monday at a conference in Quito, Ecuador. The Southern Hemisphere lags a bit and its ozone layer should be healed by mid-century.
      Read more: https://www.apnews.com/835094e7af61414981259ed69dbb185e
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Global warming is said to be bringing temperatures last seen during an interglacial era, when sea level was 6-9 meters (20-30ft) higher than today
       A coal-fired power station. ‘Massive CO2 extraction’ costing trillions is needed in order to avoid runaway temperature rises, says a new paper. Photograph: Florian Gaertner/Photothek via Getty Images
       
      The global temperature has increased to a level not seen for 115,000 years, requiring daunting technological advances that will cost the coming generations hundreds of trillions of dollars, according to the scientist widely credited with bringing climate change to the public’s attention.
      A new paper submitted by James Hansen, a former senior Nasa climate scientist, and 11 other experts states that the 2016 temperature is likely to be 1.25C above pre-industrial times, following a warming trend where the world has heated up at a rate of 0.18C per decade over the past 45 years.
      This rate of warming is bringing Earth in line with temperatures last seen in the Eemian period, an interglacial era ending 115,000 years ago when there was much less ice and the sea level was 6-9 meters (20-30ft) higher than today.
      In order to meet targets set at last year’s Paris climate accord to avoid runaway climate change, “massive CO2 extraction” costing an eye-watering $104tn to $570tn will be required over the coming century with “large risks and uncertain feasibility” as to its success, the paper states.
      “There’s a misconception that we’ve begun to address the climate problem,” said Hansen, who brought climate change into the public arena through his testimony to the US congress in the 1980s. “This misapprehension is based on the Paris climate deal where governments clapped themselves on the back but when you look at the science it doesn’t compute, it’s not true.
      “Even with optimistic assumptions (future emissions reduction) will cost hundreds of trillions of dollars. It’s potentially putting young people in charge of a situation that is beyond their control. It’s not clear they will be able to take such actions.”
      The paper, submitted as a discussion paper to the Earth System Dynamics journal, is a departure from the usual scientific process as it has yet to be peer reviewed and has been launched to support a legal case waged by a group of young people against the US government.
      Last year, 21 youths aged between 8 and 19 years old filed a constitutional lawsuit against the Obama administration for failing to do enough to slow climate change. Hansen and his granddaughter are parties to legal challenge, which was filed in Oregon and asserts that the government has violated young people’s rights to life, liberty and property.
      Hansen, who has become increasingly outspoken on climate change since retiring from Nasa in 2013, said he recognized some scientists might object to publicizing the paper so soon but that “we are running out of time on this climate issue.”
      The courts need to step in to force governments to act on climate change because they are largely free of the corrupting influence of special interests, Hansen said. He repeated his call for a global tax to be placed upon carbon emissions and said that fossil fuel companies should be forced to pay for emissions extraction in the same way the tobacco industry has been sued over the health impact of cigarettes.
      “The science is crystal clear, we have to phase out emissions over the next few decades,” Hansen said. “That won’t happen without substantial actions by Congress and the executive branch and that’s not happening so we need the courts to apply pressure, as they did with civil rights.”
      Several recent studies have cast doubt over whether the world will stay with an aspirational target set in Paris of a 1.5C limit on the average global temperature rise. This guardrail, and even the 2C limit agreed by 195 nations, appears dependent on as-yet undeveloped technology that would remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
      Under this scenario, huge emissions cuts would be supplemented by a widespread conversion to biofuels that would be burned for energy. The emissions from this energy would then be buried underground. Some sort of futuristic technology that sucks CO2 directly from the atmosphere may also be required.
      Hansen said this is a “dubious” proposition because it requires a vast change in land use at a time where a growing global population will require more food. There are also major doubts whether technology to capture CO2 and lock it underground, often touted as a panacea by the fossil fuel industry, will be developed in time to help avoid the dangerous sea level rise, drought, heatwaves and disease spurred by warming temperatures.
      Last week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said that carbon dioxide levels will not drop below the symbolic 400 parts per million (ppm) mark in our lifetimes – the highest concentration of CO2 since the Pliocene era 3m years ago.
      The environment of this time, where sea levels were around 65ft higher than today and trees were able to grow near the north pole due to a lack of ice, is a “bellwether for what future climate might be like,” according to Bruce Bauer, a scientist with NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information.
      Michael Mann, a prominent climatologist at Penn State University, agreed that CO2 removal will be required if the world was to avoid 1.5C warming although the 2C limit “could likely be achieved without negative emissions, but it would require urgent action, as I have argued myself is necessary.”.
      Mann added that Hansen’s paper is “interesting” but tackles a huge range of topics and is unconventional in its use as a tool to support a legal case.
      “Along with the paper being publicized prior to peer review, this will certainly raise eyebrows about whether or not this breaches the firewall many feel should exist wherein policy agenda should not influence the way that science is done,” Mann told the Guardian via email.

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    • By LNN
      Emergency Survival / Prepping >
      ---------------------------------------------------
      Storing potable water can be one of the trickiest parts of prepping. It is crucial to have water on hand, though, if the local water supply becomes contaminated or simply isn’t accessible. The problem with storing water is that the shelf life is typically short, and there’s a risk of chemicals from the packaging leaching into the water. Filtration and purification systems are good to have on hand, but they only benefit when there is an actual water supply.
      Luckily, there is a company that figured out how to can pure water so that it has a 50 year shelf life. Blue Can Premium Emergency Water is packaged in 12 ounce cans, and can be stored between 33 degrees F to 150 degrees F for up to 50 years. 

    • By The Librarian
      Is this ancient book accurate?

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    • By TheWorldNewsOrg
      via .ORG
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    • By TheWorldNewsOrg
      We’re of the mindset that clean water is safe water. Unfortunately, that can’t be said of those trying to make a buck by selling the “health conscious” on what they’re calling “raw water”: untreated H20 (often sourced from who knows where). While straight-from-the-spring water can be safe, experts point out that “the cleanliness of the water depends on things you can't see—whether herds of elk or moose or caribou have relieved themselves in a stream that you're drinking from and left it full of parasites” (that can cause a very unpleasant gut disease called giardia). Or “whether there has been groundwater contamination from naturally occurring elements such as arsenic, radon or uranium, or from pesticides and other chemicals.” So think twice before paying for a “health” product that might just make you sick.
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      A tardigrade, known as a water bear, is shown magnified 250 times. These tiny aquatic invertebrates can go without water for 10 years, surviving as a dessicated shell.
      Steve Gschmeissner/Getty Images
      Microscopic, bear-shaped animals called tardigrades are one of the most resilient animals on earth. Known colloquially as water bears, they can survive freezing temperatures, radiation, even a trip to outer space.
      The creatures are famous for their ability to withstand extremely dry conditions. Water bears can go without water for 10 years, surviving as a dessicated shell. Just how they come back to life when their environment is friendlier has baffled scientists for years.
      Now researchers think they have the answer, and it may someday help us ship pharmaceuticals more efficiently.­­­­­
      Scientists initially thought tardigrades were surviving desiccation by using a sugar called trehalose. In bacteria and fungi, trehalose can turn the inside of cells to a glass-like matrix that keeps proteins from being damaged in super dry conditions. The process, called vitrification, allows dried-up organisms to hold proteins and molecules together until the organism is rehydrated and can get back to business.
      But when they looked closely, researchers found that trehalose was barely detectable in water bears, and that some species don't have the ability to make the sugar at all. So researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill set out to find what the tardigrades were doing to regenerate.
      Led by UNC postdoctoral fellow Thomas Boothby, the team of biochemists started by drying out tardigrades and determining which genes were "switched on" in response. One group of proteins called IDPs, or intrinsically disordered proteins, stood out. "When we looked at which genes are activated most during that drying stress, the genes that encode the disordered proteins jumped right to the top of the list," Boothby said.
      IDPs are the oddballs of the protein world. Most proteins have a stable 3-D structure that's important for their function, but intrinsically disordered proteins have no set shape. That means they're flexible and can wiggle and move to bind things in the cell. Boothby says IDPs are like "wiggly spaghetti springs where they are constantly changing shape."
      Water bears that lacked functional IDPs couldn't survive extremely dry conditions, as the biochemists noted in a study published Thursday in Molecular Cell.
      Boothby found that IDPs form bio-glass much like trehalose does in bacteria and fungi. Essentially, when the water bears get stressed, they start cranking out IDPs that fill up the cells and form the protective matrix.
      Once they determined that IDPs prevented tardigrades from drying up and dying, the researchers put IDPs in yeast and bacteria to see if it could protect them as well. The borrowed tardigrade proteins increased the ability of some bacteria and yeast to survive desiccation by 100-fold. That means that tardigrade proteins are functional even when you put them in other organisms.
      Boothby thinks these proteins could be useful in pharmaceutical storage. "A lot of protein-based pharmaceuticals are very effective but also very unstable," he says.
      To keep them stable, some drugs need to be kept very cold as they're transported and stored. This makes shipping and storage very expensive – which can be an insurmountable challenge in developing countries.
      Boothby thinks that using the tardigrade proteins to help stabilize the medicines could eventually bring down that cost. "Essentially, what we envision is using these tardigrade proteins to stabilize sensitive proteins in a dried state, and then being able to ship and store these lifesaving drugs all over the world at room temperature."
      So water bear proteins might bear benefits for humans, too.

      When a tardigrade is stressed, it enters a quasi-death state. The animal retracts its head and its eight legs and curls into a dried-up ball.
      Thomas Boothby/University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      http://www.npr.org/2017/03/16/519986839/how-one-of-the-worlds-toughest-creatures-can-bring-itself-back-to-life
    • By Bible Speaks
      WATER is Essential to Life, Do you view it as a gift? If there was no water we would die...Jehovah Our Creator can give and use water for our benefit and also at His disposal for destructive forces. He took care of His people in the Desert.
      In the future we may also be dependent on Him for WATER both physical and spiritual...Every drop of water is Life-giving...is that How you view it? 60-70% of your body is water!
      NO FEAR HE ALSO HAS CONTROL OF WATER!! 
      WATER
      How much freshwater is available?
      Total water
      97.5% Salt water
      2.5% Freshwater
      Freshwater
      99% Locked up in glaciers and icebergs or underground
      1% Available to nearly seven billion humans and countless billions of other life forms
      Consider the composition of a molecule of water, a substance essential to life. Because of their design, two atoms of hydrogen will combine in a unique way with a single atom of oxygen to form a molecule of water—billions of which are in each drop! What can we learn by examining a molecule of water and considering its behavior under different circumstances?
      ~~ The Wonder of Water ~~
      Although individual drops of water seem very simple, water is an extremely complex substance. In fact, Dr. John Emsley, a science writer at Imperial College, in London, England, said that it is “one of the most investigated of all chemicals, but it is still the least understood.” New Scientist magazine stated: “Water is the most familiar liquid on Earth, but also one of the most mysterious.”

      Dr. Emsley explained that despite the simple structure of water, “nothing is as complex in its behaviour.” For example, he said: “H20 should be a gas, . . . but it is a liquid. Moreover, when it freezes . . . , its solid form, ice, floats instead of sinking,” as would ordinarily be expected. Regarding this unusual behavior, Dr. Paul E. Klopsteg, a past president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, observed:
      “This appears as a remarkable design for sustaining aquatic life such as fishes. Think what would happen if water, as it cools to the freezing point, didn’t behave as described. Ice would form and keep forming until it occupied an entire lake, snuffing out all or most marine life.” Dr. Klopsteg said that this unexpected behavior of water is “evidence of a great and purposeful mind at work in the universe.”
      According to New Scientist, researchers now think that they know the reason for this unusual behavior of water. They have developed the first theoretical model that accurately predicts the expansion of water. “The key to the mystery,” the researchers realized, “lay in the spacing of oxygen atoms within these structures.”
       
      Isn’t that remarkable? A molecule that appears so simple challenges human comprehension. And to think that water makes up most of the weight of our body! Do you too see in the marvels of this molecule, of only three atoms of two elements, “evidence of a great and purposeful mind at work”? Yet, a molecule of water is extremely small and much less complex than many other molecules.
      ~~ The liquid that is a major constituent of all living matter. Jehovah is the Source of this liquid so essential to the life of man, animals, and vegetation on earth. ~~
       
      (Revelation 14:7) . . .“FEAR God and give him glory, because the hour of the judgment by him has arrived, and so worship the One who made the heaven and the earth and sea and fountains of waters.”
      ~~ He provides it and can control it. ~~
      (Nehemiah 9:15) . . .And bread from heaven you gave them for their hunger, and waters out of the crag you brought forth to them for their thirst, and you went on to say to them to enter and possess the land that you had lifted your hand [in an oath] to give to them.
      (Exodus 14:21-31) 21 Moses now stretched his hand out over the sea; and Jehovah began making the sea go back by a strong east wind all night long and converting the sea basin into dry ground, and the waters were being split apart. 22 At length the sons of Israel went through the midst of the sea on dry land, while the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians took up the pursuit, and all the horses of Phar′aoh, his war chariots and his cavalrymen began going in after them, into the midst of the sea. 24 And it came about during the morning watch that Jehovah began to look out upon the camp of the Egyptians from within the pillar of fire and cloud, and he went throwing the camp of the Egyptians into confusion.
      (Nehemiah 9:20) . . .And your good spirit you gave to make them prudent, and your manna you did not hold back from their mouth, and water you gave them for their thirst. 
      (Psalm 78:16) 16 And he went bringing forth streams out of a crag And causing waters to descend just like rivers. . .
      (Psalm 78:20) 20 Look! He struck a rock That waters might flow and torrents themselves might flood forth. “Is he able also to give bread itself, Or can he prepare sustenance for his people?. . .
      ing waters to descend just like rivers. . .
      ~~ God furnished the Israelites with water, miraculously when necessary gave them a land having plenty of water and promised to bless their water supply as long as they obeyed him.~~
      (Exodus 23:24, 25) . . .. 25 And YOU must serve Jehovah YOUR God, and he will certainly bless your bread and your water; and I shall indeed turn malady away from your midst. 
      ~~ Because of the power of water as a destructive agent (causing drowning, washing away, or similar effects), it is often employed as a symbol of some destructive force. ~~
      ~~ Life-giving water. Jehovah is “the source of living water.” Only from him and through his Son, Jesus Christ, the Chief Agent of life, can men receive everlasting life. ~~
      ~~ God’s word of truth. God’s word of truth is likened to water that cleanses. The Christian congregation is clean in the sight of God, like a chaste bride for Christ, who cleansed it “with the bath of water by means of the word.” ~~
      (Ephesians 5:25-27) . . .Christ also loved the congregation and delivered up himself for it, 26 that he might sanctify it, cleansing it with the bath of water by means of the word, 27 that he might present the congregation to himself in its splendor, not having a spot or a wrinkle or any of such things, but that it should be holy and without blemish.
      (John 4:13, 14) 13 In answer Jesus said to her: “Everyone drinking from this water will get thirsty again. 14 Whoever drinks from the water that I will give him will never get thirsty at all, but the water that I will give him will become in him a fountain of water bubbling up to impart everlasting life.”

    • By Bible Speaks
      Jehovah asked Job on his creation wonders, like the snow? Where does it come from? Where are his storehouses of snow and hail for war? Do you know?                                              
      38 Then Jehovah answered Job out of the windstorm:                      
      2 “Who is this who is obscuring my counsel And speaking without knowledge?
      3 Brace yourself, please, like a man; I will question you, and you inform me."
      4 Where were you when I founded the earth?"
      Tell me, if you think you understand?"
      22 "Have you entered the storehouses of the snow,
      Or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,".             
      23 Which I have reserved for the time of distress,
      For the day of battle and war?"
      (Job 38:1-4,22,23) jw.org
      IMG_7604.mov
       

    • By Bible Speaks
      FEAR OF NUCLEAR WAR NOW COULD MEAN DESTRUCTION OF THE EARTH AND ALL LIFE? Will these nations on the horizon fulfill their efforts to destroy all life?
      Does God care? What now? 
       Human efforts at unity—no matter how sincere—have proved futile. This comes as no surprise to Bible students, for God’s Word says: “It does not belong to man who is walking even to direct his step.” (Jeremiah 10:23) 
      The Bible also candidly states: “There exists a way that is upright before a man, but the ways of death are the end of it afterward.” (Proverbs 16:25) 
      Human governments can go only so far in achieving unity. Still, we are not left without hope.
      The Source of True Unity
      The Bible contains God’s promise that the world will be unified but not by man’s efforts. The Creator, who purposed that mankind would live in peace worldwide, will accomplish what man cannot. To some, all of that might seem far-fetched. 
      Yet, God’s purpose from the very beginning has been for mankind to live in peace and harmony.
      Many scriptures in the Bible give evidence that bringing the human race into a unified condition is still God’s purpose. Consider just a few examples:
      • “Come, you people, behold the activities of Jehovah, how he has set astonishing events on the earth. He is making wars to cease to the extremity of the earth. The bow he breaks apart and does cut the spear in pieces; the wagons he burns in the fire.”—PSALM 46:8, 9.
      • “They will not do any harm or cause any ruin in all my holy mountain; because the earth will certainly be filled with the knowledge of Jehovah as the waters are covering the very sea.”—ISAIAH 11:9.
      • “He will actually swallow up death forever, and the Sovereign Lord Jehovah will certainly wipe the tears from all faces. And the reproach of his people he will take away from all the earth, for Jehovah himself has spoken it.”—ISAIAH 25:8.
      • “There are new heavens and a new earth that we are awaiting according to his promise, and in these righteousness is to dwell.”—2 PETER 3:13.
      • “[God] will wipe out every tear from their eyes, and death will be no more, neither will mourning nor outcry nor pain be anymore. The former things have passed away.”—REVELATION 21:4.
      These promises are reliable. Why? Because as the Creator, Jehovah God has the power and the ability to bring unity to mankind. (Luke 18:27) 
      He also has the desire to do so. In fact, the Bible calls it God’s “good pleasure . . . to gather all things together again in the Christ, the things in the heavens and the things on the earth.”—Ephesians 1:8-10.
      God’s promise of “a new earth” in which “righteousness is to dwell” is not mere wishful thinking. (2 Peter 3:13) 
      Regarding what he promised, Jehovah God states: “It will not return to me without results, but it will certainly do that in which I have delighted, and it will have certain success in that for which I have sent it.”—Isaiah 55:11.
      #jworg #jehovahgod 

    • By Bible Speaks
      38 JOB 
      "Then Jehovah answered Job out of the windstorm:
       2 “Who is this who is obscuring my counsel
      And speaking without knowledge?
       3 Brace yourself, please, like a man; I will question you, and you inform me.
       4 Where were you when I founded the earth?
      Tell me, if you think you understand.
       5 Who set its measurements, in case you know,
      Or who stretched a measuring line across it?
       6 Into what were its pedestals sunk,
      Or who laid its cornerstone,
       7 When the morning stars joyfully cried out together, And all the sons of God began shouting in applause?
       8 And who barricaded the sea behind doors
      When it burst out from the womb,
       9 When I clothed it with clouds And wrapped it in thick gloom,
      10 When I established my limit for it And put its bars and doors in place,
      11 And I said, ‘You may come this far, and no farther;
      Here is where your proud waves will stop’?
      12 Have you ever commanded the morning Or made the dawn know its place,
      13 To take hold of the ends of the earth And to shake the wicked out of it?
      14 It is transformed like clay under a seal, And its features stand out like those of a garment.
      15 But the light of the wicked is held back from them,
      And their uplifted arm is broken.
      16 Have you gone down to the sources of the sea
      Or explored the deep waters?
      17 Have the gates of death been revealed to you, Or have you seen the gates of deep darkness?
      18 Have you understood the vast expanse of the earth?
      Tell me, if you know all of this.
      19 In which direction does the light reside?
      And where is the place of darkness,
      20 That you should take it to its territory
      And understand the paths to its home?
      21 Do you know this because you were already born
      And the number of your years is great?
      22 Have you entered the storehouses of the snow, Or have you seen the storehouses of the hail,
      23 Which I have reserved for the time of distress,
      For the day of battle and war?
      24 From what direction is light dispersed,
      And from where does the east wind blow on the earth?
      25 Who has cut a channel for the flood
      And made a path for the thunderous storm cloud,
      26 To make it rain where no man lives, On the wilderness where there are no humans,
      27 To satisfy devastated wastelands
      And cause the grass to sprout?
      28 Does the rain have a father, Or who fathered the dewdrops?
      29 From whose womb did the ice emerge,
      And who gave birth to the frost of heaven
      30 When the waters are covered as if with stone,
      And the surface of the deep waters is frozen solid?
      31 Can you tie the ropes of the Kiʹmah constellation Or untie the cords of the Keʹsil constellation?
      32 Can you lead out a constellation in its season Or guide the Ash constellation along with its sons?
      33 Do you know the laws governing the heavens, Or can you impose their authority on the earth?
      34 Can you raise your voice to the clouds
      To cause a flood of water to cover you?
      35 Can you send out lightning bolts?
      Will they come and say to you, ‘Here we are!’
      36 Who put wisdom within the clouds
      Or gave understanding to the sky phenomenon?
      37 Who is wise enough to count the clouds,
      Or who can tip over the water jars of heaven
      38 When the dust pours into a mass
      And the clods of earth stick together?
      39 Can you hunt prey for a lion
      Or satisfy the appetites of young lions
      40 When they crouch in their lairs Or lie in ambush in their dens?
      41 Who prepares food for the raven
      When its young cry to God for help
      And wander about because there is nothing to eat?

    • By Bible Speaks
      THE BIBLE TEACHES THAT GOD WILL DO AMAZING THINGS ON THE EARTH.
      People will no longer feel pain, grow old, or die.—Revelation 21:4
      “The lame will leap like the deer.”—Isaiah 35:6
      “The eyes of the blind will be opened.”—Isaiah 35:5
      The dead will be brought back to life.—John 5:28, 29
      No one will get sick.—Isaiah 33:24
      Everyone on earth will have plenty to eat.—Psalm 72:16.                          The Bible does more than that. It tells us what we need to know in order to be truly happy and enjoy life right now. Think for a moment about the things that make you worry. These may include money or family matters, bad health, or the death of someone you love. The Bible can help you to cope with these problems, and it can comfort you by answering such questions as these:
      Why do we suffer?
      How can we cope with our problems?
      Can our family be happy?
      What happens to us when we die?
      Will we ever see our dead loved ones again?
      Why can we be confident that God will do everything that he has promised? Go to JW.Org to learn these answers. 

    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      Diet sodas may undermine weight loss efforts, a new study suggests.
      Researchers put 81 overweight women with Type 2 diabetes on the same weight-control diet, except that half drank diet beverages five times a week after their main meal at lunch, while the other half substituted plain water. The study is in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.
      After 24 weeks, the water group had lost an average of 14 pounds, while the diet soda group lost 11.5 pounds. Average body mass index declined by 2.49 in the water group compared with 2.06 in the diet-drink group. Compared with the diet soda group, the water group also had greater improvements in fasting insulin, postprandial glucose level and other measures of diabetes severity.
      Waist circumference declined in those who drank water or diet beverages, with no significant difference between the two groups.
      According to the senior author, Dr. Hamid R. Farshchi, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Nottingham, the mechanism remains unclear.
      But, he said, “The best drink for your health not only for weight loss but also for carbohydrate metabolism is water. Still, obese people are used to a sweet taste, and it’s very difficult for them to just say goodbye to sugary food.”

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    • By The Librarian
      “Come!” And let anyone thirsting come;+ let anyone that wishes take life’s water free." - Revelation 22
       
       
    • Guest Nicole
      By Guest Nicole
      TRENTON (CBSNewYork) – Thirty Newark Public Schools have been ordered to use alternate water supplies due to elevated lead levels.
      The Department of Environmental Protection said it found elevated lead levels at various taps in recent tests. CBS2’s Meg Baker reported officials first realized there was an issue at Louise A. Spencer Elementary School last Thursday where there were reports of discolored water.
      “How long ago was this report done? How long did Newark Public Schools sit on this information?” community advocate Donna Jackson asked.
      Christopher Cerf, superintendent of Newark Public Schools, told CBS2 he was first briefed on the issue on Monday. However, parents were not notified until Wednesday afternoon.
      “Well, we needed to put a plan in place… By the way, we received assurance this was not high-level emergency nature that a day would make,” Cerf said.
      Parents were alarmed by the delay.
      “I was not aware. I didn’t know until you told me,” Sabrina Olivier told CBS2’s Meg Baker. “The children do need water to stay hydrated during the day. That’s very alarming. As a parent, not knowing, that’s even more alarming.”
      The Newark Public Schools system is supplying the schools with alternate water for drinking and for food preparation.
      WCBS 880’s Kelly Waldron reported residents are being asked to drop off cases of bottled water at their local recreational centers.
      All drinking fountains at the impacted schools have been shut down. Notices have been put up in bathrooms telling students not to drink water from the taps.
      “In 30 schools, no more than four of 10 points were showing elevated lead levels,” Newark Schools Superintendent Christopher Cerf told WCBS 880.
      Water points of entry and taps at all public schools – including charters – will be tested.
      “I understand in the Flint environment that any sign of elevation is going to make everyone go haywire,” said Mayor Ras Baraka. “But here, the water system in Newark is still safe, it’s still drinkable. There have been some high detectable levels of lead in about 30 of the schools.”
      Baraka said the lead is coming from within each school, not from the public works water source.
      Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., told CBS2 in a statement that he is “deeply concerned” about the elevated lead results.
      “Lead in our drinking water is a national issue that requires a robust response from every level of government. Under no circumstance should the health and safety of our children be jeopardized, particularly when they are supposed to be in the confines of a safe learning environment. My staff and I will continue to monitor this situation closely and offer any and all assistance we can to help remedy this problem,” Booker said.
      The DEP says no lead has been found in the Newark Water Department’s source water. Lead found in drinking water often due to leaching from lead pipes, household fixtures that contain lead, or lead solder, the DEP said.
      “A lot of these are older schools with older piping, with lead piping, or solder, that we need to address long-term,” Bob Constantine of the DEP said.
      Concerned parents can have their children take a blood test for lead at the Newark Health Department.
      Officials have also begun sending out robocalls to alert parents to the matter.
      Source: http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2016/03/09/newark-public-schools-lead-in-water/
    • By admin
      This is a story that gives new meaning to "The Little Engine That Could" in a profound way.

      One source explains:
      In what is called the "Great Oxidation Event," something very little appeared that started making the earth habitable for us through photosynthesis. What happened? This:

      Cyanobacteria is responsible terraforming earth, transforming it from an iron-rich water world with a choking, impenetrable carbon-dioxide atmosphere to one with blue water and a clear oxygenated atmosphere. They also enlarged the coastlines of the nascent continents, called cratons. It took these little guys millions of years to accomplish this! Cyanobacteria is also very nutritious for human consumption. Where did cyanobacteria come from, being able to terraform a planet and provide humanity with nutrition? Humanity's best friend from the Creator.

      Footnotes:
      [1] The Event that Transformed Earth http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150701-the-origin-of-the-air-we-breathe
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